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Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Enzalutamide Versus Placebo Plus Enzalutamide in Participants With Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) (MK-3475-641/KEYNOTE-641)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03834493
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 8, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 6, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of the combination of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) and enzalutamide in the treatment of men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who have not received chemotherapy for mCRPC, are abiraterone-naïve, or are intolerant to or progressed on abiraterone acetate. There are two primary study hypotheses.

Hypothesis 1: The combination of pembrolizumab plus enzalutamide is superior to placebo plus enzalutamide with respect to Overall Survival (OS).

Hypothesis 2: The combination of pembrolizumab plus enzalutamide is superior to placebo plus enzalutamide with respect to Radiographic Progression-free Survival (rPFS) per Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG)-modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as assessed by blinded independent central review.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostatic Neoplasms Biological: Pembrolizumab Drug: Enzalutamide Drug: Placebo Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-blind Trial of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Enzalutamide Versus Placebo Plus Enzalutamide in Participants With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) (KEYNOTE-641)
Actual Study Start Date : July 28, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 12, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 30, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pembrolizumab + Enzalutamide
Participants receive 200 mg pembrolizumab by intravenous (IV) infusion administered on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle (Q3W) for up to 35 cycles (approximately 2 years) PLUS enzalutamide 160 mg administered orally (PO) once a day (QD) continuously until progression.
Biological: Pembrolizumab
IV infusion
Other Names:
  • KEYTRUDA®
  • MK-3475

Drug: Enzalutamide
Capsules/Tablets
Other Name: XTANDI®

Placebo Comparator: Placebo + Enzalutamide
Participants receive placebo by IV infusion administered on Day 1 Q3W for up to 35 cycles (approximately 2 years) PLUS enzalutamide 160 mg administered PO QD continuously until progression.
Drug: Enzalutamide
Capsules/Tablets
Other Name: XTANDI®

Drug: Placebo
IV infusion
Other Name: Normal saline or dextrose infusion




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    Time from randomization to death due to any cause

  2. Radiographic Progression-free Survival (rPFS) Per Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG)-modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as Assessed by Blinded Independent Central Review [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    Time from randomization to radiographic progression, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to Initiation of the First Subsequent Anti-cancer Therapy or Death (TFST) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    Time from randomization to initiation of the first subsequent anti-cancer therapy or death, whichever occurs first

  2. Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA) Response Rate [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    Percentage of participants in the analysis population who have a negative change (decrease) in PSA level of ≥50% measured twice ≥3 weeks apart

  3. Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA) Undetectable Rate [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    Percentage of participants in the analysis population with PSA <0.2 ng/mL during study treatment

  4. Objective Response Rate (ORR) Per Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG)-modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as Assessed by Blinded Independent Central Review [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    Percentage of participants in the analysis population who have a best overall response of either confirmed Complete Response (CR) or a confirmed Partial Response (PR) per PCWG-modified RECIST 1.1

  5. Duration of Response (DOR) Per Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG)-modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as Assessed by Blinded Independent Central Review [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    Time from first documented evidence of confirmed Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) per PCWG-modified RECIST 1.1 until disease progression or death from any cause, whichever occurs first

  6. Time to Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA) Progression [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    Time from randomization to PSA progression. PSA progression date is defined as the date of 1) ≥25% increase and ≥2 ng/mL above the nadir, confirmed by a second value ≥3 weeks later if there is PSA decline from baseline, or 2) ≥25% increase and ≥2 ng/mL increase from baseline beyond 12 weeks if there is no PSA decline from baseline

  7. Time to Radiographic Soft Tissue Progression Per Soft Tissue Rules of Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG)-modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) as Assessed by Blinded Independent Central Review [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    Time from randomization to radiographic soft tissue progression per PCWG-modified RECIST 1.1

  8. Time to Pain Progression (TTPP) as Assessed by Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF) Item 3 ("Worst Pain in 24 Hours") and Opiate Analgesic Use (Analgesic Quantification Algorithm [AQA] Score) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    Time from randomization to pain progression. In this study, pain progression will be assessed by participant responses to Item 3 of the BPI-SF and participant AQA Scores which are both assessed by participants daily for 7 consecutive days

  9. Time to First Symptomatic Skeletal-related Event (SSRE) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    Time from randomization to the first SSRE. SSRE is defined as radiation to prevent or relieve skeletal symptoms, occurrence of new symptomatic pathological fracture, spinal cord compression, or surgery to bone

  10. Number of Participants Who Experience an Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant, temporally associated with the use of study treatment, whether or not considered related to the study treatment

  11. Number of Participants Who Discontinue Study Treatment Due to an Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 52 months ]
    The number of participants who discontinue study treatment due to an AE will be presented



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Has histologically- or cytologically-confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without small cell histology
  • Has prostate cancer progression while on androgen deprivation therapy (or post bilateral orchiectomy) within 6 months prior to randomization
  • Has current evidence of metastatic disease documented by either bone lesions on bone scan and/or soft tissue disease by computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (CT/MRI)
  • Is abiraterone-naive or are intolerant to/progressed on abiraterone
  • Has ongoing androgen deprivation with serum testosterone <50 ng/dL (<2.0 nM)
  • Participants receiving bone resorptive therapy (including, but not limited to, bisphosphonate or denosumab) must have been on stable doses prior to randomization
  • Participants must agree to the following during the study treatment period and for ≥120 days after the last dose of study treatment: Refrain from donating sperm PLUS Use contraception unless confirmed to be azoospermic (vasectomized or secondary to medical cause)
  • Participants must agree to use male condom when engaging in any activity that allows for passage of ejaculate to another person of any sex
  • Has provided newly obtained core or excisional biopsy (obtained within 12 months of screening) from soft tissue not previously irradiated (samples from tumors progressing in a prior site of radiation are allowed). Participants with bone only or bone predominant disease may provide a bone biopsy sample
  • Has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 assessed within 7 days of randomization.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment in the last 3 years
  • Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy
  • Has undergone major surgery including local prostate intervention (excluding prostate biopsy) within 28 days prior to randomization and not recovered adequately from the toxicities and/or complications
  • Has a gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption or is unable to swallow tablets/capsules
  • Has an active infection (including tuberculosis) requiring systemic therapy
  • Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or current pneumonitis
  • Has known active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis
  • Has hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab and/or enzalutamide and/or any of their excipients
  • Has a history of seizure or any condition that may predispose to seizure
  • Has a history of loss of consciousness within 12 months of screening
  • Has hypotension (systolic blood pressure <86 millimeters of mercury [mmHg]) or uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure >170 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >105 mmHg) at the screening visit
  • Has bradycardia (heart rate of <50 beats per minute) on the screening electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Has history of prostate cancer progression on ketoconazole
  • Has had prior treatment with enzalutamide, apalutamide, or darolutamide
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death-1 (anti-PD-1), anti-programmed cell death-ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1), or anti PD-L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or coinhibitory T-cell receptor
  • Has received prior treatment with radium or other therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals for prostate cancer
  • Has received prior treatment with docetaxel or another chemotherapy agent for mCRPC
  • Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) prior to randomization
  • Has used herbal products that may have hormonal anti-prostate cancer activity and/or are known to decrease PSA levels (eg, saw palmetto) prior to randomization
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to randomization
  • Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment
  • Has a "superscan" bone scan
  • Is expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of study treatment
  • Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03834493


Contacts
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Contact: Toll Free Number 1-888-577-8839 Trialsites@merck.com

  Show 136 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03834493     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 3475-641
2018-004117-40 ( EudraCT Number )
MK-3475-641 ( Other Identifier: Merck Protocol Number )
KEYNOTE-641 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
195005 ( Registry Identifier: JAPIC-CTI )
First Posted: February 8, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 6, 2019
Last Verified: December 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Programmed Cell Death-1 (PD1, PD-1)
Programmed Death-Ligand 1 (PDL1, PD-L1)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents