Circulating Tumour DNA guidEd Therapy for Stage IIB/C mElanoma After surgiCal resecTION (DETECTION)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04901988|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 26, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 18, 2021
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The trial is looking for new and better ways to treat melanoma, an aggressive type of skin cancer. Having surgery to remove the melanoma will cure the majority of patients with early stage disease. However, a small percentage of these patients will go on to develop further disease, which may spread to other places in their body.
Currently, patients who have been cured of melanoma will have appointments in clinic to check that further disease has not developed or returned and some may also receive regular scans.
The trial team has developed a blood test that tells us whether cancer cells are still present or is becoming active after a patient has been 'cured' of melanoma, even if a scan looks normal. The test looks for pieces of DNA in the blood that are known to have come from the cancer, which we call 'circulating tumour DNA', or ctDNA. Patients who have ctDNA in their blood have an extremely high chance of the cancer returning.
By using the blood test that we have developed we think that we can identify patients earlier than normal. We think that some of the treatments that are used when melanoma cancer has spread may benefit patients at this earlier stage.
We want to see if these patients with ctDNA in their blood, who have a higher risk of their cancer returning or spreading, and receive treatment early have a better response to their cancer compared to those patients who receive treatment when their cancer has returned and it can be seen on a scan. This could mean we would be able to offer patients earlier treatment in the future using just a blood test rather than a scan, while also providing reassurance to those patients that do not have ctDNA in their blood that they do not need treatment and their cancer is not returning.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Melanoma (Skin) Melanoma, Stage II||Drug: Nivolumab 10 MG/ML||Phase 2 Phase 3|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||1050 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Circulating Tumour DNA guidEd Therapy for Stage IIB/C mElanoma After surgiCal resecTION (DETECTION)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||November 8, 2021|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 1, 2030|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 1, 2030|
No Intervention: Arm A
In Arm A, patients and clinicians will remain blinded to the ctDNA result and will be managed as per standard of care with regular clinical review and imaging, and treated if they develop evidence of disease recurrence.
Experimental: Arm B
Patients randomised to Arm B will not be blinded to the positive ctDNA result and will be treated with the intervention.
Drug: Nivolumab 10 MG/ML
Eligible patients randomised to Arm B will receive 480 mg nivolumab monotherapy 4 weekly via IV infusion for up to 2 years.
- Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From randomisation until death by any cause, assessed up to 84 months. ]
- Relapse Free Survival [ Time Frame: From randomisation to radiological (recist v1.1)/clinical (confirmed histologically) progression, assessed up to 84 months. ]
- Distant metastasis free survival(DMFS) [ Time Frame: From randomisation to distant metastatic relapse or death, assessed up to 84 months. ]
- Progression-free survival (PFS) on first line therapy (commenced in Arm A at relapse, and Arm B from randomisation). [ Time Frame: From start of treatment (day of first dose) until disease progression defined as clinical (confirmed pathologically) or radiological (recist v1.1) progression or death, assessed up to 84 months. ]
- Time from randomisation to disease progression on first line systemic therapy (Arm A first systemic therapy given at relapse, and Arm B nivolumab from randomisation). [ Time Frame: Time from randomisation to disease progression on first line systemic therapy (Arm A first systemic therapy given at relapse, and Arm B nivolumab from randomisation), assessed up to 84 months. ]
- Radiological response in Arm A (CR, PR, SD and PD) and PD vs. no PD in Arm B to first line systemic therapy. [ Time Frame: Radiological response in Arm A (CR, PR, SD and PD) and PD vs. no PD in Arm B to first line systemic therapy, assessed up to 84 months. ]
- Time from registration to ctDNA detection. [ Time Frame: Time from registration to ctDNA detection, assessed at registration and then every 3 months (year 1 to 3) and every 6 months (year 4 and 5). ]
- Number of patients with undetectable ctDNA (not detectable according to the DETECTION assay), but clinical/radiological progression and site of progression (local or distant in addition to organ site). [ Time Frame: From registration to clinical/radiological progression with undetectable ctDNA, assessed up to 84 months. ]
- RFS of patients with undetectable ctDNA (not randomised) vs. patients with detectable ctDNA in Arm A. [ Time Frame: From registration to radiological (recist v1.1)/clinical (confirmed histologically) progression in not randomised and in Arm A participants, assessed up to 84 months. ]
- DMFS of patients with undetectable ctDNA (not randomised) vs. patients with detectable ctDNA in Arm A. [ Time Frame: From registration to distant metastatic relapse or death in not randomised and in Arm A participants, assessed up to 84 months. ]
- OS defined as time from registration until death of patients with undetectable ctDNA (not randomised) vs. patients in Arm A. [ Time Frame: From registration until death of patients with undetectable ctDNA (not randomised) vs. patients in Arm A, assessed up to 84 months. ]
- To assess treatment-free survival. [ Time Frame: Time to first line therapy cessation, assessed up to 84 months. ]Defined as the area between Kaplan-Meier curves between time to first line therapy cessation defined as time from initiation of first line therapy until its cessation and time to subsequent therapy initiation or death defined as time from initiation of first line therapy until initiation of subsequent systemic anticancer therapy or death in Arm A vs. Arm B.
