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Evaluation of the Early Use of the Pressure Relaxer in the Respiratory Impairment of Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Multicenter Randomized Controlled Study. (RELAX SLA)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05297487
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 28, 2022
Last Update Posted : March 28, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de la Réunion

Brief Summary:

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rare and serious neurodegenerative disease causing degeneration of motor neurons. . It leads to a progressive paralysis of the muscles involved in voluntary motricity. In France, its incidence is 2.5/100,000 inhabitants per year.

The death of patients is mainly caused by a progressive attack of the respiratory muscles. Indeed, the thorax is no longer actively mobilized to the maximum amplitude, it will lose its flexibility. A restrictive syndrome sets in followed by alveolar hypoventilation. Bronchial congestion may be concomitant.

Management is then based on non-invasive ventilation (NIV). This step, which is difficult for patients to accept psychologically, must be delayed as much as possible. However, to date, there are no precise recommendations on preventing the appearance of this restrictive syndrome and on slowing down the deterioration of lung function in patients.

The pressure relaxer (RLX) is an instrumental aid allowing on the one hand to mobilize the thorax thanks to hyper insufflations, and on the other hand to increase the effectiveness of the cough. The use of this device in physiotherapy is part of the HAS recommendations to promote decluttering.

However, we believe that RLX in patients with ALS, through the pulmonary alveolar recruitment it induces, could be relevant at an earlier phase, for the prevention of the decline in pulmonary functions: the restrictive syndrome, bronchial congestion and alveolar hypoventilation. So ultimately, the quality of life and survival of these patients would be improved.

It is in this context that this multicenter randomized controlled study RELAX'SLA takes place in order to evaluate the effects of the early use of the pressure relaxer on the respiratory impairment of patients with ALS.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Device: early use of intermittent positive pressure breathing Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 72 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Evaluation of the Early Use of the Pressure Relaxer in the Respiratory Impairment of Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Multicenter Randomized Controlled Study.
Estimated Study Start Date : July 1, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 1, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 1, 2025

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: standard care associated with daily and early use of (IPPB) intermittent positive pressure breathing Device: early use of intermittent positive pressure breathing
standard care associated with daily and early use of intermittent positive pressure breathing

No Intervention: standard care alone

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. assess the early use of the intermittent positive pressure breathing combined with standard management slows down the deterioration of lung volumes in patients with ALS [ Time Frame: EVERY 3 MONTHS DURING 24 MONTHS ]
    Comparison of changes in lung volumes between the two groups based on Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), measured by spirometry during a Functional Respiratory Test (LFE)

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult patient (over 18 years old) with a diagnosis of ALS,
  • - Patient who presents with an impairment of the strength of the inspiratory muscles corresponding to the degradation of the Measurement of the maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP) and/or of the inspiratory pressure during the maximum sniffle (SNIP):
  • Decrease in SNIP or MIP by 10% of previous values (measured at the last follow-up visit to the center in its standard care)
  • If it is his first consultation (no previous value) we will include patients if they have SNIP or MIP values <90% of the theoretical values provided by the spirometer measuring the pressures. The SNIPs and MIPs (+/-1 standard deviation) must be disturbed for inclusion of the patient.
  • Patient not yet using RLX for lung recruitment or Patient using RLX only as a decluttering aid.
  • Person affiliated or beneficiary of a social security scheme.
  • Free, informed and written consent signed by the participant and the investigator (at the latest on the day of inclusion and before any examination required by the research).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient with advanced restrictive impairment = FVC<50% of theoretical values on inclusion
  • Patient with proven alveolar hypoventilation or treated with non-invasive ventilation
  • Patient already treated with RLX for pulmonary recruitment
  • Persons referred to in Articles L1121-5 to L1121-8 of the CSP (corresponding to all protected persons: pregnant woman, parturient, breastfeeding mother, person deprived of liberty by judicial or administrative decision, minor, and person making object of a legal protection measure: guardianship or curatorship)
  • Patient with a contraindication to the use of RLX (1):
  • Pneumothorax
  • Known intracranial hypertension
  • Hemodynamic instability
  • Facial or skull surgery <6 months
  • Tracheoesophageal fistula
  • Active bleeding
  • Untreated active tuberculosis
  • Rebellious Hiccup
  • the history of known emphysematous or bullous pathologies
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Responsible Party: Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de la Réunion
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05297487    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2021/CHU/08
First Posted: March 28, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 28, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Respiratory Insufficiency
Motor Neuron Disease
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
TDP-43 Proteinopathies
Proteostasis Deficiencies
Metabolic Diseases
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases