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LCI-HEM-MYE-CRD-002: Carfilzomib-Revlimid-Dexamethasone-Elotuzumab in Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03361306
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 4, 2017
Results First Posted : July 26, 2022
Last Update Posted : January 26, 2023
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Atrium Health Levine Cancer Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Brief Summary:
The study drug elotuzumab, has been clinically shown to be effective in treating relapsed/refractory MM in combination with either bortezomib, or lenalidomide and dexamethasone. Elotuzumab in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone is currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma. Carfilzomib is also FDA approved for treating multiple myeloma and frequently given in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for treatment of relapsed/refractory MM. Based on these findings, this study will look at how subjects with relapsed/refractory MM respond to a combination treatment with the following drugs: elotuzumab, carfilzomib, lenalidomide and dexamethasone. The combination of these four drugs is not FDA approved and is experimental.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: Elotuzumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This single arm, open-label phase II study is designed with the primary objective of evaluating the efficacy of induction therapy comprised of 4 cycles of carfilzomib, lenalidomide, dexamethasone and elotuzumab (KRd+elotuzumab) in terms of very good partial response or better (VGPR+) in subjects with relapsed and/or refractory MM, and comparing to relevant historical controls. Post induction, all subjects will undergo disease evaluation for assessment of the primary endpoint. Maintenance therapy comprised of elotuzumab and lenalidomide (R+elotuzumab) will start directly after induction and continue until relapse or progression.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: LCI-HEM-MYE-CRD-002: A Phase II Study of Carfilzomib- Revlimid-Dexamethasone-Elotuzumab in Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : December 15, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 4, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Multiple Myeloma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: KRd-Elotuzumab

Induction (4 28-day cycles):

Carfilzomib (IV) @ 20 mg/m^2, Day 1 of Cycle 1; @ 56 mg/m^2, Day 8,15 of Cycle 1; @ 56 mg/m^2, Day 1,8,15 of Cycles 2-4

Lenalidomide (Oral) @ 25 mg, once daily at bedtime on Days 1-21 of each cycle (Cycles 1-4)

Dexamethasone @ 28 mg orally OR 8 mg IV, once weekly on Day 1,8,15,22 of Cycles 1-2; @28 mg orally OR 8 mg IV on Day 1 of Cycles 3-4

Elotuzumab (IV) @ 10 mg/kg, once weekly on Day 1,8,15,22 of Cycles 1-2; @ 20 mg/kg on Day 1 of Cycles 3-4

Maintenance (28-day cycles):

Elotuzumab (IV) @ 20 mg/kg, Day 1 of each cycle (Cycles 1-n)

Lenalidomide (Oral) @ 15 mg (or last tolerated dose if <15 mg), once daily at bedtime on Days 1-21 of each cycle (Cycles 1-n)

Drug: Elotuzumab
Experimental
Other Name: Empliciti




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With VGPR or Better Response to Induction [ Time Frame: From enrollment to the disease response determined at the end of the induction part of regimen (4 cycles of KRd-Elo was planned, but some subjects progressed before the end of induction). The median length of induction was 16 weeks. ]
    The primary endpoint is a binary variable determined for each subject indicating whether the subject achieved a very good partial response (VGPR), complete response (CR), or stringent complete response (sCR) to induction treatment with KRd-Elo, as defined by the IMWG 2016 response criteria. Per IMWG 2016 criteria, VGPR is defined as serum/urine M-protein detectable by immunofixation but not electrophoresis OR >= 90% reduction in serum M protein plus urine M-protein <100 mg/24 h. CR is defined as negative immunofixation on serum and urine, disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas, and <5% plasma cells in bone marrow aspirates. sCR is defined as CR plus normal FLC ratio and absence of clonal cells in bone marrow by immunohistochemistry.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Subjects With an Objective Response [ Time Frame: From enrollment to best response while on study treatment; subjects remained on treatment until disease progression or death or unacceptable toxicity. ]
    Objective response was determined for each subject as a binary variable indicating whether or not the subject achieved a best overall response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) as determined by IMWG 2016 response criteria.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From date of treatment start to date of death, or censored as described; assessed for approximately 5 years. ]
    OS is defined as the duration from treatment start date to the date of death from any cause. Subjects who are alive or lost to follow up at the time of the analysis will be censored at the last known date they were alive.

  3. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From treatment start date to date of progression/death, or censored as described; assessed for approximately 3 years. ]
    PFS is defined as the duration of time from treatment start date to first occurrence of either progressive disease (PD) or death. PD must be objectively determined per IMWG 2016 criteria, where progression date is date of last assessment that identified PD. If subject died without documented PD, progression date will be death date. For surviving subjects who do not have PD, PFS will be censored at the date of last disease assessment. For subjects who received subsequent anti-cancer therapy prior to documented PD, PFS will be censored at the date of last disease assessment prior to commencement of subsequent therapy. Subjects who have an initial PFS event immediately following 2 or more consecutive missed assessments will be censored at date of last assessment prior to missed assessments.

  4. Time to Disease Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: From treatment start date to date of progression/death, or censored as described; assessed for approximately 3 years. ]
    TTP is defined as the duration of time from treatment start date to first occurrence of either progressive disease (PD) or death related to disease progression. PD must be objectively determined per IMWG 2016 criteria, where progression date is date of last assessment that identified PD. If a subject died for causes related to disease progression then progression date will be date of death. If a subject died for causes other than disease progression, TTP will be censored at the date of other cause mortality. For surviving subjects who do not have PD, TTP will be censored at the date of last disease assessment. For subjects who received subsequent anti-cancer therapy prior to documented PD, TTP will be censored at the date of last disease assessment prior to commencement of subsequent therapy. Subjects who have an initial TTP event immediately following 2 or more consecutive missed assessments will be censored at date of last assessment prior to missed assessments.

  5. Duration of Response (DoR) [ Time Frame: From time of first response to date of progression/death, or censored as described; assessed for approximately 3 years. ]
    DoR will be calculated for each subject with response for the VGPR+ and overall response endpoints. The DoR intervals will be calculated from the time of the first assessment that identified response until disease progression or death. The censoring mechanism for DoR will be the same as described for PFS.

  6. Time to Next Treatment (TTNT) [ Time Frame: From treatment start date to date of next treatment, or censored as described; assessed for approximately 3 years. ]
    TTNT will be calculated from the time of treatment start until the start of the first subsequent anti-cancer therapy after all protocol directed therapy is completed. For surviving subjects who do not receiving subsequent therapy, TTNT will be censored at the last contact date. For subjects who die before beginning subsequent anti-cancer therapy, TTNT will be censored at the date of death



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Subject must meet all of the following applicable inclusion criteria to participate in this study:

  1. Written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal health information signed by the subject or his/her legally authorized representative.
  2. Age >= 18 years at the time of consent.
  3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0-2 (see Appendix A, Section 18.1).
  4. Documented history of relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma per IMWG 2016 criteria [22] as defined below (biochemical and/or clinical relapse per IMWG criteria); (NOTE: subjects refractory to bortezomib and/or lenalidomide are eligible; subjects who previously received carfilzomib are eligible provided they experienced a minimal response or better and relapsed >60 days after completion of treatment [see exclusion criteria #2]):

    1. Relapse is defined as progression of disease after an initial response to previous treatment, more than 6 months after discontinuation of treatment.
    2. Refractory is defined as lack of response to previous treatment, progression of disease during treatment, or progression of disease within 6 months of discontinuation of treatment.
  5. Prior treatment with one line (and no more than one line) of systemic therapy for MM; NOTE: A new line of therapy is considered to start when a planned course of therapy is modified to include other treatment agents (alone or in combination) as a result of progressive disease (PD), relapse, or toxicity or when a planned period of observation off therapy is interrupted by a need for additional treatment for the disease. Induction therapy and stem cell transplant followed by planned maintenance therapy (provided there is no intervening PD) are considered to be a single line.
  6. Subject must have recovered from any treatment-induced toxicities to ≤ grade 1 or baseline
  7. Adequate washout from previous therapy:

    1. Prior chemotherapy is completed >3 weeks prior to day 1 of treatment (6 weeks for melphalan, nitrosoureas or monoclonal antibodies).
    2. Autologous transplant completed (referring to day of stem cell infusion) >12 weeks prior to day 1 of treatment; allogeneic transplant >16 weeks prior to day 1 of treatment.
    3. Prior radiotherapy completed at least 2 weeks prior to day 1 of treatment.
    4. Corticosteroid therapy at a dose equivalent to dexamethasone >4mg/day has been completed at least 2 weeks prior to day 1 of treatment.
  8. Measurable disease defined as:

    1. Serum M-protein > 0.5 g/dL OR
    2. Urine M-protein ≥200 mg/24 h OR
    3. Involved free light chain (FLC) level ≥10 mg/dL provided serum FLC ratio is abnormal.
  9. Demonstrate adequate organ function within 1 week of day 1 of treatment as defined in the table in Sec.tion 3.2 of protocol (#8)
  10. Adequate cardiac function as defined by ≥45% Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) by ECHO or MUGA within 28 days prior to day 1 of treatment.
  11. Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to day 1 of treatment, and be willing to undergo serial serum or urine pregnancy testing. NOTE: Females are considered of child bearing potential unless they are surgically sterile (have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or are postmenopausal (at least 12 consecutive months with no menses without an alternative medical cause).
  12. FCBP must be willing to use a highly effective contraceptive method (i.e., achieves a failure rate of <1% per year when used consistently and correctly) plus a second contraceptive method (considered acceptable [failure rate of >1% per year] or highly effective) from the time of informed consent until 6 months after the last protocol prescribed therapy has been discontinued. NOTE: estrogens may further increase the risk of thrombosis (beyond that associated with lenalidomide) and their use should be based on a benefit-risk decision. For the highly effective contraceptive method, a method with low user dependency is preferable but not required (see tables, adapted from:

    http://www.hma.eu/fileadmin/dateien/Human_Medicines/01-About_HMA/Working_Groups/CTFG/2014_09_HMA_CTFG_Contraception.pdf).

  13. Male subjects (even those who have had a vasectomy) who are sexually active with a FCBP must be willing to use latex or synthetic condoms from the time of informed consent until 180 days after the last protocol prescribed therapy has been discontinued. The FCBP partner should also consider contraception recommendations (see inclusion #11).
  14. As determined by the enrolling physician, ability of the subject to understand and comply with study procedures for the entire length of the study.

Exclusion Criteria

Subjects meeting any of the criteria below may not participate in the study:

  1. Discontinuation of previous lenalidomide, carfilzomib or dexamethasone due to intolerance.
  2. If previously treated with carfilzomib, lack of response, progression during or relapsed within 60 days after completion of treatment.
  3. Any infection, at the time of screening, requiring systemic therapy (i.e. involving IV antibiotics) (NOTE: at discretion of investigator, subjects with uncomplicated urinary tract infections may be eligible).
  4. Pregnant or breastfeeding (NOTE: breast milk cannot be stored for future use while the mother is being treated on study, and any female subject must agree not to donate eggs during the study and for 4 months after the last protocol prescribed therapy has been discontinued).
  5. Has a known additional malignancy that is active and/or progressive requiring treatment; exceptions include basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical or bladder cancer, carcinoma of the prostate with a current PSA value of <0.5 ng/mL or other cancer for which the subject has completed treatment, been disease-free for at least five years, and is considered by Sponsor-Investigator to be at <30% risk of relapse, or on hormonal therapy for a history of either prostate cancer or breast cancer, provided that there has been no evidence of disease progression during the previous three years.
  6. Non-secretory MM.
  7. Active involvement of the central nervous system by MM.
  8. Prior cardiovascular cerebrovascular accident with persistent neurological deficit.
  9. POEMS syndrome (plasma cell dyscrasia with polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin changes).
  10. Had major surgery within 4 weeks prior to day 1 of treatment.
  11. Plasmapheresis within 4 weeks from day 1 of treatment.
  12. Treatment with any investigational drug within 4 weeks prior to day 1 of treatment.
  13. Uncontrolled clinically significant illness including, but not limited to, uncontrolled hypertension (as per the most updated Joint National Committee for the Management of Hypertension definitions), symptomatic congestive heart failure (as per New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III or IV [see Appendix C, Section 18.3], uncontrolled angina pectoris, myocardial infarction within the past 6 months, known or suspected amyloidosis, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements as determined by the investigator, or any other condition (including laboratory abnormalities) that would, in the opinion of the Sponsor-Investigator, place the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study.
  14. Known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to monoclonal antibodies or human proteins, elotuzumab or its excipients or known sensitivity to mammalian-derived products, carfilzomib or its excipients, lenalidomide or its excipients, or dexamethasone or its excipients.
  15. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or active hepatitis A, B and/or C infection.

    1. Subjects with resolved HBV infection (i.e. subjects who are HBsAg negative but positive for antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen [anti-HBc] and/or antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen [anti-HBs]) must be screened using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) measurement of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels. Subjects who are PCR positive will be excluded. Exception: subjects with serologic findings suggestive of HBV vaccination (anti-HBs positivity as the only serologic marker) and a known history of prior HBV vaccination do not need to be tested for HBV DNA by PCR.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03361306


Locations
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United States, North Carolina
Levine Cancer Institute
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28204
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Atrium Health Levine Cancer Institute
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Manisha Bhutani, MD Wake Forest University Health Sciences
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Wake Forest University Health Sciences:
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Responsible Party: Wake Forest University Health Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03361306    
Other Study ID Numbers: LCI-HEM-MYE-CRD-002
00023493 ( Other Identifier: Advarra IRB )
First Posted: December 4, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 26, 2022
Last Update Posted: January 26, 2023
Last Verified: January 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Wake Forest University Health Sciences:
Relapsed
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Elotuzumab
Antineoplastic Agents