- Toxicity measured according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0. [ Time Frame: From consent until the end of the trial or until disease progression and at least 100 days post the last treatment dose of nivolumab, assessed up to 84 months. ]
- Health economics assessment as assessed by EQ-5D-5L and resource use questionnaires. [ Time Frame: At registration and every 6 months for both monitoring and post randomisation, with an additional questionnaire at baseline prior to therapy on Arm B and at relapse and every 6 Mo until relapse on first line therapy on Arm A, assessed up to 84 months. ]
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Signed written informed consent.
- Patients must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment schedule, laboratory tests and other requirements of the study.
- Histological confirmation of cutaneous melanoma
- ≥ 18 years.
- Stage IIB or IIC melanoma (sentinel lymph node (SNLB) staged) according to AJCC version 8 (4).
- Complete resection (including SNLB) must have been performed within 12 weeks prior to registration.
- Disease-free status documented both clinically and radiologically within 4 weeks prior to registration.
- Mutation confirmed in at least one of the following BRAF (p.V600E/p.V600K/p.V600R) /NRAS (p.Q61R/p.Q61K, p.Q61L/p.G12D), which can be tracked in ctDNA with exact point mutation known.
- ECOG performance status 0/1.
- Adequate organ function and screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria: WBC ≥ 2.0x109/L, Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5x109/L, Platelets ≥100 x109/L, Haemoglobin ≥90 g/L, Creatinine ≤1.5x ULN or creatinine clearance >30mL/minute using Cockcroft-Gault, AST ≤ 1.5 x ULN, ALT ≤ 1.5 x ULN, Bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN unless the patient has familial hyperbilirubinaemia.
- LDH ≤1.5x ULN as per local institution parameters.
- Patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding will be eligible to join the trial. However, if they are allocated to Arm B, women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to have a serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) and must be withdrawn if pregnant or breastfeeding. WOCBP and males who are sexually active with WOCBP must also agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception for the duration of treatment plus 5 months for WOCBP or plus 7 months for males who are sexually active with WOCBP (if randomised to Arm B or while receiving any systemic treatment and to follow local guidance if given on Arm A). See Appendix A for further information.
- If previously received prior immunotherapy, chemotherapy, cancer directed vaccine therapy or BRAF/MEK targeted therapy for cancer.
- Patients with active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis not requiring disease modifying drugs, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger will be permitted to enrol.
- Current other malignancy or history of another malignancy within the last 3 years. Patients who have been disease-free for 3 years, (i.e. patients with second malignancies that have been definitively treated at least 3 years ago) or patients with a history of completely resected non-melanoma skin cancer are eligible.
- Any serious or unstable pre-existing medical conditions (aside from malignancy exceptions specified above), psychiatric disorders, or other conditions that could interfere with the patient's safety, obtaining informed consent, or compliance with study procedures.
- Patients with a condition requiring ongoing/long-term (>3 months) systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (>10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement steroid doses ≤10 mg daily prednisolone equivalent are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
- Patients with interstitial lung disease that is symptomatic or may interfere with the detection or management of suspected drug-related pulmonary toxicity.
- History of allergies or adverse drug reaction to any of the study drug components or to any monoclonal antibody.
- Known Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), or Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection.
- Prisoners or patients who are involuntarily incarcerated.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04901988
|Contact: Silviya Balabanova||0151 795 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|The Christie NHS Foundation Trust||Recruiting|
|Manchester, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom, M204BJ|
|Contact: Paul Lorigan, MD email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Paul Lorigan, Professor||The Christie NHS Foundation Trust|
|Responsible Party:||The Christie NHS Foundation Trust|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||May 26, 2021 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||November 18, 2021|
|Last Verified:||November 2021|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||Yes|
|Plan Description:||At the end of the trial, after the primary results have been published, the de-identified individual participant data (IPD) and associated documentation (e.g. protocol, statistical analysis plan, annotated blank CRF) will be prepared in order to be shared with external researchers. All requests for access to the IPD will be reviewed by an internal committee at the Clinical Trials Unit (CTU) and discussed with the Chief Investigator in accordance with the CTU policy on data sharing. All data sharing must be authorised by the Sponsor.|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
|Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.:||Yes|
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action