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Multi-Targeted Recombinant Ad5 (CEA/MUC1/Brachyury) Based Immunotherapy Vaccine Regimen in People With Advanced Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03384316
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 27, 2017
Results First Posted : December 23, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 9, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Julius Strauss, M.D., National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

Background:

ETBX-011, ETBX-061, and ETBX-051 are cancer vaccines. Their goal is to teach the immune system to target and kill cancer cells. The vaccines target 3 proteins found in many types of cancer. Researchers think targeting all 3 proteins in unison will have the best results.

Objective:

To test the safety of combining ETBX-011, ETBX-061, and ETBX-051 and their effects on the immune system.

Eligibility:

People ages 18 and older with advanced cancer that has not responded to standard therapies

Design:

Participants will be screened with:

Medical history

Physical exam

Blood, urine, and heart tests

Scan: They will lie in a machine that takes pictures of the body.

Participants will receive the 3 vaccines through 3 shots under the skin every 3 weeks for 3 doses, then every 8 weeks for up to 1 year. They will have blood and urine tests at each vaccine visit. They will have scans and other measurements of their tumor after 9 weeks and then at their vaccine visits every 8 weeks.

Participants will keep a diary of symptoms at the injection site.

Participants will have a visit 90 days after their final treatment. This will include a physical exam and blood and urine tests. If they have any ongoing side effects, they will be followed until these end or are not changing.

After this visit, they will be called every 3 months for the first year, every 6 months for the next 2 years, then every 12 months for another 2 years to see how they are doing.

Participants will have the option to enroll in a long-term follow-up study.

...


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neoplasms Prostate Cancer Lung Cancer Breast Cancer Colon Cancer Biological: ETBX-051; adenoviral brachyury vaccine Biological: ETBX-061; adenoviral Mucin-1 (MUC1) vaccine Biological: ETBX-011; adenoviral Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) vaccine Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Background:

  • The overall goal of the current project is to expand our immunotherapeutic approach for the treatment of advanced cancer employing a multi-targeted approach.
  • Therapeutic cancer vaccines targeting overexpressed proteins offer a potential method to activate T cells against tumors.
  • A novel adenovirus based vaccine targeting three (3) human tumor associated antigens (TAA), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), mucin-1 (MUC1), and brachyury, respectively has demonstrated anti-tumor cytolytic T cell responses in pre-clinical animal models of cancer.

Objectives:

-To determine the overall safety and recommended phase 2 dose of a combination of three immunotherapeutic vaccines (ETBX-011/ETBX-061/ETBX-051), when administered subcutaneously (SC) to subjects with advanced solid tumors

Eligibility:

  • Subjects age 18 and older with cytologically or histologically confirmed locally advanced or metastatic solid tumor malignancy who have completed or had disease progression on at least one prior line of disease-appropriate therapy or who are not candidates for therapy of proven efficacy for their disease.
  • Subjects may have measurable or non-measurable but evaluable disease. Subjects with surgically resected metastatic disease at high risk of relapse are also eligible.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status less than or equal to 1
  • Adequate organ and bone marrow function
  • Subjects with active autoimmune diseases requiring systemic treatment and subjects requiring systemic steroids (except for physiologic doses for steroid replacement) are not allowed

Design:

  • This is a Phase I trial in subjects with advanced cancer. A combination of three therapeutic vaccines (ETBX-011, ETBX-51, EBX-61) using the same modified Adenovirus vector backbone, separately encoding three well-studied tumor-associated antigens will be assessed. The vaccine will be tested at a single dose level, and a dose de-escalation design (if required). The dose level of each vaccine tested will be 5x1011 VP. This dose has been found in prior phase 1 testing of Ad5 [E1-, E2b-]-CEA(6D) (ETBX-011) to be well tolerated (with no dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) or related Serious adverse events (SAEs), and optimal for induction of immune responses. Each of the three vaccines will be administered subcutaneously (SC) at separate injection sites (proximal limb, preferably the thigh), every 3 weeks for 3 doses, then bi-monthly (every 8 week) boosts for up to a year.
  • Up to six patients will be enrolled at Dose Level 1. If less than or equal to l of 6 patients experience a DLT, initiation of the dose expansion phase will occur. If greater than or equal to 2 of 6 experience DLT at Dose Level 1, then dose de-escalation will occur. Up to six patients will be enrolled at the lower dose level Dose Level -1 (1x10^11 VP). If less than or equal to 1 of 6 patients experience a DLT, then the maximum tolerated (MTD) will be declared at this dose, and initiation of the dose expansion phase will occur. If greater than or equal to 2 of 6 experience DLT at Dose Level -1, then a protocol amendment may be written to evaluate a further dose de-escalation.
  • A dose expansion phase of study will be enrolled after the MTD of the combination vaccine has been determined. An additional 4 subjects will be enrolled in the dose expansion component of the trial, for a total of 10 subjects at the MTD.
  • The ETBX-011, ETBX-51 and ETBX-61 vaccines will be administered SC every 3 weeks for 3 doses, and then bi monthly boosts for up to a year. Evaluations including immunological assessments will be carried out at baseline, on days of vaccination, and after the last vaccination.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 11 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multi-Targeted Recombinant Ad5 (CEA/MUC1/Brachyury) Based Immunotherapy Vaccine Regimen in People With Advanced Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : January 31, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 22, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : August 24, 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1/Arm 1-Dose De-Escalation
Dose De-Escalation
Biological: ETBX-051; adenoviral brachyury vaccine
immunotherapeutic vaccine administered subcutaneously every 3 weeks for 3 doses, and then every 8 weeks for up to a year

Biological: ETBX-061; adenoviral Mucin-1 (MUC1) vaccine
immunotherapeutic vaccine administered subcutaneously every 3 weeks for 3 doses, and then every 8 weeks for up to a year

Biological: ETBX-011; adenoviral Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) vaccine
immunotherapeutic vaccine administered subcutaneously every 3 weeks for 3 doses, and then every 8 weeks for up to a year

Experimental: 2/Arm 2 - Dose Expansion
Dose Expansion
Biological: ETBX-051; adenoviral brachyury vaccine
immunotherapeutic vaccine administered subcutaneously every 3 weeks for 3 doses, and then every 8 weeks for up to a year

Biological: ETBX-061; adenoviral Mucin-1 (MUC1) vaccine
immunotherapeutic vaccine administered subcutaneously every 3 weeks for 3 doses, and then every 8 weeks for up to a year

Biological: ETBX-011; adenoviral Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) vaccine
immunotherapeutic vaccine administered subcutaneously every 3 weeks for 3 doses, and then every 8 weeks for up to a year




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Serious and Non-serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Date treatment consent signed to date off study, approximately 16 months and 6 days. ]
    Here is the count of participants with serious and non-serious adverse events assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE v5.0). A non-serious adverse event is any untoward medical occurrence. A serious adverse event is an adverse event or suspected adverse reaction that results in death, a life-threatening adverse drug experience, hospitalization, disruption of the ability to conduct normal life functions, congenital anomaly/birth defect or important medical events that jeopardize the patient or subject and may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the previous outcomes mentioned.

  2. Recommended Phase 2 Dose (RP2D) [ Time Frame: RP2D was based upon evaluation of DLTs. Participants were followed for DLTs from the first dose of vaccine for 3 weeks. ]
    RP2D is defined as ≤ 1 of 6 of the initial 6 subjects who experience a dose limiting toxicity (DLT), than this dose level will be defined as the RP2D. A DLT is defined as any Grade 3 or greater toxicity that is possibly related to the vaccine and as defined by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 5.0 with the exception of transient (≤ 24 hours) Grade 3 flu-like symptoms or fever, which is controlled with medical management (≤ 24 hours) Grade 3 fatigue, skin reactions or rash, headache, nausea, emesis that resolves to Grade ≤ 1 or asymptomatic grade 3 amylase/lipase elevation.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Who Achieve an Objective Confirmed Complete or Partial Response Assessed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST v1.1) [ Time Frame: Approximately 3.5 months ]
    Objective response is determined by participants whose tumors shrunk after therapy assessed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST v1.1). Complete Response (CR) is disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or nontarget) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. Partial Response (PR) is at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.

  2. Number of Patients With Disease Control (Confirmed Response or Stable Disease (SD)) Lasting for at Least 6 Months [ Time Frame: up to 6 months ]
    Response was assessed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). Stable Disease (SD) is defined as neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for Partial Response (PR) nor sufficient increase to qualify for Progressive Disease (taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study).

  3. Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: up to 12 months ]
    The amount of time a subject survives without disease progression after treatment. Progression is defined by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) and is at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of 5 mm. (Note: the appearance of one or more lesions is also considered progression).

  4. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: up to 12 months ]
    OS is defined as the amount of time a subject survives after therapy assessed from the date of first treatment to the date of death (any cause).


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Number of Participants With a Positive Mucin-1 (MUC-1) Specific T-Cells Immune Response [ Time Frame: up to week 6 ]
    Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were analyzed by flow cytometry to evaluate anti-tumor response induced by vaccine injection.

  2. Number of Participants With a Positive Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA) Specific T-Cells Immune Response [ Time Frame: up to week 6 ]
    Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were analyzed by flow cytometry to evaluate anti-tumor response induced by vaccine injection.

  3. Number of Participants With a Positive Brachyury Specific T-Cells Immune Response [ Time Frame: up to week 6 ]
    Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were analyzed by flow cytometry to evaluate anti-tumor response induced by vaccine injection.

  4. Number of Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: From the date of the first dose of vaccine, approximately 3 weeks. ]
    A DLT is defined as any Grade 3 or greater toxicity that is possibly related to the vaccine and as defined by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 5.0 with the exception of transient (≤ 24 hours) Grade 3 flu-like symptoms or fever, which is controlled with medical management (≤ 24 hours) Grade 3 fatigue, skin reactions or rash, headache, nausea, emesis that resolves to Grade ≤ 1 or asymptomatic grade 3 amylase/lipase elevation.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Age greater than or equal to 18 years (male and female).
  • Ability to understand and provide signed informed consent that fulfills Institutional Review Board (IRB)'s guidelines.
  • Subjects with cytologically or histologically confirmed locally advanced or metastatic solid tumor malignancy.
  • Subjects must have completed or had disease progression on at least one prior line of disease-appropriate therapy or not be candidates for therapy of proven efficacy for their disease.
  • Subjects may have measurable or non-measurable but evaluable. Subjects with surgically resected locally advanced or metastatic disease at high risk of relapse are also eligible.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status less than or equal to 1.
  • Subjects who have received prior carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), mucin-1 (MUC1), and/or Brachyury-targeted immunotherapy (vaccine) are eligible for this trial if this treatment was discontinued at least 4 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Resolution of clinically significant side effects of prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy or surgical procedures to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria in Adverse Events (CTCAE) Grade less than or equal to 1 or grade less than or equal to 2 for neuropathy.

    • Adequate hematologic function at screening, as follows:
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1 x 10^9/L
    • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
    • Platelets >= 75,000/mcL.
  • Adequate renal and hepatic function at screening, as follows:

    • Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) OR creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 40 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula below):

      • Female CrCl = ((140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 0.85) / (72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL)
      • Male CrCl = ((140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 1.00)/ 1.00) / (72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL)
    • Bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN OR in subjects with Gilbert's syndrome, a total bilirubin less than or equal to 3.0 x ULN
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) less than or equal to 2.5 x ULN, unless liver metastases are present, then values must be less than or equal to 3 x ULN)
  • The effects of the combination ETBX-011, ETBX-051, ETBX-061 vaccine regimen on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, female subjects of childbearing potential defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or tubal ligation) or who is not postmenopausal (menopause being defined clinically as 12 months of amenorrhea in a woman over 45 in the absence of other biological or physiological causes) and male patients who are not surgically sterile (vasectomy etc.), must agree to use acceptable contraceptive methods for the duration of the study and for one month after the last vaccination. Acceptable forms of contraception include oral contraceptives, intrauterine device, condom or vaginal diaphragm plus spermicidal (gel/foam/cream/vaginal suppository), or total abstinence.
  • Ability to attend required study visits and return for adequate follow up, as required by this protocol.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Pregnant and nursing women. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with combination ETBX-011, ETBX-051, ETBX-061, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with combination ETBX-011, ETBX-051, ETBX-061. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.
  • There should be a minimum of 4 weeks from any prior investigational drug, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, with the exception of hormonal therapy for prostate and breast cancers, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2-) directed therapy for HER2+ breast or stomach cancer (3+ immunohistochemistry (IHC) or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH+), drugs targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), anaplastic large-cell lymphoma kinase (ALK) or ROS1 in EGFR,ALK, ROS1-mutated lung cancer, respectively, or standard maintenance therapies for any solid tumor under the condition that subjects are on these therapies for at least two months before start of trial treatment.
  • There should also be a minimum of 4 weeks from any prior radiotherapy except for palliative bone directed therapy.
  • Known active brain or central nervous system metastasis (less than 1 month out from definitive radiotherapy or surgery), or seizures requiring anticonvulsant treatment, or clinically significant cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack (<3 months).
  • Subjects with active autoimmune disease requiring systemic immunosuppressive treatment within the past 4 weeks such as but not restricted to inflammatory bowel disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, ankylosing spondylitis, scleroderma, or multiple sclerosis. A history of autoimmune disease which is not active nor has required recent systemic immunosuppressive therapy (< 4 weeks prior to enrollment) is not reason for exclusion.
  • Subjects with serious intercurrent chronic or acute illness, such as cardiac or pulmonary disease, hepatic disease, or other illness considered by the Investigator as high risk for investigational drug treatment.
  • Subjects with clinically significant heart disease, such as congestive heart failure (class II, III, or IV defined by the New York Heart Association functional classification), history of unstable or poorly controlled angina, or history (< 1 year) of ventricular arrhythmia.
  • Subjects with a medical or psychological impediment that would impair the ability of the subject to receive therapy per protocol or impact ability to comply with the protocol or protocol-required visits and procedures.
  • History of second malignancy within 3 years prior to enrollment except for the following: adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, cervical carcinoma in situ, superficial bladder cancer or other localized malignancy after discussion with the medical monitor.
  • Presence of a known active acute or chronic infection, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, as determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and confirmed by western blot) and hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus (HBV/HCV, as determined by hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis C serology).
  • Subjects on systemic intravenous or oral corticosteroid therapy with the exception of physiologic doses of corticosteroids (less than or equal to the equivalent of prednisone 10 mg/day) or other immunosuppressives such as azathioprine or cyclosporin A are excluded on the basis of potential immune suppression. For these subjects these excluded treatments must be discontinued at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment for recent short course use (less than or equal to 14 days) or discontinued at least 4 weeks prior to enrollment for long term use (> 14 days). In addition, the use of corticosteroids as premedication for contrast-enhanced studies is allowed prior to enrollment and on study.
  • Subjects with known allergy or hypersensitivity to any component of the investigational product will be excluded.
  • Subjects with acute or chronic skin disorders that will interfere with injection into the skin of the extremities or subsequent assessment of potential skin reactions will be excluded.
  • Subjects vaccinated with a live (attenuated) vaccine (e.g., FluMist(R)) or a killed (inactivated)/subunit vaccine (e.g., PNEUMOVAX(R), Fluzone(R)) within 28 days or 14 days, respectively, of the first planned dose of ETBX vaccine.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03384316


Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Julius Y Strauss, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Julius Strauss, M.D., National Cancer Institute (NCI):
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] June 12, 2018

Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
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Responsible Party: Julius Strauss, M.D., National Cancer Institute, National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03384316    
Other Study ID Numbers: 180032
18-C-0032
First Posted: December 27, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 23, 2019
Last Update Posted: September 9, 2020
Last Verified: August 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Julius Strauss, M.D., National Cancer Institute (NCI):
Combination Vaccine
Adenoviral
ETBX-011
ETBX-061
ETBX-051
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colonic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs