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Administration of Allogenic UC-MSCs as Adjuvant Therapy for Critically-Ill COVID-19 Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04457609
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 7, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 7, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ismail Hadisoebroto Dilogo, Indonesia University

Brief Summary:

Novel Coronavirus (2019nCoV) or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) that causes Coronavirus Disease 2019, or known as Covid-19 has recently become a global health emergency since it was first detected in Wuhan, the People Republic of China in December 2019. Since then, the prevalence has rapidly increased worldwide. In Indonesia, by the end of April 2020, around 10,000 patients have been tested positive for Covid-19 infection, with a case fatality rate of around 8%.

The pathogenesis of Covid-19 is still under investigation and to our understanding, ACE2 receptors in the alveoli serve as the binding site of the S-protein of envelope spike virus of SARS-CoV-2. TMPRSS2 enzyme aids the fusion between cell membrane and capsid of the virus, allowing penetration of virus into the cell. Vesicles containing virion fuse with cell membrane and released as new virions. Cytopathic effect of the virus and its ability to overcome immune response determines the degree of infection.

Differences in immunological profile among degrees of severity of Covid-19 may vary especially for the number of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-8, leukemia-inhibiting factors (LIF), immunological markers such as CXCR3+CD4+, CXCR3+CD8+ T cell and CXCR3+ NK cells, implying the ongoing cytokine storm. The previous studies also found increasing number for infection markers such as procalcitonin, ferritin, and C-reactive protein. The decreasing number of anti-inflammatory cytokines in such as IL-10 also supports this finding.

Previous studies have shown immunomodulating and anti-inflammatory capacity of the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). MSCs contributed to the shifting of pro-inflammatory Th2 into anti-inflammatory Th2. One of the most recent study on the usage of MSCs on Covid-19 patients showed increased expression of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), which give rise to inhibitory effect of T lymphocyte and natural killer (NK) cell population. Vascular epithelial growth factor (VEGF) is found increasing following MSCs administration, which indicates the ability to improve the disrupted capillaries due to SARS-Cov-2 infection. The ability of MSCs in differentiating to alveolar cells is proven by the presence of SPM and SPC2, surfactant proteins produced by type II alveolar cells. MSCs are unable to be infected by SARS-CoV-2 since they don't have ACE2 receptors and TMPRSS2 enzyme.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
COVID Pulmonary Infection Sars-CoV2 Drug: Oseltamivir Drug: Azithromycin Biological: Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This study is a double blind, randomized control trial (RCT). This study will be concluded in 2 months, from May to July 2020, from subject selection to the end of follow up. Research subjects are obtained consecutively from Covid-19 patients who receive care in the intensive care unit (ICU) across four Covid-19 referral hospitals, including Persahabatan Hospital, Sulianti Saroso Center for Infectious Disease, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, and Universitas Indonesia Hospital, with 10 subjects obtained from each hospital and total 40 subjects for this RCT. Subjects from each hospitals are divided into control and experimental groups. Subject belongs to the control group will receive standardized therapy (consisting of oseltamivir and azithromycin), whereas subjects in the experimental group will receive MSCs infusion, in addition to standardized therapy.

Subject Criteria Inclusion Criteria for MSC Donor from Umbilical Cord:

Umbilical cord is collected from elective caesarean section from a fullterm pregnancies without any complication and free from HIV, Hepatitis B, C, D virus, Cytomegalovirus, Rubella Virus, and free from fungal and bacterial contamination.

Informed consent all of the subjects must be filled and signed up before ruled in this study.

As soon as after delivery, the umbilical cord is collected and processed in sterile specimen 0,9% NaCl at 4oC for 8 hours. The umbilical cord transported to the laboratory and cultured in GMP lab, at Stem Cells Medical Technology Integrated Service Unit Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. Cellular viability and proliferation are evaluated after cell characterization test by flow cytometer.

Sterility tests are done three times to ensure cellular sterility. Subjects will receive MSCs through infusion through intravenous for 1 hour, following the administration of diphenhydramine and anticoagulant to prevent clotting.

Following the MSCs administration, monitoring at the patients is carried out every day, whereas laboratory testing for basic parameters (complete blood count, differential count, blood gas analysis, C-reactive protein, SGOT/SGPT (AST/ALT), Ureum/Creatinine, eGFR, electrolyte, procalcitonin, albumin, total bilirubin, D-Dimer, fibrinogen, troponin I and proBNP) are carried out every three days. Cytokine levels are measured before the administration and 7th day after the administration. Chest radiography is carried out every three days.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Application of Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells as Adjuvant Therapy for Critically-Ill COVID-19 Patients
Estimated Study Start Date : July 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Control Group
Patients receive standardized treatment, consisting of Oseltamivir and Azithromycin
Drug: Oseltamivir
Current standardized treatment for Covid-19

Drug: Azithromycin
Current standardized treatment for Covid-19

Experimental: Experiment Group
Patients receive intravenous infusion of 1x10^6 unit of umbilical-cord derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs)/kgBW in 100 cc of 0.9% NaCl for 1 hour, in addition to standardized treatment
Drug: Oseltamivir
Current standardized treatment for Covid-19

Drug: Azithromycin
Current standardized treatment for Covid-19

Biological: Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Adjuvant therapy on top of current standardized treatment (Oseltamivir + Azithromycin)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical improvement: Presence of dyspnea [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing whether the patients still have dyspnea, one of cardinal symptoms of Covid-19, assessed from the respiratory rate

  2. Clinical improvement: presence of sputum [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing whether the patients still have productive cough, one of cardinal symptoms of Covid-19, assessed from lung auscultation

  3. Clinical improvement: fever [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the presence of fever from measurement of body temperature checking, assessed on daily basis

  4. Clinical improvement: ventilation status [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing whether the patients still require ventilation, one of cardinal symptoms of ARDS in Covid-19, assessed from patients' ability during ventilation weaning phase

  5. Clinical improvement: blood pressure [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the patients' blood pressure on daily basis

  6. Clinical improvement: heart rate [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the patients' heart rate on daily basis

  7. Clinical improvement: respiratory rate [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the patients' respiratory rate on daily basis

  8. Clinical improvement: oxygen saturation [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the patients' oxygen saturation on daily basis


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. General laboratory outcome from leukocyte level [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in total leukocyte upon MSCs administration, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  2. General laboratory outcome from lymphocytes level [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in lymphocytes level upon MSCs administration, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  3. General laboratory outcome from blood pH [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in blood pH level upon MSCs administration, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  4. General laboratory outcome from blood level of CO2 [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in blood pH level upon MSCs administration, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  5. General laboratory outcome from blood base excess level [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in blood base excess level upon MSCs administration, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  6. General laboratory outcome from blood oxygen partial pressure [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in blood oxygen partial pressure upon MSCs administration, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  7. General laboratory outcome from blood level of HCO3 [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in blood level of HCO3 upon MSCs administration, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  8. General laboratory outcome from blood level of O2 saturation [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in blood level of O2 saturation upon MSCs administration, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  9. General laboratory outcome from level of CRP [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in level of CRP, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  10. General laboratory outcome from level of SGOT/SGPT (AST/ALT) [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in laboratory parameter, consist of SGOT/SGPT (AST/ALT) level, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  11. General laboratory outcome from the level of ureum/creatinine level [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in laboratory parameter, consist of ureum/creatinine level, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  12. General laboratory outcome from the level of eGFR [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in laboratory parameter, consist of eGFR, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  13. General laboratory outcome from the level of sodium [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in level of sodium, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  14. General laboratory outcome from the level of potassium [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in level of potassium, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  15. General laboratory outcome from the level of chloride [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in level of chloride, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  16. Changes in procalcitonin level [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in procalcitonin level to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  17. General laboratory outcome from albumin level [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in albumin level, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  18. General laboratory outcome from total bilirubin level [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in total bilirubin level, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  19. Changes in D-Dimer level [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in D-Dimer to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  20. Changes in fibrinogen level [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in fibrinogen to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  21. Cardiac changes from troponin level [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in troponin level to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs and their effect in cardiac remodelling, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  22. Cardiac changes from NT proBNP level [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in NT proBNP to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs and their effect in cardiac remodelling, assessed prior to and 1st day after implantation, then once every 3 days post implantation

  23. Changes in Leukemia Inhibiting Factor [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Assessing the changes in leukemia inhibiting factor (LIF) to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs, assessed prior to implantation and on the 7th day post-implantation

  24. Changes in level of IL-6 [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Assessing the changes in level of IL-6 to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs, assessed prior to implantation and on the 7th day post-implantation

  25. Changes in level of IL-10 [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Assessing the changes in level of IL-10 to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs, assessed prior to implantation and on the 7th day post-implantation

  26. Changes in level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Assessing the changes in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to assess the effect of growth factors in the MSCs, assessed prior to implantation and on the 7th day post-implantation

  27. Changes in level of ferritin [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Assessing the changes in level of ferritin to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs, assessed prior to implantation and on the 7th day post-implantation

  28. Changes in level of CXCR3 [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Assessing the changes in level of CXCR3 to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs, assessed prior to implantation and on the 7th day post-implantation

  29. Changes in level of CD4 [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Assessing the changes in level of CD4 to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs, assessed prior to implantation and on the 7th day post-implantation

  30. Changes in level of CD8 [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Assessing the changes in level of CD8 to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs, assessed prior to implantation and on the 7th day post-implantation

  31. Changes in level of CD56 [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Assessing the changes in CD56 to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs, assessed prior to implantation and on the 7th day post-implantation

  32. Radiologic Improvement from Chest X-Ray/CT Scan [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Assessing the changes in radiology examination (Chest X-Ray/CT Scan) for any increased in lung infiltration or ground glass opacity, assessed prior to implantation and once every 3 days post-implantation



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 95 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients aged 18-95 years old
  • Confirmed for diagnosis of Covid-19 through RT-PCR from nasopharyngeal swab and/or bronchoalveolar lavage for patients under intubation
  • Laboratory results showed leukopenia and lymphopenic
  • Chest radiography shows pneumonia appearance and/or ground-glass opacity on chest CT-Scan
  • Patients/their families are willing to sign the informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of malignancy
  • Pregnant, or show positive result on pregnancy test
  • Patients was/are currently participating in other clinical trials within the last 3 months

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04457609


Contacts
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Contact: Ismail H Dilogo, MD, PhD +621500135 ismailortho@gmail.com
Contact: Tri Kurniawati, BSc +621500135 selpuncarscm@yahoo.co.id

Locations
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Indonesia
Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital Recruiting
Jakarta Pusat, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia
Contact: Ismail H Dilogo, MD, PhD    +62211500135      
Principal Investigator: Ismail H Dilogo, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Cleopas M Rumende, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Ceva W Pitoyo, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Telly Kamelia, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Dita Aditianingsih, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Adhrie Sugiarto, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Isabella K Liem, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Radiana D Antarianto, MD, PhD         
Persahabatan General Hospital Recruiting
Jakarta, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia
Contact: Erlina Burhan, MD, PhD    +62214891708    erlina_burhan@yahoo.com   
Contact: Triya Damayanti, MD, PhD    +62214891708      
Principal Investigator: Erlina Burhan, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Triya Damayanti, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Navy GHM Lolong Wulung, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Wahju Aniwidyaningsih, MD         
Sulianti Saroso Center for Infectious Disease Recruiting
Jakarta, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia
Contact: Pompini A Sitompul, MD    +62216506559      
Principal Investigator: Pompini A Sitompul, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Faisal Matondang, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Rosa Marlina, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Titi Sundari, MD         
Universitas Indonesia Hospital Recruiting
Depok, West Java, Indonesia
Contact: Dita Aditianingsih, MD, PhD    +622150829292      
Principal Investigator: Dita Aditianingsih, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: RR D Handayani, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Indonesia University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ismail H Dilogo, MD, PhD Indonesia University
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Responsible Party: Ismail Hadisoebroto Dilogo, Principal Investigator, Indonesia University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04457609    
Other Study ID Numbers: ISMMSCCOVID19
First Posted: July 7, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 7, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Ismail Hadisoebroto Dilogo, Indonesia University:
Covid-19 Pneumonia
SARS-CoV-2
Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Umbilical Cord
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Critical Illness
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Azithromycin
Oseltamivir
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action