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Impact of Exposure to Images of the Idealised Physique on Body Satisfaction, Dieting Intentions and Mood in Men.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03991351
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 11, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr Graham Finlayson, University of Leeds

Brief Summary:

Every day, people are exposed to huge amounts of media. Research has explored the impact of viewing traditional media and advertising (such as television and magazines) on how a person thinks and feels about their body (body satisfaction). However, less is known about the impact of exposure to social media on body satisfaction. It is important to consider this now, given the rise in social media use.

The rise in social media use has made it easier for people to share images of an 'ideal' body, which for men is high muscularity and low body fat. Alongside this rise in the ideal body being shared on social media, there is a rise in male eating disorders. Research has already demonstrated that showing images of the 'ideal' body decreases body satisfaction. However, there has been little research in men and this research uses media from magazines.

The present study will update research by using images taken from Instagram and by recruiting male participants. Participants will be asked to take part in an online survey (shared on social media) which measures initial mood, body satisfaction, self-esteem and diet and exercise intentions. It will then show participants images of men with different physiques (either muscular, overweight, slender or control images of landscapes). The measures will then be repeated to see if viewing the images had any impact


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Body Image Other: Exposure to images

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 214 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Investigation Into the Impact of Exposure to Images of the Idealised Physique on Body Satisfaction, Dieting Intentions and Mood in Men.
Actual Study Start Date : March 28, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 20, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 31, 2020

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Men aged 18-34
Participants will be males aged 18-34. Each individual will be exposed to images of men with either a muscular, skinny or overweight physique or the control images of landscapes.
Other: Exposure to images
Exposure to images




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. State Body Satisfaction [ Time Frame: Through study completion. Participants are asked to rate their current body satisfaction before they view the images (after approx 5 minutes) and are asked the same questions again immediately after they view the images (after approx 10-15 minutes) ]
    Visual Analogue Scale of body satisfaction. Each item is scored by participants between 0-100 (0 = not at all satisfied, 100 = very satisfied).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Diet and Exercise Intentions [ Time Frame: Participants are asked to rate their intentions to change their diet and exercise (over the next 2-3 days) before they view the images and again immediately after they view the images. ]
    Measures participants intentions to change their diet and exercise type/frequency. Measured using a 7 point likert scale where 1 = strongly disagree and 7 = strongly agree.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Mood [ Time Frame: Through study completion. Participants are asked to rate their current mood before they view the images (after approx 5 minutes) and are asked the same questions again immediately after they view the images (after approx 10-15 minutes). ]
    Individual Visual Analogue Scales for anxiety, depression, confidence, anger and happiness. Each item is scored by participants between 0-100 (0= not at all anxious, depressed, angry, happy, confident and 100 = very anxious, depressed, angry, confident, happy).

  2. State Self-esteem scale (appearance subscale) [ Time Frame: Through study completion. Participants are asked to rate how they feel in response to the questions before they view the images (after approx 5 minutes) and are asked the same questions immediately after they view the images (after approx 10-15 minutes). ]
    Measure of self-esteem using a 5 point likert scale ranging from 1-5 (1=not at all true, 5=extremely true)

  3. State Appearance Comparison [ Time Frame: Through study completion. Participants are asked to rate this measure immediately after they have viewed the images (after approx 15 minutes). ]
    Measure of comparison of own body to images viewed in the questionnaire. Measured using a 7 point likert scale (1=no thought about my appearance when viewing the images, 7 = a lot of thought about my appearance when viewing the images).

  4. Trait body satisfaction [ Time Frame: Participants rate the questions in this measure once at baseline after approx 5 minutes (before the images are presented to them) ]
    Measure of trait (baseline) body satisfaction. Measured on a 6 point likert scale (1=never, 6=always).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 34 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Any men aged 18-34 will be recruited. Students from the University of Leeds will make up a large proportion of the sample.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Any men aged 18-34

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Females, current or historical diagnosis of eating disorders, anyone who falls outside of age limit

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03991351


Locations
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United Kingdom
Online
Leeds, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Leeds

Publications:

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Responsible Party: Dr Graham Finlayson, Professor, University of Leeds
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03991351    
Other Study ID Numbers: PSC-670
First Posted: June 19, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 11, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Data will not be made publicly available. Data may be made available for relevant future research upon reasonable request to the research supervisor.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Dr Graham Finlayson, University of Leeds:
Body Image
Mood, anxiety, depression
Self-esteem
Body Dysmorphia
Men
Deit
Exercise