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Enzalutamide With or Without Radium Ra 223 Dichloride in Patients With Metastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03344211
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 17, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 5, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Southern California

Brief Summary:
This randomized phase II trial studies how well enzalutamide with or without radium Ra 223 dichloride in treating patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Enzalutamide is an androgen receptor inhibitor that may slow down the growth of prostate cancer by blocking the action of the male hormone testosterone and other male hormones called androgens. Radiation therapy uses high energy alpha particles to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Enzalutamide with or without radium Ra 223 dichloride may work better in treating patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Castration-Resistant Prostate Carcinoma Prostate Carcinoma Metastatic in the Bone Stage IV Prostate Cancer Drug: Enzalutamide Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Radiation: Radium Ra 223 Dichloride Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate changes in prostate cancer bone involvement induced by enzalutamide alone or in combination with radium Ra 223 dichloride (radium 223), specifically extent of prostate cancer infiltration, androgen receptor (AR) signaling and hormone levels, hematopoietic composition, apoptosis and proliferation.

II. To evaluate the immune activation of enzalutamide alone, or with radium 223.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To describe the adverse event profile for the combination in this patient population.

II. Rate of undetectable prostate specific antigen (PSA) nadir, PSA and alkaline phosphatase changes, rate of symptomatic skeletal events at 12 months, and rate of PSA and radiographic progression at 12 months.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive enzalutamide orally (PO) daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive radium Ra 223 dichloride intravenously (IV) on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive enzalutamide as in Arm I. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1.5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Immune Activation and Cellular Response From Enzalutamide Alone or With Radium223 in Men With Metastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : November 21, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 21, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 21, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (enzalutamide, radium 223)
Patients receive enzalutamide PO daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive radium Ra 223 dichloride IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Enzalutamide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ASP9785
  • MDV3100
  • Xtandi

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Radiation: Radium Ra 223 Dichloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Alpharadin
  • BAY 88-8223
  • BAY88-8223
  • Radium 223 Dichloride
  • RADIUM CHLORIDE RA-223
  • Radium-223 Dichloride
  • Xofigo

Experimental: Arm II (enzalutamide)
Patients receive enzalutamide as in Arm I. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Enzalutamide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ASP9785
  • MDV3100
  • Xtandi

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in prostate cancer bone involvement [ Time Frame: Up to 1.5 years ]
    Will be determined by standard pathologic analysis of the biopsies.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men with metastatic, castration resistant prostate cancer involving the bone, which is symptomatic or asymptomatic
  • Castration resistance will be defined as the development of disease progression, defined as one of the following:

    • Rising PSA x 2 values >= 2 weeks apart; minimum absolute PSA value 2 ng/mL
    • Radiographic progression, with at least 1 new site of metastasis
    • Symptomatic progression (ex: increase in pain despite stable imaging) AND despite ongoing luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) therapy OR testosterone level < 50
  • Men must have osseous metastases, but the presence of visceral metastases will not exclude patients from participation

    • Prior external beam radiation therapy (> 4 weeks prior to enrollment) for palliation of osseous metastatic disease is allowed, provided there is at least one osseous metastasis which has not been irradiated and which can be biopsied
  • No prior docetaxel or cabazitaxel chemotherapy for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) (men treated with prior docetaxel administered as up-front therapy with androgen deprivation therapy [ADT] > 6 months ago will be eligible); prior abiraterone is allowed
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.5 g/dL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500
  • Platelets >= 100,000
  • Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
  • Creatinine clearance (calculated or measured) > 30 mL/min
  • At least one risk factor predicting higher likelihood of bone marrow sample yield: elevated alkaline phosphatase, low hemoglobin, or elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment with docetaxel or cabazitaxel for mCRPC
  • Prior treatment with ARN-509 or enzalutamide (there is a grace period for men who wish to enroll and who have recently started enzalutamide for the first time but have taken less than 15 days of therapy)

    • Concurrent use of androgen deprivation therapy aside from LHRH agonist or antagonist (i.e. bicalutamide, flutamide, nilutamide, abiraterone, ketoconazole, estrogen); there will be a 2 week wash-out period from the last dose of any of these agents until the first dose of enzalutamide on study; patients who have just started enzalutamide for fewer than 5 doses prior to enrollment in the trial are still considered eligible and not subject to wash-out
  • Concurrent oral corticosteroid use aside from adrenal replacement, or use of other immunosuppressive agents (ex: infliximab); topical or inhaled steroids will be allowed
  • Received systemic therapy with radionuclides (e.g., strontium-89, samarium- 153, rhenium-186, or rhenium-188, or radium Ra 223 dichloride) for the treatment of bony metastases
  • History of seizures except for remote with specific etiology which has resolved (ex: alcohol induced seizure); transient ischemic attack (TIA) or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) within last 6 months
  • Known untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastases; leptomeningeal disease will be an absolute exclusion criterion due to limited life expectancy
  • Chronic diarrhea > grade 1, or a diagnosis of Crohn?s or ulcerative colitis
  • Known hepatitis (hep) B or C, or known cirrhosis (screening for viral hepatitis is not required)
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness such as infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or psychiatric illness which would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Imminent spinal cord compression based on clinical findings and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); treatment should be completed for spinal cord compression

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03344211


Contacts
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Contact: Cheryl Kefauver, RN 323-865-0459 Cheryl.Kefauver@med.usc.edu

Locations
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United States, California
City of Hope Recruiting
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
Contact: Dorie Cook    626-218-3021    dcook@coh.org   
Principal Investigator: Tanya Dorff, MD         
USC / Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
Contact: Cheryl Kefauver, RN    323-865-0459    Cheryl.Kefauver@med.usc.edu   
Principal Investigator: David I Quinn, MD         
Cedars Sinai Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048
Contact: Edwin M. Posadas    310-423-7600    Edwin.posadas@csmc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Edwin M. Posadas         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Southern California
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: David I Quinn, MD University of Southern California
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Responsible Party: University of Southern California
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03344211    
Other Study ID Numbers: 4P-16-2
NCI-2017-01418 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
4P-16-2 ( Other Identifier: USC / Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center )
P30CA014089 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: November 17, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 5, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Prostatic Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Prostatic Diseases
Radium Ra 223 dichloride
Antineoplastic Agents