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Anti-CTLA4-NF mAb (BMS986218), Nivolumab, and Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for the Treatment of Metastatic Solid Malignancies

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04785287
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 5, 2021
Last Update Posted : January 31, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects of anti-CTLA4-NF monoclonal antibody (mAb) (BMS986218), nivolumab, and stereotactic body radiation therapy in treating patients with solid malignancies that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as anti-CTLA4-NF mAb (BMS-986218) and nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Stereotactic body radiation therapy uses special equipment to position a patient and deliver radiation to tumors with high precision. This method may kill tumor cells with fewer doses over a shorter period and cause less damage to normal tissue. Giving -CTLA4-NF mAb (BMS986218), nivolumab, and stereotactic body radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Lung Carcinoma Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm Malignant Adrenal Gland Neoplasm Metastatic Liver Carcinoma Metastatic Lung Carcinoma Metastatic Malignant Solid Neoplasm Stage III Liver Cancer Stage III Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIB Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIC Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IV Liver Cancer Stage IV Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVA Liver Cancer Stage IVA Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVB Liver Cancer Stage IVB Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Biological: Anti-CTLA4 Monoclonal Antibody BMS-986218 Biological: Nivolumab Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To evaluate the safety profile of intravenous anti-CTLA4 monoclonal antibody BMS-986218 (anti-CTLA4-NF mAb [BMS-986218]) alone or with nivolumab administered in combination with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) targeting 1-4 lesion(s) for patients with metastatic cancers.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine antitumor activity of anti-CTLA4-NF mAb (BMS-986218) therapy with SBRT treatment for 1-4 lesions in non-irradiate tumors (abscopal lesions; out of external beam radiation [XRT] field) as defined by Immune-Related Response Criteria (irRC).

II. To determine antitumor activity of anti-CTLA4-NF mAb (BMS-986218) therapy with RadScopal treatment in the low dose treated lesion as defined by irRC.

III. To evaluate treatment efficacy in different SBRT treatment sites (liver versus [vs.] adrenal, lung vs. adrenal).

IV. To evaluate treatment efficacy by comparing anti-CTLA4-NF mAb (BMS-986218) alone with SBRT treatment vs. anti-CTLA4-NF mAb (BMS-986218) in combination with nivolumab and SBRT treatment.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate treatment efficacy by comparing anti-CTLA4-NF mAb (BMS-986218) alone or with SBRT treatment vs. ipilimumab alone or with SBRT treatment (previous trial).

II. To evaluate the associations of tumor-associated and systemic immune biomarkers for therapy with clinical response outcomes and toxicity prediction.

III. To evaluate whether skeletal mass, neutrophil, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, and tumor bulk are correlated with clinical outcomes and adverse events.

IV. To evaluate whether tumor kinetics in combination with clinical correlates can help determine treatment response.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive anti-CTLA4 monoclonal antibody BMS-986218 intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo SBRT on days 36-39 (days 8-11 of cycle 2).

ARM II: Patients receive anti-CTLA4 monoclonal antibody BMS-986218 and SBRT as in Arm 1. Beginning cycle 2, patients also receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes starting on day 1. Cycles repeat every 28 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 and 60 days and 6 and 12 months after last cycle of anti-CTLA4 monoclonal antibody BMS-986218.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 80 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Trial of Anti-CTLA4-NF mAb (BMS-986218) in Combination With Nivolumab and Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiation Therapy in Patients With Advanced Solid Malignancies
Actual Study Start Date : March 29, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 27, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 27, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (BMS-986218, SBRT)
Patients receive anti-CTLA4 monoclonal antibody BMS-986218 IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo SBRT on days 36-39 (days 8-11 of cycle 2).
Biological: Anti-CTLA4 Monoclonal Antibody BMS-986218
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS 986218
  • BMS-986218
  • Monoclonal Antibody BMS-986218

Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy
Undergo SBRT
Other Names:
  • SABR
  • SBRT
  • Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiation Therapy

Experimental: Arm II (BMS-986218, SBRT, nivolumab)
Patients receive anti-CTLA4 monoclonal antibody BMS-986218 and SBRT as in Arm 1. Beginning cycle 2, patients also receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes starting on day 1. Cycles repeat every 28 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: Anti-CTLA4 Monoclonal Antibody BMS-986218
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS 986218
  • BMS-986218
  • Monoclonal Antibody BMS-986218

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy
Undergo SBRT
Other Names:
  • SABR
  • SBRT
  • Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiation Therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    The incidence of clinical and laboratory adverse events will be reported and graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0. Adverse events will be reported in frequency tables overall, by intensity, and by relationship. Laboratory values will be reported in shift tables and with summary statistics. Chi-squared or Fisher exact tests will be used to compare safety between two arms. Logistic regression may be used to evaluate the predictive potential of tumor-associated and systemic immune biomarkers for toxicity prediction, and whether skeletal mass, neutrophil, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, and tumor bulk are correlated with adverse events.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor response [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Will be determined using the Immune Related Response Criteria calculated for each arm with 95% exact confidence intervals. Will evaluate for the % abscopal response, which is defined as the best response rate, summing both complete response (CR) and partial response (PR) patients. This will be a measurement of the non-irradiated lesions. The clinical benefit will be defined as CR+ PR + stable disease (minimum of 6 months from time of enrolment). For patients that have progressive disease at the first treatment study (before re-induction treatment with RadScopal radiation therapy), Immune Related Response Criteria response criteria will be also used to evaluate the responses outside the irradiated tumors. Chi-squared test or Fisher exact test will be used to compare the response rate between two arms and different stereotactic body radiation therapy treatment sites (liver versus [vs.] adrenal, lung vs adrenal).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histological confirmation of solid metastatic cancer with at least one metastatic or primary lesion in the adrenal, liver or lung/chest
  • Patients who have completed prior systemic anti-cancer therapies, an interval of 5 drug half-lives or 4-weeks whichever is shorter, is required, prior to enrollment on study. Note: patients with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma will be waived from this inclusion criteria given the rapid trajectory of their disease
  • All patients must have at least one metastatic or primary lesion within the lung/chest, liver or adrenal located in an anatomical location amenable to SBRT treatment with 50 Gy in 4 fractions. Patients may not have more than 80% liver displaced with cancer
  • Repeat radiation in fields previously radiated will be allowed at the discretion of the treating physician
  • Age >= 18 years
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin) within 24 hours prior to the start of study treatment. Subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been in postmenopausal state. Females in postmenopausal state under the age of 55 years must have a serum follicle stimulating hormone, (FSH) level > 40 mIU/mL to confirm menopause
  • Women must not be breastfeeding for the duration of the study and 105 days AFTER completion of study treatment for BMS-986218 monotherapy treatment, 155 days AFTER completion of combination therapy (BMS-986218 + nivolumab) or 5 months AFTER completion of nivolumab maintenance treatment
  • WOCBP receiving monotherapy or combination therapy treatment with BMS-986218 must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the duration of the study and 105 days AFTER completion of study treatment for BMS-986218 monotherapy treatment, 155 days AFTER completion of combination therapy (BMS-986218 + nivolumab) or 5 months AFTER completion of nivolumab maintenance treatment. WOCBP who are continuously not heterosexually active are exempt from contraceptive requirements, but should still undergo pregnancy testing as described in this section. In the case of male participants, during the course of treatment and 165 days AFTER the end of BMS-986218 monotherapy treatment or 215 days AFTER the end of combination therapy treatment (BMS-986218 + nivolumab) or 7 months AFTER completion of nivolumab maintenance treatment the participant should not father a child (condom use is mandatory, even if vasectomized) or donate sperm. Local laws and regulations may require use of alternative and/or additional contraception methods
  • Male participants who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to follow instructions for methods of contraception during monotherapy treatment with BMS-986218 plus 5 half-lives (75 days) of BMS-986218 plus 90 days for a total of 165 days after the end of BMS-986218 monotherapy treatment or 215 days after the end of combination therapy treatment (BMS-986218 + nivolumab), or 7 months AFTER completion of nivolumab maintenance treatment. In addition, male participants must be willing to refrain from sperm donation during this time
  • Investigators shall counsel WOCBP, and male participants who are sexually active with WOCBP, on the importance of pregnancy prevention and the implications of an unexpected pregnancy. Investigators shall advise on the use of highly effective methods of contraception that have a failure rate of < 1% when used consistently and correctly
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1 (Karnofsky > 60%)
  • Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below: (use of growth factors or blood transfusion to achieve these requirements is not allowed 2 weeks prior to study enrollment). The blood test for the following analytes will be performed at screening/baseline and at the first day of every BMS-986218 therapy cycle
  • Total bilirubin =< 2.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN), except participants with Gilbert's syndrome who must have normal direct bilirubin
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Whole blood cell (WBC) >= 2500/uL
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL
  • Platelets >= 75K
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN, or creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 40 mL/min (measured using the Cockcroft-Gault formula)
  • Patients must be willing and able to review, understand, and provide written consent before starting therapy
  • Patients with brain metastasis will be included as long as they are free of neurologic symptoms related to metastatic brain lesions and do not require or receive steroid therapy or brain metastasis. We will allow patients with stable brain metastases (no radiographic progression for at least 4 weeks following radiation and/or surgery or 4 weeks of observation), no longer taking steroids for at least 2 weeks prior to first dose of study treatment, and with no new neurological signs and symptoms (clinically and radiographically) for >= 4 weeks to enroll on the protocol
  • Patients that have previously progressed on immunotherapy such as ipilimumab, anti-PD-I, anti-PDL-1 or talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC) will be eligible, but progression on immunotherapy is not required

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with active, known, or suspected with autoimmune disorders or those who are at risk for flare of auto-immunity or immune-related diseases
  • Participants with well controlled asthma and/or mild allergic rhinitis (seasonal allergies) are eligible
  • Participants with the following disease conditions are also eligible:

    • Vitiligo.
    • Type 1 diabetes mellitus.
    • Residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement.
    • Euthyroid participants with a history of Grave's disease (participants with suspected autoimmune thyroid disorders must be negative for thyroglobulin and thyroid peroxidase antibodies and thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin [Ig] prior to the first dose of study treatment).
    • Psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll
  • Active diverticulitis, intra-abdominal abscess, gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction, abdominal carcinomatosis or other known risk factors for bowel perforation
  • Any underlying medical or psychiatric condition, which in the opinion of the Investigator, will make the administration of study drug hazardous or obscure the interpretation of adverse event (AE)s: e.g. a condition associated with frequent diarrhea or chronic skin conditions, recent surgery or colonic biopsy from which the patient has not recovered, or partial endocrine organ deficiencies
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, history of congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive status or with positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen. Patients with hepatitis C antibody (Ab) positive will be considered for enrollment only if quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative
  • Any non-oncology vaccine therapy used for prevention of infectious diseases (for up to one month prior to or after any dose of BMS-986218). The use of inactivated seasonal influenza vaccines (e.g., Fluzone), will be permitted on study without restriction
  • Concomitant therapy with any of the following: IL-2, interferon or other non-study immunotherapy regimens; cytotoxic chemotherapy; immunosuppressive agents; other investigational therapies; or chronic use of systemic corticosteroids while receiving BMS-986218 (as long as steroid replacement is greater than what is required for physiologic replacement, i.e. in hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency)
  • History of or current immunodeficiency disease or prior treatment compromising immune function at the discretion of the treating physician
  • Prior allogeneic stem cell transplantation or organ allograft
  • Patients who were intolerant to previous immuno-oncology (IO) drugs with side effects (grade 4 or greater) that were unable to be resolved with treatment, should be excluded
  • Patients that have previously received or progressed on any anti-CTLA4-NF drug
  • Absolute lymphocyte count below 0.4 x 10^9/L

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04785287


Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: James Welsh    713-563-2337    jwelsh@mdanderson.org   
Principal Investigator: James Welsh         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: James Welsh M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04785287    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2020-0479
NCI-2021-01619 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2020-0479 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
First Posted: March 5, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 31, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Lung Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Liver Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Adrenal Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Adenocarcinoma
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Adrenal Gland Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Nivolumab
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action