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High-flow Oxygen for Vaso-occlusive Pain Crisis (OSONE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03976180
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 5, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 19, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Fisher and Paykel Healthcare
Orkyn'
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Brief Summary:

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is characterized by recurrent vaso-occlusive pain crisis (VOC), which may evolve to acute chest syndrome (ACS), the most common cause of death among adult patients with SCD. Currently, there is no safe and effective treatment to abort VOC or prevent secondary ACS. Management of VOC mostly involve a symptomatic approach including hydration, analgesics, transfusion, and incentive spirometry, which was investigated in a very limited number of patients (<30).

The polymerisation of HbS is one major feature in the pathogenesis of vaso-occlusion. Among factors determining the rate and extent of HbS polymer formation, the hypoxic stimulus is one of the most potent and readily alterable. Current guidelines recommend oxygen therapy in patients with VOC in order to maintain a target oxygen saturation of 95%. Low-flow nasal oxygen (LFNO) is routinely used to achieve this normoxia approach, particularly in patients at risk of secondary ACS because they may experience acute desaturation. In contrast, various case series suggest a potential beneficial role of intensified oxygen therapy targeting hyperoxia for the management of VOC, particularly with the use of hyperbaric oxygen, but the latter is difficult to implement in routine clinical practice.

A recent high-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) technology allows the delivery of humidified gas at high fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) through nasal cannula. The FiO2 can be adjusted up to 100% (allowing hyperoxia that may reverse sickling) and the flow can be increased up to 60 L/min (which generates positive airway pressure and dead space flushing, that may prevent evolution of VOC towards ACS by alleviating atelectasis and opioid-induced hypercapnia). In patients with acute respiratory failure, HFNO has been shown to improve patient's comfort, oxygenation, and survival as compared to standard oxygen or non-invasive ventilation.

The aim of the present study is to test the efficacy and safety of HFNO for the management of VOC and prevention of secondary ACS. The investigators will use a multi-arm multi-stage (MAMS) design to achieve these goals. HFNO will be delivered through AIRVO 2 (Fisher and Paykel Healthcare, New Zealand), a device that incorporates a turbine allowing its use in hospital wards.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sickle Cell Disease Device: Stadard low-flow oxygen Device: HFNO with low FiO2 (21%-30%) Device: HFNO with intermediate FiO2 (50%) Device: HFNO with high FiO2 (100%) Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 350 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

This is a comparative randomized controlled superiority open-label multi-arm multi-stage (MAMS) trial. The study will use a multi-arm multi-stage (MAMS) trial design with three stages and four arms (one control arm and three intervention arms).

  • "Pilot" stage: a formal safety/feasibility testing. Research arms will only continue to recruitment in the next stage if they have been shown to be both safe and feasible, although patient data from all patients and all stages will be included in the final analyses.
  • "Activity" stage: an interim comparison of activity using the rate of VOC resolution without complication at day-5 as primary endpoint. At the end of this stage, an interim analysis will be used in order to select the most promising experimental treatment and compare it to control in the subsequent stage ("pick the winner" strategy).
  • "Efficacy" stage: final comparison with secondary ACS at day-14 as the primary endpoint.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Multicentre, Prospective, Randomized, Multi-arm, Multi-stage Clinical Trial of High-flow Oxygen for Vaso-occlusive Pain Crisis in Adult Patients With Sickle Cell Disease;
Estimated Study Start Date : February 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 14, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 29, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Oxygen Therapy

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: standard low-flow oxygen
In the control group, standard low-flow oxygen will be delivered via nasal prongs (LFNO), up to hospital discharge or secondary ACS onset, in order to achieve normoxia (target pulse oxymetry saturation of 95%). This strategy is in accordance with current recommendations and usual care;
Device: Stadard low-flow oxygen
In the control group, standard low-flow oxygen will be delivered via nasal prongs (LFNO), up to hospital discharge or secondary ACS onset, in order to achieve normoxia (target pulse oxymetry saturation of 95%). This strategy is in accordance with current recommendations and usual care
Other Name: Control group

Experimental: HFNO with low FiO2 (21%-30%)
HFNO with low FiO2 (21%-30%) targeting normoxia: to test the effect of improved pulmonary function;
Device: HFNO with low FiO2 (21%-30%)
HFNO with low FiO2 (21%-30%) targeting normoxia: to test the effect of improved pulmonary function
Other Name: Intervention group

Experimental: HFNO with intermediate FiO2 (50%)
HFNO with intermediate FiO2 (50%): to test the combined effect of improved pulmonary function and moderate hyperoxia; in this group, FiO2 will be set at 50% during the first 24 hours of intervention to target moderate hyperoxia, then reduced to 21-30% during the following 48 hours to target normoxia
Device: HFNO with intermediate FiO2 (50%)
In this group, FiO2 will be set at 50% during the first 24 hours of intervention to target moderate hyperoxia, then reduced to 21-3025% during the following 48 hours to target normoxia
Other Name: Intervention group

Experimental: HFNO with high FiO2 (100%)
HFNO with high FiO2 (100%): to test the combined effect of improved pulmonary function and intense hyperoxia; in this group, FiO2 will be set at 100% during the first 24 hours of intervention to target intense hyperoxia, then reduced to 21-30% during the following 48 hours to target normoxia
Device: HFNO with high FiO2 (100%)
In this group, FiO2 will be set at 100% during the first 24 hours of intervention to target intense hyperoxia, then reduced to 21-3025% during the following 48 hours to target normoxia
Other Name: Intervention group




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of cardiac and neurologic related events (Pilot Stage) [ Time Frame: At the end end of the "pilot stage" and up to 28 days ]
    This endpoint will be assessed at the end of the "pilot stage" and throughout the entire study for cumulative safety information. Research arms will only continue to recruitment in the next stage if they have been shown to be both safe (<5 cardiac or neurologic related events, in the arm during the pilot phase as defined by one of the following: acute coronary syndrome, acute ischemic stroke, or seizure) and feasible (<8 definitive discontinuations before day-2 due to patient's intolerance), although patient data from all patients and all stages will be included in the final analyses.

  2. Rate of vaso-occlusive pain crisis (VOC) resolution without complication (Activity stage) [ Time Frame: Day 5 ]
    VOC will be considered terminated when at least 3 of the following 4 criteria are met at two consecutive assessments: i) absence of fever for 8 hours; ii) absence of pain progression and no requirement of intravenous infusion of opioid analgesics for the last 8 hours; iii) the patient is able to walk or move without pain; iv) absence of spontaneous pain with a CPS (categorical pain score) of 1 or less

  3. Rate of secondary acute chest syndrome (ACS)(Efficacy Stage) [ Time Frame: Day 14 ]
    Defined as the proportion of patients with secondary ACS during the 14 days following randomization. Secondary ACS is defined as the combination after randomization of a clinical sign [chest pain or auscultatory abnormality (crepitants and/or bronchial breathing)] with a new pulmonary infiltrate (on chest film, thoracic scan, or lung ultrasound).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Volume of transfused red blood cells and volume of exsanguinated blood [ Time Frame: Between day-1 (randomization) and day-14 ]
  2. Pain intensity evaluated by categorical pain score [ Time Frame: Between day-1 (randomization) and day-14 ]
    Pain intensity evaluated with categorical pain score (CPS). Patients will grade their pain (range 0-3 points, with 0, no pain; 1, mild pain, unaffected by mobilization; 2, moderate pain, increased by mobilization; 3, severe pain with disability) in seven body sites (all four limbs, ribs and sternum, head, and spine and pelvis)

  3. Pain intensity evaluated by visual analogue scale [ Time Frame: Between day-1 (randomization) and day-14 ]
    Pain intensity evaluated with the visual analogue pain scale (VAS) .It is presented as a 10 cm horizontal line on which the patient's pain intensity is represented by a point between the extremes of "no pain at all" and "worst pain imaginable."

  4. VOC duration [ Time Frame: Day-14 ]
  5. VOC-free days [ Time Frame: Day-14 ]
  6. Reticulocyte count [ Time Frame: Day-2 and Day-5 ]
  7. Arterial blood gas [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
    Arterial blood gas assessed at least once during the first 24 hours of treatment (if available)

  8. Cumulative doses of intravenous and subcutaneous opioids [ Time Frame: Between day-1 (randomization) and day-14 ]
  9. Number of complicated VOC [ Time Frame: Day-14 ]
    A complicated VOC is defined as the occurrence of at least one of the following events between randomization and day-14: transfusion, exchange transfusion, mechanical ventilation, shock (catecholamine infusion), intensive care admission or death.

  10. Duration of hospital stay [ Time Frame: Day-28 ]
    Defined as the time from randomization to hospital discharge; patients still hospitalized at day-28 will be attributed a hospital stay of 28 days)

  11. Number of re-hospitalizations or emergency department consultations for VOC or ACS [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
  12. Number of death (Mortality) [ Time Frame: Day-28 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 years;
  • Patient with major sickle cell disease syndrome (SS, SC, Sβ0 or Sβ+);
  • VOC as defined by acute pain or tenderness, affecting at least one part of the body, including limbs, ribs, sternum, head (skull), spine, and/or pelvis, that requires opioids and is not attributable to other causes;
  • Intermediate-to-high risk for secondary ACS derived from the PRESEV score (Bartolucci et al, EBioMedicine 2016) as follows: a reticulocyte count >216 G/L OR at least two of the followings : i) spine and/or pelvis CPS >1; ii) leucocyte count >11G/L; iii) hemoglobin ≤ 9 g/dL;
  • Informed consent;
  • Patient affiliated to social security

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The presence at inclusion of a primary ACS. Primary ACS is defined by the combination at time of inclusion of a clinical sign [chest pain or auscultatory abnormality (crepitants and/or bronchial breathing)] with a new pulmonary infiltrate (on chest film, thoracic scan, or lung ultrasound);
  • VOC lasting longer than 72 hours at time of inclusion;
  • Known pregnancy or current lactation; Women of child bearing potential will be tested for pregnancy before inclusion;
  • Chronic transfusion program;
  • Known cerebral vasculopathy or past medical history of stroke;
  • Known ischemic heart disease or typical chest angina;
  • Patient who is currently enrolled in other investigational drug study;
  • Previous participation in this study.
  • Known legal incapacity,
  • Prisoners or subjects who are involuntarily incarcerated
  • Anatomical factors precluding placement of a nasal cannula

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03976180


Contacts
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Contact: Armand Mekontso, MD, PhD +33 (1) 49 81 23 94 armand.dessap@aphp.fr

Sponsors and Collaborators
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Fisher and Paykel Healthcare
Orkyn'
Investigators
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Study Chair: Armand Mekontso Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

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Responsible Party: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03976180    
Other Study ID Numbers: P180303J
First Posted: June 5, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 19, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: DATAS ARE OWN BY ASSISTANCE PUBLIQUE - HOPITAUX DE PARIS, PLEASE CONTACT SPONSOR FOR FURTHER INFORMATION

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris:
Sickle Cell Disease
vaso-occlusive pain crisis
HFNO
ACS
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anemia, Sickle Cell
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Hemoglobinopathies
Genetic Diseases, Inborn