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SX-682 and Nivolumab for the Treatment of RAS-Mutated, MSS Unresectable or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer, the STOPTRAFFIC-1 Trial

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04599140
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 22, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 21, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Syntrix Biosystems, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase Ib/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of SX-682 that can be given alone and in combination with nivolumab in treating patients with RAS-Mutated, microsatellite stable (MSS) colorectal cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). SX-682 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving SX-682 alone and together with nivolumab may kill more tumor cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Colon Adenocarcinoma Metastatic Colorectal Carcinoma Metastatic Rectal Adenocarcinoma Stage III Colon Cancer AJCC v8 Stage III Rectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Colon Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Rectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIB Colon Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIB Rectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIC Colon Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIC Rectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IV Colon Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IV Rectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVA Colon Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVA Rectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVB Colon Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVB Rectal Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVC Colon Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVC Rectal Cancer AJCC v8 Unresectable Colon Adenocarcinoma Unresectable Rectal Adenocarcinoma Drug: CXCR1/2 Inhibitor SX-682 Biological: Nivolumab Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the safety profile of CXCR1/2 Inhibitor SX-682 (SX-682) alone and in combination with nivolumab in subjects with refractory RAS mutated microsatellite stable (MSS) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), including the maximum dose that can be administered until adverse effects prevent further dose increases (i.e., the maximum tolerated dose [MTD] or recommended phase 2 dose), and the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the efficacy of SX-682 in combination with nivolumab on the basis of the objective response rate (ORR), the duration of response, and the rate of progression.

II. Characterize the single-dose and multidose pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of SX-682.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. Assess overall survival (OS). II. Explore potential biomarkers associated with pharmacodynamic and clinical response to SX-682 alone and combined with nivolumab, where the biomarker measures include, but are not limited to, tumor CMS4, gene expression, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) mutations (KRAS, NRAS and BRAF mutation status via ribonucleic acid [RNA] and DNA sequencing), IRF2 (interferon regulatory factor 2) expression, lymphocyte clonality (via sequencing), myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSCs), regulatory T-cells (Tregs) and CD69/CD8 T cells, and in the circulation, circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), T- and B-cell subpopulations, neutrophils, the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), MDSCs, Tregs, the CD4:CD8 ratio, chemokines and cytokines.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of CXCR1/2 Inhibitor SX-682, followed by a phase II study.

MONOTHERAPY STAGE: Patients receive SX-682 orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-21 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

COMBINATION STAGE: Patients receive SX-682 PO BID on days 1-56 and nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days 1 and 29. Treatment repeat every 56 days weeks for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study, patients with no have tumor response are followed up every 3 weeks for 90 days, and patients with tumor response every 3 months for up to 6 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 53 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase Ib/II Trial of SX-682 in Combination With Nivolumab for Refractory RAS Mutated (RAS) Microsatellite Stable (MSS) Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (mCRC) (STOPTRAFFIC-1)
Actual Study Start Date : October 14, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 31, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 31, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (SX-682, nivolumab)

MONOTHERAPY STAGE: Patients receive SX-682 orally PO BID on days 1-21 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

COMBINATION STAGE: Patients receive SX-682 PO BID on days 1-56 and nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 29. Treatment repeat every 56 days weeks for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Drug: CXCR1/2 Inhibitor SX-682
Given PO
Other Names:
  • SX 682
  • SX-682
  • SX682

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    For each system organ class and preferred term, summaries will be made with respect to the number and proportion of subjects having at least 1 occurrence of an adverse event during the study. The incidence of AEs will be presented overall, by system organ class and preferred term, intensity (based on National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0), immune-related adverse events, treatment-emergent adverse events, and additional grouping by severity and relationship to study drug. Individual listings of adverse events will be provided. Dose limiting toxicities and study drug-related grade >= 2 adverse events will be listed individually.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Patient response will be determined using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1. Unconfirmed responses will not be used in the final analysis. ORR is defined by the number of (partial response + complete response)/ (total number of treated patients) in the cohort. Will estimate the response rate along with the two-sided exact 95% confidence interval.

  2. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 104 weeks ]
    Assessed according to RECIST 1.1. Median PFS and 95% confidence intervals will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  3. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 104 weeks ]
    OS time will be presented using the Kaplan-Meier method. Median OS with 95% confidence interval will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Biomarker analysis [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Summary statistics will be tabulated for CMS4, interferon regulatory factor 2 expression, lymphocyte clonality (via sequencing), myeloid-derived suppressor cells , regulatory T-cells and CD69/CD8 T cells, and in the circulation, circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid T- and B-cell subpopulations, neutrophils, the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, the CD4:CD8 ratio, KRAS, NRAS and BRAF status. Paired t-test or Wilcoxon signed rank test will be used to assess the changes in biomarkers pre and post-treatment. The differences in biomarker levels between responders and non-responders will be assessed using X2 or Fisher's exact test as appropriate. The correlation between biomarker mutation statuses will be assessed using Paired t-test or Wilcoxon signed rank test. Differences in biomarker levels will be assessed using X2 or Fisher's exact test.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must have the nature of the study explained to them
  • Subjects must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment schedule, laboratory tests, pharmacokinetic collections, and other requirements of the study
  • Subjects must provide a signed and dated Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved written informed consent form (ICF) in accordance with regulatory and institutional guidelines for both the study and exploratory biomarker analyses (e.g., CMS4 and others) on archival tissue
  • Subjects must provide a signed and dated Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) authorization
  • The ICF and HIPAA authorization must be obtained before conducting any procedures that do not form a part of the subject's normal care
  • After signing the ICF and HIPAA Authorization, subjects will be evaluated for study eligibility during the screening period (no more than 28 days before study drug administration) according to the following further inclusion/exclusion criteria below
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the colon or the rectum that is metastatic or unresectable
  • Tumor is determined to be RAS-mutated (KRAS or NRAS) and microsatellite stable/proficient in mismatch repair, as assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and/or polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/next generation sequencing (NGS) in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA) environment
  • Received at least two prior regimens of therapy for unresectable or metastatic CRC including fluoropyrimidine-, oxaliplatin-, and irinotecan-based regimens. Patients who relapse within 6 months of adjuvant chemotherapy composed of oxaliplatin and a fluoropyrimidine will have their adjuvant therapy count as one prior regimen
  • For the expansion cohort, pre-treatment primary tumor tissue (i.e., archived paraffin embedded) or from an unresectable metastatic site must be available for biomarker analyses. Biopsy should be excisional or core needle. Fine needle aspirates or other cytology samples are insufficient
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
  • Must have measurable disease with at least 1 unidimensional measurable lesion per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v)1.1
  • Prior radiotherapy must have been completed at least 2 weeks prior to study drug administration
  • White blood cell count (WBC) >= 3000/uL (should be obtained within 14 days prior to first dose)
  • Neutrophils > =1500/uL (should be obtained within 14 days prior to first dose)
  • Platelets >= 100,000/uL (should be obtained within 14 days prior to first dose)
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL (may have been transfused) (should be obtained within 14 days prior to first dose)
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL (should be obtained within 14 days prior to first dose)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) for subject with no liver metastases = < 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases (should be obtained within 14 days prior to first dose)
  • Bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL (unless diagnosed with Gilbert's syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL) (should be obtained within 14 days prior to first dose)
  • International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time test (PT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless the subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy (should be obtained within 14 days prior to first dose)
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless the subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy (should be obtained within 14 days prior to first dose)
  • Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) calculated by Cockcroft-Gault formula > 60 ml/min
  • Life expectancy >= 12 weeks as judged by the treating physician
  • Subject re-enrollment: This study permits the re-enrollment of a subject that has discontinued the study as a pre-treatment failure (i.e., subject has not been treated with SX-682). If re-enrolled, the subject must be re-consented

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Active brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases. Subjects with brain metastases are eligible if these have been treated and there is no magnetic resonance imaging (magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] - except where contraindicated, in which computed tomography [CT] scan is acceptable) evidence of progression for at least 8 weeks after treatment is complete and within 28 days prior to first dose of study drug administration. An MRI is not required to rule out brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases. There must also be no requirement for high doses of systemic corticosteroids that could result in immunosuppression (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) for at least 2 weeks prior to study drug administration
  • Any serious or uncontrolled medical disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, impair the ability of the subject to receive protocol therapy, or interfere with the interpretation of study results. Specifically:

    • Subjects with active, non-infectious pneumonitis
    • Subjects with interstitial lung disease or a history of pneumonitis that required oral or intravenous glucocorticoids to assist with management
    • Subjects with clinically significant heart disease that affects normal activities. Clinically significant cardiovascular/ cerebrovascular disease as follows: cerebral vascular accident / stroke / carotid artery disease / transient ischemic attack (< 6 months prior to enrollment), myocardial infarction (< 6 months prior to enrollment), unstable angina, congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Classification Class > II) or serious cardiac arrhythmia
  • Prior malignancy active within the previous 3 years except for locally curable cancers that have been apparently cured, such as basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the prostate, cervix, or breast
  • Subjects with active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll
  • Subjects with a condition (including organ or bone marrow transplant) requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications. Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
  • Use of other investigational drugs (drugs not marketed for any indication) or medications at immunosuppressive doses within 28 days before study drug administration
  • Prior exposure to any immune checkpoint blockade agent or any other immunomodulatory agent used for antineoplastic therapy for mCRC
  • Anticancer treatment within 21 days before the start of trial treatment [e.g., cytoreductive therapy, radiotherapy (with the exception of palliative radiotherapy delivered in a normal organ-sparing technique), immune therapy, or cytokine therapy]
  • Major surgery as determined by the investigator within 28 days before the start of trial treatment (prior diagnostic biopsy is permitted)
  • Subjects who have received a live-virus vaccine within 30 days before study drug administration
  • Treatment with botanical preparations (e.g., herbal supplements or traditional Chinese medicines) intended for general health support or to treat the disease under study within 2 weeks prior to randomization/treatment
  • Patients who are taking any drug that is known to prolong corrected QT (QTc) interval within at least 2 weeks before the start of trial drug and during the conduct of the trial
  • Any positive test for hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus indicating acute or chronic infection (hepatitis B virus [HBV] surface antigen positive and HBV core antibody positive with reflex to positive HBV DNA or HBV core antibody positive alone with reflex to positive HBV DNA or positive hepatitis C virus [HCV] antibody with reflex to positive HCV RNA)
  • Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • Active tuberculosis (history of exposure or history of positive tuberculosis test plus presence of clinical symptoms, physical or radiographic findings)
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) demonstrating a QTc interval >= 470 msec or patients with congenital long QT syndrome
  • History of allergy to study drug components (excipients: hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate (hypromellose phthalate or HPMCP), microcrystalline cellulose, sodium croscarmellose, sodium lauryl sulfate, and silicon dioxide)
  • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody (grade >= 3 National Cancer Institute [NCI] Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] v5)
  • History of anaphylaxis, or recent (within 5 months) history of uncontrolled asthma
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use method(s) of contraception as indicated while on study and for 5 months after the last dose of SX-682 or nivolumab. A WOCBP is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) or is not postmenopausal. Menopause is defined clinically as 12 months of amenorrhea in a woman over age 45 in the absence of other biological or physiological causes
  • Women under the age of 62 with a history of being postmenopausal must have a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone, (FSH) level >= 40 mIU/mL
  • Women must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 24 hours prior to the start of study drug
  • Women must not be breastfeeding
  • Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year while on study and for a period at least 6 months after the last dose of study drug
  • Women who are not of childbearing potential and azoospermic men do not require contraception

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04599140


Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Benny Johnson, DO    713-792-2330    bjohnson6@mdanderson.org   
Principal Investigator: Benny Johnson, DO         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Syntrix Biosystems, Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Benny Johnson M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04599140    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2019-1151
NCI-2020-07989 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2019-1151 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
First Posted: October 22, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 21, 2021
Last Verified: February 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Rectal Neoplasms
Colonic Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Nivolumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents