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Phase II Trial of Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) for VRE and CRE Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03643887
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 23, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 23, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison

Brief Summary:
Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are multi-drug resistant organisms (MDROs) associated with healthcare settings and are a high priority for containment in public health. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) like VRE and CRE lengthen the duration of a hospital stay, increase the cost of hospitalization, and increase mortality. Because colonization precedes infection, prevention or treatment of VRE/CRE colonization is essential. We propose a treatment approach to promote gut decolonization by VRE and CRE without using antibiotics. Participants enrolled in this study will be randomized a one-time dose of either study drug or placebo, will be followed for 6 months, and will submit stool samples for analysis of several outcomes for the trial.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Clostridium Difficile Infection Drug: FMT Capsule DE Drug: Placebo oral capsule Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a phase II, double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial assessing the effects of one-time oral FMT on the composition and function of the gut microbiome compared to placebo in a population of patients with baseline CRE or VRE gut colonization. Participants will be adults who have had two consecutive positive stool cultures for VRE or CRE and meet all inclusion/exclusion criteria. Patients (N=90) will be randomized at a 1:1 ratio. Randomization will be double-blinded. Each subject will be followed for 6 months. Stool samples will be taken at baseline and from subjects weekly for 4 weeks, then every 4 weeks for 8 weeks, then at 6 months regardless of treatment group. All patients will be asked to complete a stool diary

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 90 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase II Randomized, Double-blind Placebo-controlled Trial of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus and Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
Estimated Study Start Date : July 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 1, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bowel Movement

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: FMT Capsule DE
FMT Capsule DE
Drug: FMT Capsule DE
30 capsule one-time oral dose

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Oral Capsule
Placebo Capsule
Drug: Placebo oral capsule
30 capsule one-time oral dose
Other Name: Placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Compare incidence of VRE/CRE decolonization between FMT Capsule double encapsuled (DE) and placebo [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    VRE/CRE decolonization is defined by absence of VRE/CRE on stool culture using standard laboratory techniques.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. VRE/CRE infection at Day 3, Day 10, and Week 4 following randomization. [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    VRE/CRE infection will be defined as an associated bacteremia, urinary tract infection, or would-related infection.

  2. Microbial engraftment assessed by microbial disruption index (MDI) at Day 3, Day 10, and Week 4 following randomization [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    VRE/CRE type and strain level engraftment, using whole genome sequencing laboratory techniques

  3. Antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) decolonization at Day 10 after randomization. [ Time Frame: 10 days ]
    ARB testing will be done with Acuitas (OpGen) MDRO test or a similar platform

  4. Antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) infection at Day 3, Day 10, Week 4 after randomization, and time to infection if ARB infection occurs [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    ARB infection will be defined as extended spectrum beta lactamase clinical infection.

  5. Adverse events/serious adverse events through Day 10, Week 4, and Month 6 following randomization. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Safety of FMT Capsule DE compared to placebo. Incidence of newly acquired transmissible infectious diseases that are considered adverse events of special interest (AESI).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Cognitively intact and willing to provide informed consent
  • Willing and able to comply with all study procedures for the duration of the study
  • Age 18 years or older
  • Two positive stool cultures for CRE or VRE (positive for the same organism on both cultures). The most recent stool culture must be within 14 days of randomization.
  • Women of childbearing potential in a sexual relationship with men must use an acceptable method of contraception (including, but not limited to, barrier with additional spermicidal foam or jelly, intrauterine device, hormonal contraception started at least 30 days before enrollment into the study, or intercourse with men who underwent a vasectomy) for 4 weeks following completion of the study treatment.
  • Males must agree to avoid impregnation of women during and for 4 weeks following completion of the study treatment through the use of an acceptable method of contraception (including but not limited to, barrier with additional spermicidal foam or jelly or vasectomy).
  • Able to take the test capsule successfully with no signs or symptoms of dysphagia.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) for medical reasons (not just boarding).

Patients residing in a nursing home, long-term care facility or rehabilitation center may be enrolled.

  • Patient received antibiotics in the last 48 hours. Patients will be eligible to enroll if antibiotic therapy is discontinued for at minimum 48 hours prior to randomization. Does not include antibiotics used for prophylaxis or topical antibiotics.
  • Requires continued antibiotic use or anticipates antibiotic use in the upcoming 4 weeks.
  • Unwilling to withhold probiotics for a minimum of 48 hours prior to providing a screening stool sample.
  • Previous FMT or microbiome-based products in the last 90 days.
  • Active antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) or gastrointestinal infection at time of enrollment.
  • Any other gastrointestinal illness including diarrhea.
  • Known or suspected toxic megacolon and or known small bowel ileus.
  • Bowel obstruction or other gut motility issues as noted by the patient or in the electronic medical record.
  • Major gastrointestinal surgery (e.g. significant bowel resection) within 3 months before enrollment not including appendectomy or cholecystectomy.
  • History of total colectomy or bariatric surgery.
  • Concurrent intensive induction chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or biologic treatment for an active malignancy. Patients on maintenance chemotherapy may be enrolled after consultation with the medical monitor.
  • Patients with severe anaphylactic or anaphylactoid food allergy.
  • Solid organ transplant recipients ≤90 days post-transplant or on active treatment for rejection.
  • Neutropenia (≤500 neutrophils/mL) or other severe immunosuppression. Anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) will be permitted. Participants taking glucocorticoids, antimetabolites (azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, methotrexate), calcineurin inhibitors (tacrolimus, cyclosporine) and mycophenolate mofetil may be enrolled only after consultation with the medical monitor.
  • If At risk of CMV/EBV associated disease (at discretion of investigators, e.g. immunocompromised participant), negative Immunoglobulin G (IgG) testing for cytomegalovirus (CMV) or Epstein Barr Virus (EBV).
  • Cognitive impairment at the time of enrollment.
  • Expected life expectancy <6 months.
  • Inability (e.g. dysphagia) to or unwilling to swallow capsules.
  • Unable or unwilling to comply with protocol requirements.
  • Any condition that would jeopardize the safety or rights of the patient, would make it unlikely for the patient to complete the study, or would confound the results of the study.
  • Females who are pregnant, lactating, or planning to become pregnant during the study.

Female patients of childbearing potential will take a pregnancy test and be excluded if pregnant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03643887

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Contact: Michele L Zimbric, BS 608-265-8799
Contact: Ashley M Kates, PhD 608-256-1901

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
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Principal Investigator: Nasia Safdar, MD PhD Infectious Disease, School of Medicine & Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Madison

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Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier: NCT03643887     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: W81XWH18PRMPCTA
First Posted: August 23, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 23, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: Undecided until funded.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Clostridium Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections