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Losartan + Sunitinib in Treatment of Osteosarcoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03900793
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 3, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 24, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Colorado, Denver

Brief Summary:
This study is a Phase 1/1b clinical trial that aims to determine the Maximally Tolerated Dose of Losartan and Sunitinib Combination Therapy. Patients will first be accrued to the Dose Escalation phase of the study, using a 3+3 design. Medication dosages will increase until a maximally tolerated dose is found. Patients will then be accrued to the Dose Expansion phase of the trial, where efficacy of pre-determined dose will be preliminarily assessed.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteosarcoma Drug: Losartan Drug: Sunitinib Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 41 participants
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Dose escalation for Phase 1 with dose levels described in Arms and interventions.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/Ib Study of Losartan in Combination With Sunitinib in the Treatment of Pediatric and Adult Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Osteosarcoma
Actual Study Start Date : August 22, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dose Escalation and Expansion

Part 1: This is a study escalating doses (Dose level 1-3) of losartan on a continuous daily dosing schedule and sunitinib (escalating on dose level 4) on a daily dosing with 4 weeks on, 2 weeks off. A cycle of therapy is 6 weeks (42 days).Dosing will be performed based on body surface area (BSA). This portion of the study uses a 3+3 design (i.e. cohort sizes of 3 patients for the first and second cohort at each dose level).

Part 2: Once the Maximally Tolerated Dose (MTD) has been determined, 12 patients will enroll to the expansion cohort. These patients will receive the MTD as long as less then 33% of patients experience dose-limiting toxicities.

Drug: Losartan
Losartan will be administered orally daily on days 1-42 (6 weeks) with dose level assignments per Table 1 of the protocol. Dosing will be performed based on weight in kilograms and rounded to the nearest 12.5 mg (half of 25 mg tablet). Dose level 1 dosing will not exceed 50 mg daily and dose levels 2 and 3 dosing will not exceed 100 mg daily. Doses should be taken at approximately the same time daily and patients should fast for > 4 hours prior to dosing

Drug: Sunitinib
Sunitinib will be administered orally daily on days 1-28 (4 weeks), followed by 14-day rest period (2 weeks). Dosing will be performed based on body surface area (BSA) in mg/m2 per Table 1 of the protocol. Doses should be taken at approximately the same time daily.
Other Name: Sunitinib Malate




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of Dose-Limiting Toxicities of Losartan and Sunitinib Combination [ Time Frame: Beginning of study to end of study, up to 4 years ]
    Assessment of Dose-Limiting Toxicities (DLTs) according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5 to assess the safety of the combination

  2. Maximally Tolerated Dose of Losartan and Sunitinib [ Time Frame: Beginning of study to end of study, up to 4 years ]
    The MTD will be defined as the dose level below that at which 1/3 or 2/6 patients experience DLTs.

  3. Recommended Phase 2 Dose of Losartan and Sunitinib [ Time Frame: Beginning of study to end of study, up to 4 years ]
    The dose that less that 33% of patients experience DLTs.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetics of Losartan and Sunitinib in Pediatric and Adult Patients: Maximum Peak Concentration [ Time Frame: Days 1, 15, and 29 of Cycle 1 (Cycle length is 42 days) ]
    Determined through blood samples

  2. Pharmacokinetics of Losartan and Sunitinib in Pediatric and Adult Patients: Time to Peak Concentration [ Time Frame: Days 1, 15, and 29 of Cycle 1 (Cycle length is 42 days) ]
    Determined through blood samples

  3. Pharmacodynamics of Losartan and Sunitinib in Pediatric and Adult Patients: CCL2-Mediated Chemotactic Index [ Time Frame: Beginning of study to end of treatment, up to 2 years (up to 17 cycles and cycle length is 42 days) ]
    Determined through a monocyte mitigation assay and reported as a change in chemotactic index from baseline

  4. Pharmacodynamics of Losartan and Sunitinib in Pediatric and Adult Patients: Plasma CCL2 Levels [ Time Frame: Beginning of study to end of treatment, up to 2 years (up to 17 cycles and cycle length is 42 days) ]
    Assessed by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).

  5. Pharmacodynamics of Losartan and Sunitinib in Pediatric and Adult Patients: CCR2+ Monocyte Population [ Time Frame: Beginning of study to end of treatment, up to 2 years (up to 17 cycles and cycle length is 42 days) ]
    Assessed by Flow Cytometry

  6. Preliminary Antitumor Activity of Losartan and Sunitinib in Pediatric and Adult Patients: Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: Beginning of study, end of cycle 1 (each cycle is 6 weeks), and at the end of odd cycles (up to 17 cycles) ]
    Stable disease determined according to RECIST 1.1 criteria

  7. Preliminary Antitumor Activity of Losartan and Sunitinib in Pediatric and Adult Patients: Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: Beginning of study, end of cycle 1 (each cycle is 6 weeks), and at the end of odd cycles (up to 17 cycles) ]
    Partial response determined according to RECIST 1.1 criteria

  8. Preliminary Antitumor Activity of Losartan and Sunitinib in Pediatric and Adult Patients: Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: Beginning of study, end of cycle 1 (each cycle is 6 weeks), and at the end of odd cycles (up to 17 cycles) ]
    Complete response determined according to RECIST 1.1 criteria

  9. Preliminary: Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Beginning of study, end of cycle 1 (each cycle is 6 weeks), and at the end of odd cycles (up to 17 cycles) ]
    Determined according to irRECIST criteria.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 40 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Provision to sign and date the consent form (if individual is a minor, provision of a parent or legal guardian to sign and date the consent form and provision of individual to provide assent for study).
  2. Stated willingness to comply with all study procedures and be available for the duration of the study.
  3. Male or female aged 10-40 years old.
  4. Histologically confirmed osteosarcoma (at either original diagnosis or relapse) that has either recurred or progressed after at least one prior systemic therapy and for which no curative therapy exists.

    • Patients with surface or periosteal osteosarcoma are not eligible.
    • Patients with active CNS metastasis are not eligible. Previously treated CNS metastases which occurred 3 months or more prior, without evidence of active recurrence, are acceptable.
  5. Disease status

    • Dose Escalation (Part A): Patients must have measurable or evaluable disease.
    • Cohort Expansion (Part B): Patients with measurable or evaluable disease and those with completely resected disease are eligible.
  6. Performance status:

    • ECOG performance status (>18 years old) ≤ 2 or Karnofsky performance score (<18 years old) > 50.

  7. Prior Therapy:

    • Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anti-cancer directed therapy prior to enrollment. If after the required timeframe, the numerical eligibility criteria are met (e.g., blood count criteria) the patient is considered to have recovered adequately.

      • Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anti-cancer agents known to be myelosuppressive. At least 21 days after the last dose of cytotoxic or myelosuppressive chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea).
      • Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with reduced platelet or ANC counts): ≥ 7 days after the last dose of agent.
      • Antibodies: ≥ 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to Grade ≤ 1.
      • Corticosteroids: ≥ 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid.
      • Hematopoietic growth factors: ≥ 14 days after the last dose of a long- acting growth factor (e.g., pegfilgrastim) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor.
      • Interleukins, Interferons and Cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): ≥ 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than Hematopoietic Growth Factors).
      • Stem cell Infusions: Autologous stem cell infusion, including boost infusion: ≥ 42 days.
      • Cellular Therapy: ≥ 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g., modified T cells, NK cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
      • XRT/External Beam Irradiation including protons: ≥ 14 days after local XRT; ≥ 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to ≥ 50% of the pelvis; ≥ 42 days if other substantial bone marrow radiation.
    • NOTE: Patients with history of cardiac irradiation with mean cardiac dose > 15 Gy are not eligible (see exclusion criteria).
  8. Adequate bone marrow function, defined as:

    • Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 750/mm3
    • Platelet count ≥ 75,000/mm3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment).
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL (with or without transfusion)
  9. Adequate renal function, defined as:

    • Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR > 70 mL/min/1.73 m2 OR a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:

    Age 2 to <6: Male=0.8, Female=0.8; Age 6 to <10: Male=1, Female=1; Age 10 to <13: Male=1.2, Female=1.2; Age 13 to <16: Male=1.5, Female=1.4; Age >/= to 16: Male=1.7, Female=1.4

  10. Adequate hepatic function, defined as:

    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
    • SGPT (ALT) ≤ 135 U/L. For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L.
    • Serum albumin ≥ 2.8 g/dL
  11. Adequate cardiac function, defined as:

    • Current cardiac ejection fraction ≥ 50% by biplane Simpson method on echocardiogram
    • QTc ≤ 480 ms
  12. Patients with preexisting hyper- or hypothyroidism must be on a stable dose of medication.
  13. Ability to take and retain oral medications. NOTE: Medication can be administered via nasogastric or gastrostomy tube.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who underwent major surgery within 14 days prior to start of treatment are not eligible. NOTE: Core biopsy or central line placement are considered minor and are allowed within any time limitations.
  2. Patients with uncontrolled coagulopathy or bleeding disorder, or any active bleeding (i.e. gastrointestinal or pulmonary) deemed to be clinically significant by investigator are not eligible.
  3. Patients with history of pulmonary embolism or significant thromboembolic event with the preceding 28 days. Patients with thromboembolic events > 28 days before enrollment who are stable on or completed an anticoagulation course are eligible.
  4. Patients with history of cardiac irradiation with mean cardiac dose > 15 Gy are not eligible.
  5. Patients with symptomatic cardiac disease (i.e. New York Heart Association or Modified Ross Heart Failure Classification for Children > class 2) are not eligible.
  6. Patients with any history of cardiac dysfunction including prior abnormal echocardiogram (ejection fraction < 50%), severe or unstable angina, peripheral vascular disease, congenital prolonged QTc syndrome, clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias, stroke, or myocardial infarction are not eligible.
  7. Pregnancy

    • Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study because there is not yet available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities. Pregnancy tests must be obtained in females who are post-menarchal.
    • Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to practice 1 highly effective and 1 additional effective (barrier) method of contraception at the same time during the entire study treatment period and through 3 months after the last dose of study drug, or agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Patients who themselves or their partners have undergone female or male sterilization do not require 2 methods of contraception. Highly effective methods are defined as those with <1% failure rate with perfect use and include: oral contraceptive pills (combined or progesterone only), intrauterine devices (IUD), hormonal implant or injection, contraceptive patch, and vaginal ring.
  8. Concomitant medications:

    • Anti-hypertensives: Patients requiring more than one antihypertensive medication to control blood pressure, or have baseline blood pressure > 95th percentile for age are not eligible (see Appendix VIII).
    • Corticosteroids: Patients receiving systemic corticosteroids are not eligible. > 14 days must have elapsed since last systemic corticosteroid. Note: patients using topical or inhaled corticosteroids are eligible.
    • Investigational Drugs: Patients currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible.
    • Anti-cancer agents: Patients currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible.
    • Drug interactions: Patients who require treatment with medications that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4 or inhibitors of CYP2A9 or have received these medications in the 7 days prior to enrollment, are not eligible. Patients who require treatment with enzyme inducing anticonvulsants are not eligible (see Appendix III).
    • Medications that prolong QTc: Patients who require treatment with medications known to prolong QTc are not eligible

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03900793


Contacts
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Contact: Carrye Cost, MD 720-777-6775 carrye.cost@childrenscolorado.org

Locations
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United States, Colorado
Children's Hospital Colorado Recruiting
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
Contact: Carrye Cost, MD         
Principal Investigator: Carrye Cost, MD         
United States, Georgia
Children's Hospital of Atlanta Not yet recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Contact: Kate Glasscox    404-785-7742    AflacDevTreferral@choa.org   
Principal Investigator: Thomas Cash, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Colorado, Denver
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Carrye Cost, MD Children's Hospital Colorado

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Responsible Party: University of Colorado, Denver
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03900793     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 18-2740.cc
P30CA046934 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 3, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 24, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Colorado, Denver:
Pediatrics
Adults
Phase 1
Losartan
Sunitinib
Maximum Tolerated Dose
Recommended Phase 2 Dose
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteosarcoma
Neoplasms, Bone Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Sarcoma
Sunitinib
Losartan
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Antihypertensive Agents
Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists