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Prolonged Multimodal Analgesia for Post-Discharge Pain Control After Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03358888
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 2, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 29, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rothman Institute Orthopaedics

Brief Summary:
This is a prospective, three-arm, comparative study with a provider-crossover design. The first arm will comprise the standard of care pain regimen after discharge, which comprises PRN oxycodone, tramadol, and acetaminophen. The second arm will comprise a multimodal pain regimen; however, patients will still be routinely provided PRN oxycodone and tramadol to use on an as needed basis. The third arm will comprise a multimodal pain management protocol, which does not routinely allow for opioid consumption. However, patients will be provided a one week supply of oxycodone and tramadol for emergency pain relief only.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoarthritis, Hip Drug: Multi-modal with as needed opioids Drug: Multi-modal with one week of opioids offered Drug: Standard of Care Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 228 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Prolonged Multimodal Analgesia for Post-Discharge Pain Control After Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty
Actual Study Start Date : June 5, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 22, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : February 28, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Standard of Care Drug: Standard of Care
This arm follows standard of care post-operative pain management with oxycodone, tramadol, and acetametophin

Active Comparator: Multi-modal with as needed opioids Drug: Multi-modal with as needed opioids
Multi-modal with as needed oxycodone and tramadol provided for break-through pain

Active Comparator: Multi-modal with one week of opioids offered Drug: Multi-modal with one week of opioids offered
Multi-modal with only one week of oxycodone and tramadol provided for emergency pain relief only




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. total opioid consumption [ Time Frame: total consumption calcuated from surgery date through 30 days post-op ]
  2. Pain [ Time Frame: 30 days post-operative ]
    Pain as reported by Visual Analog Scale



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients undergoing unilateral, primary cementless THA with underlying diagnosis of osteoarthritis.
  • ASA I - III
  • Spinal anesthesia
  • Male and Female over 18 who are willing and able to provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Opioid use within 3 months prior to surgery
  • General anesthesia
  • Non-english speaking
  • ASA IV or greater
  • Allergy/contraindications to protocol medications
  • Renal insufficiency with Cr > 2.0 or hepatic failure
  • Sensory/motor disorder involving the operative limb
  • Planned or unplanned discharge to rehab
  • Length of stay >3 days
  • Revision or conversion THA
  • Cigarette smokers

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03358888


Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
Rothman Institute
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rothman Institute Orthopaedics
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Rothman Institute Orthopaedics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03358888    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2017- Chen
First Posted: December 2, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 29, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteoarthritis, Hip
Osteoarthritis
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Analgesics, Opioid
Narcotics
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents