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Azacitidine or Decitabine With Venetoclax for Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Prior Hypomethylating Agent Failure

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04905810
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : May 28, 2021
Last Update Posted : October 12, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
AbbVie
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Brian Jonas, University of California, Davis

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial evaluates the effect of azacitidine or decitabine and venetoclax in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia that has not been treated before (treatment naive) or has come back (relapsed). Chemotherapy drugs, such as azacitidine, decitabine, and venetoclax, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: Azacitidine Drug: Decitabine Drug: Venetoclax Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. To evaluate the efficacy of venetoclax plus alternative hypomethylating agent (HMA), as defined by the primary endpoint of overall response rate, for patients with treatment naive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) eligible for venetoclax plus HMA with prior HMA failure.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To further examine the efficacy of venetoclax plus alternative HMA for patients with treatment naive AML eligible for venetoclax plus HMA with prior HMA failure using additional efficacy endpoints.

II. To further evaluate the safety of venetoclax plus alternative HMA for patients with treatment naive AML eligible for venetoclax plus HMA with prior HMA failure.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Venetoclax With Alternative Hypomethylating Agent for Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Prior Hypomethylating Agent Failure: A University of California Hematologic Malignancies Consortium Protocol
Estimated Study Start Date : November 15, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 1, 2023


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (azacitidine, decitabine, venetoclax)
Patients receive azacitidine IV over 10-40 minutes or SC on days 1-7 (for patients with prior decitabine use), or decitabine IV on days 1-5 (for patients with prior azacitidine), and venetoclax PO daily on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Azacitidine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5 AZC
  • 5-AC
  • 5-Azacytidine
  • 5-AZC
  • Azacytidine
  • Azacytidine, 5-
  • Ladakamycin
  • Mylosar
  • Onureg
  • U-18496
  • Vidaza

Drug: Decitabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-Aza-2''-deoxycytidine
  • Dacogen
  • Decitabine for Injection
  • Deoxyazacytidine
  • Dezocitidine

Drug: Venetoclax
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ABT-0199
  • ABT-199
  • ABT199
  • GDC-0199
  • RG7601
  • Venclexta
  • Venclyxto




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Will be defined as the rate of complete remission (CR) plus CR with incomplete count recovery (CRi).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Measurable/minimal residual disease (MRD) status [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Will be measured by multiparameter flow cytometry and/or molecular methods (e.g. real-time quantitative reverse transcription [qRT-PCR]). Will be assessed in patients achieving a CR, CRi or CR with partial hematologic recovery (CRh). Rates of MRD negative CR+CRi and CR+CRh will be calculated.

  2. Rate of CR/CRh [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Will be defined as the rate of complete remission (CR) plus CR with partial hematologic recovery (CRh).

  3. Rate of transfusion-independence [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Transfusion independence (TI) is defined as any period of >/= 56 days during treatment with no RBC or platelet transfusion.

  4. Duration of CR/CRi (DoR) [ Time Frame: From the date of CR/CRi until the date of relapse or death, assessed up to 1 year ]
    Time from the date of CR/CRi until the date of relapse or death

  5. Relapse-free survival [ Time Frame: From the date of CR/CRi until the date of relapse or death from any cause, assessed up to 1 year ]
    Time from the date of entry into study to the date of relapse or death from any cause

  6. Event-free survival [ Time Frame: From the date of entry into study to the date of treatment failure, relapse, or death from any cause, assessed up to 1 year ]
    Time from the date of entry into study to the date of treatment failure, relapse, or death from any cause

  7. Overall survival [ Time Frame: From the date of entry into study to the date of death from any cause, assessed up to 1 year ]
    Time from the date of entry into study to the date of death from any cause

  8. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Will be captured and characterized by type, frequency, severity (as defined and graded by National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0 toxicity criteria), timing, seriousness, and relationship to treatment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent
  • Diagnosis of AML by World Health Organization (WHO) 2016 criteria (Arber 2016)
  • Age >= 18 years
  • Treatment naïve and eligible for venetoclax plus HMA: * Age >= 75 OR * Age >= 18-74 with at least one of the following co-morbidities: ** Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 2 or 3 ** Cardiac history of chronic heart failure (CHF) requiring treatment or left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) =< 50% or chronic unstable angina ** Carbon monoxide diffusing capability (DLCO) =< 65% or forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) =< 65% ** Creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min to =< 45 mL/min ** Moderate hepatic impairment with total bilirubin > 1.5 to =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN) ** Any other situation that the investigator judges to be incompatible with intensive chemotherapy must be reviewed with the study chair before study enrollment
  • Patient experienced HMA failure for an antecedent hematologic disorder (e.g. myelodysplastic syndrome) prior to study entry (Santini 2019), defined as: * Disease progression or stable disease as best response to >= 4 cycles of HMA or >= 2 cycles of HMA combination therapy (primary resistance) OR * Relapse or progression after prior response to HMA (secondary resistance)
  • Prior decitabine and/or azacitidine, including oral formulations, for antecedent hematologic disorder is required. The patient should be treatment naïve for the AML diagnosis
  • Prior allogeneic hematopoietic transplant for antecedent hematologic disorder is allowed if done at least 3 months prior to enrollment and there is no evidence of active graft versus host disease (GVHD) or requirement for systemic immune suppression
  • ECOG performance status of: * 0 to 2 for subjects >= 75 years of age OR * 0 to 3 for subjects >= 18-74 years of age
  • Whole blood cell (WBC) >= 25,000/mm^3 at the start of study therapy (leukapheresis and hydroxyurea areallowed to meet this criteria)
  • Total bilirubin =, 1.5 x institution's ULN unless related to AML or Gilbert's syndrome (subjects who are >= 18-74 may have a total bilirubin of =< 3 x institution's ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SPGT) =< 3 x institutional ULN unless related to AML
  • Creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min (calculated by the Cockcroft Gault formula or measured by 24-hours urine collection)
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men with partners of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. * A woman of child-bearing potential is any female (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria: ** Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or ** Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months)
  • Women of child-bearing potential has negative pregnancy test prior to initiating study drug dosing
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current or anticipated use of other investigational agents within 14 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) prior to the first dose and throughout venetoclax administration
  • Diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia
  • Active central nervous system involvement by AML
  • Anticancer therapies, including investigational therapy, chemotherapy, targeted small molecule agents, or radiotherapy within 14 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) prior to the first dose and throughout venetoclax administration. Biologic agents (e.g. monoclonal antibodies) given for anti-neoplastic intent within 30 days prior to the first dose and throughout venetoclax administration
  • Prior therapy with venetoclax
  • Known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or known active hepatitis A, B or C infection with the exception of those with an undetectable viral load and CD4+ T-cell (CD4+) counts >= 350 cells/μL within 3 months of starting study treatment. Should have no titers within 28d of day 1. Patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection should have completed curative antiviral treatment
  • Known strong and/or moderate CYP3A inducers within 7 days prior to the initiation of study treatment
  • Subject has consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges or starfruit within 3 days prior to the initiation of study treatment
  • Severe or uncontrolled medical disorder that would, in the investigator's opinion, impair ability to receive study treatment (i.e., uncontrolled diabetes, chronic renal disease, chronic pulmonary disease or active, uncontrolled infection, psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements)
  • History of other malignancies, except for malignancy treated with curative intent with no known active disease present for >= 1 year; treated non-melanoma skin cancer; and localized, cured prostate and cervical cancer
  • Evidence of uncontrolled active systemic infection requiring therapy (viral, bacterial, or fungal). Fever of unknown origin is not an exclusion criterion, as this may be disease related
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to agents used in study
  • Subject has a malabsorption syndrome of other condition that precludes enteral route of administration
  • Subjects with a cardiovascular disability status of New York Heart Association class greater than 2
  • Pregnant or nursing. There is a potential for congenital abnormalities and for this regimen to harm nursing infants

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04905810


Locations
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United States, California
UCLA / Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Contact: Caspian Oliai    310-206-6909    COliai@mednet.ucla.edu   
Principal Investigator: Caspian Oliai         
University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
Contact: Brian A. Jonas    916-734-3771    bajonas@ucdavis.edu   
Principal Investigator: Brian A. Jonas         
United States, Oklahoma
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
Contact: Matthew J. Wieduwilt    405-217-8001    Matthew-Wieduwilt@ouhsc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Matthew J. Wieduwilt         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brian Jonas
AbbVie
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Brian A Jonas University of California, Davis
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Responsible Party: Brian Jonas, Principal Investigator, University of California, Davis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04905810    
Other Study ID Numbers: UCDCC#293
NCI-2021-04009 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
UCDCC#293 ( Other Identifier: University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center )
P30CA093373 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 28, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 12, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Azacitidine
Decitabine
Venetoclax
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors