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Image-guided Targeted Doxorubicin Delivery With Hyperthermia to Optimize Loco-regional Control in Breast Cancer (i-GO)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03749850
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : November 21, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 21, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Dutch Cancer Society
Center for Translational Molecular Medicine
Vrienden UMC Utrecht
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
BBM Suelmann, UMC Utrecht

Brief Summary:

In this phase I feasibility study, the investigators evaluate the combination of lyso-thermosensitive liposomal doxorubicin (LTLD, ThermoDox) with local hyperthermia and cyclophosphamide (C), for the local treatment of the primary breast tumour in patients with metastatic breast cancer.

When heated to 40-43 degrees Celsius (ºC), LTLD releases a very high concentration of doxorubicin locally within seconds. Hyperthermia of the primary tumour will be induced by Magnetic Resonance guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (MR-HIFU) on a dedicated Sonalleve MR-HIFU breast system.

The investigators hypothesize that by substituting doxorubicin (A) in the AC-chemotherapy regimen for the combination of LTLD and MR-HIFU induced hyperthermia, optimal local tumour control can be achieved without compromising systemic toxicity or efficacy.

This will be the first study to evaluate LTLD with MR-HIFU hyperthermia in breast cancer patients.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Breast Cancer Breast Cancer Breast Neoplasms Stage IV Breast Cancer Metastatic Cancer Invasive Ductal Carcinoma of Female Breast Invasive Ductal Breast Cancer Adenocarcinoma Breast Drug: LTLD Procedure: MR-HIFU induced hyperthermia Drug: Cyclophosphamide Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Advances in systemic treatment led to improved overall survival in patients with metastatic breast cancer. Various studies suggest that by obtaining loco-regional control, overall survival in advanced disease can further be improved.

Pre-operative chemotherapy can be used in metastatic breast cancer to make radical removal of the primary tumor feasible, while simultaneously maintaining control of already present metastatic sites. The doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide regimen (AC) is well-known both in (neo-)adjuvant setting as in treatment of metastatic breast cancer. At present, optimal local control in advanced breast cancer using adequate dosing of doxorubicin is hampered by its toxic systemic effects. Therefore the investigators aim to increase doxorubicin deposition in the primary tumor without interfering with systemic efficacy and toxicity, by combining lyso-thermosensitive liposomal doxorubicin (LTLD, ThermoDox) with local mild hyperthermia, induced by Magnetic Resonance guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (MR-HIFU). When heated to 40-43 ºC, ThermoDox releases a very high concentration of doxorubicin locally within seconds. In the absence of hyperthermia, ThermoDox leads to a similar biodistribution and antitumor efficacy to free doxorubicin. MR-HIFU allows for controlled heating of deep-seated tumors.

This is a single-arm phase I feasibility study in 12 patients with de novo stage IV (distant metastasis at the time of diagnosis) her2-negative breast cancer, who have not received previous chemotherapy. The study treatment consists of up to 6 cycles at 21-day intervals of ThermoDox (50mg/m2) administered during MR-HIFU induced hyperthermia (60 minutes at 40-42 ᵒC) and cyclophosphamide (600 mg/m2) administered afterwards. A dedicated MR-HIFU breast system integrated with a clinical 1.5 Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanner will be used for safe and controlled heating of the tumour. Primary endpoints are safety, tolerability and feasibility. Secondary endpoint is efficacy, assessed by radiological response of the local tumor and the distant metastases.

In the Biobank side study, extra blood samples will be collected. These samples will be used for further research on not yet determined topics related to breast cancer.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 12 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Image-guided Targeted Doxorubicin Delivery With Hyperthermia to Optimize Loco-regional Control in Breast Cancer. Phase I Feasibility Study of Hifu-Induced Hyperthermia, LTLD and Cyclophosphamide for Metastatic Breast Cancer
Estimated Study Start Date : September 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer Fever

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Study treatment

LTLD in combination with MR-HIFU induced hyperthermia and cyclophosphamide

Single arm study

Drug: LTLD

Patients will receive up to six cycles at three-weeks intervals of:

  • Intravenous LTLD dosed at 50mg/m2 administered during the MR-HIFU treatment
  • 60 minutes of MR-HIFU mild local hyperthermia at 40 °C - 42 °C to the primary breast tumour
  • Intravenous Cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 after MR-HIFU treatment

In case of toxicity, LTLD, cyclophosphamide and/or hyperthermia dosages will be adjusted as specified in the study protocol.

Other Names:
  • ThermoDox
  • Lyso-Thermosensitive Liposomal Doxorubicin

Procedure: MR-HIFU induced hyperthermia

Patients will receive up to six cycles at three-weeks intervals of:

- 60 minutes of MR-HIFU mild local hyperthermia at 40 °C - 42 °C to the primary breast tumour.

In case of toxicity, hyperthermia dosages will be adjusted as specified in the study protocol.

Other Names:
  • MR-HIFU
  • Magnetic Resonance guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound
  • MLHT
  • Mild local hyperthermia

Drug: Cyclophosphamide

Patients will receive up to six cycles at three-weeks intervals of:

- Intravenous Cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 after MR-HIFU treatment

In case of toxicity, cyclophosphamide dosages will be adjusted as specified in the study protocol.

Other Name: Endoxan




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events assessed by CTCAE v 5.0 [ Time Frame: From first study treatment (day 1) until the end of study visit between day 161 and 175 ]
    Safety and tolerability of the study treatment

  2. Incidence of dose limiting toxicities [ Time Frame: From first study treatment (day 1) until the end of study visit between day 161 and 175 ]
    Safety and tolerability of the study treatment

  3. Incidence of necessity for dose adjustments, delay or early cessation [ Time Frame: From first study treatment (day 1) until the end of study visit between day 161 and 175 ]
    Safety and tolerability of the study treatment

  4. Incidence and severity of post-procedural pain [ Time Frame: From first study treatment (day 1) until the end of study visit between day 161 and 175 ]
    Safety and tolerability of the study treatment

  5. Patient reported tolerability via an adapted version of the Cancer Therapy Satisfaction Questionnaire (CTSQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline, day 49 and day 112 ]
    Tolerability of the study treatment. Scores will be described.

  6. Patient reported tolerability via the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Breast (FACT-B) questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, and on day 14 of each cycle (with a maximum of six 21-day cycles in 18 weeks) ]
    Tolerability of the study treatment. Scores will be described.

  7. Incidence of cardiotoxity [ Time Frame: From first study treatment (day 1) until the end of study visit between day 161 and 175 ]
    Safety and tolerability of the study treatment

  8. Description of MR thermometry data (describing the temperatures achieved) [ Time Frame: On day 1 (study treatment day) of each cycle (with a maximum of six 21-day cycles in 18 weeks) ]
    Feasibility of the study treatment

  9. Duration of procedures on a treatment day [ Time Frame: On day 1 (study treatment day) of each cycle (with a maximum of six 21-day cycles in 18 weeks) ]
    Feasibility of the study treatment

  10. Number of completed cycles with MR-HIFU induced hyperthermia, ThermoDox and cyclophosphamide [ Time Frame: From first study treatment (day 1) until the end of study visit between day 161 and 175 ]
    Feasibility of the study treatment

  11. The number of cycles in which hyperthermia was sufficient: at least 30 minutes at the target temperature of 40-42°C [ Time Frame: From first study treatment (day 1) until the end of study visit between day 161 and 175 ]
    Feasibility of the study treatment


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Radiological objective response locally on breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging, assessed by RECIST 1.1. [ Time Frame: Assessed after 2 cycles and after 6 cycles of the study treatment. Each cycle is 21 days. ]
    Efficacy of the study treatment

  2. Radiological objective response systemically on Computed Tomography, assessed by RECIST 1.1 or (for patients without RECIST-measurable disease) Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography, assessed by PERCIST 1.0 [ Time Frame: Assessed after 2 cycles and after 6 cycles of the study treatment. Each cycle is 21 days. ]
    Efficacy of the study treatment



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients must meet all of the following inclusion criteria:

  1. Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast and planned for palliative chemotherapy with doxorubicine en cyclophosphamide
  2. Biopsy-proven stage tumor 1-2, any nodes, metastasis 1 (T1-2AnyNM1) at diagnosis of breast cancer.
  3. Non-pregnant, non-lactating female at least 18 years of age. If patient is of child-bearing age, she must have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to enrollment and must agree to practice an acceptable form of birth control while on study.
  4. The tumor is located within the reach of the HIFU beam (based on pre-treatment Dynamic Contrast Enhanced (DCE-) MRI findings).
  5. The distance of the tumor from the skin, nipple, and pectoral wall is at least 1.0 cm (based on pre-treatment DCE-MRI findings).
  6. The target breast is expected to fit in the cup of the dedicated MR-HIFU breast system (based on pre-treatment MRI findings).
  7. The patient weighs less than 90 kg (restrictment of the HIFU table top).
  8. Provide written informed consent and willing to comply with protocol requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients will be excluded if any of the following conditions are observed:

  1. Her2-positive disease or classic invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC).
  2. A treatment plan with curative intent is available.
  3. Any prior chemotherapy treatment for invasive breast cancer (previous anti-hormonal therapy is allowed)
  4. Any prior therapy with anthracyclines
  5. No measurable disease at baseline (according to RECIST 1.1 or PERCIST 1.0)
  6. Any concomitant malignancy or previous malignancy in the last 5 years, except basal cell or squamous cell cancer of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix.

    Subjects with a prior contralateral breast malignancy more than 5 years ago can be included if they did not receive any chemotherapy.

  7. Any previous malignancy in the unilateral breast (even if more than 5 years ago)
  8. Prior sensitivity (including rash, dyspnea, wheezing, urticarial, or other symptoms) attributed to any liposomal-encapsulated drug.
  9. Baseline laboratory values:

    Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) < 1.5 x 10^9/L, Platelets < 75 x 10^9/L, Hemoglobin < 5.6 mmol/L (9 g/dl), Total Bilirubin > 1.5 x upper limit of normal, Alanine Transaminase (ALAT) and Aspartate Transaminase (ASAT) > 2.5 x upper limit of normal >5 x upper limit of normal in case of liver metastases, Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) < 30 ml/min/1.73m2.

  10. World Health Organization Performance Status (WHO-PS) >2.
  11. Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction <50% (validated by baseline scan).
  12. History of:

    1. Acute coronary syndrome in the last year
    2. Cerebral vascular accident in the last year
    3. Abnormal cardiac stress testing within last 6 months
    4. Symptomatic coronary artery disease
    5. Uncontrolled hypertension or cardiomyopathy
    6. Cardiac valvular surgery or open heart surgery in the last year
    7. Known structural heart disease
  13. Any condition which may interfere with the hyperthermia portion of the trial such as: functioning cardiac pacemaker; metal plates, rods or prosthesis of the chest wall, breast prosthesis in the treated breast, severe numbness and/or tingling of the chest wall or breast, skin grafts and/or flaps on the breast or chest wall, scar tissue or surgical clips in the HIFU beam path.
  14. Active infection
  15. Body temperature > 38.0 degrees Celsius on the day of a MR-HIFU treatment.
  16. Concurrent use of any of the following prohibited medications within a reasonable wash-out time: protease inhibitors, cyclosporine, carbamazepine, phenytoin, valproic acid, paclitaxel, trastuzumab and other liposomal drugs (Abelect, Ambisome, Nyotran, etc.) or lipid-complexed drugs.
  17. Caution will be exercised with all the medications mentioned in appendix C, for interactions are theoretically possible.
  18. Contraindications to MR imaging (e.g., pacemaker in situ, severe claustrophobia, metal implants incompatible with the MRI-scan, body size incompatible with MR bore).
  19. Contraindications to gadolinium-based contrast agent, including prior allergic reaction to gadolinium-based contrast agent, and/or renal failure.
  20. Contraindications to sedation and analgesia with propofol and Remifentanil, including history of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) that results in the inability to perform a physical activity corresponding with a Metabolic Equivalent (MET(57)) of 4; dependence on artificial ventilation at home; sleep apnea or an American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification ≥4.
  21. Inability to lie in prone position.
  22. A medical or psychiatric condition or other circumstances which would significantly decrease the chances of understanding the informed consent process, obtaining reliable data, achieving study objectives, or completing the study treatment and/or examinations.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03749850


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Josanne S de Maar, MD +31(0)887563142 J.S.deMaar@umcutrecht.nl
Contact: Britt BM Suelmann, MD +31(0)887556308 B.B.M.Suelmann@umcutrecht.nl

Sponsors and Collaborators
UMC Utrecht
Dutch Cancer Society
Center for Translational Molecular Medicine
Vrienden UMC Utrecht
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Britt BM Suelmann, MD UMC Utrecht

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Responsible Party: BBM Suelmann, Principal Investigator, UMC Utrecht
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03749850     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NL67422.041.18
2015-005582-23 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: November 21, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 21, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by BBM Suelmann, UMC Utrecht:
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound
lyso-thermosensitive liposomal doxorubicin
ThermoDox
MR-HIFU
mild local hyperthermia
local drug delivery
image-guided therapy
nanomedicine
liposome
doxorubicin
adriamycin
cyclophosphamide
HIFU
LTLD
hyperthermia
de novo stage IV
metastatic breast cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma, Ductal
Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast
Fever
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Body Temperature Changes
Signs and Symptoms
Neoplasms, Ductal, Lobular, and Medullary
Cyclophosphamide
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors