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Alpelisib and Paclitaxel in PIK3CA-altered Gastric Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04526470
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 25, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 1, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Keun-Wook Lee, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital

Brief Summary:

Alpelisib (BYL719) is a PIK3CA-specific inhibitor, which was developed by Novartis (Basel, Switzerland). Our group conducted pre-clinical study of alpelisib in eight gastric cancer cell lines: four PIK3CA wild-type (SNU638, SNU668, SNU1, and SNU16) and four PIK3CA mutant (SNU719, AGS, SNU601, and MKN). As a result, alpelisib preferentially inhibited the growth of gastric cancer cells with PIK3CA mutations. In addition, alpelisib inhibited cell growth via G1 arrest and subsequently induces apoptosis in GC cells, and this effect is more remarkable in cells harboring PIK3CA mutations. Moreover, alpelisib in combination with paclitaxel showed synergistic cytotoxic effects and significantly increased apoptosis compared with alpelisib or paclitaxel monotherapy in GC cells.

The purpose of the study is to define the maximal tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of paclitaxel and alpelisib combination therapy in patients with advanced tumors and to evaluate the efficacy of paclitaxel and AZD8186 combination therapy as a second-line therapy in patients with advanced gastric cancer with PTEN aberrations. This study is divided into Phase IB and Phase II.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Solid Tumor Stomach Cancer Drug: Alpelisib Drug: Paclitaxel Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 55 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase IB/II Study of Alpelisib in Combination With Paclitaxel in Patients With PIK3CA-altered Metastatic/Recurrent Gastric Cancer
Estimated Study Start Date : September 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Stomach Cancer
Drug Information available for: Paclitaxel

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Alpelisib + Paclitaxel

Phase IB is planned for a 4-stage dose level and the traditional 3+3 design is applied. The RP2D of alpelisib will be determined based on the MTD and toxicity profiles.

In phase II part, RP2D from the phase IB part will be applied as follows: alpelisib ( ) mg PO bid daily + paclitaxel ( ) mg/m² IV on D1, 8, and 15 every 4 weeks.

Drug: Alpelisib
Dose level -2: 200 mg PO once daily / Dose level -1: 200 mg PO once daily / Dose level 0: 250 mg PO once daily / Dose level 1: 300 mg PO once daily

Drug: Paclitaxel
Dose level -2: 60 mg/m2 IV on day 1, 8, and 15 / Dose level -1: 70 mg/m2 IV on day 1, 8, and 15 / Dose level 0: 70 mg/m2 IV on day 1, 8, and 15 / Dose level 1: 70 mg/m2 IV on day 1, 8, and 15

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximal tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    Phase IB

  2. Progression-free survival rate at 4 months [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Phase II

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) of alpelisib and paclitaxel by NCI CTCAE version 4.03 [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    Phase IB

  2. Rate of adverse events of all grade by NCI CTCAE version 4.03 [ Time Frame: during treatment ]
    Phase IB/II

  3. Peak plasma concentration (Cmax) of alpelisib [ Time Frame: during treatment ]
    Phase IB

  4. Trough plasma concentration (Ctrough) of alpelisib [ Time Frame: during treatment ]
    Phase IB

  5. Area under the plasma concentration versus time curve (AUC) of alpelisib [ Time Frame: during treatment ]
    Phase IB

  6. Preliminary anti-tumor activity of alpelisib plus paclitaxel combination [ Time Frame: during treatment ]
    Phase IB

  7. Overall survival [ Time Frame: during treatment ]
    Phase II

  8. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: during treatment ]
    Phase II

  9. Objective response rate [ Time Frame: during treatment ]
    Phase II

  10. Disease control rate [ Time Frame: during treatment ]
    Phase II

  11. Duration of response [ Time Frame: during treatment ]
    Phase II

  12. Time to response [ Time Frame: during treatment ]
    Phase II

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Exploratory biomarker analysis for efficacy and resistance of alpelisib plus paclitaxel combination (using collected clinical samples) including mutations and RNA/protein expression levels of PI3K pathway genes [ Time Frame: during treatment ]
    Phase IB/II

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject has signed the Informed Consent Form (ICF) prior to any screening procedures being performed
  2. Age ≥ 20 years old of male and female
  3. At each phase of the trial, subjects who meet the following requirements in each phase will be enrolled.

    • Phase IB: Subjects with a histologically-confirmed, advanced/recurrent solid tumor who have progressed on standard therapy or whose disease does not have established standard therapy.
    • Phase II: Subjects with histologically confirmed locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer that have progressed after treatment with first-line fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy (Tissue samples of gastric cancer must contain PIK3CA gene alterations (e.g. single nucleotide variants, small indels, amplifications, structural variations, etc.) identified by central or local next generation sequencing (NGS). If the subject received adjuvant chemotherapy after curative gastric resection and lymph node dissection, the adjuvant chemotherapy is considered to be the first-line palliative chemotherapy if the disease recurred during adjuvant chemotherapy or within 6 months after the completion of adjuvant chemotherapy.
  4. Phase IB: Patient has evaluable disease as per RECIST 1.1. (Measurable lesions are not mandatory for study inclusion.) Phase II: Patient has at least one measurable lesion as per RECIST 1.1.
  5. ECOG performance status 0-1
  6. Patient has adequate bone marrow and organ function as defined by the following laboratory values:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 109/L
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
    • Platelet ≥ 100 x 109/L
    • Serum creatinine ≤ ULN (upper limit of normal) or serum creatinine clearance ≥50 mL/min (by Cockcroft-Gault formula, or 24h urine collection)
    • Total bilirubin: ≤ 1.5 × ULN Subjects with a bile duct obstruction will be eligible if they meet the criteria after appropriate bile drainage; Patients with Gilbert syndrome should also be included after confirming that the total bilirubin level is ≤ 1.5 x ULN in a follow-up screening test.
    • Phase Ib: Alanine aminotransferase (AST) and aspartate aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 x ULN (regardless of liver metastases)
    • Phase II: AST and ALT ≤ 3 x ULN if liver metastases are absent, or AST and ALT ≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastases are present.
  7. The subject is able to swallow and retain oral medication
  8. Serum β-HCG test negative within 14 days before the first administration of the study treatment (women of childbearing potential only).
  9. Requirement for contraception must be observed by the subject.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient has received previous treatment with a PI3K or AKT inhibitor. (Note: prior mTOR inhibitor treatment is allowed.)
  2. Patient has a known or suspicious hypersensitivity to paclitaxel or other products containing Cremophor.
  3. Any cytotoxic chemotherapy from a previous treatment regimen within 14 days. If the subject received an investigational drug from another clinical trial, the subject can be enrolled after 2 weeks of last administration and more than 5 x half-life of the investigational drug. If monoclonal antibody therapy was given, the subject can be enrolled after four weeks after the last does.
  4. Active central nervous system (CNS) lesions (i.e., those with radiologically unstable or symptomatic brain lesions). For those who receive radiation or surgical treatment, the subject can be enrolled if the subject is maintained without steroid therapy and the evidence of CNS disease progression for more than 4 weeks. However, patients with leptomeningeal metastases are excluded.
  5. Patient has not recovered to ≤ grade 1 (except alopecia) from related adverse effects of any prior antineoplastic therapy
  6. Radiotherapy with a wide field (more than 30% of the bone marrow) of radiation within 4 weeks or radiotherapy with a limited field of radiation for palliation within 2 weeks of the first dose of study treatment.
  7. Patient who has undergone major surgery ≤ 4 weeks prior to starting study treatment or who has not recovered from adverse effects of such procedure.
  8. Patient has a clinically significant cardiac disease or impaired cardiac function, such as:

    • Acute coronary syndrome within the 6 months prior to the initiation of study drug (including myocardial infarction or unstable angina, Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery, percutaneous coronary intervention and stenting)
    • Heart failure ≥ grade 2 by New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification or that requires treatment
    • Ejection fraction (EF) <50% on multi-gated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiography examination. MUGA scan or echocardiography is not required as a screening test if there is no current suspicious symptom and past history of heart failure.
    • Persistent uncontrolled hypertension as defined by: systolic >180 mmHg or diastolic >100 mmHg despite medical treatment
    • Current or past history of clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, and/or conduction abnormality including complete AV block, long QT syndrome, congenital long QT syndrome, or QTcF >470 msec at screening (if the average QTcF value > 470 msec by measuring 3 times consecutively in total).
    • Any risk factors that prolong QTc or increase the probability of arrhythmia, including medication (e.g. heart failure, hypokalemia, congenital long QT syndrome, history of Torsades de Pointes)
  9. If the subject was diagnosed with diabetes (irrespective of treatment or symptom) or if the subject has ① Korean Diabetes Prediction Score (Appendix A) more than 7 plus impaired glucose tolerance (with blood glucose of 140-199 mg/dL after 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (75g)), ② previous history of gestational diabetes, or ③ steroid-induced diabetes.
  10. Patients with impaired gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of oral BYL719 (e.g. untreated peptic ulcer disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, or wide small bowel resection).
  11. Patient has a known positive serology for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), active Hepatitis B, and/or active Hepatitis C infection. Hepatitis B carriers may be enrolled if prophylactic use of an antiviral agent with minimal interaction with CYP3A4 is administered to inhibit HBV activation (e.g., entecavir, adefovir)
  12. Concomitant medication of strong or moderate inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 (Table 11) before the first dose of study treatment (In this case, if the drug is stopped for 1 week or more (according to Table 11) and changed to another drug that does not affect CYP3A4, then the subject can be enrolled.)
  13. History of other primary cancer. Exceptions are as follows:

    • Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer (basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma), curatively treated in situ cancer of the cervix or stage I bladder cancer, completely resected thyroid cancer without distant metastasis in which all treatment has been completed (Appropriate wound healing is required prior to clinical trial enrollment)
    • Other curatively treated solid tumors except for gastric cancer with no evidence of disease recurrence at least 24 months before participating in this trial
  14. History of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or organ transplantation
  15. As judged by the Investigator, all other symptoms and associated disease for which the investigator determined that participation in this study is contraindicated (e.g. Infection/inflammation; severe liver dysfunction; bilateral diffuse interstitial lung disease; uncontrolled renal disease; unstable heart and lung disease; hemorrhagic disease; intestinal obstruction; unable to swallow oral pills; social and psychological problems, etc.)
  16. Medical, psychiatric, cognitive, or other conditions that may interfere with the ability of the subject to understand the subject information, provide the informed consent, follow the protocol process, or complete the clinical trial

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04526470

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Contact: Yong Min Shin +82-31-787-8324

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Korea, Republic of
Seoul National University Bundang Hospital
Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea, Republic of, 13620
Asan Medical Center
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 05505
Sponsors and Collaborators
Seoul National University Bundang Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Keun-Wook Lee, MD, PhD Seoul National University Bundang Hospital
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Responsible Party: Keun-Wook Lee, Professor, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Identifier: NCT04526470    
Other Study ID Numbers: B-2004/604-002
First Posted: August 25, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 1, 2020
Last Verified: August 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Stomach Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action