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Gefitinib and Berberine in the First-line Treatment of Lung Adenocarcinoma With EGFR Mutation (Geber)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03486496
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2018 by Fujian Cancer Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 3, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 3, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fujian Cancer Hospital

Brief Summary:


Advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations (del19 or L858R) show an impressive progression-free survival between 9 and 11 months when treated with gefitinib. Combination of gefitinib and berberine could improve efficacy in lung cancer with EGFR mutation in vivo and vitro. The investigators hypothesize that progression-free survival could be improved by combination of gefitinib and berberine.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Adenocarcinoma EGFR Mutation Drug: gefitinib Drug: Berberine Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Strong lipogenic activity and high expression of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP-1) were found in gefitinib-resistance NSCLC cells. Berberine, an effective suppressor of SREBP1 and lipogenesis regulated through ROS/AMPK pathway, selectively inhibited the growth of gefitinib-resistance NSCLC cells but not that of normal cells. It effectively caused mitochondrial dysfunction, activated reactive oxygen species (ROS)/AMPK pathway and finally suppressed cellular lipogenesis and cell proliferation. Addition of ROS blocker, AMPK inhibitor and palmitic acid significantly reduced the effect of Berberine. In in vivo study, treatment of Berberine led to significant inhibition of mouse tumor xenograft growth.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label Phase II Trial of Gefitinib and Berberine in Patients With Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer and Activating EGFR Mutations
Estimated Study Start Date : June 5, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 1, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 1, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Gefitinib

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Gefitinib and Berberine
Experimental: Gefitinib and Berberine Patients will be treated with Gefitinib and Berberine. Gefitinib: 250 mg p.o., daily. Berberine: 50 mg p.o., tid.
Drug: gefitinib
Patients will be treated with gefitinib, 250 mg p.o., daily
Other Name: Iressa (AstraZeneca)

Drug: Berberine
Patients will be treated with Berberine, 50 mg p.o., tid
Other Name: Berberine Sulfate

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: Within 6 months of the last visit of last patient, approximately 30 months after inclusion of first patient ]
    Time from the date of enrolment to discontinuation of treatment for any reason (including progression of disease, treatment toxicity, refusal and death)

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response [ Time Frame: through study completion,an average of three years ]
    Best overall response (complete remission or partial remission) across all assessment time-points according to RECIST Criteria 1.1, during the period from enrolment to termination of trial treatment.

  2. safety [ Time Frame: Within 6 months of the last visit of last patient, approximately 30 months after inclusion of first patient ]
    Adverse events graded according to NCI CTCAE V4.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Adequate haematological function, coagulation, liver function and renal function
  • Pathological diagnosis of predominantly non-squamous, non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
  • TNM version 7 stage IV disease including M1a (malignant effusion) or M1b (distant metastasis), or locally advanced disease not amenable to curative treatment (including patients progressing after radiochemotherapy for stage III disease)
  • Measurable or evaluable disease (according to RECIST 1.1 criteria).
  • Centrally confirmed EGFR exon 19 deletion (del19) or exon 21 mutation (L858R)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had in the past 5 years any previous or concomitant malignancy EXCEPT adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, in situ carcinoma of the cervix or bladder, in situ breast carcinoma.

Patients with any known significant ophthalmologic anomaly of the ocular surface

  • Patients who received prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease
  • Patients who received previous treatment for lung cancer with drugs targeting EGFR or VEGF
  • Pregnancy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03486496

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Contact: Gen Lin, Dr. 00861-591-83660063

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China, Fujian
Fujian cancer hospital
Fuzhou, Fujian, China
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fujian Cancer Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Cheng Huang, MD. Fujian Cancer Hospital
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Fujian Cancer Hospital Identifier: NCT03486496    
Other Study ID Numbers: CSWOF201801
First Posted: April 3, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 3, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Individual participant data will be available
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Analytic Code
Time Frame: Data will be available within 6 months of study completion
Access Criteria: Data access requests will be reviewed by an external indepentent Review Panel. Requesdtors will be required to sign a Data Access Agreement.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Fujian Cancer Hospital:
Lung Adenocarcinoma
EGFR mutation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Adenocarcinoma of Lung
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action