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Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab in Surgically Resectable Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04710498
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 14, 2021
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Stanford University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research is to evaluate whether the administration of atezolizumab before surgical resection of your tumor is feasible and to evaluate the treatment response, safety, and tolerability of atezolizumab.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma Drug: Atezolizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Primary Objective:

Determine the feasibility of three doses of atezolizumab prior to surgery in patients with advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma

Secondary Objectives:

  • Assess response rates to neoadjuvant atezolizumab Objective response rate following completion of neoadjuvant therapy based on RECIST 1.1 criteria oPathological response rate (major and complete pathological response) in final surgical resection specimen
  • Assess change in surgical margins or vital structures preserved following neoadjuvant treatment
  • Assess safety and tolerability of neoadjuvant atezolizumab

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: ML42362: Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab in Surgically Resectable Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : June 22, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Atezolizumab
Subjects will receive neoadjuvant atezolizumab intravenous (IV) infusion at a fixed dose of 1200 mg on Day 1 (+/- 3 days) of each 21-day cycle for a total of 3 doses prior to surgery, unless there is clinical or radiographic evidence of disease progression.
Drug: Atezolizumab
Atezolizumab administered intravenous (IV) infusion at a fixed dose of 1200 mg
Other Name: RO5541267




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of patients who complete neoadjuvant therapy and surgical resection [ Time Frame: 1 Day ]
    Percentage of patients that are able to complete 3 cycles of neoadjuvant neoadjuvant atezolizumab, followed by surgical resection will be measured.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate [ Time Frame: After cycle 3 (duration of each cycle 21 days) ]
    Objective response rate will be measured based on RECIST v1.1 criteria at baseline, after cycle 2, and at the time or surgery

  2. Pathological response rate [ Time Frame: After cycle 3 (duration of each cycle 21 days) ]
    Pathological response will be assessed by local pathological review at baseline, after cycle 2, and and at the time or surgery Patients with no viable tumor seen will be classified as a complete pathological response. Patients with < 10% of viable tumor will be classified as a major pathological response.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Signed Informed Consent Form
  2. Age ³ 18 years at time of signing Informed Consent Form
  3. Histologically or cytologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma
  4. Measurable disease per RECIST v1.1

    • Note that protocol specified imaging is not necessary to fulfill this criterion. For example, a patient presenting with a visible 4cm primary lesion who has obviously RECIST evaluable disease may be considered eligible prior to baseline imaging stipulated in the protocol.
  5. Availability of a representative tumor specimen that is suitable for determination of PD-L1 immunohistochemical stain evaluation.
  6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1
  7. Adequate hematologic and end-organ function appropriate for surgery as determined by routine preoperative evaluation. If liver function, renal function and hematologic laboratory test results are within limits acceptable for elective surgery. Laboratory results that will need to be obtained within 28 days prior to initiation of study treatment:

    • aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferas (ALT), total bilirubin, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) £ 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN.).
    • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) < 13, Patients with a history of a high TSH who are receiving levothyroxine replacement at the time of eligibility evaluation and have no clinical evidence of hypothyroidism are eligible.
  8. For patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation: stable anticoagulant regimen
  9. Negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) test at screening
  10. For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods, as defined below: Women must remain abstinent or use contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for 5 months after the final dose of atezolizumab.

    A woman is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is postmenarchal, has not reached a postmenopausal state (³ 12 continuous months of amenorrhea with no identified cause other than menopause), and has not undergone surgical sterilization (removal of ovaries and/or uterus). The definition of childbearing potential may be adapted for alignment with local guidelines or requirements.

    Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal contraceptives that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices, and copper intrauterine devices.

    The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation

  11. For men: Agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use a condom, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm, as defined below:

With a female partner of childbearing potential or pregnant female partner, men must agree to remain abstinent or use a condom during the treatment period and for 5 months after the final dose of atezolizumab to avoid exposing the embryo. Men must agree to refrain from donating sperm during this same period

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients not eligible for standard of care surgical resection
  2. Distant metastatic disease
  3. Uncontrolled pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, or ascites requiring recurrent drainage procedures (once monthly or more frequently)

    • Patients with indwelling catheters (e.g., PleurX are allowed.
  4. Uncontrolled or symptomatic hypercalcemia (ionized calcium > 1.5 mmol/L, calcium > 12 mg/dL or corrected serum calcium > ULN)
  5. Active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency, including, but not limited to, myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, Wegener granulomatosis, Sjögren syndrome, Guillain-Barré syndrome, or multiple sclerosis (see Appendix G for a more comprehensive list of autoimmune diseases and immune deficiencies), with the following exceptions: ·Patients with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism who are on thyroid-replacement hormone are eligible for the study.

    ·Patients with controlled Type 1 diabetes mellitus who are on an insulin regimen are eligible for the study.

    ·Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus, or vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis are excluded) are eligible for the study provided all of following conditions are met:

    • Rash must cover < 10% of body surface area
    • Disease is well controlled at baseline and requires only low-potency topical corticosteroids
    • No occurrence of acute exacerbations of the underlying condition requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation, methotrexate, retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors, or high-potency or oral corticosteroids within the previous 12 months
  6. History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, or idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan ·History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted.

7 .Active tuberculosis. Patents do NOT have to be screened for tuberculosis for this trial.

8. Significant cardiovascular disease (such as New York Heart Association Class II or greater cardiac disease, myocardial infarction, or cerebrovascular accident) within 3 months prior to initiation of study treatment, unstable arrhythmia, or unstable angina 9. Severe infection within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment, including, but not limited to, hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia 10. Treatment with therapeutic oral or IV antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment

  • Patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics (e.g., to prevent a urinary tract infection or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation) are eligible for the study. 11. Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplantation 12. Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug, may affect the interpretation of the results, or may render the patient at high risk from treatment complications 13. Treatment with a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment, or anticipation of need for such a vaccine during atezolizumab treatment or within 5 months after the final dose of atezolizumab 14. Current treatment with anti-viral therapy for hepatitis B virus (HBV) 15. Treatment with investigational therapy within 28 days prior to initiation of study treatment 16. Prior treatment with CD137 agonists or immune checkpoint blockade therapies, including anti- cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), anti-PD-1, and anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibodies 17. Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents (including, but not limited to, interferon and interleukin 2 [IL-2]) within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives of the drug (whichever is longer) prior to initiation of study treatment 18. Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medication (including, but not limited to, corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a agents) within 2 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment, or anticipation of need for systemic immunosuppressive medication during study treatment, with the following exceptions:
  • Patients who received acute, low-dose systemic immunosuppressant medication or a one-time pulse dose of systemic immunosuppressant medication (e.g., 48 hours of corticosteroids for a contrast allergy) are eligible for the study has been obtained.
  • Patients who received mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone), corticosteroids for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma, or low-dose corticosteroids for orthostatic hypotension or adrenal insufficiency are eligible for the study. 19. History of severe allergic anaphylactic reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins 20. Known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or to any component of the atezolizumab formulation 21. Pregnancy or breastfeeding, or intention of becoming pregnant during study treatment or within 5 months after the final dose of study treatment
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test result within 14 days prior to initiation of study treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04710498


Contacts
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Contact: Nikita Bedi 650-723-5957 nbedi@stanford.edu

Locations
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United States, California
Stanford University Recruiting
Stanford, California, United States, 94304
Contact: Nikita Bedi         
Principal Investigator: Vasu Divi, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
Genentech, Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Vasu Divi, MD Stanford Universiy
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Responsible Party: Stanford University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04710498    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB-59070
ENT0082 ( Other Identifier: OnCore )
First Posted: January 14, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2021
Last Verified: June 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Atezolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents