Manually Operated Communication System
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03630003|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 14, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 19, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Communication Ventilation Therapy; Complications||Device: MOCS Other: Post-use interview||Not Applicable|
Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admissions constitute a major part of hospital activity and resource allocation, and the number of patient days in ICUs and on mechanical ventilation is increasing. More than 5 million patients are admitted to an ICU annually in the United States, and approximately 55,000 critically ill patients are cared for each day. The most common cause for admission is respiratory insufficiency or failure; a study of data from 2005-2007 estimated that nearly 40 percent of ICU patients require mechanical ventilation.
Patients experience frequent emotional and psychiatric complications from ICU stays, including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. One 2011 study found a prevalence of "clinically significant" depressive symptoms ranging from 17 percent to 43 percent among post-ICU patients. In 2013, it was reported that up to 50 percent of patients experience general anxiety symptoms one year after discharge, a rate much higher than in the broader US population.
Patients who temporarily lose the ability to speak report a high level of frustration. A study of 127 patients reported that, "two stressors, being intubated and not being able to talk, were significantly more stressful… than all the other stressors. The mean stressfulness score for  other stressors was between no distress and mild distress." Improving subject communication with ICU care team will likely require better technological interventions, and current best practice for assessing the optimal patient communication method is dependent on the evaluation of an experienced speech-language pathologist (SLP). Current approaches are insufficient for patient's needs, as one representative study described: "Patients rated 40% of the communication sessions with nurses as somewhat difficult to extremely difficult. Assistive communication strategies were uncommon, with little to no use of assistive communication materials (e.g., writing supplies, alphabet or word boards)." Designing an effective mode of communication for ICU patients unable to speak due to mechanical ventilation will likely improve patient's experiences and, potentially, long-term outcomes.
Some limited technologies exist to address these issues; however, they are not in widespread use due to a variety of reasons, including cost, lack of intuitiveness, and design that is not appropriate for the ICU setting. The investigators are designing a technological solution to assist ICU subjects in communicating with their caregivers, particularly nurses. The investigators are planning to do the initial testing of MOCS in the adult ICUs at the UMass Medical Center or at MGH.
The purpose of this stage of the project is to determine whether the device that has been designed in the previous study will be suitable for the needs of patients, families, and nurses. The investigators will be measuring duration of use, frequency and type of engagement, and mechanical stability.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||60 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Device Feasibility|
|Official Title:||Manually Operated Communication System|
|Actual Study Start Date :||June 28, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||September 1, 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||September 1, 2021|
Experimental: Use of MOCS with post-use interview
The patients in this arm will be asked to utilize the Manually Operated Communication System (MOCS) device and will then be asked to provide feedback on their experiences.
Subjects will be asked to complete up to 3 sessions using the device. Each session is expected to last between 10 and 30 minutes. If the subject is interested in continuing, the session may last up to one hour.
The study team will perform post-study interviews with each subject to ask about their experience with MOCS. The data collection forms will be filled out during the session by a member of the research team.
The device consists of a tablet computer that can produce visual and auditory components designed to improve subject knowledge about setting and communication, mounted on a table or at the side of the bed in a place that is visible to the subject.
The Arduino will be connected to switches/buttons and implemented in a 3D-printed platform.
Other Name: Manually Operated Communication System
Other: Post-use interview
The Study team conducts an interview with participants to evaluate their experience with use of the MOCS device.
Other Name: Interview
- Ability to use make selections in software using handheld component [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]Able to make selection by squeezing handheld component, activating tablet software response, 5 times within 5 minutes of use (including training)
- Satisfaction assessed by modified SUS [ Time Frame: 30 days ]Patients, nurses, and family members will be asked to indicate their level of satisfaction with the communication software using a homegrown instrument to assess usability (modeled partly on the System Usability Scale, or SUS). Four questions are derived from the SUS; they assess likelihood of recommending, ease of use, ease of learning, and perceived ability to use the system for communication. Each of these questions are assessed on a 1-5 scale, with higher values representing a better outcome. The subscales of these questions are averaged to reach a total score.
- Duration of use [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]The time spent using the system will be measured.
- Level of engagement [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]The number of each type of interaction with the system will be tabulated
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03630003
|Contact: Miriam Goldberg, MEngemail@example.com|
|Contact: Arlene Williamsfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts General Hospital||Recruiting|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Contact: Leigh R. Hochberg, MD, PhD 617-742-9247 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Leigh R. Hochberg, MD, PhD|
|UMass Medical School||Recruiting|
|Worcester, Massachusetts, United States, 01655|
|Contact: Miriam Goldberg firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: J. Matthias Walz, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: Miriam Goldberg, MEng|
|Principal Investigator:||J. Matthias Walz, MD||UMass Medical School|