Impact of Exposure to Images of the Idealised Physique on Body Satisfaction, Dieting Intentions and Mood in Men.
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03991351|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 11, 2020
Every day, people are exposed to huge amounts of media. Research has explored the impact of viewing traditional media and advertising (such as television and magazines) on how a person thinks and feels about their body (body satisfaction). However, less is known about the impact of exposure to social media on body satisfaction. It is important to consider this now, given the rise in social media use.
The rise in social media use has made it easier for people to share images of an 'ideal' body, which for men is high muscularity and low body fat. Alongside this rise in the ideal body being shared on social media, there is a rise in male eating disorders. Research has already demonstrated that showing images of the 'ideal' body decreases body satisfaction. However, there has been little research in men and this research uses media from magazines.
The present study will update research by using images taken from Instagram and by recruiting male participants. Participants will be asked to take part in an online survey (shared on social media) which measures initial mood, body satisfaction, self-esteem and diet and exercise intentions. It will then show participants images of men with different physiques (either muscular, overweight, slender or control images of landscapes). The measures will then be repeated to see if viewing the images had any impact
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Body Image||Other: Exposure to images|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||214 participants|
|Official Title:||Investigation Into the Impact of Exposure to Images of the Idealised Physique on Body Satisfaction, Dieting Intentions and Mood in Men.|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 28, 2019|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 20, 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 31, 2020|
Men aged 18-34
Participants will be males aged 18-34. Each individual will be exposed to images of men with either a muscular, skinny or overweight physique or the control images of landscapes.
Other: Exposure to images
Exposure to images
- State Body Satisfaction [ Time Frame: Through study completion. Participants are asked to rate their current body satisfaction before they view the images (after approx 5 minutes) and are asked the same questions again immediately after they view the images (after approx 10-15 minutes) ]Visual Analogue Scale of body satisfaction. Each item is scored by participants between 0-100 (0 = not at all satisfied, 100 = very satisfied).
- Diet and Exercise Intentions [ Time Frame: Participants are asked to rate their intentions to change their diet and exercise (over the next 2-3 days) before they view the images and again immediately after they view the images. ]Measures participants intentions to change their diet and exercise type/frequency. Measured using a 7 point likert scale where 1 = strongly disagree and 7 = strongly agree.
- Mood [ Time Frame: Through study completion. Participants are asked to rate their current mood before they view the images (after approx 5 minutes) and are asked the same questions again immediately after they view the images (after approx 10-15 minutes). ]Individual Visual Analogue Scales for anxiety, depression, confidence, anger and happiness. Each item is scored by participants between 0-100 (0= not at all anxious, depressed, angry, happy, confident and 100 = very anxious, depressed, angry, confident, happy).
- State Self-esteem scale (appearance subscale) [ Time Frame: Through study completion. Participants are asked to rate how they feel in response to the questions before they view the images (after approx 5 minutes) and are asked the same questions immediately after they view the images (after approx 10-15 minutes). ]Measure of self-esteem using a 5 point likert scale ranging from 1-5 (1=not at all true, 5=extremely true)
- State Appearance Comparison [ Time Frame: Through study completion. Participants are asked to rate this measure immediately after they have viewed the images (after approx 15 minutes). ]Measure of comparison of own body to images viewed in the questionnaire. Measured using a 7 point likert scale (1=no thought about my appearance when viewing the images, 7 = a lot of thought about my appearance when viewing the images).
- Trait body satisfaction [ Time Frame: Participants rate the questions in this measure once at baseline after approx 5 minutes (before the images are presented to them) ]Measure of trait (baseline) body satisfaction. Measured on a 6 point likert scale (1=never, 6=always).
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03991351
|Leeds, United Kingdom|