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Radiation Therapy, Palbociclib, and Hormone Therapy in Treating Breast Cancer Patients With Bone Metastasis (ASPIRE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03691493
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 1, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 22, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Pfizer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mylin Torres, MD, Emory University

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well radiation therapy given with standard care palbociclib and hormone therapy work in treating patients with breast cancer that has spread from one part of the body to the bone. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Palbociclib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Antihormone therapy, such as fulvestrant, letrozole, anastrozole, exemestane, or tamoxifen, may lessen the amount of estrogen made by the body. Giving radiation therapy, palbociclib, and hormone therapy may work better in treating breast cancer patients with bone metastasis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anatomic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Estrogen Receptor Positive HER2/Neu Negative Metastatic Breast Carcinoma Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Bone Progesterone Receptor Positive Prognostic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Drug: Anastrozole Drug: Exemestane Drug: Fulvestrant Drug: Letrozole Drug: Palbociclib Radiation: Radiation Therapy Drug: Tamoxifen Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To evaluate the response rate three months post-conventionally fractionated radiotherapy, relative to baseline, for bone metastases in breast cancer patients receiving concurrent palbociclib and hormone therapy treatment.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether conventionally fractionated radiotherapy in combination with palbociclib and hormone therapy in breast cancer patients with bone metastases adversely increases the frequency and severity of palbociclib toxicities including grade 3 neutropenia.

II. To determine whether radiotherapy in combination with palbociclib in breast cancer patients with bone metastases adversely increases the frequency and severity of radiotherapy toxicities including neurological and bone injury.

III. To assess fatigue, quality of life, and depression before and after radiotherapy for bone metastases in metastatic breast cancer patients treated with palbociclib.

IV. To determine progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in breast cancer patients treated with palbociclib and concurrent radiotherapy to bone metastases.

V. To evaluate the relationship between volume of irradiated bone and side effects of treatment, including leukopenia and neutropenia.

TRANSLATIONAL RESEARCH OBJECTIVES:

I. To collect, store, and analyze circulating tumor-derived deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) in metastatic breast cancer patients treated with palbociclib and radiotherapy to bone metastases and to determine the relationship between ctDNA and responders versus non-responders, PFS, and OS.

II. To collect, store, and analyze plasma for inflammatory cytokine measurements and determine their relationship with fatigue, depression, and quality of life before and after radiotherapy for bone metastases in metastatic breast cancer patients treated with palbociclib.

III. To collect, store, and analyze ribonucleic acid (RNA) for gene expression to identify functional biology processes over-represented in genes differentially regulated among patients who develop toxicities versus those who do not and those who are responders versus those who are not and to identify transcriptional regulatory pathways driving observed differences in gene expression.

OUTLINE:

Patients undergo conventional radiation therapy over 5-10 days and receive palbociclib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-21. At the discretion of treating physician, patients also receive letrozole, anastrozole, exemestane, or tamoxifen PO QD on days 1-28, or fulvestrant intramuscularly (IM) on days 1 and 15 of cycles 1 and on day 1 of subsequent cycles. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 1 and 3 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 42 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Multi-Institutional Study of Concurrent Radiotherapy, Palbociclib, and Hormone Therapy for Treatment of Bone Metastasis in Breast Cancer Patients
Actual Study Start Date : February 8, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Palbociclib

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Radiation, palbociclib, hormone therapy
Patients undergo radiation therapy over 5-10 days and receive palbociclib PO QD on days 1-21. At the discretion of treating physician, patients also receive letrozole, anastrozole, exemestane, or tamoxifen PO QD on days 1-28, or fulvestrant IM on days 1 and 15 of cycle 1 and on day 1 of subsequent cycles. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Anastrozole
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Arimidex
  • ICI D1033
  • ZD-1033

Drug: Exemestane
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aromasin
  • FCE-24304

Drug: Fulvestrant
Given IM
Other Names:
  • Faslodex
  • ICI 182,780
  • ZD9238

Drug: Letrozole
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CGS 20267
  • Femara

Drug: Palbociclib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Ibrance
  • PD-0332991

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • Irradiation
  • Radiation
  • Radiotherapeutics

Drug: Tamoxifen
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Soltamox
  • Nolvadex




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate [ Time Frame: At 3 months post-radiation ]
    Response rate will be estimated as the number of responders divided by the number of patients evaluated for response. Among patients who present with pain, responders will be considered those patients who have a 2 point decrease in the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), and among those who do not present with pain (radiotherapy due to risk of unstable fracture or cord compression), responders will be considered those without development of a pathologic fracture or neurologic compromise (cord compression) due to cancer on imaging.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate incorporating BPI and analgesic measures according to International Bone Consensus Guideline Criteria [ Time Frame: At 3 months post-radiation ]
    Response rate will be estimated as the number of responders divided by the number of patients evaluated for response. Among patients who present with pain, responders will be considered those patients who fulfill the International Bone Consensus response criteria using the BPI item rating maximum pain over the last 3 days at the index site and analgesic usage for the treated site within the last 24 hours prior to assessment. Among patients who do not present with pain (radiotherapy due to risk of unstable fracture or cord compression), responders will be considered those without development of a new pathologic fracture or worsening neurologic compromise (cord compression) due to cancer on imaging.

  2. Incidence of adverse events graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months post-radiation ]
    Adverse events, such as bone fracture following radiotherapy, any grade 3 toxicity (except neutropenia or leukopenia), grade 4 neutropenia, grade 4 leukopenia, grade 3 febrile neutropenia, or grade 3 brachial plexopathy or spinal cord injury, will be summarized descriptively.

  3. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Time from registration to death or progression, assessed up to 3 months post-radiation ]
    PFS will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  4. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Time from registration to death, assessed up to 3 months post-radiation ]
    OS will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  5. Fatigue as measured by The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months post-radiation ]
    Fatigue will be assessed before and after radiotherapy.

  6. Quality of life as measured by Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months post-radiation ]
    Quality of life will be assessed before and after radiotherapy. The SF-36 measures eight scales: physical functioning (PF), role physical (RP), bodily pain (BP), general health (GH), vitality (VT), social functioning (SF), role emotional (RE), and mental health (MH) Each scale is the weighted sum of the questions in their section and are directly transformed into a 0-100 scale i.e., the minimum score is 0, maximum is 100 A higher score indicates less disability Total score on the SF-36 is the summation of all the eight scales

  7. Quality of life as measured by European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Metastases Module (EORTC QLQ-BM22) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months post-radiation ]

    Quality of life will be assessed before and after radiotherapy.

    EORTC QLQ-BM22 measures four multi-item scales: painful sites, functional interference, painful characteristics, and psychosocial aspects Each item is scaled from 1 (not at all) to 4 (very much) and directly transformed into a 0-100 scale A higher score in symptom scales indicates greater distress. A higher score in functional scales indicates greater functional ability


  8. Quality of life as measured by European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 15 for Palliative Care (EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months post-radiation ]
    Quality of life will be assessed before and after radiotherapy. The EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL measures seven scales: physical functioning, global health status, emotional functioning, fatigue, nausea/vomiting, appetite loss, and constipation For questions 1-14, each item is scaled from 1 (not at all) to 4 (very much) . For question 15 (global QoL), patients respond to a seven-point numerical scale from 1 (very poor overall) to 7 (excellent overall) A higher score in symptom scales indicates greater distress. A higher score in functional scales indicates greater functional ability Each subscore is computed using the Addendum to the EORTC QLQ-C30 Scoring Manual: Scoring of the EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL

  9. Depression as measured by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months post-radiation ]
    Depression will be assessed before and after radiotherapy.

  10. Adherence as measured by drug diary [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months post-radiation ]
    Adherence will be determined by number of days drug taken divided by number of days drug should have been taken over the time period of the study.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Patient Selection Guidelines:

  • Patients must have the psychological ability and general health that permits completion of the study requirements and required follow up
  • Women of childbearing potential who are sexually active should be willing and able to use medically acceptable forms of contraception during protocol treatment

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologically confirmed metastatic breast cancer
  • Known estrogen, progesterone, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her2) status of either primary tumor or metastasis
  • Metastatic estrogen receptor positive (ER+) or progesterone receptor positive (PR+), Her2/neu negative breast cancer patients with imaging confirming bone metastasis within 60 days of radiation simulation
  • Must be actively receiving palbociclib (125 or 100 mg PO daily for 3 weeks followed by a week off during 28-day cycles) plus one of the following hormone therapies for at least 28 days:

    • Fulvestrant (500 mg IM injection on days 1 and 15 cycle one and then on day one of each subsequent cycle (28 days) -or-
    • Letrozole (2.5 mg PO daily) -or-
    • Anastrozole (1 mg PO daily) -or-
    • Exemestane (25 mg PO daily) -or-
    • Tamoxifen (20 mg PO daily)
  • Patients must be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2
  • Karnofsky performance status (KPS) ≥ 60% within 60 days prior to registration
  • Must have bone disease that is either symptomatic (i.e. pain) or has a lytic or mixed lytic disease that can be assessed by computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), bone scan or positron emission tomography (PET)/CT within 60 days prior to radiotherapy on this study
  • One previous line of chemotherapy in advanced disease is allowed
  • Appropriate stage for study entry based on the following diagnostic workup:

    • History and physical examination within 60 days prior to registration
    • Clinical grade CT scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis with radionuclide bone scan OR whole body PET/CT documenting metastatic disease prior to radiotherapy on this protocol or MRI documenting site of metastatic disease to be treated on protocol
  • Patient must be eligible for palliative radiotherapy (conventional radiation either 30 Gy in 10 fractions or 20 Gy in 5 fractions) for up to 4 separate anatomic regions containing bone metastases defined by 4 separate and not overlapping radiation plans
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1000/mcl (obtained within 14 days prior to registration on study)
  • Platelets ≥ 75,000 mm³ (obtained within 14 days prior to registration on study)
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dl (obtained within 14 days prior to registration on study) (Note: The use of transfusion or other intervention to achieve hemoglobin [Hgb] ≥ 8.0g/dl is acceptable) (obtained within 60 days prior to registration on study)
  • For females of child-bearing potential, negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days prior to radiation simulation
  • The patient or a legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry
  • Prior Treatment:

    • Patients may or may not have received radiotherapy or neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of their initial, non-metastatic breast cancer, but must be entered on study after their last dose of radiotherapy, last cycle of chemotherapy and biologic therapy (if applicable) and have sufficient resolution of side effects per physician assessment at time of radiotherapy
    • Patients must have not active wound healing issues from surgery and sufficient resolution of surgical side effects, per physician assessment, at time of radiotherapy
    • If patients have one line of chemotherapy for advanced disease, patients must be entered on study after their last dose of chemotherapy and have sufficient resolution of side effects per physician assessment at time of radiotherapy
    • Patients must have already initiated palbociclib (3 weeks on, 1 week off) and hormone therapy for at least 28 days prior to radiotherapy
    • During radiotherapy, no other investigation or commercial agents or therapy for cancer other than palbociclib, bisphosphonates, rank ligand inhibitors, and hormone therapy should be administered
    • Patients may have received bisphosphonates or rank ligand inhibitors prior to enrollment on study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Co-existing or prior invasive non-breast malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer), unless disease free for a minimum of 3 years
  • Previous radiation dose, date, fraction size, must be reported for prior invasive malignancy
  • Previous palliative radiation to the disease to be treated on protocol (including radiopharmaceuticals)
  • Patients prescribed stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for bone metastasis to be treated on this protocol will be excluded
  • Metastases to be treated on protocol located within 2 cm from a previously irradiated structure:

    • Spinal cord previously irradiated to > 40 Gy (delivered in ≤ 3 Gy/fraction)
    • Brachial plexus previously irradiated to > 50 Gy (delivered in ≤ 3 Gy/fraction)
    • Small intestine, large intestine, or stomach previously irradiated to > 45 Gy (delivered in ≤ 3 Gy/fraction)
    • Brainstem previously irradiated to > 50 Gy (delivered in ≤ 3 Gy/fraction)
    • Whole lung previously irradiated with prior V20 Gy > 35% (delivered in ≤ 3 Gy/fraction)
  • Untreated brain metastases or unstable/progressive brain metastases (imaging of treated brain metastases must be performed within 28 days of registration for this protocol to confirm brain metastases stability)
  • Severe, active co-morbidity such as congestive heart failure (CHF) or unstable angina within last 6 months, transmural myocardial infarction within the last 6 months. Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics at time of registration, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization at time of registration
  • Lactating females must cease expression of milk prior to registration
  • Temperature above 100.4° Fahrenheit
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive with cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) count < 200 cells/ microliter. HIV positive patients are eligible, provided they are receiving treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and have a CD4 count > 200 cells/microliter within 28 days prior to registration. HIV testing is not required for eligibility for this protocol. This exclusion criteria is necessary because the treatments involved in this protocol may be significantly immunosuppressive
  • Previous chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to registration or patients who have not recovered from adverse events due to previous chemotherapy and radiotherapy
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy. Indolent cancers (such as low risk prostate or In-Situ cancers) that are not being treated are acceptable
  • Has active autoimmune disease that has required continued systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
  • Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
  • Cannot receive concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy (e.g. taxanes, cytoxan, anthracyclines, platinum based aged, capecitabine) at time of registration or during radiation treatment on this study
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 90 days after the last dose of trial treatment
  • Absolute neutrophil count < 1000/microliter (mcl)
  • Platelets < 75,000 mm
  • Hemoglobin < 8.0 g/dl
  • Concurrent therapy with other investigational products is not allowed
  • Receiving medications or substances that are potent inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A (CYP3A) isoenzymes, as palbociclib is primarily metabolized by CYP3A4 enzymes, within 7 days of registration:

    • Inhibitors - boceprevir, clarithromycin, indinavir, delavirdine, conivaptan, itraconazole, ketoconazole, lopinavir, mibefradil, miconazole, nefazodone, nelfinavir, posaconazole, ritonavir, saquinavir, suboxone, telaprevir, telithromycin, voriconazole, amprenavir, atazanavir, diltiazem, erythromycin, fosamprenavir, verapamil, and grapefruit, grapefruit juice or any product containing grapefruit
    • Inducers - carbamazepine, phenytoin, primidone, rifampin, rifapentine, St. John's wort, felbamate, nevirapine, phenobarbital, rifabutin
  • Receiving hormone replacement therapy (e.g. topical estrogens, but not intra-vaginal preparations, raloxifene, megestrol acetate)
  • Patients with clinical signs of cord compression, patients with radiographic evidence of cord compression are eligible for enrollment but cannot have clinical signs of cord compression

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03691493


Contacts
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Contact: Mylin Torres, MD 404-778-3473 matorre@emory.edu

Locations
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United States, Georgia
Grady Health System Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30303
Contact: Gabrielle Brown    404-778-2179    gabrielle.michelle.brown@emory.edu   
Principal Investigator: Mylin Torres, MD         
Emory University Hospital Midtown Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30308
Contact: Swathi Chinaranagari    404-686-0239    swathi.chinaranagari@emory.edu   
Contact: Gabrielle Brown    404-778-2179    gabrielle.michelle.brown@emory.edu   
Principal Investigator: Mylin Torres, MD         
Piedmont Hospital Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30309
Contact: Allison Wellons, RN    770-719-5721    allison.wellons@piedmont.org   
Contact: Crystal Song    404-235-9616    crystal.song@piedmont.org   
Principal Investigator: Adam Nowlan, MD, MPH         
Emory University Hospital/Winship Cancer Institute Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Contact: Gabrielle Brown    404-778-2179    gabrielle.michelle.brown@emory.edu   
Principal Investigator: Mylin Torres, MD         
Emory Saint Joseph's Hospital Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30342
Contact: Alicia Escobar    678-843-7029    alicia.m.escobar@emory.edu   
Contact: Gabrielle Brown    404-778-2179    gabrielle.michelle.brown@emory.edu   
Principal Investigator: Mylin Torres, MD         
Northside Hospital Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30342
Contact: Andrena Jefferson, RN    678-466-2069    ajefferson@atlantacancercare.com   
Contact: Deanna Baker    770-292-3011    dbaker@atlantacancercare.com   
Principal Investigator: Nancy Wiggers, MD         
Augusta University Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Augusta, Georgia, United States, 30912
Contact: Catherine Ferguson, MD       cferguson@augusta.edu   
John B. Amos Cancer Center Recruiting
Columbus, Georgia, United States, 31904
Contact: Courtney Alexander    706-660-6449    calexander@iacthealth.com   
Contact: James Cutts    706-780-6238    jcutts@iacthealth.com   
Principal Investigator: Andrew Pippas, MD         
Lewis Cancer and Research Pavilion at Saint Joseph's/Candler Recruiting
Savannah, Georgia, United States, 31405
Contact: Howard Zaren, MD       drzaren@sjchs.org   
Contact: Grayson Scott       gscott@iacthealth.com   
Principal Investigator: Howard Zaren, MD         
United States, Maine
Maine Medical Center-Bramhall Campus Recruiting
Portland, Maine, United States, 04102
Contact: Logan Ahmann    207-396-8377    lahmann@mmc.org   
Contact: Julia Hewes, RN    207-661-0242    jhewes@mmc.org   
Principal Investigator: Matthew Cheney, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
Pfizer
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mylin Torres, MD Emory University
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Responsible Party: Mylin Torres, MD, Principal Investigator, Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03691493    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00105944
NCI-2018-02000 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
Winship4472-18 ( Other Identifier: Emory University Hospital/Winship Cancer Institute )
First Posted: October 1, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Tamoxifen
Letrozole
Fulvestrant
Palbociclib
Anastrozole
Exemestane
Antineoplastic Agents
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Estrogen Receptor Antagonists
Protein Kinase Inhibitors