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Study of Ruxolitinib in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients With Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04807777
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 19, 2021
Last Update Posted : March 19, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Incyte Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Richard D. Carvajal, Columbia University

Brief Summary:
In this open-label, multicenter, Phase II study, the investigators propose to evaluate the efficacy of ruxolitinib, an orally administered inhibitor of JAK1/2, in solid organ transplant recipients with advanced cSCC. In a safety lead-in of 6 patients, subjects will receive ruxolitinib 15mg twice daily (BID). After 4 weeks, if dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) are observed in 1 or fewer patients, the study will enter stage 1 of the Simon two-stage design where all subsequent patients will receive a starting dose of ruxolitinib 15mg BID. If more than 1 DLTs are observed, another cohort of 6 patients will be treated at a dose of 10mg BID. If less than 2 DLTs are observed at the new dose of 10mg, then the study will proceed to stage I using this dose; otherwise the study will stop.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma Drug: Ruxolitinib Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Approximately 5.4 million individuals in the United States are diagnosed with non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) annually, with the incidence increasing over time. Twenty-five percent are cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCC), which affect up to 1,350,000 individuals and result in up to 12,000 deaths annually in the US alone. Immunosuppressed patients are particularly vulnerable to the development of highly aggressive or catastrophic cSCC. Patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy, such as solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs), and HIV/AIDS patients have an estimated 60 to 250-fold increased risk of cSCC development. In renal SOTRs, cSCC represents over 70% of all malignancies that develop, with an incidence up to 200 times that of the general population. Post-transplant cSCC occurs at a younger age and is more aggressive than in non-transplant cohorts, with 30% of cSCC recurring within 1 year and up to 8% of disease associated with metastasis. The median survival from diagnosis of metastasis is 3 years.5 Cemiplimab, an anti-PD1 antibody, recently became the first agent to achieve regulatory approval for the treatment of advanced cSCC; however, due to the risk of graft rejection, the role of immunological checkpoint blockade in the SOTR population is extremely limited. Thus, although surgical excision is effective for sporadic cSCC, there remains a large unmet medical need for novel strategies for treatment and/or prevention of multiply recurrent, locally advanced, and metastatic cSCC, particularly in immunosuppressed patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 35 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-Center Phase II Study of Ruxolitinib in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients With Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Estimated Study Start Date : April 30, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 31, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ruxolitinib

In a safety lead-in of 6 patients, subjects will receive 15mg of ruxolitinib twice daily (BID). After 4 weeks, if dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) are observed in 1 or fewer patients, the study will enter stage 1 of the Simon two-stage design where all subsequent patients will receive a starting dose of ruxolitinib 15mg BID.

Subjects will have regularly scheduled study visits at the clinical site on Day 1 and Day 15 (± 3 days) of the first 2 cycles, then on Day 1 (± 3 days) of every subsequent cycle (starting cycle 3), where safety assessments, including laboratory assessments, vital signs, and physical examinations will be performed.

Drug: Ruxolitinib
Ruxolitinib will be administered orally twice daily during the entirety of each 28-day cycle.
Other Name: JAKAVI




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: within the first 24 weeks of the start of study therapy ]
    The primary endpoint is the overall response rate as defined as the best response, confirmed at ≥4 weeks, within the first 24 weeks of the start of study therapy, using RECIST v1.1 criteria.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) (time alive without advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) probabilities will be estimated

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    The length of time from the start of treatment that subjects with the disease are still alive.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histopathologically confirmed diagnosis of metastatic advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.
  • History of solid-organ transplant requiring immunosuppression
  • Progression of disease with estimated glomerular filtration rate (EGFR)-directed therapy
  • Age ≥ 18 yrs
  • Measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1
  • Karnofsky Performance Status Scale (KPS) ≥60%, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) ≤2
  • No prior Janus kinase (JAK) Inhibitor therapy
  • Adequate organ function
  • All clinically significant toxicities from prior systemic therapy must be ≤ Grade 1 (with the exception of alopecia, and peripheral neuropathy, which may be ≤ grade 2).
  • Subjects must agree to undergo tumor biopsies until biopsies have been obtained from 10 subjects (i.e., biopsies are required in at least the first 10 enrolled subjects, or until a goal of 10 study biopsies are obtained). Subjects in whom a biopsy is technically not feasible or in whom would result in unacceptable risk in the opinion of the investigator, may be exempted from the biopsy requirement with discussion with the principal investigator.
  • Negative pregnancy test for women of child bearing potential
  • Ability to take oral medications
  • Adequate marrow function:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1000 /mm3
    • Platelet count ≥50,000/mm3
    • Hemoglobin ≥8.0g/dL (not requiring transfusion in the past 2 weeks)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • At least 21 days must have elapsed since the last dose of systemic chemotherapy or immunotherapy and the first dose of study drug.
  • At least 14 days must have elapsed since the last dose of radiation therapy and the first dose of study drug.
  • Patients who have previously been treated with a JAK inhibitor.
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents concurrently.
  • Patients who have had recent major surgery within a minimum 4 weeks prior to starting study treatment, with the exception of surgical placement for vascular access.
  • Patients with a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to ruxolitinib.
  • Patients with symptomatic or growing brain metastases. Patients with brain metastases that have been treated and have remained stable for at least one month prior to initiation of study therapy are eligible.
  • Concurrent use of strong CYP3A4 or CYP3A4 substrate drugs with a narrow therapeutic range within 14 days or 5 drug half-lives, whichever is longer, before start of study drug. A list of strong CYP3A4 and 2C8 inhibitors and inducers can be found in Appendix A.
  • HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with ruxolitinib. In addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow- suppressive therapy.
  • Subjects with known active hepatitis B or C, or chronic hepatitis B or C requiring treatment with antiviral therapy.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Patients being actively treated for a second malignancy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04807777


Contacts
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Contact: Research Nurse Navigator 212-342-5162 cancerclinicaltrials@cumc.columbia.edu
Contact: Richard Carvajal, MD 646-317-6041 rdc2150@cumc.columbia.edu

Locations
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United States, Georgia
Emory University Winship Cancer Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University Lurie Cancer Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Contact: Sunandana Chandra, MD, MS    312-695-6182    sunandana.chandra@northwestern.edu   
Principal Investigator: Sunandana Chandra, MD, MS         
United States, New York
Columbia University Irving Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Contact: Research Nurse Navigator    212-342-5162    cancerclinicaltrials@cumc.columbia.edu   
Contact: Richard Carvajal, MD    646-317-6041    rdc2150@cumc.columbia.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Columbia University
Incyte Corporation
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Richard Carvajal, MD Associate Professor of Medicine at the Columbia University Medical Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Richard D. Carvajal, Associate Professor of Medicine at the Columbia University Medical Center, Columbia University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04807777    
Other Study ID Numbers: AAAT5353
First Posted: March 19, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 19, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Richard D. Carvajal, Columbia University:
Ruxolitinib
Solid Organ Transplant
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell