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Psychometric Evaluation of the Traditional Chinese Version of Resilience Scale-14

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03538145
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 25, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 25, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
The University of Hong Kong

Brief Summary:
This study will aim to translate the original RS-14 (English version) into traditional Chinese. It will then test the psychometric properties of the newly translated RS-14 to examine its factorial structure using both exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and CFA.

Condition or disease
Resilience of Hong Kong Adolescents

Detailed Description:

Mental health problems in adolescents reflect a global problem that is becoming more prevalent in Hong Kong. In Hong Kong, there is a significant change in family structure to small nuclear families. Children receive more attention and may even be overprotected by parents. Also, parents' great expectations for high academic achievement also contribute to the increase in mental health problems among adolescents in Hong Kong. The Polytechnic University and the Christian Family Service Centre conducted a mental health survey study of 12,518 Form 1 to Form 7 pupils from 2011 to 2014. Of the respondents, 62.1% demonstrated slight to very serious depression symptoms. Evidence has shown that depressive symptoms predict suicidal tendencies among adolescents.

Resilience effectively prevents the development of mental health problems and is associated with positive mental health outcomes in adolescents. Assessing resilience in adolescents is therefore crucial for developing a thorough understanding of their responses to stress and adversity. The literature reports various instruments used to assess resilience, such as the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) and the Resilience Scale (RS). And translated version of RS-14 is also developed because of linguistic and cultural differences.

The proposed study will aim to translate the original RS-14 (English version) into traditional Chinese. It will then test the psychometric properties of the newly translated RS-14 to examine its factorial structure using both exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and CFA. Furthermore, using the newly validated RS-14, a survey will be conducted to assess the resilience level of a large sample group of Hong Kong Chinese adolescents.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 2900 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Psychometric Evaluation of the Traditional Chinese Version of Resilience Scale-14 and the Assessment of the Resilience Level of Hong Kong Adolescents
Actual Study Start Date : October 11, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : December 31, 2017



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Resilience level [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    The RS-14 is a 14-item scale measuring two factors: personal competence, and acceptance of self and life. The item is answered using a 7-point Likert scale ranging from "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree," with total possible scores ranging from 14 to 98. Higher scores indicate higher levels of resilience.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of depressive symptoms [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    The subjects' depressive symptoms will be assessed using the Chinese version of the CES-DC. The CES-DC comprises 20 fully standardized items to evaluate depressive symptoms. All items are evaluated on a four-point self-report scale in relation to their incidence during the last week, which were scored from 0 to 3, with total possible scores ranging from 0 to 60, with higher scores indicating greater symptomatology.

  2. Levels of self-esteem [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    The subjects' self-esteem will be assessed using the Chinese version of the RSES. The RSES is designed to measure the global self-esteem of children and adolescents. The scale comprises 10 items, rated using a 4-point Likert scale ranging from 1 to 4, with total possible scores ranging from 10 to 40. Higher scores indicate higher levels of self-esteem.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 13 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Form 1 students (Grade 7, 12 to 13 years of age) from six secondary schools across three major districts (Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories) will be randomly selected and invited to participate in the proposed study.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Form 1 students (Grade 7, 12 to 13 years of age) from six secondary schools

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Those with chronic illnesses or identified cognitive or learning problems will be excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03538145


Locations
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Hong Kong
The University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Sponsors and Collaborators
The University of Hong Kong
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Oi Kwan Joyce Chung, Dr The University of Hong Kong
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: The University of Hong Kong
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03538145    
Other Study ID Numbers: UW17-378
First Posted: May 25, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 25, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No