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Granisteron Versus Ondansetron for Prophylaxis Against Post-Spinal Anesthesia Shivering: a Randomized Controlled Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04294992
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 4, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ayman Abougabal, Kasr El Aini Hospital

Brief Summary:

3. Scientific committee approval (Was it scientifically approved by the department?) Yes

Date of approval: Sunday ,1ST September,2019

Background and Rationale:

Regional anesthesia is commonly associated with intraoperative shivering which reaches 40-60%. Spinal anesthesia contributes in impairment of thermoregulation, and predisposes patients to hypothermia, which reduces the threshold for shivering and vasoconstriction. Other mechanisms responsible for shivering include increased sympathetic tone, pain, and systemic release of pyrogens. Shivering causes increase in metabolic activity, oxygen consumption, intracranial, and intraocular pressure. Shivering is also responsible for increasing cardiac output, peripheral resistance, carbon dioxide production, and lactic acidosis. Furthermore, shivering interferes with electrocardiogram (ECG) and pulse oximetry. 1 Post anaesthetic shivering is one of the most frequent problems in the early recovery phase following general anaesthesia. It was considered as the sixth most important problem of current clinical anaesthesiology among 33 low morbidity clinical outcomes. Previous studies have found that shivering occurs up to 60% of patients in the postoperative period and varies according to sex, age, drugs used for anaesthesia and the duration for the surgery.2 Since shivering is a response to hypothermia, body temperature should be maintained within 36.5-37.5°C, however, shivering may be also seen in normothermic patients undergoing regional anesthesia. A number of factors responsible for developing of hypothermia in regional anesthesia including age, level of sensory block, temperature of the operating room and infusion solution.3 Perioperative hypothermia and shivering can be prevented by physical methods like surface warming or pharmacologically by drugs such as pethidine, tramadol, clonidine, doxapram, opioids, neostigmine, magnesium sulfate and ketamine.4 Pethidine is the most commonly used drug for post spinal anesthesia shivering. The disadvantage of pethidine is that it can cause respiratory depression in the presence of previously administered opioids or anaesthetics. Moreover, hypotension, nausea and vomiting are also important side effect of pethidine.5 Pethidine, which is considered as a time-tested drug for control of shivering, can have adverse effects such as respiratory depression, nausea, and vomiting. which begs to investigate the efficacy of other drugs.6 5-HT antagonists had been effectively introduced for management of perioperative shivering by inhibiting thermoregulatory response by central mechanism. Ondansetron is a 5-HT antagonist which had been effectively used in treatment of postoperative shivering.7 Granisteron, a new generation of 5-HT antagonists, had been also reported effective in the prevention of Postoperative shivering.9-10 No data are available about the comparison of both drugs, ondansetron and granisteron, for prophylaxis against post-spinal shivering The aim of the investigator's study is to compare the efficacy of granisteron to ondansetron for prevention of intra- and post spinal anaesthesia shivering.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Spinal Anaesthetic Drug: Ondansetron 8mg Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 180 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Granisteron Versus Ondansetron for Prophylaxis Against Post-Spinal Anesthesia Shivering: a Randomized Controlled Study
Estimated Study Start Date : April 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Granisteron group Drug: Ondansetron 8mg
Study drugs will be prepared, diluted to a volume of 10 mL using saline 0.9%

Active Comparator: Ondansetron group Drug: Ondansetron 8mg
Study drugs will be prepared, diluted to a volume of 10 mL using saline 0.9%

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. perioperative spinal induced shivering [ Time Frame: during spinal anaesthesia ]
    incidence of shivering during spinal anaesthsia

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. incidence of perioperative nausea and vomiting [ Time Frame: during spinal anaethesia ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • • With ASA physical status I and II

    • Scheduled to undergo lower half surgery under spinal anesthesia such as lower limb orthopedic surgeries, lower limb plastic surgeries, or lower abdominal surgeries.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • • Patient refusal

    • Patients with age above 60 years and below 18 years.
    • Pregnant
    • Patients with contraindications to spinal anesthesia
    • Preoperative fever or hypothermia (temperature >38°C or below 36.5°C), hypo or hyperthyroidism, a requirement for blood or blood product transfusion during surgery and medications likely to alter thermoregulation or nausea and vomiting, will be excluded.
    • Patients with significant cardiopulmonary disease (i.e. ejection fraction <40% and/or SpO2 < 92% on room air) or psychological disorder
    • impaired renal (serum creatinine > 2 mg/dL) or hepatic function (class B or C on Child-Pugh score)
    • Procedures with anticipated duration less than 90 minutes or more than 180 min, those received saddle block or those required vasodilator administration
    • Allergy to any of the study drugs will be excluded from the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04294992

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Contact: Ayman Abougabal, PHD 00201020671408

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Kasr alainy medical school
Cairo, Egypt, 12566
Contact: Noha sameh    01224498481   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kasr El Aini Hospital
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Responsible Party: Ayman Abougabal, lecturer of anaesthesia, SICU and pain management, Kasr El Aini Hospital Identifier: NCT04294992    
Other Study ID Numbers: MS-265-2019
First Posted: March 4, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2020
Last Verified: March 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Serotonin Antagonists
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Anti-Anxiety Agents