Eurythmy Therapy (ERYT) as a Treatment Option for Fatigue in Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients (ERYT)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04024267|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 18, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 6, 2021
Cancer related fatigue (CRF) is the most burdening symptom in breast cancer patients, and prevalence exceeds 75% in patients with metastatic disease. CRF is described as the symptom that has the largest impact on quality of life, with negative effects on work, social activities, and daily activities, and may lead to treatment discontinuation. Currently, there is no gold standard for the treatment of CRF. Drug therapies are not satisfactory. Since physical activity is associated with significant reduction in CRF, patients are encouraged to engage in an at least moderate level of physical activity. However, for many metastatic breast cancer patients this is too burdensome. Finally, there is some evidence that non-pharmacological mind-body techniques may be beneficial in reducing CRF, yet the available data do not allow for final recommendations. Given the high prevalence of CRF and the substantial distress for patients, advancing treatment options for patients with CRF is highly desirable. In the present study, patients with metastatic breast cancer will be randomly assigned to two different non-pharmacological treatments for fatigue: Eurythmy therapy (ERYT), a standardized active mindful movement therapy, or a movement program without mindfulness features (CoordiFit). It will be tested, if ERYT has a superior benefit on fatigue compared to CoordiFit over the period of the intervention (20 weeks). Further, the benefit of ERYT on quality of life, sleep quality, anxiety, depression, pain, mobility of the arm, rate of return to work, compliance with ERYT, and targeted metabolomics will be investigated.
Both groups will have equal frequency and duration of the training sessions. Each patient will receive 13 standardized therapy sessions of 45 min (once a week for 6 weeks and once every second week) during the total period of 20 weeks. The proposed study has been developed in the Breast Cancer Project Group of the Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research (SAKK) and is supported by many breast centers, because they realize that the patients value non-pharmacological treatment options and would be keen to participate in such a trial. If ERYT proves to be beneficial, the impact of this trial will be high and will have implications not only for metastatic breast cancer patients but also for other cancer patients, health care personnel, scientists and funding and regulatory bodies.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Fatigue Breast Cancer||Other: Eurythmy therapy Other: CoordiFit||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||196 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||Eurythmy Therapy (ERYT) as a Treatment Option for Fatigue in Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 10, 2020|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||November 30, 2024|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||November 30, 2024|
Experimental: Eurythmy therapy (ERYT)
Eurythmy therapy (ERYT) is a standardized movement therapy and for each medical condition standardized ERYT exercise (series) exist. In such, in the present study, the cancer series "O-E-M-L-I-B-D" that is specific and standardized for breast cancer patients will be applied. Patients can perform and maintain the postures without stress and tension. Patients are instructed by ERYT therapists in sessions with 1 to 4 patients.
Other: Eurythmy therapy
Active Comparator: CoordiFit
The CoordiFit program consists of standardized exercises that address physical coordination, stability, balance and dexterity. These exercises serve as a control intervention and are non-specific with respect of cancer-related fatigue and breast cancer. They mimic those of ERYT but have no mindfulness features. Patients are instructed by physical therapists in session with 1 to 4 patients.
- Change from baseline in fatigue over the whole intervention [ Time Frame: End of the intervention (week 20) ]Fatigue is measured using the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F). FACIT-F consists of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - General (FACT-G) plus the fatigue subscale comprising 13 fatigue-related items, with a total of 41 items. The fatigue subscale score is ranging from 8 to 44. A score < 34 is considered as cut-off for a diagnosis of relevant fatigue.
- Change from baseline in quality of life over the whole intervention [ Time Frame: End of the intervention (week 20) ]Quality of life is measured using the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F). FACIT-F consists of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - General (FACT-G) plus the fatigue subscale comprising 13 fatigue-related items, with a total of 41 items. The FACT-G subscale score ranges from 0 to 108. The higher the FACT-G subscale score the better the quality of life.
- Change from baseline in patient's distress over the whole intervention [ Time Frame: End of the intervention (week 20) ]Patient's distress is measured using the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Distress thermometer. The NCCN Distress thermometer ranges from 0 to 10, with 10 indicating an extreme distress and 0 indicating no distress.
- Change from baseline in sleep quality over the whole intervention [ Time Frame: End of the intervention (week 20) ]Sleep quality is measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The PSQI total score of the 9 items ranges from 0 to 21. A score < or = 5 is associated with good sleep quality; a score > 5 is associated with poor sleep quality.
- Change from baseline in pain over the whole intervention [ Time Frame: End of the intervention (week 20) ]Pain is measured using the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI). The BPI assesses pain at its "worst", "least", "average", and "now" (current pain). The four severity items range from 0 ("no pain") to 10 ("pain as bad as you can imagine").
- Change from baseline in depression over the whole intervention [ Time Frame: End of the intervention (week 20) ]Depression is assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). The PHQ-9 total score for the nine items ranges from 0 to 27. Scores of 5, 10, 15, and 20 represent cutpoints for mild, moderate, moderately severe, and severe depression, respectively.
- Change from baseline in anxiety over the whole intervention [ Time Frame: End of the intervention (week 20) ]Anxiety disorders are assessed using the General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7). The GAD-7 total score for the seven items ranges from 0 to 21. Scores of 5, 10, and 15 represent cutpoints for mild, moderate, and severe anxiety, respectively.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04024267
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|Study Chair:||Ursula Wolf, Professor||Institute for complementary and integrative medicine|