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A Trial of Pembrolizumab in Combination With Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy in Stage III NSCLC (KEYNOTE-799, MK-3475-799) (KEYNOTE-799)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03631784
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 15, 2018
Results First Posted : November 2, 2022
Last Update Posted : November 2, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC

Brief Summary:
This is a trial in adult participants with unresectable, locally advanced, Stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with pembrolizumab in combination with platinum doublet chemotherapy and standard thoracic radiotherapy followed by pembrolizumab monotherapy. The primary hypothesis of the trial is that within each platinum doublet chemotherapy cohort, the percentage of participants who develop Grade 3 or higher pneumonitis is ≤10% and objective response rate (ORR) by blinded independent central review (BICR).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Drug: Pembrolizumab 200 mg Drug: Paclitaxel 45 mg/m^2 Drug: Carboplatin AUC6 Drug: Cisplatin 75 mg/m^2 Drug: Pemetrexed 500 mg/m^2 Radiation: Thoracic Radiation Therapy (TRT) Drug: Paclitaxel 200 mg/m^2 Drug: Carboplatin AUC2 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 217 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Trial of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Combination With Platinum Doublet Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy for Participants With Unresectable, Locally Advanced Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (KEYNOTE-799)
Actual Study Start Date : October 19, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 18, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 15, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort A
Participants received 1 cycle of carboplatin area under the curve (AUC) 6 mg/mL/min with paclitaxel 200 mg/m^2 and pembrolizumab 200 mg on Day 1. Approximately 3 weeks later, participants received carboplatin AUC 2 mg/mL/min with paclitaxel 45 mg/ m^2 administered weekly for 6 weeks along with 2 cycles of pembrolizumab 200 mg administered every 3 weeks (Q3W) in conjunction with standard thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) (60 Gray [Gy] in 2 Gy fractions administered 5 days per week for 6 weeks). Participants then received 14 additional cycles of pembrolizumab 200 mg administered Q3W. 1 cycle=21 days.
Drug: Pembrolizumab 200 mg
Pembrolizumab 200 mg intravenous (IV) infusion on Days 1 of each 3-week cycle for up to 17 cycles
Other Name: MK-3475

Drug: Paclitaxel 45 mg/m^2
Paclitaxel 45 mg/m^2 IV infusion on Days 1, 8, 15 of each 3-week cycle for Cycles 2, and 3 during radiation therapy.

Drug: Carboplatin AUC6
Carboplatin AUC6 IV infusion on Day 1 of the 21-day cycle for Cycle 1.

Radiation: Thoracic Radiation Therapy (TRT)
The target total dose of TRT will be 60 Gy in 30 daily fractions of 2 Gy, prescribed to the planning target volume.

Drug: Paclitaxel 200 mg/m^2
Paclitaxel 200 mg/m^2 IV infusion on Day 1 of the 21-day cycle of Cycle 1.

Drug: Carboplatin AUC2
Carboplatin AUC2 IV infusion on Day 1, 8, 15 for Cycles 2 and 3 during radiation therapy.

Experimental: Cohort B
Participants received 3 cycles of cisplatin 75 mg/m^2 with pemetrexed 500 mg/m^2 and pembrolizumab 200 mg on Day 1 of each cycle. Treatment was given in conjunction with standard TRT (60 Gy in 2 Gy fractions administered 5 days per week for 6 weeks) in cycles 2 and 3. Participants then received 14 additional cycles of pembrolizumab 200 mg administered Q3W. 1 cycle=21 days.
Drug: Pembrolizumab 200 mg
Pembrolizumab 200 mg intravenous (IV) infusion on Days 1 of each 3-week cycle for up to 17 cycles
Other Name: MK-3475

Drug: Cisplatin 75 mg/m^2
Cisplatin 75 mg/m^2 IV infusion on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle for Cycles 1, 2, 3.

Drug: Pemetrexed 500 mg/m^2
Pemetrexed 500 mg/m^2 IV infusion on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle for Cycles 1, 2, and 3.

Radiation: Thoracic Radiation Therapy (TRT)
The target total dose of TRT will be 60 Gy in 30 daily fractions of 2 Gy, prescribed to the planning target volume.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Developed Grade 3 or Higher Pneumonitis [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 3 years ]
    Pneumonitis included the MedDRA preferred terms for radiation pneumonitis are acute interstitial pneumonitis, autoimmune lung disease, interstitial lung disease, pneumonitis, idiopathic pneumonia syndrome, organizing pneumonia, and immune-mediated pneumonitis. As per common terminology criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0, pneumonitis was graded as follows: Grade (Gr) 1- asymptomatic, clinical or diagnostic observations only; intervention not indicated; Gr 2- symptomatic, medical intervention indicated, limiting instrumental activities of daily living (ADL); Gr 3- severe symptoms; limiting self-care activities of daily living (ADL), oxygen indicated; Gr 4- life-threatening respiratory compromise; urgent intervention indicated (e.g., tracheotomy or intubation); Gr 5- death.

  2. Overall Response Rate (ORR) Per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 3 years ]
    ORR was defined as the percentage of participants who experienced a complete response (CR; disappearance of all target lesions) or a partial response (PR; at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) and was assessed using modified RECIST 1.1 by blinded independent central review (BICR).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival (PFS) Per Response Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 5 years ]
    PFS was defined as the time from the first dose of study treatment to the date of the first documentation of disease progression, as determined by BICR per RECIST 1.1 or death due to any cause (whichever occurred first). Disease progression was defined as at least 20 percent (%) increase (including an absolute increase of at least 5 millimeters [mm]) in the sum of diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum, and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions, and/or appearance of 1 or more new lesions. PFS was estimated and analyzed using the product-limit (Kaplan-Meier) method for censored data.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 5 years ]
    OS is defined as the time from enrollment to death due to any cause. OS was estimated and analyzed using the product-limit (Kaplan-Meier) method for censored data.

  3. Number of Participants Who Experienced an Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 1 1/4 years ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant, temporally associated with the use of study intervention, whether or not considered related to the study intervention. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease (new or exacerbated) temporally associated with the use of a study intervention. The number of participants with at least one AE was assessed.

  4. Number of Participants Who Discontinued From Study Treatment Due to an AE [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 1 year ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant, temporally associated with the use of study intervention, whether or not considered related to the study intervention. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease (new or exacerbated) temporally associated with the use of a study intervention. The number of participants who discontinued treatment due to an AE was assessed.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male/female participants, who are at least 18 years of age on the day of signing informed consent with previously untreated, unresectable, pathologically confirmed NSCLC and Stage IIIA, IIIB or IIIC NSCLC by American Joint Committee on Cancer Version 8.
  • No evidence of metastatic disease by whole body positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/ CT) scan, diagnostic quality CT scan, and brain imaging.
  • Have measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 as assessed by the local site investigator/radiology.
  • Have provided tumor tissue sample (core, incisional, or excisional biopsy).
  • Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1.
  • Have adequate pulmonary function test (PFT)
  • Have adequate organ function
  • A male participant must agree to use contraception through the end of treatment and refrain from donating sperm during this period.
  • A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant, not breastfeeding, and if participant is a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP), agrees to follow the contraceptive guidance as provided in the protocol through the end of treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A WOCBP who has a positive urine pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to treatment allocation
  • Has small cell lung cancer.
  • Has had documented weight loss >10% in the preceding 3 months.
  • Participants whose radiation treatment plans are likely to encompass a volume of whole lung receiving >20 Gy in total (V20) of more than 31% of lung volume.
  • Has received prior radiotherapy to the thorax, including radiotherapy to the esophagus or for breast cancer.
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent (programmed cell death protein 1 [PD-1] and its ligands, programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and programmed cell death ligand 2 [PD-L2]) or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (eg, CTLA-4, OX-40, CD137).
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
  • Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant.
  • Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment.
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg prednisone daily or equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior the first dose of study drug.
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 5 years.
  • Has severe hypersensitivity (Grade 3 or higher) to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients.
  • Has a known severe hypersensitivity (Grade 3 or higher) to any of the study chemotherapy agents and/or to any of their excipients.
  • Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years (ie, with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs).
  • Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease that required steroids or has current pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease that requires steroids.
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV testing is not required unless mandated by local health authority.
  • Has a known history of hepatitis B (defined as hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or known active hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected) infection.
  • Has a known history of active tuberculosis (TB; Bacillus tuberculosis).
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the participant's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  • Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with cooperating with the requirements of the study.
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study through the end of treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03631784


Locations
Show Show 56 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC:
Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03631784    
Other Study ID Numbers: 3475-799
MK-3475-799 ( Other Identifier: Merck Protocol Number )
2018-000714-37 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 15, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 2, 2022
Last Update Posted: November 2, 2022
Last Verified: October 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC:
Programmed Cell Death-1 (PD1, PD-1)
Programmed Cell Death 1 Ligand 1 (PDL1, PD-L1)
Programmed Cell Death 1 Ligand 2 (PDL2, PD-L2)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Paclitaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Cisplatin
Carboplatin
Pembrolizumab
Pemetrexed
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors