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Osimertinib Alone or With Chemotherapy for EGFR-Mutant Lung Cancers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04410796
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 1, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 23, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
AstraZeneca
GUARDANT HEALTH
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This study will compare the effectiveness of osimertinib alone with the combination of osimertinib and chemotherapy (carboplatin and pemetrexed) in people with metastatic lung cancer that has a change (mutation) in the gene EGFR. Osimertinib alone is the usual treatment for metastatic EGFR-mutant lung cancer. Researchers think adding chemotherapy to osimertinib could possibly add to the anticancer effects of the usual treatment and help stop cancer from growing or spreading.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Drug: Osimertinib Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Pemetrexed Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Screening portion:

Patients will begin on single agent osimertinib obtained commercially at the standard dose of 80mg orally daily. Osimertinib monotherapy is currently standard of care first-line treatment for patients with metastatic EGFR-mutant lung cancers. During the screening portion of the study, patients will be treated per standard practice as decided by the treating physician using the guidance of the osimertinib product label. The patient will proceed with three cycles (21 days per cycle) of single agent osimertinib. Patients will be seen on C1D1 for osimertinib start (telemedicine visits for C1D1 assessments are acceptable)

Randomization/treatment portion:

Patients will be randomized to continue osimertinib alone (Arm A) or addition of carboplatin/pemetrexed chemotherapy to osimertinib (Arm B).Randomization will be accomplished by the method of random permuted block and patients will be stratified by type of EGFR mutation (EGFR exon 19/EGFR L858R or other) and presence of CNS metastases (absent, present). Randomization will occur after data is available to identify the patients with persistent EGFR ctDNA detected in the C2D1 plasma sample; only patients with persistent EGFR ctDNA will be randomized. Subject's eligibility prior to randomization will be at the discretion of the individual sites enrolling the patients. EGFR mutation can be confirmed at outside institutions: while pathology confirmation will occur at the enrolling institution, the required documentation of EGFR can occur internal or external to the enrolling institution. For those patients without detectable ctDNA at C2D1, the end of treatment assessments will not include CT scan or ctDNA sampling.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 571 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: A phase 2 randomized study of osimertinib versus osimertinib plus chemotherapy for patients with metastatic EGFR-mutant lung cancers that have detectable EGFR mutant cfDNA in plasma after initiation of osimertinib treatment.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Randomized Study of Osimertinib Versus Osimertinib Plus Chemotherapy for Patients With Metastatic EGFR-Mutant Lung Cancers That Have Detectable EGFR-Mutant cfDNA in Plasma After Initiation of Osimertinib
Actual Study Start Date : May 28, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Osimertinib alone
All patients will receive osimertinib 80mg orally daily.
Drug: Osimertinib
80mg orally daily

Experimental: Osimertinib plus Carboplatin and Pemetrexed
All patients will receive osimertinib 80mg orally daily. Patients receive Carboplatin (AUC 5 IV q 3 weeks) and Pemetrexed (500mg/m2 IV q 3 weeks) for a total of 4 cycles followed by pemetrexed maintenance from cycle 8 onwards.
Drug: Osimertinib
80mg orally daily

Drug: Carboplatin
Carboplatin (AUC 5 IV q 3 weeks)

Drug: Pemetrexed
Pemetrexed (500mg/m2 IV q 3 weeks) for a total of 4 cycles




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determine the progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    As the primary endpoint for the treatment comparison, it is the duration of time from randomization to the time of disease progression (in the CNS or systemically) or death. In addition, as a secondary endpoint, PFS is measured from the start of treatment to disease progression or death. Intracranial progression-free survival (PFS) is defined as the duration of time from time of randomization to time of progression (in the CNS) or death, whichever occurs first. Overall survival (OS) is defined as the duration of time from first treatment to time of death.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. overall response rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Best overall response rate (confirmed partial and complete responses) will be assessed as part of this study. All responses must be confirmed on subsequent scan to be considered a true response. Tumor response will be assessed using RECIST 1.1



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: Inital

  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Biopsy proven metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, confirmed at enrolling institution
  • Somatic activating mutation in EGFR in pre-treatment tumor biopsy or cfDNA
  • Either have not started a prior EGFR TKI therapy or may have started osimertinib within 1 week of confirming eligibility and enrollment criteria of measurable disease per approval of PI, with no prior chemotherapy for treatment of metastatic disease (adjuvant therapy > 6 months prior to study start is acceptable)
  • Measurable (RECIST 1.1) indicator lesion not previously irradiated with measurable disease determined per treating investigator. If a patient has already started on osimertinib there must be available pre-osimertinib baseline tumor assessments, to be utilized for RECIST 1.1 assessment.
  • Karnofsky performance status (KPS)≥70%,
  • Ability to swallow oral medications
  • Adequate organ function (use of G-CSF and/or transfusion to meet these criteria are not allowed)

    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
    • Platelets ≥ 150,000mm^3 or 150 x 10^9/L
    • AST, ALT ≤ 2.5 x ULN with no liver metastases or < 5x ULN with the presence of liver metastases
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN if no liver metastases or < 3 x ULN in the presence of documented Gilbert's Syndrome (unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia) or liver metastases
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500 cells/mm^3
    • Creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min calculated by Cockcroft and Gault equation
  • Willing to use highly effective contraceptive measures if of child-bearing potential or if the patient's sexual partner is a woman of child-bearing potential:

    • Female subjects should be using highly effective contraceptive measures, and must have a negative pregnancy test and not be breast-feeding prior to start of dosing if of child-bearing potential or must have evidence of non-child-bearing potential by fulfilling one of the following criteria at screening:
    • Post-menopausal defined as aged more than 50 years and amenorrheic for at least 12 months following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments
    • Women under 50 years old would be consider postmenopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and with LH and FSH levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution
    • Documentation of irreversible surgical sterilization by hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral salpingectomy but not tubal ligation
    • Male subjects should be willing to use barrier contraception

Exclusion Criteria: Initial

  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Any radiotherapy within 1 week of starting treatment on protocol.
  • Any major surgery within 2 weeks of starting treatment on protocol.
  • Any evidence of clinically significant interstitial lung disease
  • Treatment with an investigational drug within five half-lives of the compound or 3 months, whichever is greater
  • Currently receiving (or unable to stop prior to receiving the first dose of study treatment) medications or herbal supplements known to be strong inducers of CYP3A4. All patients must try to avoid concomitant use of any medications, herbal supplements and/or ingestion of foods with known inducer effects on CYP3A4.
  • Any unresolved toxicities from prior therapy greater than CTCAE grade 1 at the time of starting study treatment, with the exception of alopecia and grade 2 prior platinum-therapy- related neuropathy
  • Any evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic diseases, including uncontrolled hypertension and active bleeding diatheses, which in the investigator's opinion makes it undesirable for the patient to participate in the trial
  • active infection including hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Screening for chronic conditions is not required.
  • Refractory nausea and vomiting, chronic gastrointestinal diseases, inability to swallow the tablets or previous significant bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption of osimertinib.
  • Any of the following cardiac criteria:

    • Mean resting corrected QT interval (QTc) > 470 msec where QT interval is corrected for heart rate using Frederica's formula (QTcF).
    • Any clinically important abnormalities in rhythm, conduction or morphology of resting ECG e.g. complete left bundle branch block, third degree heart block and second degree heart block.
    • Patient with any factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events such as heart failure, electrolyte abnormalities (including: Serum/Plasma potassium <LLN, Serum/Plasma Magnesium <LLN; Serum/Plasma Calcium <LLN), congenital long QT syndrome, family history of long QT syndrome or unexplained sudden death under 40 years of age in first degree relatives or any concomitant medication known to prolong the QT interval and cause Torsades de Pointes
  • Past medical history of interstitial lung disease, drug-induced interstitial lung disease, radiation pneumonitis which required steroid treatment, or any evidence of clinically active interstitial lung disease.
  • History of hypersensitivity to active or inactive excipients of osimertinib or drugs with a similar chemical structure or class to osimertinib.
  • Judgment by the investigator that the patient should not participate in the study if the patient is unlikely to comply with study procedures, restrictions and requirements.

Inclusion Criteria: Randomization

  • Patients with detectable plasma EGFR mutations at C2D1
  • Karnofsky performance status (KPS) ≥ 70%
  • Adequate organ function

    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000mm^3 or 100 x 10^9/L
    • Creatinine clearance ≥ 60ml/min
    • AST, ALT ≤ 3x ULN with no liver metastases or ≤ 5x ULN with the presence of liver metastases
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN if no liver metastases or ≤ 3 x ULN in the presence of documented Gilbert's Syndrome (unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia) or liver metastases
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500 cells/mm3Must have at least stable disease per RECIST 1.1 assessment prior to initiating chemotherapy at C4D1
    • Eligibility testing (KPS, bloodwork) should be tested at C3D1. If the subject's evaluation does not meet eligibility criteria, any result obtained between C3 and C4 can be used

Please note: All 'Initial' Exclusion Criteria must be re-confirmed prior to randomization.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04410796


Contacts
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Contact: Helena Yu, MD 646-608-2252 yuh@mskcc.org
Contact: Gregory Riely, MD, PhD 646-608-3913

Locations
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United States, New Jersey
Memoral Sloan Kettering Basking Ridge (Limited Protocol Activities) Recruiting
Basking Ridge, New Jersey, United States, 07920
Contact: Helen Yu, MD    646-608-2252      
Memorial Sloan Kettering Monmouth (Limited Protocol Activities) Recruiting
Middletown, New Jersey, United States, 07748
Contact: Helena Yu, MD    646-608-2252      
Memorial Sloan Kettering Bergen (Limited Protocol Activities) Recruiting
Montvale, New Jersey, United States, 07645
Contact: Helena Yu, MD    646-608-2252      
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Commack (Limited protocol activities) Recruiting
Commack, New York, United States, 11725
Contact: Helena Yu, MD    646-608-2252      
Memoral Sloan Kettering Westchester (Limited protocol activities) Recruiting
Harrison, New York, United States, 10604
Contact: Helena Yu, MD    646-608-2252      
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (All protocol activities) Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Contact: Helena Yu, MD    646-608-2252      
Contact: Gregory Riely, MD, PhD    646-608-3913      
Principal Investigator: Helena Yu, MD         
Memorial Sloan Kettering Nassau (Limited Protocol Activities) Recruiting
Uniondale, New York, United States, 11553
Contact: Helena Yu, MD    646-608-2252      
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
AstraZeneca
GUARDANT HEALTH
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Helena Yu, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04410796    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20-011
First Posted: June 1, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 23, 2020
Last Verified: October 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center supports the international committee of medical journal editors (ICMJE) and the ethical obligation of responsible sharing of data from clinical trials. The protocol summary, a statistical summary, and informed consent form will be made available on clinicaltrials.gov when required as a condition of Federal awards, other agreements supporting the research and/or as otherwise required. Requests for deidentified individual participant data can be made beginning 12 months after publication and for up to 36 months post publication. Deidentified individual participant data reported in the manuscript will be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement and may only be used for approved proposals. Requests may be made to: crdatashare@mskcc.org.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
EGFR-Mutant Lung Cancers
Osimertinib
Osimertinib Plus Chemotherapy
20-011
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carboplatin
Pemetrexed
Osimertinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors