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Neo-adjuvant Pembrolizumab and Radiotherapy in Localised MSS Rectal Cancer (PEMREC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04109755
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 30, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 30, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thibaud Kossler, University Hospital, Geneva

Brief Summary:
This project investigates the clinical and biological impact of combining immunotherapy (pembrolizumab) with short course radiotherapy (5Gy, five times) in the neo-adjuvant treatment of localised microsatellite stable (MSS) rectal cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Rectum Cancer Rectal Cancer Drug: Pembrolizumab Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of Neo-adjuvant Pembrolizumab and Radiotherapy in Localised MSS Rectal Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : June 2, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2028

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Experimental
Short Course Radiation Therapy (5 x 5 Gy in 1 week, SCRT) with 4 injections of Pembrolizumab starting on the first day of radiotherapy and surgery
Drug: Pembrolizumab
5x5 Gy radiotherapy in 1 week, 4 cycles of Pembrolizumab (200 mg every three week), surgery

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumour regression grade [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after start ]
    To assess the tumour regression grade (TRG) after short course radiotherapy when given together with pembrolizumab, using the Mandard regression grade score

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tolerability and safety [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To assess tolerability and safety of pembrolizumab given with short course radiotherapy before surgery, using the common terminology criteria for adverse events (CTCAE) Version 4.0

  2. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To estimate overall survival (OS), defined as the time between the date of the study entry and the date of death due to any cause. Subjects who have not died at the time of last known follow-up will be censored.

  3. Disease-free survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    To estimate disease-free survival (DFS), defined as the time between the date of the study entry and the date of recurrence, second primary cancer, or death without evidence of recurrence or second primary cancer.

  4. Locoregional relapse-free survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To estimate locoregional relapse-free survival (LRRFS), defined as the time between the date of the surgery and local or regional recurrence. LRRFS is evaluated in patients who had an R0 resection only

  5. Distant metastasis-free survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To estimate distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), defined as the time between the date of the surgery and metastatic recurrence.

  6. EORTC QLQ-C30 [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
    European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer [EORTC] Quality of Life Questionnaire-C30

  7. EORTC QLQ-CR29 [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
    European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer [EORTC] Quality of Life Questionnaire-CR29

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male/female participants who are at least 18 years of age on the day of signing informed consent with histologically confirmed diagnosis of rectal adenocarcinoma will be enrolled in this study.
  • Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1. Evaluation of ECOG is to be performed within 7 days prior to the date of allocation.
  • Patients with previously untreated localized T3-T4 N0 or T any or N1-2, M0 rectal adenocarcinoma.
  • Tumour must be microsatellite stable (MSS).
  • A multi-disciplinary tumour board should recommend neo-adjuvant short course radiotherapy and surgery.
  • Have provided archival tumour tissue sample or newly obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumour lesion not previously irradiated. Formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue blocks are preferred.
  • Have adequate organ function as defined in the following table. Specimens must be collected within 10 days prior to the start of study treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has a microsatellite instable tumour (MSI-High).
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti PD L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (eg, CTLA-4, OX 40, CD137).
  • Has received for the same disease prior systemic anti-cancer therapy including investigational agents prior to starting pembrolizumab. Note: If participant received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting study treatment.
  • Has received prior radiotherapy for the same disease. If treated with radiotherapy for another disease, participants must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities, not require corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis.
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (eg, FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.
  • Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment. Note: Participants who have entered the follow-up phase of an investigational study may participate as long as it has been 4 weeks after the last dose of the previous investigational agent.
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 3 years. Note: Participants with basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ (e.g. breast carcinoma, cervical cancer in situ) that have undergone potentially curative therapy are not excluded.
  • Has known active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are radiologically stable, i.e. without evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks by repeat imaging (note that the repeat imaging should be performed during study screening), clinically stable and without requirement of steroid treatment for at least 14 days prior to first dose of study treatment.
  • Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients.
  • Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
  • Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis.
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  • Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
  • Has a known history of Hepatitis B virus (defined as Hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or known active Hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV RNA > 1.5E1 is detected) infection. Note: no testing for Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C is required unless mandated by local health authority.
  • Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis).
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  • Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04109755

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Contact: Thibaud Kössler, MD PhD +41 (0)22 372 77 68 thibaud.kossler@hcuge.ch
Contact: Sandra Bettinelli Riccardi, PhD +41223722903 Sandra.BettinelliRiccardi@hcuge.ch

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Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève Recruiting
Geneva, Switzerland, 1205
Contact: Thibaud Kössler, MD PhD       thibaud.kossler@hcuge.ch   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Geneva
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Thibaud Kossler, Medical Oncologist, University Hospital, Geneva
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04109755    
Other Study ID Numbers: PEMREC
First Posted: September 30, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 30, 2021
Last Verified: September 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Thibaud Kossler, University Hospital, Geneva:
Rectal cancer
Short course radiotherapy
Localised rectal cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Rectal Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents