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Cabozantinib Combined With PD-1 and CTLA-4 Inhibition in Metastatic Soft Tissue Sarcoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04551430
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 16, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 26, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Exelixis
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
The hypothesis of this study is that the response rate of soft tissue sarcoma will be improved with the addition of PD-1 and CTLA-4 inhibition to cabozantinib, and that cabozantinib priming will increase the response to nivolumab and ipilimumab.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Soft-tissue Sarcoma Drug: Cabozantinib Drug: Nivolumab Drug: Ipilimumab Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 105 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Trial of Cabozantinib Combined With PD-1 and CTLA-4 Inhibition in Metastatic Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Actual Study Start Date : January 5, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 31, 2027

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort A: Cabozantinib
Patients randomized to Cohort A will take cabozantinib at a dose of 60 mg by mouth once each day of each 28-day cycle. At time of progression, patients will continue on cabozantinib daily but will reduce their dose to 40 mg. They will cross over into Cohort B and initiate treatment.
Drug: Cabozantinib
Cabozantinib will be supplied by Exelixis.

Experimental: Cohort B: Cabozantinib + Nivolumab + Ipilimumab
  • Patients randomized to Cohort B will take cabozantinib at a dose of 40 mg by mouth once each day. Nivolumab will given IV at a dose of 3 mg/kg over approximately 30 minutes every 3 weeks for 4 doses, followed by 480 mg over approximately 30 minutes every 4 weeks until treatment discontinuation. Ipilimumab will be given IV at a dose of 1 mg/kg over approximately 30 minutes every 3 weeks for 4 doses.
  • Participants who cross-over from Cohort A into Cohort B They will cross over into Cohort B will initiate treatment with nivolumab at a dose of 3 mg/kg IV over approximately 30 minutes and ipilimumab at a dose of 1 mg/kg IV over approximately 30 minutes. Nivolumab and ipilimumab will be given every 3 weeks for 4 doses. Nivolumab will then be continued at a dose of 480 mg IV over approximately 30 minutes every 4 weeks, with cabozantinib to continue at 40 mg every day.
Drug: Cabozantinib
Cabozantinib will be supplied by Exelixis.

Drug: Nivolumab
Nivolumab will be provided free of charge (as investigational supply) by Bristol-Myers Squibb.
Other Name: Opdivo

Drug: Ipilimumab
Ipilimumab will be provided free of charge (as investigational supply) by Bristol-Myers Squibb.
Other Name: Yervoy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Radiographic response rate by RECIST 1.1 [ Time Frame: Through end of treatment (estimated to be 24 months) ]
    • Response rate = proportion of participants who achieve complete response or partial response
    • Complete response: Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. Disappearance of all non-target lesions and normalization of tumor marker level. All lymph nodes must be non-pathological in size (<10 mm short axis).
    • Partial response: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical benefit rate [ Time Frame: Through end of treatment (estimated to be 24 months) ]
    -A confirmed clinical benefit is defined to be either a CR or PR noted as the objective status on 2 consecutive evaluations at least 4 weeks apart or a confirmed SD at two consecutive tumor assessments at least 3 months apart. The CBR will be estimated by the number of patients with confirmed clinical benefit divided by the total number of evaluable patients

  2. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Through 5 years ]
    • PFS is defined as the duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first.
    • Progressive disease: Appearance of one or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions. Unequivocal progression should not normally trump target lesion status. It must be representative of overall disease status change, not a single lesion increase.
    • Patients will be censored at time of subsequent treatment regardless of response

  3. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Through 5 years ]
    • Defined as from date of treatment start to date of death or date of last follow up if alive
    • Patients will be censored at time of subsequent treatment regardless of response

  4. Response rate to ipilimumab + nivolumab after cabozantinib priming [ Time Frame: Through end of treatment (estimated to be 24 months) ]
    • Response rate = proportion of participants who achieve complete response or partial response
    • Complete response: Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. Disappearance of all non-target lesions and normalization of tumor marker level. All lymph nodes must be non-pathological in size (<10 mm short axis).
    • Partial response: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.

