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Neoadjuvant ArOMatase Inhibitor Therapy for ER+ Breast Cancer (NAOMI) (NAOMI)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04568616
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 29, 2020
Last Update Posted : January 7, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mary Chamberlin, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This is a single-arm, open-label study testing the effects of neoadjuvant therapy with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole in post-menopausal women with Stage I-III ER+, HER2- breast cancer. Eligible subjects will be treated with letrozole therapy for 4 to 12 weeks prior to surgical resection of the tumor. Tumor specimens obtained at baseline (diagnostic biopsy) and at surgery (surgical specimen) will be compared using molecular analyses. A subset of subjects will be asked to provide an optional research tumor biopsy prior to treatment for molecular analysis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer ER Positive Breast Cancer Drug: Letrozole 2.5mg Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Approximately 70% of breast cancers express estrogen receptor alpha (ER), which is activated by estrogens and typically drives cancer cell growth. Adjuvant therapy with anti-estrogens such as tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors (AIs) is commonly used to inhibit ER to prevent cancer (re)growth after early-stage breast tumors are surgically removed. However, ~33% of such patients (~300,000 new cases per year worldwide) will eventually develop anti-estrogen-resistant breast cancer that is metastatic or locally advanced; at this stage, the disease is almost never cured using available therapies and is uniformly fatal. Therefore, more effective treatment early in the course of disease (i.e., in the adjuvant setting, shortly after surgical removal of a tumor) has huge potential to prevent cancer regrowth.

Most often, ER+ breast cancers re-emerge in the years after the end of the standard five-year anti-estrogen treatment regimen (called 'late recurrence'). Recent data indicate that continued anti-estrogen therapy in patients who remain "disease-free" after five years of anti-estrogen therapy modestly prevents cancer recurrence. However, tumor cells are detectable in bone marrow of patients who are "disease-free." Thus, anti-estrogen therapy in "disease-free" patients likely suppresses the growth of undetectable tumor cells, keeping them in a "clinically dormant" state (i.e., undetectable by standard clinical methods). Little is known about how such dormant cancer cells survive. This clinical study will help identify the signaling pathways essential for the survival of clinically dormant ER+ breast cancer cells to enable the development of more effective therapies to eradicate such cells and prevent cancer recurrence.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 28 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Neoadjuvant ArOMatase Inhibitor Therapy for ER+ Breast Cancer (NAOMI)
Estimated Study Start Date : March 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer
Drug Information available for: Letrozole

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment
Letrozole 2.5mg tablet administered once daily for 4 to ~12 weeks (window of + 4 weeks for surgical scheduling flexibility) final dose taken the day of surgery.
Drug: Letrozole 2.5mg
Aromatase Inhibitor
Other Name: Femara




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Tumor CPT1-alpha levels [ Time Frame: Baseline to 4-12 Weeks ]
    Determine whether residual cancer cells exhibit upregulation of the fatty acid transport CPT1-alpha (compared to baseline)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of subjects who experience Clinical Response [ Time Frame: 4 to12 Weeks ]
    Determine the proportion of subjects who experience clinical response, defined as a ≥50% decrease in the longest dimension of the primary tumor. The longest dimension(s) of the primary tumor(s) will be measured from radiological images acquired as per standard of care before (up to 4 wk prior to) neoadjuvant letrozole treatment, and after neoadjuvant letrozole treatment (prior to surgery). If multiple primary tumors are detected, the sum of the longest diameters will be used to provide a single measurement at each time point for each subject. Pre- and post-treatment tumor lengths will be compared.

  2. Change in tumor CPT1-alpha histoscore [ Time Frame: Baseline to 4 -12 weeks ]
    Determine whether residual cancer cells exhibit altered levels of CPT1-alpha compared to baseline tumors. Specimens will be immunofluorescently stained using an antibody against CPT1-alpha. CPT1-alpha histoscore levels will be measured using Halo software to determine whether post-neoadjuvant therapy cancer cells exhibit increased levels compared to baseline cancer cells.

  3. Change in tumor mitochondrial content per cell [ Time Frame: Baseline to 4 -12 weeks ]
    Determine whether residual cancer cells exhibit altered mitochondrial length compared to baseline tumors. Specimens will be immunofluorescently stained using an antibody against TOM20. TOM20-stained organelle length per cell will be measured using Halo software to determine whether post-neoadjuvant therapy cancer cells exhibit increased mitochondrial content compared to baseline cancer cells.

  4. Change in tumor ACC histoscore [ Time Frame: Baseline to 4 -12 weeks ]
    Determine whether residual cancer cells exhibit altered levels of ACC compared to baseline tumors. Specimens will be immunofluorescently stained using an antibody against ACC. ACC levels will be measured using Halo software to determine whether post-neoadjuvant therapy cancer cells exhibit increased levels compared to baseline cancer cells.

  5. Change in tumor FASN histoscore [ Time Frame: Baseline to 4 -12 weeks ]
    Determine whether residual cancer cells exhibit altered levels of FASN compared to baseline tumors. Specimens will be immunofluorescently stained using an antibody against FASN. FASN levels will be measured using Halo software to determine whether post-neoadjuvant therapy cancer cells exhibit increased levels compared to baseline cancer cells.

  6. Change in tumor CD36 histoscore [ Time Frame: Baseline to 4 -12 weeks ]
    Determine whether residual cancer cells exhibit altered levels of CD36 compared to baseline tumors. Specimens will be immunofluorescently stained using an antibody against CD36. CD36 levels will be measured using Halo software to determine whether post-neoadjuvant therapy cancer cells exhibit increased levels compared to baseline cancer cells.

  7. Change in tumor lipid droplet content per cell [ Time Frame: Baseline to 4 -12 weeks ]
    Determine whether residual cancer cells exhibit altered lipid droplet content compared to baseline tumors. Specimens will be immunofluorescently stained using an antibody against perilipin. Perilipin-stained organelle content per cell will be measured using Halo software to determine whether post-neoadjuvant therapy cancer cells exhibit increased lipid droplet content compared to baseline cancer cells.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologic documentation of invasive breast cancer by core needle or incisional biopsy. Excess baseline biopsy tumor tissue sufficient to make ten 5-micron sections must be available for research use as part of this study.
  2. The invasive cancer must be estrogen receptor alpha (ER)-positive, with ER staining present in greater than 50% of invasive cancer cells by IHC.
  3. The invasive cancer must be HER2-negative (IHC 0-1+, or with a FISH ratio of <1.8 if IHC is 2+ or if IHC has not been done).
  4. Clinical Stage I-III invasive breast cancer with the intent to treat with surgical resection of the primary tumor. Baseline tumor must be ≥1 cm to provide adequate tissue.
  5. Patients with multicentric or bilateral disease are eligible if the subject is a candidate for clinically indicated neoadjuvant endocrine therapy. Samples from all available tumors are requested for research purposes.
  6. Women over 18 years of age, for whom neoadjuvant treatment with an aromatase inhibitor would be clinically indicated. Women must be surgically, medically, or naturally post-menopausal.
  7. Patients must meet the following clinical laboratory criteria:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000/mm3 and platelet count ≥ 75,000/mm3.
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x the upper limit of the normal range (ULN).
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3 x ULN.
  8. Ability to give informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior endocrine therapy for any histologically-confirmed cancer is not allowed. Prior endocrine therapy that was administered ≥5 years ago for the prevention of breast cancer in patients with no history of breast cancer is allowed.
  2. Any other neoadjuvant therapy for breast cancer. Bisphosphonate treatment for bone symptoms is allowed.
  3. Women who are pregnant or lactating.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04568616


Contacts
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Contact: Research Nurse 1-800-639-6918 Cancer.Research.Nurse@dartmouth.edu

Locations
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United States, New Hampshire
Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States, 03756
Contact: Mary D Chamberlin, MD    800-639-6918    mary.d.chamberlin@hitchcock.org   
Contact: Research Nurse    800-639-6918    cancer.research.nurse@dartmouth.edu   
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States, 03756
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mary D Chamberlin, MD Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
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Responsible Party: Mary Chamberlin, Principal Investigator, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04568616    
Other Study ID Numbers: D20148
First Posted: September 29, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 7, 2021
Last Verified: January 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by Mary Chamberlin, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center:
Letrozole
Aromatase Inhibitor
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Letrozole
Antineoplastic Agents
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs