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Lenvatinib (LEN) in Combination With Pembrolizumab (KEYtruda) in Subjects With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Non-clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (The LENKYN Trial)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04267120
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 12, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 10, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
This is a single-arm, multicenter, phase 2 study of lenvatinib in combination with pembrolizumab (lenvatinib 20 mg/day + pembrolizumab 200mg q3weeks) in subjects with unresectable advanced or metastatic non-clear cell renal carcinoma who have not received any chemotherapy for advanced disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Renal Cell Carcinoma Drug: Lenvatinib Drug: Pembrolizumab Procedure: Research blood collection Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 34 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single Arm, Multicenter, Phase 2 Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of Lenvatinib (LEN) in Combination With Pembrolizumab (KEYtruda) in Subjects With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Non-clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (The LENKYN Trial)
Actual Study Start Date : July 29, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 31, 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lenvatinib + Pembrolizumab
-Lenvatinib 20 mg/day will be administered orally on a daily basis and pembrolizumab 200 mg will be infused once every 3 weeks.
Drug: Lenvatinib
Lenvatinib will be provided by Merck.
Other Names:
  • Lenvima
  • Lenvanix

Drug: Pembrolizumab
Merck will provide pembrolizumab
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • MK-3475

Procedure: Research blood collection
-Within 2 weeks prior to first dose of study drug, cycle 4 day 1, and at the off-treatment assessment




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Through completion of treatment (estimated to be 12 months) ]
    • ORR is defined as the proportion of subjects who have a best overall response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR)
    • CR: Disappearance of target and non-target lesions and normalization of tumor markers.
    • PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of measures (longest diameter for tumor lesions and short axis measure for nodes) of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters. Non target lesions must be non-PD.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and tolerability of regimen as measured by the number of adverse events [ Time Frame: From start of treatment through 120 days after last day of study treatment (estimated to be 16 months) ]
    -Will be graded according to NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0.

  2. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    • PFS is defined as the time from date of first dose of study drug t date of first documentation of disease progression or death, whichever occurs first.
    • Progressive disease: ): At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of measured lesions taking as references the smallest sum of diameters recorded on study (including baseline) AND an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. Appearance of new lesions will also constitute PD (including lesions in previously unassessed areas).

  3. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    • PFS is defined as the time from date of first dose of study drug t date of first documentation of disease progression or death, whichever occurs first.
    • Progressive disease: ): At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of measured lesions taking as references the smallest sum of diameters recorded on study (including baseline) AND an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. Appearance of new lesions will also constitute PD (including lesions in previously unassessed areas).

  4. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    • PFS is defined as the time from date of first dose of study drug t date of first documentation of disease progression or death, whichever occurs first.
    • Progressive disease: ): At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of measured lesions taking as references the smallest sum of diameters recorded on study (including baseline) AND an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. Appearance of new lesions will also constitute PD (including lesions in previously unassessed areas).

  5. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    -OS is defined as the time from the date of first dose of study drug until date of death from any cause.

  6. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    -OS is defined as the time from the date of first dose of study drug until date of death from any cause.

  7. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    -OS is defined as the time from the date of first dose of study drug until date of death from any cause.

  8. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    -OS is defined as the time from the date of first dose of study drug until date of death from any cause.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Locally advanced or metastatic histologically confirmed nccRCC (2, 7). Must have one of the following subtypes of nccRCC:

    • papillary RCC
    • chromophobe RCC
    • TFE-3/B translocation RCC
    • SDHB-loss RCC
    • TSC1-loss RCC
    • sarcomatoid RCC without clear cell component
    • unclassified RCC
  • Has not received any prior lines of systemic therapy except adjuvant or neoadjuvant treatments.
  • Radiologically measurable disease meeting the following criteria:

    • At least 1 lesion of ≥ 10 mm in the longest diameter for a non-lymph node or ≥ 15 mm in the short axis diameter for a lymph node which is serially measurable according to iRECIST (Section 12) using computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
    • Lesions that have had external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) or locoregional therapies such as radiofrequency (RF) ablation must show evidence of subsequent progressive disease (substantial size increase of ≥20%) to be deemed a target lesion. Patients who received EBRT must be at least 2 weeks out from last RT treatment.
  • At least 18 years of age.
  • Karnofsky performance status ≥ 70%
  • Blood pressure (BP) ≤ 150/90 mmHg at screening with or without antihypertensive medications and no change in antihypertensive medications within 1 week prior to Cycle 1 Day 1.
  • Adequate renal function defined as creatinine <1.5 x ULN or calculated creatinine clearance ≥40 mL/min per the Cockcroft and Gault formula with creatinine levels >1.5 x ULN.
  • Adequate bone marrow function:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500/mm3 (≥1.5 x 103/L)
    • Platelets ≥100,000/mm3 (≥100 x 109/L)
    • Hemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL
  • Adequate blood coagulation function as evidenced by an International Normalized Ratio (INR) ≤1.5
  • Adequate liver function as evidenced by:

    • bilirubin ≤1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤3×ULN (in the case of liver metastases ≤5×ULN)
    • alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤3×ULN (in the case of liver metastases ≤5×ULN)
    • aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤3×ULN (in the case of liver metastases ≤5×ULN).

In case ALP is >3×ULN (in the absence of liver metastases) or >5×ULN (in the presence of liver metastases) AND the subject also is known to have bone metastases, the liver specific ALP isoenzyme must be separated from the total and used to assess the liver function instead of the total ALP.

  • Subjects with known brain metastases will be eligible if they have completed the primary brain therapy (such as whole brain radiotherapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, or complete surgical resection) and if they have remained clinically stable, asymptomatic, and off steroids for at least 2 months before starting study treatment.
  • All females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [β-hCG]) at the screening visit. Females of childbearing potential* must agree to use a highly effective method of contraception for the entire study period and for 120 days after study discontinuation
  • Male subjects who are partners of women of childbearing potential must follow one of the methods of contraception described in Section 6.5 beginning at least 1 menstrual cycle prior to starting study drugs, throughout the entire study period, and for 120 days after the last dose of study drug, unless the male subjects are totally sexually abstinent or have undergone a successful vasectomy with confirmed azoospermia or unless the female partners have been sterilized surgically or are otherwise proven sterile.
  • Archival tumor tissue or a newly obtained biopsy must be available prior to the first dose of study drug for biomarker analysis. In the case archival tissue cannot be provided, patients with inaccessible tumors for biopsy specimens can be enrolled without a biopsy upon consultation and agreement by the trial PI.

Note: In case of submitting unstained cut slides, freshly cut slides should be submitted to the testing laboratory within 14 days from when the slides are cut.

-Ability to understand and willingness to sign an IRB approved written informed consent document (or that of legally authorized representative, if applicable).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Predominant clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC)
  • Uncontrolled or untreated brain metastasis
  • Major surgery performed within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study drugs or scheduled for major surgery during the study. Subjects must have recovered adequately from any toxicity and/or complications from major surgery prior to starting therapy.
  • Subjects having >1+ proteinuria on urinalysis will undergo 24-h urine collection for quantitative assessment of proteinuria. Subjects with urine protein ≥1 g/24-hour will be ineligible.
  • Gastrointestinal malabsorption, gastrointestinal anastomosis, or any other condition that might affect the absorption of lenvatinib.
  • New York Heart Association congestive heart failure of grade II or above, unstable angina, myocardial infarction within the past 6 months, or serious cardiac arrhythmia associated with significant cardiovascular impairment within the past 6 months.
  • Prolongation of QTc interval to >480 msec.
  • Active hemoptysis (bright red blood of at least 0.5 teaspoon) within 3 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug.
  • Active infection (any infection requiring systemic treatment).
  • Subject is known to be positive for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C
  • Serious nonhealing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture.
  • Known intolerance to either of the study drugs (or any of the excipients).
  • History of organ allograft (subject has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant).
  • Biologic response modifiers (e.g., granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) within 4 weeks before study entry. Chronic erythropoietin therapy is permitted provided that no dose adjustments were made within 2 months before first dose of study treatment.
  • Any medical or other condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in a clinical trial.
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment. If the required urine pregnancy test is positive (or cannot be confirmed as negative) within 72 hours prior to start of treatment, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
  • Excluding the primary tumor leading to enrollment in this study, any other active malignancy (except for definitively treated melanoma in-situ, basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in-situ of the bladder or cervix) within the past 36 months.
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study treatment. The use of up to 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent is approved and does not exclude the patient from the trial.
  • Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, > 10 mg of prednisone per day, or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment. The use of up to 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent is approved and does not exclude the patient from the trial.
  • Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required maintenance steroids (>10 mg of prednisone) or current pneumonitis.
  • Has received a live-virus vaccination within 30 days of planned treatment start. Seasonal flu vaccines that do not contain live virus are permitted.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04267120


Contacts
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Contact: James J Hsieh, M.D. Ph.D. 314-273-1688 jhsieh@wustl.edu

Locations
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United States, Louisiana
Tulane Medical Center Not yet recruiting
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
Contact: Pedro C Barata, M.D., MSc    504-988-1236      
Principal Investigator: Pedro C Barata, M.D., MSc         
Sub-Investigator: Brian Lewis, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Jodi Layton, M.D.         
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine Recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Contact: James J Hsieh, M.D., Ph.D.    314-273-1688    jhsieh@wustl.edu   
Principal Investigator: James J Hsieh, M.D., Ph.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Vivek Arora, M.D., Ph.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Eric Knoche, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Melissa Reimers, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Peter Oppelt, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Russell Pachynski, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Joel Picus, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Timothy Rearden, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Anna Roshal, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Bruce Roth, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Jingqin (Rosy) Luo, Ph.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: James J Hsieh, M.D., Ph.D. Washington University School of Medicine
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04267120    
Other Study ID Numbers: 202003148
First Posted: February 12, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 10, 2020
Last Verified: November 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Individual participant data that underlie the results reported in the article after deidentification (text, tables, figures, and appendices).
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Time Frame: Beginning 9 months and ending 36 months after publication.
Access Criteria: Investigators whose proposed use of the data has been approved by an independent review committee identified for this purpose.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Pembrolizumab
Lenvatinib
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action