  5. Change in quality of life as measured by FACT-G7 [ Time Frame: Baseline, day 1 of each cycle (each cycle is 4 weeks), and at time of disease progression (estimated to be up to 5 years) ]
    • 7 statements with answers ranging from 0=Not at all to 4=Very much. The higher the score, the better the quality of life
    • The sum of the item scores will be multiplied by the number of items in the subscale then divided by the number of items answered. This will produce the total score.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic or unresectable soft tissue sarcoma.
  • Measurable disease defined as lesions that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as ≥ 10 mm with CT scan, as ≥ 20 mm by chest x-ray, or ≥ 10 mm with calipers by clinical exam.
  • Refractory to at least one and no more than two lines of therapy.
  • At least 18 years of age.
  • ECOG performance status ≤ 1
  • Normal bone marrow and organ function as defined below:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm3 without granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support
    • White blood cell count ≥ 2,000/mm3
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3 without transfusion
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x IULN (for subjects with Gilbert's disease, ≤ 3.0 x IULN)
    • AST(SGOT), ALT(SGPT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 3.0 x IULN; ALP ≤ 5.0 x IULN with documented bone metastases
    • Serum albumin ≥ 2.8 g/dl.
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5x IULN or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 40 mL/min by MDRD
    • Urine protein/creatinine ration (UPCR) ≤ 1 mg/mg (≤ 113.2 mg/mmol)
    • PT/INR or PTT < 1.3 x IULN (within 7 days before first dose of study treatment)
  • Corrected QT interval calculated by the Fridericia formula (QTcF) ≤ 500 ms (by ECG within 14 days before the first dose of study treatment).
  • Lesion amenable to biopsy for assessment of PD-L1 expression if no archival tissue is available
  • Recover to baseline or ≤ grade 1 from toxicities related to any prior treatments, unless AE(s) are clinically non-significant and/or stable on supportive therapy.
  • The effects of cabozantinib on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 5 months after the last dose of study treatment. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she must inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of the study, and for at least 7 months after the last dose of study treatment.
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign an IRB approved written informed consent document (or that of legally authorized representative, if applicable).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Translocation-driven sarcoma except for ASPS
  • Previous treatment with cabozantinib or a PD-1 inhibitor (eg, cemiplimab, nivolumab, pembrolizumab), PD-L1 inhibitor (eg, atezolizumab, avelumab, durvalumab), or CTLA-4 inhibitor (eg, ipilimumab).
  • A history of other malignancy with the exception of malignancies for which all treatment was completed at least 2 years before registration and the patient has no evidence of disease. Exceptions include basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin which were treated with local resection only or carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or other tumors discussed with the study PI.
  • Currently receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Known brain metastases. Patients with known brain metastases must be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events.
  • Receipt of any type of small molecule kinase inhibitor (including investigational kinase inhibitor) within 2 weeks before first dose of study treatment.
  • Receipt of any type of cytotoxic, biologic or other systemic anticancer therapy (including investigational) within 4 weeks before first dose of study treatment.
  • Concomitant anticoagulation with coumarin agents (e.g., warfarin), direct thrombin inhibitors (e.g., dabigatran), direct factor Xa inhibitor betrixaban, or platelet inhibitors (e.g., clopidogrel). Allowed anticoagulants are the following:

    • Prophylactic use of low-dose aspirin for cardio-protection (per local applicable guidelines) and low dose low molecular weight heparins (LMWH).
    • Therapeutic doses of LMWH or anticoagulation with direct factor Xa inhibitors rivaroxaban, edoxaban, or apixaban in subjects without known brain metastases who are on a stable dose of the anticoagulant for at least 1 week before first dose of study treatment without clinically significant hemorrhagic complications from the anticoagulation regimen or the tumor.
  • Radiation therapy for bone metastasis within 2 weeks, any other radiation therapy within 4 weeks before first dose of study treatment. Systemic treatment with radionuclides within 6 weeks before the first dose of study treatment. Subjects with clinically relevant ongoing complications from prior radiation therapy are not eligible.
  • A history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to cabozantinib, nivolumab, ipilimumab, or other agents used in the study.
  • Inability to swallow tablets.
  • The subject has uncontrolled, significant intercurrent or recent illness including, but not limited to, the following conditions:

    • Cardiovascular disorders:

      • Congestive heart failure New York Heart Association Class 3 or 4, unstable angina pectoris, serious cardiac arrhythmias.
      • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained blood pressure (BP) > 140 mm Hg systolic or > 90 mm Hg diastolic despite optimal antihypertensive treatment.
      • Stroke (including transient ischemic attack [TIA]), myocardial infarction (MI), or other ischemic event, or thromboembolic event (e.g., deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism) within 6 months before first dose of study treatment.

        • Subjects with a diagnosis of incidental, subsegmental PE or DVT within 6 months are allowed if stable, asymptomatic, and treated with anticoagulation for at least 1 week before first dose of study treatment.
    • Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders including those associated with a high risk of perforation or fistula formation:

      • The subject has evidence of tumor invading the GI tract, active peptic ulcer disease, inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease), diverticulitis, cholecystitis, symptomatic cholangitis or appendicitis, acute pancreatitis, acute obstruction of the pancreatic duct or common bile duct, or gastric outlet obstruction.
      • Abdominal fistula, GI perforation, bowel obstruction, or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months before first dose.
      • Note: Complete healing of an intra-abdominal abscess must be confirmed before first dose.
    • Clinically significant hematuria, hematemesis, or hemoptysis of > 0.5 teaspoon (2.5 ml) of red blood, or other history of significant bleeding (eg, pulmonary hemorrhage) within 12 weeks before first dose.
    • Cavitating pulmonary lesion(s) or known endotracheal or endobronchial disease manifestation.
    • Lesions invading or encasing any major blood vessels.
    • Other clinically significant disorders that would preclude safe study participation.

      • Serious non-healing wound/ulcer/bone fracture.
      • Uncompensated/symptomatic hypothyroidism.
      • Moderate to severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C)
  • Any active, known, or suspected autoimmune disease Note: subjects with type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll.
  • Any condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of randomization Note: inhaled, intranasal, intra-articular, or topical steroids are permitted. Adrenal replacement steroid doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Transient short-term use of systemic corticosteroids for allergic conditions (e.g. contrast allergy) is also allowed.
  • Active infection requiring systemic treatment. Acute or chronic hepatitis B or C infection, known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related illness, or known positive test for tuberculosis infection
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia, drug-induced pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan
  • Malabsorption syndrome
  • Requirement for hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis
  • History of solid organ or allogeneic stem cell transplant.
  • Major surgery (e.g. GI surgery removal or biopsy of brain metastasis) within 8 weeks before first dose of study treatment. Complete wound healing from major surgery must have occurred 1 month before first dose and from minor surgery (e.g., simple excision, tooth extraction) at least 10 days before first dose. Patients with clinically relevant ongoing complications from prior surgery are not eligible.
  • Pregnant and/or breastfeeding. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 15 days of study entry. Women of childbearing potential are defined as premenopausal females capable of becoming pregnant (i.e., females who have had any evidence of menses in the past 12 months, with the exception of those who had prior hysterectomy). However, women who have been amenorrheic for 12 or more months are still considered to be of childbearing potential if the amenorrhea is possibly due to prior chemotherapy, antiestrogens, low body weight, ovarian suppression, or other reasons
  • Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to randomization.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04551430


Contacts
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Contact: Brian A Van Tine, M.D., Ph.D. 314-747-3096 bvantine@wustl.edu

Locations
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United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Not yet recruiting
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
Contact: Breelyn Wilky, M.D.    720-848-0300      
Principal Investigator: Breelyn Wilky, M.D.         
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine Recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Contact: Brian A Van Tine, M.D., Ph.D.    314-747-3096    bvantine@wustl.edu   
Principal Investigator: Brian A Van Tine, M.D., Ph.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Vanessa Eulo, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Angela Hirbe, M.D., Ph.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Jingqin (Rosy) Luo, Ph.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Sasha Haarberg, Pharm.D., BCOP         
Sub-Investigator: Peter Oppelt, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Mia Weiss, M.D.         
United States, Pennsylvania
Abramson Cancer Center at Pennsylvania Hospital Not yet recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19106
Contact: Robert Maki, M.D.    800-789-7366    robert.maki@pennmedicine.upenn.edu   
Principal Investigator: Robert Maki, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Mark Diamond, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Lee Hartner, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
Exelixis
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Brian A Van Tine, M.D. Ph.D. Washington University School of Medicine
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04551430    
Other Study ID Numbers: 202011041
First Posted: September 16, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 26, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sarcoma
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Nivolumab
Ipilimumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents