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Local Consolidative Therapy and Brigatinib in Treating Patients With Stage IV or Recurrent Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03707938
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 16, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 20, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This early phase I trial studies the side effects and how well local consolidative therapy (LCT) and brigatinib works in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer that is stage IV or has come back (recurrent). Giving LCT, such as surgery and/or radiation, after initial treatment may kill any remaining tumor cells. Brigatinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving LCT and brigatinib may work better in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Lung Carcinoma ALK Gene Rearrangement Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma Recurrent Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma Stage IV Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVA Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVB Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Drug: Brigatinib Procedure: Local Consolidation Therapy Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the safety, tolerability, and feasibility of brigatinib with local consolidative therapy (LCT) in tyrosine kinase inhibitor-naive ALK-rearranged advanced (non-small cell lung cancer) NSCLC.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine progression-free survival (PFS) using modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.1) in advanced ALK+ NSCLC patients treated with local consolidative therapy (LCT) after achieving stable disease or partial response with first-line brigatinib treatment.

II. To determine overall survival (OS). III. To assess time to progression (TTP) of non-LCT lesions.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess time to appearance of new metastatic lesion(s). II. To determine the utility of pre-treatment, pre-LCT, and post-LCT circulating free tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (cfDNA) as a potential prognostic and predictive biomarkers.

II. To evaluate potential impact of LCT on mechanisms of ALK resistance with molecular analysis of post-progression biopsies.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive brigatinib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo LCT for up to 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Within 7 days after completion of LCT, patients receive brigatinib PO QD on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and every 3 months for up to 2 years.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 35 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: BRIGHTSTAR: A Pilot Trial of Local Consolidative Therapy (LCT) With Brigatinib in Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor-Naive ALK-Rearranged Advanced NSCLC
Actual Study Start Date : December 18, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 28, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 28, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Brigatinib

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (brigatinib, LCT)
Patients receive brigatinib PO QD on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo LCT for up to 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Within 7 days after completion of LCT, patients receive brigatinib PO QD on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Brigatinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Alunbrig
  • AP 26113
  • AP-26113
  • AP26113

Procedure: Local Consolidation Therapy
Undergo local consolidative therapy
Other Names:
  • LCT
  • Local Consolidative Therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Toxicity data will be summarized using frequency tables. Associations between the types and severity of toxicity and treatment will be evaluated as well.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From the date of brigatinib treatment initiation until disease progression or death, assessed up to 2 years ]
    The median PFS will be calculated and presented with 2-sided 80% confidence interval (CI). Kaplan-Meier survival probabilities will be plotted over time.

  2. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From the date of brigatinib treatment initiation until date of death from any cause, assessed up to 2 years ]
    The median OS will be calculated and presented with 2-sided 80% CI. Kaplan-Meier survival probabilities will be plotted over time.

  3. Time to progression of non-local consolidative therapy (LCT) lesion [ Time Frame: From the date of brigatinib treatment initiation until progression of a baseline lesion not treated with radiation or surgery, assessed up to 2 years ]
    The median time to progression of non-LCT lesion will be calculated and presented with 2-sided 80% CI. Kaplan-Meier survival probabilities will be plotted over time.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Time to appearance of new metastatic lesion(s) (TANM) [ Time Frame: From the date of brigatinib treatment initiation until development of a new lesion, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Descriptive statistics (e.g. median, standard deviations, range) will be used to quantify TANM.

  2. Potential prognostic and predictive biomarkers [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Multi-covariate and multivariate analysis tools such as the logistic regression, generalized linear model, classification and regression tree, canonical correlation, correspondence analysis, etc., will be applied to study the association among various immunological markers, genomic markers, treatments, and the toxicity and efficacy outcomes.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (or recurrent NSCLC not a candidate for definitive multimodality therapy)
  • Documented ALK re-arrangement as detected by: (1) Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), (2) immunohistochemistry (IHC), (3) tissue next generation sequencing (NGS), or (4) cfDNA NGS
  • Subjects can be enrolled as (1) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) naive or (2) after =< 8 weeks of first-line brigatinib treatment without disease progression
  • Candidate for local consolidative therapy to at least one site of residual disease
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 2
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L or at least 1500/cubic millimeters or at least 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • Platelet count at least 75,000/cubic millimeters or at least 75 x 10^9/L
  • Hemoglobin (Hb) at least 9 g/dL (or 5.69 mmol/L) at baseline
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or >= 60 mL/minute for subjects with creatinine levels > 1.5 x the institutional ULN
  • Serum total bilirubin less than or equal to =< 1.5 x ULN or direct bilirubin =< ULN or direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN except for subjects with liver metastases (mets) for whom ALT and AST should be =< 5 x ULN
  • International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 x ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Activated PTT (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulant
  • Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test documented at time of screening
  • Female patients who: a.) Are postmenopausal for at least 1 year before the screening visit, OR b.) Are surgically sterile, OR c.) If they are of childbearing potential, agree to practice 2 effective methods of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent through 4 months after the last dose of study drug, or agree to completely abstain from heterosexual intercourse
  • Male patients, even if surgically sterilized (i.e., status post-vasectomy), who: a.) Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 4 months after the last dose of study drug, or b.) Agree to completely abstain from heterosexual intercourse
  • Have normal QT interval on screening electrocardiography (ECG) evaluation, defined as QT interval corrected (Fridericia) (QTcF) of ·450 milliseconds (msec) in males or =< 470 msec in females
  • Voluntary agreement to provide written informed consent and the willingness and ability to comply with all aspects of the protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have been diagnosed with another primary malignancy other than NSCLC, except for adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or cervical cancer in situ; definitively treated non-metastatic prostate cancer; or patients with another primary malignancy who are definitively relapse-free with at least 2 years elapsed since the diagnosis of the other primary malignancy
  • Previously received any prior TKI, including ALK-targeted TKIs

    • Note: on-going first-line brigatinib use as specified in the Inclusion criteria is allowed
  • Previously received more than 1 regimen of chemotherapy or immunotherapy for locally advanced or metastatic disease; Note that history of consolidative immunotherapy after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (for locally advanced disease) is allowed
  • Symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastasis. Asymptomatic CNS disease requiring increasing dose of corticosteroids within 7 days prior to study enrollment is also not permitted
  • Have current spinal cord compression (symptomatic or asymptomatic and detected by radiographic imaging). Patients with leptomeningeal disease and without cord compression are allowed
  • The presence of pulmonary interstitial disease, drug-related pneumonitis, or radiation pneumonitis at screening
  • Have a known or suspected hypersensitivity to brigatinib or its excipients
  • Have malabsorption syndrome or other gastrointestinal (GI) illness or condition that could affect oral absorption of the study drug
  • Be pregnant, planning a pregnancy, or breastfeeding
  • Have significant, uncontrolled, or active cardiovascular disease, specifically including, but not restricted to: a.) Myocardial infarction (MI) within 6 months prior to the first dose of study drug b.) Unstable angina within 6 months prior to first dose of study drug c.) Decompensated congestive heart failure (CHF) within 6 months prior to first dose of study drug d.) History of clinically significant atrial arrhythmia (including clinically significant bradyarrhythmia), as determined by the treating physician e.) Any history of ventricular arrhythmia f.) Cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to first dose of study drug
  • Have uncontrolled hypertension. Patients with hypertension should be under treatment on study entry to control blood pressure
  • Have an ongoing or active infection, including, but not limited to, the requirement for intravenous (IV) antibiotics
  • Have a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Testing is not required in the absence of history
  • Have any condition or illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise patient safety or interfere with the evaluation of the study drug

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03707938


Contacts
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Contact: Yasir Elamin (713) 792-3428 vklam@mdanderson.org

Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Yasir Y. Elamin    713-792-6363      
Principal Investigator: Yasir Y. Elamin         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Yasir Y Elamin M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03707938     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2018-0598
NCI-2018-02099 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2018-0598 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: October 16, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 20, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Lung Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases