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Acalabrutinib in Combination With Venetoclax for the Treatment of Refractory or Recurrent Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04941716
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 28, 2021
Last Update Posted : June 28, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
AstraZeneca
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial is to evaluate the effects of acalabrutinib in combination with venetoclax in treating patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma that does not respond to treatment (refractory) or that has come back (recurrent). Acalabrutinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Chemotherapy drugs, such as venetoclax, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Given acalabrutinib and venetoclax may kill more cancer cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Refractory Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Drug: Acalabrutinib Drug: Venetoclax Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OUTLINE:

Patients receive acalabrutinib orally (PO) twice a day (BID) and venetoclax PO once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Patients receive acalabrutinib alone for the first three 28 day cycles. Venetoclax is added beginning with Cycle 4. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 26 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed-up every 12 weeks and annually for 10 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Acalabrutinib in Combination With Venetoclax (AV) for Previously Treated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (SLL)
Estimated Study Start Date : December 21, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 10, 2027
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 10, 2031


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (acalabrutinib, venetoclax)
Patients receive acalabrutinib PO BID and venetoclax PO QD on days 1-28. Patients receive acalabrutinib alone for the first three 28 day cycles. Venetoclax is added beginning with Cycle 4. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 26 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Acalabrutinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ACP-196
  • Bruton Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor ACP-196
  • Calquence

Drug: Venetoclax
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ABT-0199
  • ABT-199
  • ABT199
  • GDC-0199
  • RG7601
  • Venclexta
  • Venclyxto




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of undetectable measurable residual disease (uMRD) [ Time Frame: At the end of treatment (26 cycles, 1 cycle = 28 days) ]
    MRD will be assessed using multicolor flow cytometry (sensitivity 10^-4) (uMRD4) from peripheral blood (PB).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
    Evaluated as defined by International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (iwCLL) 2018.

  2. Complete response (CR) [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
    Evaluated as defined by International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (iwCLL) 2018.

  3. Partial response (PR) [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
    Evaluated as defined by International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (iwCLL) 2018.

  4. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Time from receiving the first treatment to the first observation of disease progression or death from any cause, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 10 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier curves and median time-to-event estimation with 95% confidence intervals will be presented.

  5. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Time from receiving the first treatment to death from any cause, assessed up to 10 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier curves and median time-to-event estimation with 95% confidence intervals will be presented.

  6. Toxicity of combination [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ]
    Defined as grade 3-4 hematologic and non-hematologic malignancies.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men and women >= 18 years of age.
  • Diagnosis of CLL or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) that meets the published diagnostic criteria.
  • Active disease per IWCLL 2018 criteria that require treatment. At least one of the following:

    • Evidence of progressive marrow failure as manifested by the development of, or worsening of, anemia and/or thrombocytopenia
    • Massive (> 6 cm below left costal margin), progressive, or symptomatic splenomegaly
    • Massive nodes (> 10 cm in longest diameter), or progressive or symptomatic lymphadenopathy
    • Progressive lymphocytosis with an increase of > 50% over a 2-month period or lymphocyte-doubling time of < 6 months. Lymphocyte-doubling time may be obtained by linear regression extrapolation of absolute lymphocyte counts obtained at intervals of 2 weeks over an observation period of 2 to 3 months. In patients with initial blood lymphocyte counts of < 30 x 109/L lymphocyte-doubling time should not be used as a single parameter to define treatment indication. In addition, factors contributing to lymphocytosis or lymphadenopathy other than CLL/SLL (e.g., infection) should be excluded.
    • Constitutional symptoms, defined as any 1 or more of the following disease-related symptoms or signs

      • Unintentional weight loss of > 10% within the previous 6 months
      • Significant fatigue
      • Fevers > 100.5 degrees Fahrenheit (F) or 38 degrees Celsius (C) for 2 weeks without other evidence of infection
      • Night sweats for > 1 month without evidence of infection
  • Relapsed or refractory to at least 1 prior systemic therapy for CLL/SLL. A line of therapy is defined as completing at least 2 cycles of treatment of standard regimen according to current National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines, or of an investigational regimen on a clinical trial.
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 750 cells/microliter (0.75 x 10^9/L); ANC >= 500 cells/microliter (0.50 x 10^9/L) in subjects with documented bone marrow involvement of CLL (independent of growth factor or transfusion support within 1 week of screening).
  • Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL (independent of growth factor or transfusion support within 1 week of screening).
  • Platelet count >= 50,000 cells/microliter (50 x 10^9/L); platelet count >= 25,000 cells/microliter (25 x 10^9/L) in subjects with documented bone marrow involvement of CLL (independent of growth factor or transfusion support within 1 week of screening).
  • Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Total bilirubin =< 2 x ULN, unless directly attributable to Gilbert's syndrome
  • Estimated creatinine clearance of >= 50 mL/min
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) who are sexually active must use highly effective methods of contraception during treatment and for 30 days after the last dose of acalabrutinib or venetoclax, whichever occurs later
  • Wiling and able to participate in all required evaluations and procedures in this study protocol, including swallowing capsules without difficulty
  • Able to understand the purpose and the risks of the study and provide signed and dated informed consent and authorization to use protected health information

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known prolymphocytic leukemia or history of, or currently suspected, Richter's transformation (biopsy based on clinical suspicion may be needed to rule out transformation)
  • Prior disease progression while on a BTK inhibitor
  • Prior disease progression while on venetoclax
  • Prior intolerance to acalabrutinib or venetoclax
  • Prior malignancy (or any other malignancy requiring active treatment), except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, low-grade prostate carcinoma (Gleason grade =< 6) or other cancer from which the subject has been disease free for >= 2 years or which will not limit survival to < 3 years
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular disease such as uncontrolled or symptomatic arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, or myocardial infarction within 6 months of screening, or any class 3 or 4 cardiac diseases as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification, or corrected QT interval (QTc) > 480 msec at screening. Subjects with controlled, asymptomatic atrial fibrillation during screening can enroll on study.
  • Malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function, or resection of the stomach or small bowel that is likely to affect absorption, symptomatic inflammatory bowel disease, partial or complete bowel obstruction, or gastric restrictions and bariatric surgery, such as gastric bypass. Patients with history of such operations are eligible if in treating physician's opinion they have no absorption issues.
  • Known history of drug-specific hypersensitivity or anaphylaxis to acalabrutinib or venetoclax
  • Active bleeding or history of bleeding diathesis (e.g. hemophilia or von Willebrand disease), or requires/is receiving anticoagulation with warfarin or equivalent vitamin K antagonists
  • Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) or activated partial thromboplastic time (aPTT) (in the absence of lupus anticoagulant) > 2 x ULN
  • Uncontrolled autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
  • Presence of a gastrointestinal ulcer diagnosed by endoscopy within 3 months before screening
  • Requires treatment with a strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitor or inducers. The use of strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitors or inducers within 7 days of the first dose of study drug is prohibited.
  • Requires treatment with proton pump inhibitors (eg, omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, dexlansoprazole, rabeprazole, or pantoprazole) at the time of enrollment. Subjects receiving proton pump inhibitors who switch to H2-receptor antagonists or antacids are eligible for enrollment to this study.
  • History of significant cerebrovascular disease/event, including stroke or intracranial hemorrhage, within 6 months before the first dose of study drug
  • Major surgical procedure within 7 days of first dose of study drug. Note: If a subject had major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from any toxicity and/or complications from the intervention before the first dose of study drug
  • Hepatitis B or C serologic status: subjects who are hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) positive and who are surface antigen negative will need to have a negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Those who are hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) positive or hepatitis B PCR positive will be excluded. Subjects who are hepatitis C antibody positive will need to have a negative PCR result. Those who are hepatitis C PCR positive will be excluded.
  • Breastfeeding or pregnant
  • Concurrent participation in another therapeutic clinical trial
  • Known history of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or any active significant infection (eg. bacterial, viral, or fungal)
  • History of confirmed progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04941716


Contacts
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Contact: Mazyar Shadman 206-667-5467 mshadman@fredhutch.org

Locations
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United States, Washington
Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Contact: Mazyar Shadman    206-667-5467    mshadman@fredhutch.org   
Principal Investigator: Mazyar Shadman         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
AstraZeneca
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mazyar Shadman Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
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Responsible Party: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04941716    
Other Study ID Numbers: RG1121341
NCI-2021-05947 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
10602 ( Other Identifier: Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium )
First Posted: June 28, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 28, 2021
Last Verified: June 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell
Venetoclax
Acalabrutinib
Antineoplastic Agents