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A Clinical Trial of the Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Hematologic Effects of Imatinib on Myelopoiesis in Adults When Given With and Without Isoniazid and Rifabutin (IMPACT-TB)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03891901
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 27, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 7, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics, and effects of imatinib on myelopoiesis in adults when given with and without isoniazid and rifabutin. The results of this trial will determine the imatinib dose to be studied in a subsequent Phase IIB treatment trial of imatinib as an adjunctive therapy with an antimicrobial regimen (rifabutin, PZA, INH and ethambutol) for drug-sensitive TB.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Tuberculosis Drug: Imatinib Drug: Isoniazid Drug: Rifabutin Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This study will evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics, and effects of imatinib on myelopoiesis in adults when given with and without isoniazid and rifabutin.

Participants will be enrolled into one of two cohorts. In Cohort 1, participants will be enrolled in a dose-escalating fashion to receive one of four doses of imatinib alone for 14 days, followed by imatinib in combination with rifabutin and isoniazid for another 14 days.

In Cohort 2, participants will receive rifabutin and isoniazid for 14 days, followed by 14 days of rifabutin and isoniazid in combination with one of the two selected doses of imatinib. The exact doses of imatinib administered in Cohort 2 will be determined after analyzing data from Cohort 1.

Total study duration for participants will be 50 days, during which time participants will attend several study visits. Study visits may include a physical exam, electrocardiogram, blood and urine collection, and pharmacokinetic assessments.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 72 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: IMPACT-TB (Imatinib Mesylate Per Oral as a Clinical Therapeutic for TB): A Phase II Clinical Trial of the Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Hematologic Effects of Imatinib on Myelopoiesis in Adults When Given With and Without Isoniazid and Rifabutin
Estimated Study Start Date : June 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 15, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 28, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1a: Imatinib (50 mg) + Rifabutin + Isoniazid
Participants will receive 50 mg imatinib for 14 days, followed by 14 days of imatinib together with rifabutin and isoniazid.
Drug: Imatinib
Tablets, administered orally

Drug: Isoniazid
300 mg tablets, administered orally

Drug: Rifabutin
300 mg capsules, administered orally

Experimental: Cohort 1b: Imatinib (100 mg) + Rifabutin + Isoniazid
Participants will receive 100 mg imatinib for 14 days, followed by 14 days of imatinib together with rifabutin and isoniazid.
Drug: Imatinib
Tablets, administered orally

Drug: Isoniazid
300 mg tablets, administered orally

Drug: Rifabutin
300 mg capsules, administered orally

Experimental: Cohort 1c: Imatinib (200 mg) + Rifabutin + Isoniazid
Participants will receive 200 mg imatinib for 14 days, followed by 14 days of imatinib together with rifabutin and isoniazid.
Drug: Imatinib
Tablets, administered orally

Drug: Isoniazid
300 mg tablets, administered orally

Drug: Rifabutin
300 mg capsules, administered orally

Experimental: Cohort 1d: Imatinib (400 mg) + Rifabutin + Isoniazid
Participants will receive 400 mg imatinib for 14 days, followed by 14 days of imatinib together with rifabutin and isoniazid.
Drug: Imatinib
Tablets, administered orally

Drug: Isoniazid
300 mg tablets, administered orally

Drug: Rifabutin
300 mg capsules, administered orally

Experimental: Cohort 2a: Imatinib + Rifabutin + Isoniazid
Participants will receive isoniazid and rifabutin for 14 days, followed by 14 days of combination isoniazid, rifabutin, and imatinib. Imatinib dose will be determined after analyzing data from Cohort 1.
Drug: Imatinib
Tablets, administered orally

Drug: Isoniazid
300 mg tablets, administered orally

Drug: Rifabutin
300 mg capsules, administered orally

Experimental: Cohort 2b: Imatinib + Rifabutin + Isoniazid
Participants will receive isoniazid and rifabutin for 14 days, followed by 14 days of combination isoniazid, rifabutin, and imatinib. Imatinib dose will be determined after analyzing data from Cohort 1.
Drug: Imatinib
Tablets, administered orally

