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Docetaxel With or Without Bintrafusp Alfa for the Treatment of Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04396535
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : May 20, 2020
Last Update Posted : August 5, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well docetaxel works with or without bintrafusp alfa in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer that has spread to other places in the body (advanced). Chemotherapy drugs, such as docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with bintrafusp alfa, may induce changes in body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving docetaxel and bintrafusp alfa in combination may work better in treating non small-cell lung cancer compared to docetaxel alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma Stage III Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIB Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIC Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IV Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVA Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVB Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Drug: Bintrafusp Alfa Drug: Docetaxel Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To compare the progression-free survival (PFS) of bintrafusp alfa in combination with docetaxel versus (vs) docetaxel alone.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate overall survival of bintrafusp alfa in combination with docetaxel vs docetaxel alone.

II. To evaluate overall response rates of bintrafusp alfa in combination with docetaxel vs docetaxel alone.

III. To evaluate duration of response of bintrafusp alfa in combination with docetaxel vs docetaxel alone.

IV. To evaluate the safety of bintrafusp alfa in combination with docetaxel vs docetaxel alone.

CORRELATIVE RESEARCH OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate PD-L1, TGF-beta, and TMB as potential predictive markers of clinical response in tumor biopsies and in plasma.

II. To evaluate biomarkers associated with inhibition of TGF-beta and PD-L1. III. To evaluate the changes in immune system using mass cytometry in response to TGF-beta and PD-L1 inhibition.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive docetaxel intravenously (IV) over 1 hour and bintrafusp alfa IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive bintrafusp alfa IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 3 weeks for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1. Cycles repeat every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who experience disease progression may crossover to Arm I and receive bintrafusp alfa alone.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 3 months for 5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 80 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Phase II Study of Standard Chemotherapy With Docetaxel With or Without Bintrafusp Alfa in Patients With Advanced NSCLC After Progressing on a Combination of Anti-PD-1/PD-L1 Agents and Chemotherapy
Estimated Study Start Date : December 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 1, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Docetaxel

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (docetaxel, bintrafusp alfa)
Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and bintrafusp alfa IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive bintrafusp alfa IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 3 weeks for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Bintrafusp Alfa
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-PDL1/TGFb Trap MSB0011359C
  • M7824
  • MSB0011359C

Drug: Docetaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Docecad
  • RP56976
  • Taxotere
  • Taxotere Injection Concentrate

Active Comparator: Arm II (docetaxel)
Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1. Cycles repeat every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who experience disease progression may crossover to Arm I and receive bintrafusp alfa alone.
Drug: Docetaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Docecad
  • RP56976
  • Taxotere
  • Taxotere Injection Concentrate




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) of bintrafusp alfa in combination with docetaxel versus (vs) docetaxel alone [ Time Frame: From randomization to the first of either disease progression or death from any cause, assessed up to 5 years ]
    The primary analysis of PFS will be a comparison of the Kaplan-Meier curves for docetaxel + bintrafusp alfa vs. docetaxel alone using a one-sided log-rank test.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From study entry to death from any cause, assessed up to 5 years ]
    OS will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, where the log-rank test will be used to compare the 2 treatment arms.

  2. Confirmed response rates [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will be classified as a confirmed response per the Immune-Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (iRECIST) criteria, if they have a partial or complete response for 2 consecutive evaluations at least 4 weeks apart. The proportion of patients with a confirmed response will be calculated and compared between the 2 arms using a Chi-square of Fisher's Exact test.

  3. Duration of response [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The duration of confirmed responses will be assessed using the Kaplan Meier method, where the duration of confirmed response will be defined as the time from the first documented date of response (complete response [CR] or partial response [PR]) to the date at which progression is first documented. Duration of response will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, where the log-rank test will be used to compare the 2 treatment arms.

  4. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The maximum grade for each type of adverse event will be summarized using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0. The frequency and percentage of grade 3+ adverse events will be compared between the 2 treatment arms. Comparisons between arms will be made by using either the Chi-square or Fisher's Exact test.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Response rate (Crossover patients) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  2. Progression-free survival (Crossover patients) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  3. Predicative marker potential of PD-L1 and TGFbeta [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will assess PD-L1 and TGFbeta as potential predictive markers of clinical response in tumor biopsies. Descriptive statistics will be summarized and the blood and tissue marker data will be correlated with clinical endpoints (response, duration of response, OS, PFS, etc.).

  4. Mutation types and numbers in plasma or in tumor tissue [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  5. Tumor mutational burden (TMB) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will assess the association between TMB and clinical outcome.

  6. Predictive biomarker(potential) analysis of genes or gene signatures [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Evaluate genes or gene signatures as potential predictive biomarkers of clinical response in tumor biopsies. Will be hypothesis generating and descriptive in nature. Descriptive statistics will be summarized and the blood and tissue marker data will be correlated with clinical endpoints (response, duration of response, OS, PFS, etc.)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histological confirmation of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with advanced disease
  • Prior treatment required:

    • Anti-PD1/PD-L1 agent in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy

      • NOTE: This combination must be the most recently administered regimen with no other treatments allowed prior to starting this trial
  • Measurable disease

    • NOTE: Tumor lesions in a previously irradiated area are not considered measurable disease; Disease that is measurable by physical examination only is not eligible
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1 or 2
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
  • Total bilirubin =< upper limit of normal (ULN) (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT/serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) and aspartate transaminase (AST/serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) =< 1.5 x ULN (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
  • Alkaline phosphatase <= 2.5 x ULN (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
  • Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR)/activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN OR if patient is receiving anticoagulant therapy INR or aPTT is within target range of therapy (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
  • Calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
  • Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for persons of childbearing potential only

    • NOTE: If a urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
  • Willing to use birth control as follows:

    • If able to become pregnant: Willing to use birth control during treatment and for 6 months after last dose of docetaxel and/or bintrafusp alfa, whichever is later
    • If able to father a child: Willing to use birth control with partners able to become pregnant during treatment and for 3 months after last dose of docetaxel and/or bintrafusp alfa, whichever is later
  • Provide written informed consent
  • Willingness to provide mandatory blood specimens for correlative research
  • Willingness to provide mandatory tissue specimens for correlative research
  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)
  • CROSSOVER ELIGIBILITY: Documented disease progression =< 28 days prior to crossover registration
  • CROSSOVER ELIGIBILITY: No contraindications to bintrafusp alfa at the time of crossover registration
  • CROSSOVER ELIGIBILITY: Patient and physician agree to try crossover treatment with bintrafusp alfa
  • CROSSOVER ELIGIBILITY: Provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any of the following because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown:

    • Pregnant persons
    • Nursing persons
    • Persons of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
  • Any of the following prior therapies:

    • Surgery =< 4 weeks prior to registration
    • Chemotherapy =< 4 weeks prior to registration
  • Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:

    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
  • Other active malignancy =< 5 years prior to registration

    • EXCEPTIONS: Non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix

      • NOTE: If there is a history of prior malignancy, they must not be receiving other specific treatment for their cancer
  • History of myocardial infarction =< 6 months, or congestive heart failure requiring use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias
  • Known primary central nervous system (CNS) malignancy or symptomatic CNS metastases are excluded, with the following exceptions:

    • Patients with asymptomatic untreated CNS disease may be enrolled, provided all of the following criteria are met:

      • Evaluable or measurable disease outside the CNS
      • No metastases to brain stem, midbrain, pons, medulla, cerebellum, or within 10 mm of the optic apparatus (optic nerves and chiasm)
      • No history of intracranial hemorrhage or spinal cord hemorrhage
      • No ongoing requirement for dexamethasone for CNS disease; patients on a stable dose of anticonvulsants are permitted
      • No neurosurgical resection or brain biopsy =< 28 days prior to registration
    • Patients with asymptomatic treated CNS metastases may be enrolled, provided all the criteria listed above are met as well as the following:

      • Radiographic demonstration of improvement upon the completion of CNS-directed therapy and no evidence of interim progression between the completion of CNS-directed therapy and the screening radiographic study
      • No stereotactic radiation or whole-brain radiation =< 28 days prior to registration
      • Screening CNS radiographic study >= 4 weeks from completion of radiotherapy and >= 2 weeks from discontinuation of corticosteroids
  • History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
  • History or current evidence of bleeding disorder, including bleeding diathesis, i.e., any hemorrhage/bleeding event of Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade >= 2 in =< 28 days prior to registration
  • Taking oral prednisone of >= 10 mg daily or equivalent
  • Known clinically significant liver disease, including active viral, alcoholic, or other hepatitis; cirrhosis; fatty liver; and inherited liver disease. Notes:

    • Patients with past or resolved hepatitis B infection (defined as having a negative hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test and a positive anti-HBc [antibody to hepatitis B core antigen] antibody test) are eligible
    • Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA)
  • History or risk of autoimmune disease, including, but not limited to, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjogren's syndrome, Bell's palsy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune thyroid disease, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis. Notes:

    • Patients with a history of autoimmune hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone are eligible
    • Patients with controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus on a stable insulin regimen are eligible
    • Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus of vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., patients with psoriatic arthritis would be excluded) are permitted provided that they meet the following conditions:

      • Patients with psoriasis must have a baseline ophthalmologic exam to rule out ocular manifestations
      • Rash must cover less than 10% of body surface area (BSA)
      • Disease is well controlled at baseline and only requiring low potency topical steroids (e.g., hydrocortisone 2.5%, hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1%, fluocinolone 0.01%, desonide 0.05%, alclometasone dipropionate 0.05%)
      • No acute exacerbations of underlying condition within the last 12 months (not requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation [PUVA], methotrexate, retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors; high potency or oral steroids)
  • Known active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (defined as patients who are not on anti-retroviral treatment and have detectable viral load and CD4+ < 500/ml)

    • NOTE: HIV-positive patients who are well controlled on anti-retroviral therapy are allowed to enroll
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis (including drug induced), organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, etc.), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan. Note: History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted
  • Severe infections =< 4 weeks prior to registration, including, but not limited to, hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia
  • History of peripheral neuropathy >= grade 2
  • Known hypersensitivity to docetaxel or polysorbate 80

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04396535


Locations
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United States, Arizona
Mayo Clinic in Arizona
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259
Contact: Clinical Trials Referral Office    855-776-0015    mayocliniccancerstudies@mayo.edu   
Principal Investigator: Helen J. Ross         
United States, Florida
Mayo Clinic in Florida
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224-9980
Contact: Clinical Trials Referral Office    855-776-0015    mayocliniccancerstudies@mayo.edu   
Principal Investigator: Yanyan Lou         
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Contact: Clinical Trials Referral Office    855-776-0015    mayocliniccancerstudies@mayo.edu   
Principal Investigator: Alex A. Adjei         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Alex A Adjei Mayo Clinic
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04396535    
Other Study ID Numbers: MC1821
NCI-2020-02975 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
MC1821 ( Other Identifier: Mayo Clinic )
P30CA015083 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 20, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 5, 2020
Last Verified: August 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Docetaxel
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action