A Study of Avelumab In Combination With Axitinib in Patients With Unresectable/Metastatic Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor After Failure of Standard Therapy (AXAGIST)
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To assess anti-tumor activity of avelumab in combination with axitinib in patients with unresectable/metastatic GIST after progression on second or third line treatment (after failure on at least of imatinib and sunitinib) in terms of progression-free survival (PFS)
Avelumab 10 mg/kg will be administered every two weeks. Avelumab is administered as a 1-hour iv infusion, diluted with 0.9% saline solution; Axitinib 5 mg should be taken orally twice daily approximately 12 hours apart with or without food. They should be swallowed whole with a glass of water. If the patient vomits or misses a dose, an additional dose should not be taken. The next prescribed dose should be taken at the usual time.
Participants Achieving 3-Month Progression-Free Survival (PFSR) Rate of participants who are progression-free at 3 months after the start of protocol therapy, using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Signed written informed consent.
Male or female subjects aged ≥ 18 years.
Histologically proven locally advanced or metastatic GIST. C-Kit (CD117) positive tumors detected by immunohistochemistry
Known mutational status KIT or PDGFRA.
Documented disease progression (as per RECIST 1.1) within 3 months before study entry
No more than 3 previous lines of treatment, which must include imatinib and sunitinib .
Performance status ≤ 2 at trial entry and an estimated life expectancy of at least 3 months.
Disease must be measurable with at least 1 unidimensional measurable lesion by RECIST 1.1. Clinically and/or radiographically documented measurable disease within 21 days prior to registration
Adequate hematological function defined by the following laboratory tests results, obtained within 14 days prior to initiation of study treatment
- white blood cell (WBC) count ≥ 3 × 109/L with absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 × 109/L,
- lymphocyte count ≥ 0.5 × 109/L,
- platelet count ≥ 100 × 109/L,
- hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL (patients may be transfused).
Adequate hepatic function defined by
- total bilirubin level ≤ 1.5 × the upper limit of normal range (ULN),
- an AST level ≤ 2.5 × ULN, and an ALT level ≤ 2.5 × ULN or, for subjects with documented metastatic disease to the liver, AST and ALT levels ≤ 5 × ULN.
Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance ≥ 50 ml/min on the basis of the Cockroft- Gault glomerular filtration rate estimation:
(140-age) x (weight in kg) x (0,85 if female)/72x(serum creatinine in mg/dl)
No clinically significant (i.e., active) cardiovascular disease: cerebral vascular accident/stroke (< 6 months prior to enrollment), myocardial infarction (< 6 months prior to enrollment), Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure >150 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure >100 mmHg , unstable angina, congestive heart failure (≥2 New York Heart Association Classification medication) serious cardiac arrhythmia. All other significant diseases (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease), which, in the opinion of the investigator, might impair the subject's tolerance of trial treatment;
Absence of any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule; those conditions should be discussed with the patient before registration in the trial
Patients not receiving anticoagulant medication who have an International Normalized Ratio (INR) >1.5 or an activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) >1.5 x ULN within 7 days prior to first study treatment. Note: Patients receiving full dose oral or parenteral anticoagulants may be included in the study as long as anticoagulant dosing has been stable for at least 2 weeks prior to study entry and the appropriate coagulation monitoring tests are within local therapeutic limits;
Effective contraception for both male and female subjects if the risk of conception exists. (Note: The effects of the study drugs on the developing human fetus are unknown. Thus, women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use effective contraception, defined as 2 barrier methods e.g. implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives in combination with a barrier method, some intrauterine contraceptive devices, sexual abstinence, or a vasectomized partner;)
Availability of representative formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor specimens in paraffin blocks.
Concurrent anticancer treatment within 14 days before the start of trial treatment (e.g., cytoreductive therapy, radiotherapy [with the exception of palliative bone directed radiotherapy], immune therapy, or cytokine therapy except for erythropoietin); major surgery within 28 days before the start of trial treatment (excluding prior diagnostic biopsy); use of hormonal agents within 7 days before the start of trial treatment; or use of any investigational drug within 28 days before the start of trial treatment.
Patients with PDGFRA D842V mutations are not eligible for this study.
Previous treatment with anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 antibodies, previous therapy with axitinib.
Persisting toxicity related to prior therapy Grade > 1 CTCAE v 4.0,
Major surgical procedure within 28 days prior to the first study treatment, or anticipation of the need for major surgery during the course of the study treatment; or minor surgical procedures, within 24 hours prior to the first study treatment;
Subjects with active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll.
Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration except for adrenal replacement steroid. The use of inhaled corticosteroids for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is allowed.
History of abdominal fistula, grade 4 bowel obstruction or gastrointestinal perforation, intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months of enrollment;
History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (including pneumonitis), drug-induced pneumonitis, organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan
Significant acute or chronic infections including, among others: positive testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS);
Active hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (chronic or acute), defined as having a positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) test at screening. Patients with past or resolved HBV infection, defined as having a negative HBsAg test and a positive total hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) test at screening, are eligible for the study.
Active hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, defined as having a positive HCV antibody test and positive HCV RNA test at screening
Severe infection within 2 weeks prior initiation of study treatment, including, but not limited to, hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteriemia or severe pneumonia
Brain or leptomeningeal metastases, history of intracranial hemorrhage
Treatment with a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment, or anticipation of need for such a vaccine during the course of the study
Known alcohol or drug abuse.
Inability or unwillingness to swallow pills
Pregnant or breastfeeding, or intending to become pregnant during the study. Woman of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test result within 14 days prior to initiation of study treatment.
Symptomatic brain metastases, history of intracranial hemorrhage
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD:
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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action