Drug: Isoniazid
300 mg tablets, administered orally

Drug: Rifabutin
300 mg capsules, administered orally




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in the number of myelomonocytic cells in the blood between baseline and Day 14 of imatinib (imatinib alone) [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 14 (Cohort 1) ]
    Based on laboratory evaluations

  2. Change in the number of myelomonocytic cells in the blood between Day 14 and Day 28 of imatinib (imatinib given to participants already taking isoniazid and rifabutin) [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 28 (Cohort 2) ]
    Based on laboratory evaluations

  3. Frequency of grade 3 or 4 adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 50 ]
    Graded using the FDA Guidance Document, "Toxicity Grading Scale for Healthy Adult and Adolescent Volunteers Enrolled in Preventive Vaccine Clinical Trials Guidance for Industry," September 2007, or other guidance, as applicable.

  4. Frequency of serious adverse events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 50 ]
    Graded using the FDA Guidance Document, "Toxicity Grading Scale for Healthy Adult and Adolescent Volunteers Enrolled in Preventive Vaccine Clinical Trials Guidance for Industry," September 2007, or other guidance, as applicable.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Difference between the change in the numbers of myelomonocytic cells from baseline to Day 14 in Cohort 1 [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 14 (Cohort 1) ]
    Based on laboratory evaluations

  2. Change in the numbers of myelomonocytic cells from Day 14 to Day 28 in Cohort 2 (to evaluate the effect of TB drugs on imatinib-induced myelopoesis) [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 28 (Cohort 2) ]
    Based on laboratory evaluations

  3. Change in the numbers of myelomonocytic cells from baseline to Day 28 in Cohort 1 [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 28 (Cohort 1) ]
    Based on laboratory evaluations

  4. Change in the numbers of myelomonocytic cells from baseline to Day 28 in Cohort 2 [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 28 (Cohort 2) ]
    Based on laboratory evaluations

  5. Pooled change in both cohorts in the numbers of myelomonocytic cells in the blood between baseline and Day 28 [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 28 ]
    Based on laboratory evaluations

  6. Change in the numbers of myelomonocytic cells during the imatinib-exposed periods [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 28 (Cohort 1) ]
    Based on laboratory evaluations

  7. Change in the numbers of myelomonocytic cells during the imatinib-exposed periods [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 28 (Cohort 2) ]
    Based on laboratory evaluations

  8. Change in the numbers of myelomonocytic cells during the imatinib-exposed periods in the pooled cohorts [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 28 ]
    Based on laboratory evaluations



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult age between 18 years and 55 years
  • Body mass index (BMI) greater than 18.5 kg/m^2
  • At least 8 years formal education, with appropriate reading and comprehension skills
  • Able and willing to provide written informed consent
  • Males must agree to using contraception during the study and for 2 weeks after the last dose of study drug.
  • If a female participant is of reproductive potential, the participant (and her partner) must agree to use of one of the following combinations of birth control during the study and for 2 weeks after the last dose of study drug (or tubal ligation as a single method):

    • Use of a double-barrier method of contraception: condoms (male or female) and a diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide;
    • Use of an intrauterine device (IUD) and a barrier method: condoms (male or female, with or without spermicide) or a diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide;
    • Tubal ligation.
    • Important Note: Due to documented effects of rifabutin on effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives (16-18), these are not included as options here with the exception of an IUD. Women who are post-menopausal, defined as age greater than 45 and no menses for at least 1 year, or who have had a hysterectomy, are considered not of reproductive potential.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current or imminent treatment for significant infection
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • HIV positive status as determined by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved HIV assay
  • Hepatitis B infection, as determined by an FDA-approved hepatitis B surface antigen assay
  • Hepatitis C infection, as determined by an FDA-approved positive Hepatitis C antibody assay
  • Known infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)
  • History of allergy or hypersensitivity to imatinib, isoniazid or rifabutin.
  • History of enrollment in other clinical trials with investigational agents within 8 weeks
  • Cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication, or any clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality
  • Exam consistent with congestive heart failure (e.g., edema)
  • Random blood glucose greater than 140 mg/dL or history of unstable diabetes mellitus requiring hospitalization for hyper or hypoglycemia within the past year prior to start of screening
  • Use of systemic corticosteroids within the past 28 days
  • Any of the following readings from a complete blood count that fall outside the normal ranges as listed here (Emory Medical Lab Reference Ranges, 2019, with some variation for different ethnic groups incorporated in the system):

    • White blood cell count: Female- 4.0-10.0 10E3/mcL, Male- 4.2-9.1 10E3/mcL
    • Hemoglobin: Female-11.4-14.4 gm/dL, Male-12.9-16.1 gm/dL
    • Platelet count: Female-150-400 10E3/mcL, Male-150-400 10E3/mcL
    • Absolute neutrophil count: Female- 0.91-5.53 10E3/mcL, Male- 0.67-6.4110E3/mcL
    • Absolute lymphocyte count: Female- 0.65-3.05 10E3/mcL, Male- 0.72-3.29 10E3/mcL
  • Any of the following chemistry panel and liver function test readings that fall outside the normal ranges as listed here (Emory Medical Lab Reference Ranges, 2019):

    • Serum potassium: Female- 3.5-5.1 mmol/L, Male- 3.5-5.1 mmol/L
    • Alkaline phosphatase (ALP): Female- 34-104unit/L, Male- 34-104unit/L
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT): Female- 7-52 unit/L, Male-7-52 unit/L
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST): Female-13-39 unit/L, Male-13-39 unit/L
    • Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT): Female- 9-64 unit/L, Male- 9-64 unit/L
    • Total Bilirubin: Female- 0.3-1.0 mg/dL, Male- 0.3-1.0 mg/dL
    • Creatinine: Female- 0.60-1.20 mg/dL, Male- 0.7-1.3mg/dL
  • Cirrhosis of the liver, or any known active or chronic liver disease
  • Current or past alcohol or elicit/recreational drug use, which in the expert judgment of the Investigator, will interfere with the participant's ability to comply with the protocol requirements.
  • Any experimental medications for less than 8 weeks prior to screening or anticipated use during the trial
  • Current (within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug) or anticipated use of antimetabolites; alkylating agents; or other drugs or herbal preparations (including St. John's wort), known to affect activity of the CYP3A4 enzyme pathway
  • Consumption of grapefruit, grapefruit juice, or grapefruit-related citrus fruits (e.g., pomelos) within 7 days before assessment for eligibility
  • Unwilling to avoid grapefruit or grapefruit-related citrus fruits/pomelo during the course of the study
  • Unwilling to avoid alcohol for the duration of the study
  • Unwilling to abstain from taking acetaminophen-containing medications during the 28-day study drug dosing period, due to increased risk of liver toxicity
  • History of major medical disorders including metabolic, endocrine, hypothyroid, hepatic, renal, hematologic, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, autoimmune or cardiovascular disorders
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (persistent measurements at or above 150/100)
  • Participants who are, in the opinion of the Investigator, unable to comply with the dosing schedule and protocol evaluations
  • Diarrhea defined as 4 or more stools per day
  • Active involvement (by the participant or the participant's partner) in In Vitro Fertilization or another assisted reproductive technology procedure
  • Emory students currently enrolled in a course taught by the principal investigator (PI) or a Co-Investigator
  • Emory employees currently working under supervision of the PI or a Co-Investigator

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03891901


Locations
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United States, Georgia
Emory University DAIDS TB Non-Network CRS
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30332
Contact: Deborah Omoyege    404-251-0706    Deborah.omoyege@emory.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Edmund K. Waller, MD, PhD, FACP Emory University School of Medicine, Winship Cancer Institute
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03891901    
Other Study ID Numbers: Aim 1
38518 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS-ES Registry Number )
First Posted: March 27, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 7, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Tuberculosis
Mycobacterium Infections
Actinomycetales Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Isoniazid
Rifabutin
Imatinib Mesylate
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Fatty Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Hypolipidemic Agents
Antimetabolites
Lipid Regulating Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular