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Coordinated HEalthcare for Complex Kids (CHECK)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04057521
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 15, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 15, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Benjamin Van Voorhees, MD, MPH, University of Illinois at Chicago

Brief Summary:
The University of Illinois Health and Health Sciences System (UI Health) developed an integrated care management quality improvement model designed to provide comprehensive care coordination for Medicaid insured minority children and young adults with chronic health conditions living in Chicago. This program, called CHECK (Coordinated HEalthcare for Complex Kids), targeted children and young adults with chronic disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Asthma Diabetes Mellitus Sickle Cell Disease Premature Birth Other: Care Coordination Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The University of Illinois Health and Health Sciences System (UI Health) developed an integrated care management quality improvement model designed to provide comprehensive care coordination for Medicaid insured minority children and young adults with chronic health conditions living in Chicago. This program, called CHECK (Coordinated HEalthcare for Complex Kids), was funded by a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Innovation (CMMI) Award. The CHECK model took a broad approach to health promotion by addressing social determinants of health, caregiver wellness and mental health needs; in addition to disease management. The program targeted children and young adults from birth to age 25 with diagnoses of asthma, diabetes, sickle cell disease, seizure disorder or prematurity. All participants were enrolled in either the traditional (fee-for-service) state Medicaid program or a Medicaid Managed Care Organization (MCO) in Illinois. CHECK provided access to care coordination delivered by community health workers; mental health services and health education.

CHECK was designed as a demonstration program and participants were enrolled passively over time and received different services depending on their level of risk and need. One primary aim of the CHECK program was to decrease Medicaid expenditures over a three-year period by decreasing unnecessary emergency department visits and hospitalizations.

Though CHECK was designed as a care delivery demonstration program, in April, 2016 we had the opportunity to prospectively randomize 6,259 participants who met eligibility criteria for CHECK, for the purpose of program evaluation.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6259 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: For the purpose of program evaluation; 6,259 participants who met eligibility criteria for CHECK were randomized. These participants had no previous exposure to CHECK and were randomized to either enrollment into the CHECK program or to usual care (comparison group). Purposive randomization to CHECK or usual care by age, disease and risk level was conducted by Mathmatica.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Coordinated HEalthcare for Complex Kids Impact on Medicaid Expenditures
Actual Study Start Date : April 1, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 31, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : August 31, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Medicaid

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CHECK Program
Participants were offered enrollment into CHECK care coordination services.
Other: Care Coordination
Comprehensive care coordination.
Other Name: Demonstration project

Active Comparator: Comparison Group
Participants were not offered enrollment into CHECK.
Other: Care Coordination
Comprehensive care coordination.
Other Name: Demonstration project




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Annual inpatient healthcare utilization per 1000 patient years [ Time Frame: Three years ]
    Number of inpatient hospitalizations/1000 patient years obtained from the Illinois Medicaid paid claims for CHECK participants using the Care Coordination Claims Data (CCCD) provided by the Illinois Department of Healthcare and Family Services (HFS).Claims for the same patient identifier with overlapping service dates were considered one hospitalization. Due to the fact that professional service claims may be submitted independent from facility claims, those claims with the same patient identification number, national provider ID (NPI), and service date were considered the same event to avoid duplication.

  2. Annual emergency room healthcare utilization per 1000 patient years [ Time Frame: Three years ]
    Number of emergency room visits/1000 patient years obtained from the Illinois Medicaid paid claims for CHECK participants using the Care Coordination Claims Data (CCCD) provided by the Illinois Department of Healthcare and Family Services (HFS). The number of inpatient hospitalizations per patient were identified using inpatient facility claims. The number of ED visits per patient were identified from outpatient facility claims or professional claims with revenue codes indicating an ED place of service or Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes for emergency services. Due to the fact that professional service claims may be submitted independent from facility claims, those claims with the same patient identification number, national provider ID (NPI), and service date were considered the same event to avoid duplication.

  3. Annual outpatient visit healthcare utilization per patient per 1000 patient years [ Time Frame: Three years ]
    Number of outpatient visits/1000 patient years obtained from the Illinois Medicaid paid claims for CHECK participants using the Care Coordination Claims Data (CCCD) provided by the Illinois Department of Healthcare and Family Services (HFS).Outpatient visits were defined as outpatient facility claims or professional service claims with evaluation and management CPT codes for office visits (excluding observation or outpatient surgery).Due to the fact that professional service claims may be submitted independent from facility claims, those claims with the same patient identification number, national provider ID (NPI), and service date were considered the same event to avoid duplication.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Annual inpatient healthcare expenditures per patient [ Time Frame: Three years ]
    Annual inpatient healthcare expenditures are reported as expenditures/patient/year (US dollars).For the inpatient visit expenditures, costs associated with any remaining outpatient or professional claims with overlapping dates of service were considered part of the event.

  2. Annual emergency room healthcare expenditures per patient [ Time Frame: Three years ]
    Annual emergency room healthcare expenditures are reported as expenditures/patient/year (US dollars).For the emergency room visit expenditures, costs associated with any remaining outpatient or professional claims with overlapping dates of service were considered part of the event.

  3. Annual outpatient healthcare expenditures per patient [ Time Frame: Three years ]
    Annual outpatient healthcare expenditures are reported as expenditures/patient/year (US dollars). Outpatient visits were defined as outpatient facility claims or professional service claims with evaluation and management CPT codes for office visits (excluding observation or outpatient surgery).

  4. Annual prescription healthcare expenditures per patient [ Time Frame: Three years ]
    Annual prescription healthcare expenditures are reported as expenditures/patient/year (US dollars). Prescription expenditures were obtained from the prescription drug file of the CCCD.

  5. Annual "other" healthcare expenditures per patient [ Time Frame: Three years ]
    Annual "other" healthcare expenditures are reported as expenditures/patient/year (US dollars). Expenditures not attributable to inpatient, ED, outpatient visits, or prescription costs were considered 'other' and include services such as observation, outpatient surgery, dental, mental health, labs, and radiology.

  6. Annual total healthcare expenditures per patient [ Time Frame: Three years ]
    Annual total healthcare expenditures are reported as expenditures/patient/year (US dollars). Expenditures were measured for each patient overall, and by category of service (e.g., inpatient, ED, outpatient visits, prescriptions, and other). Outpatient visits were defined as outpatient facility claims or professional service claims with evaluation and management CPT codes for office visits (excluding observation or outpatient surgery). Prescription expenditures were obtained from the prescription drug file of the CCCD. For the inpatient, ED, and outpatient visit expenditures, costs associated with any remaining outpatient or professional claims with overlapping dates of service were considered part of the event. Total expenditures per patient were defined as the sum of all paid claims for any covered service - (e.g., inpatient, ED, outpatient visits, prescriptions, and other).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 26 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 0-25 years;
  • Documentation of asthma,
  • Diabetes mellitus (type 1 or 2), sickle cell disease,
  • Seizure disorder or
  • Prematurity; 3)
  • Enrolled in Medicaid; and
  • Ride in Cook County, Illinois.

Exclusion criteria:

• None


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04057521


Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Illinois at Chicago
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Benjamin VanVoorhees, MD University of Illinois at Chicago

Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Benjamin Van Voorhees, MD, MPH, Professor of Pediatrics, University of Illinois at Chicago
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04057521    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014-0738
First Posted: August 15, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 15, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Benjamin Van Voorhees, MD, MPH, University of Illinois at Chicago:
care coordination
Children
Young adults
Chronic disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Premature Birth
Anemia, Sickle Cell
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Hemoglobinopathies
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Obstetric Labor, Premature
Obstetric Labor Complications
Pregnancy Complications