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All-Trans Retinoic Acid (ATRA) and Atezolizumab for the Treatment of Recurrent or Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04919369
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 9, 2021
Last Update Posted : October 28, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dwight Owen, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase Ib trial is to find out the best dose and side effects of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and atezolizumab in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer that has come back (recurrent) or has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is made in the body from vitamin A and helps cells to grow and develop. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and atezolizumab may help treat patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma Recurrent Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma Stage IV Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVA Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVB Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Biological: Atezolizumab Drug: Tretinoin Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the safety and tolerability of the combination of tretinoin (ATRA) and atezolizumab in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based upon the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5 criteria.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the efficacy of the combination of ATRA and atezolizumab in patients with advanced NSCLC, including progression-free survival (PFS), objective response (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), and overall survival (OS) based on modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVE:

I. To study the effect of ATRA on the levels of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in peripheral blood of study patients.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive tretinoin orally (PO) on days 1-3 of cycles 1-3. Patients also receive atezolizumab intravenously (IV) on day 1. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 12 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase Ib Dose De-Escalation Study of All-Trans Retinoic Acid (ATRA) and Atezolizumab in Patients With Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Estimated Study Start Date : November 1, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (tretinoin, atezolizumab)
Patients receive tretinoin PO on days 1-3 of cycles 1-3. Patients also receive atezolizumab IV on day 1. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: Atezolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • MPDL 3280A
  • MPDL 328OA
  • MPDL-3280A
  • MPDL3280A
  • MPDL328OA
  • RG7446
  • RO5541267
  • Tecentriq

Drug: Tretinoin
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 2,4,6,8-Nonatetraenoic acid, 3, 7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-, (all-E)-
  • Aberel
  • Airol
  • Aknoten
  • all trans-Retinoic acid
  • All-trans Retinoic Acid
  • All-trans Vitamin A Acid
  • all-trans-Retinoic acid
  • all-trans-Vitamin A acid
  • ATRA
  • Avita
  • beta-Retinoic Acid
  • Cordes Vas
  • Dermairol
  • Epi-Aberel
  • Eudyna
  • Renova
  • Retin-A
  • Retin-A MICRO
  • Retin-A-Micro
  • Retinoic Acid
  • Retisol-A
  • Ro 5488
  • Stieva-A
  • Stieva-A Forte
  • Trans Retinoic Acid
  • Trans Vitamin A Acid
  • trans-Retinoic Acid
  • Tretinoinum
  • Vesanoid
  • Vitamin A Acid
  • Vitamin A acid, all-trans-
  • Vitinoin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Safety will be measured by the occurrence of dose-limited toxicities (DLTs) as well as any other adverse events as defined in Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v) 5. Frequency and severity of AEs and tolerability of the regimen will be collected and summarized by descriptive statistics. The maximum grade for each type of toxicity will be recorded for each patient, and frequency tables will be reviewed to determine toxicity patterns. All patients who have received at least one dose of the therapeutic agents will be evaluable for toxicity and tolerability.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be calculated and exact binomial 95% confidence interval will be provided.

  2. Disease control rate [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be calculated and exact binomial 95% confidence interval will be provided.

  3. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From initiation of therapy to death, or censored at last follow-up date if the subject is alive, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier methods will be used to estimate OS with 95% confidence interval (CI).

  4. Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From initiation of therapy to the time of Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) progression or death, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier methods will be used to estimate PFS with 95% CI.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Effect of ATRA on the levels of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    MDSCs in peripheral blood from study patients will be summarized using mean +/- standard error (SEM), range, and median at each time point. Changes in these measurements from baseline to after treatment, or baseline to progression will be assessed using paired t-test or Wilcoxon signed rank test, whichever is appropriate.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age >= 18 years
  • Confirmed recurrent or metastatic non-small cell carcinoma of the lung of any histology for which there is no curative treatment option
  • Measurable disease based on RECIST 1.1
  • Patients must have received standard of care chemotherapy and/or immunotherapy. No limits to prior lines of therapy. Prior PD-1 and/or PD-L1 directed therapies are permitted
  • Patients with adenocarcinoma and known actionable mutations with FDA-approved treatment options must have received all approved and standard of care treatment options (ie osimertinib for EGFR, alectinib for ALK, etc). Mutational testing is not required for patients with squamous cell non-small cell lung carcinoma
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >=100,000/mcL
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]) >= 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN
  • Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X ULN OR =< 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases
  • Albumin >= 2.5 mg/dL
  • International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Anticipated life expectancy of >= 3 months
  • Willing to comply with study procedures
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential must be willing to use an adequate method of contraception, for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication
  • Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 5 months days after the last dose of study medication. Subjects should agree to ongoing pregnancy testing during the course of the study and after the end of study therapy. Female subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
  • Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 7 months after the last dose of study therapy. Males must refrain from donating sperm during study participation and for 7 months after the last dose of study medication
  • Be willing and able to understand and sign the written informed consent document
  • Ability to swallow and retain oral medication

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment
  • Has active autoimmune disease, including myasthenic syndrome, which has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (eg, thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
  • Cirrhosis (Child-Pugh B or worse) or cirrhosis with history of hepatic encephalopathy or clinically meaningful ascites resulting from cirrhosis. Clinically meaningful ascites is defined as ascites from cirrhosis requiring diuretics or paracentesis
  • Untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastases. Patients with treated brain metastases are eligible if they were clinically stable with regard to neurologic function, off steroids after cranial irradiation (whole brain radiation therapy, focal radiation therapy, and stereotactic radiosurgery) ending at least 2 weeks prior to randomization, or after surgical resection performed at least 28 days prior to randomization. The patient must have no evidence of grade >= 1 CNS hemorrhage based on pretreatment magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or IV contrast computed tomography (CT) scan (performed within screening window)
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
  • Any patient who has experienced an unacceptable toxicity on prior checkpoint inhibitor therapy as detailed below:

    • >= grade 3 adverse events (AE) related to checkpoint inhibitor
    • Ongoing >= grade 2 immune-related AE associated with checkpoint inhibitor with the exception of endocrine toxicities as detailed below
    • CNS, ocular or cardiac AE of any grade related to checkpoint inhibitor

      • NOTE: Patients with a prior or ongoing endocrine AE are permitted to enroll if they are stably maintained on appropriate replacement therapy and are asymptomatic

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04919369


Contacts
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Contact: The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center 800-293-5066 OSUCCCClinicaltrials@osumc.edu

Locations
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United States, Ohio
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Contact: Dwight H. Owen, MD, MS, FACP    614-293-6786    Dwight.Owen@osumc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Dwight H. Owen, MD, MS, FACP         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dwight Owen
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Dwight H Owen, MD, MS, FACP Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Dwight Owen, Principal Investigator, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04919369    
Other Study ID Numbers: OSU-20171
NCI-2021-03310 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
First Posted: June 9, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 28, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Vitamins
Vitamin A
Atezolizumab
Retinol palmitate
Tretinoin
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Micronutrients
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Anticarcinogenic Agents
Keratolytic Agents
Dermatologic Agents