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COVID-19-Related Health and Practices Among Dental Hygienists

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04542915
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 9, 2020
Last Update Posted : January 15, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
American Dental Hygienists Association
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cameron Estrich, American Dental Association

Brief Summary:
As dental practices reopen their practices during a global pandemic, the risk of 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) infection that dental hygienists face in providing dental care remains unknown. Estimating the occupational risk of COVID-19, and producing evidence on the types of infection control practices and dental practices that may affect COVID-19 risk, is therefore imperative. These findings could be used to describe the prevalence and incidence of COVID-19 among dental hygienists, determine what infection control steps dental hygienists take over time, describe dental hygienists' employment during the COVID-19 pandemic, and estimate whether infection control adherence in dental practice is related to COVID-19 incidence.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
SARS-CoV Infection Anxiety Depression Occupational Problems Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infection Other: No intervention

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 4776 participants
Observational Model: Ecologic or Community
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: COVID-19-Related Health and Practices Among Dental Hygienists
Actual Study Start Date : September 29, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
U.S. licensed dental hygienists
Dental hygienists licensed in the United States. No intervention will be administered.
Other: No intervention
No intervention.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. COVID-19 probable or confirmed case [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) case as confirmed by clinician and/or detection of SARS-CoV-2 antigen or antibody


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Anxiety [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire for Depression and Anxiety (PHQ-4). Two items scored 0 to 3 (total score of 0-6), with higher numbers indicating greater anxiety.

  2. Depression [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire for Depression and Anxiety (PHQ-4). Two items scored 0 to 3 (total score of 0-6), with higher numbers indicating greater depressive symptoms.

  3. Dental practice infection control efforts [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Self-reports of infection control efforts in the respondents' primary dental practices.

  4. Personal protective equipment [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Availability, frequency of use, and frequency of reuse of personal protective equipment

  5. Employment status [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Self-descriptions of current level of employment as a dental hygienist and reasons for non-employment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Dental hygienists licensed in the United States
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Dental hygienist
  • Licensed in the United States
  • 18 years of age or older

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Not employed as a dental hygienist as of March 1, 2020

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04542915


Locations
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United States, Illinois
American Dental Association
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Sponsors and Collaborators
American Dental Association
American Dental Hygienists Association
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Cameron Estrich, Health research analyst, American Dental Association
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04542915    
Other Study ID Numbers: ADA20-11
First Posted: September 9, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 15, 2021
Last Verified: January 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Infection
Communicable Diseases
Coronavirus Infections
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases