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Core Stability Measures as a Risk Factor for the Development of Lower Extremity Injuries in Physical Education Students

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03343379
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 17, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 17, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Ghent

Brief Summary:
Male and female physical education students were subjected to a clinical test battery comprised of valid and reliable tests to measure different aspects of core stability at the start of the study. After a period of 2 months testing, the injury registration procedure started with the use of an online injury registration platform and regular call back moments. After 2 years of injury registration, all data was gathered and will be analysed statistically to link the measured core stability aspects as risk factors for certain lower extremity injuries.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leg Injuries Other: Core stability tests Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

September 2014 - December 2014: 139 male and female participants 18+ were subjected to different test to evaluate corresponding aspects of core stability. The following test were performed: Star excursion balance test; Lumbopelvic proprioception test; Lumbopelvic neuromuscular control test; Lateral step down test; Hip strength test measured with a handheld dynamometer(flexion/extension/abduction/adduction/internal rotation/external rotation); Trunk strength tests measured with a handheld dynamometer (trunk flexion and trunk extension) and core muscle endurance tests (prone bridging test/Biering-Sorenson test/side bridging tests).

January 2015 - April 2017: Prospective follow up of lower extremity injury contracted during sports activity. The injuries were confirmed by a medical examiner and were recorded in an online injury registry platform (Survey Monkey).

Statistical analysis will be performed to evaluate which core stability outcome measure can be considered a risk factor for the development of lower extremity injuries.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 139 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: 1 group of participants was screened at the start of the study and followed prospectively for 2 years
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Screening
Official Title: Core Stability as a Risk Factor for the Development of Lower Extremity Injuries: a Prospective Study
Actual Study Start Date : September 1, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : April 1, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Healthy cohort
Core stability test
Other: Core stability tests
A test battery comprised of field tests to evaluate core stability

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Core muscle strength [ Time Frame: 2 hours ]
    Isometric strength of trunk flexor and trunk extensor musculature measured in Newton

  2. Hip strength [ Time Frame: 2 hours ]
    Isometric strength of hip flexor, hip extensor, hip abductor, hip adductor and hip rotator muscles measured in Newton

  3. Postural control [ Time Frame: 2 hours ]
    Anterior, posterolateral and posteromedial reaching distance during unipodal stance, measured in cm

  4. Core muscle endurance [ Time Frame: 2 hours ]
    Endurance capacity of ventral, dorsal and lateral core musculature, measured in seconds

  5. Sensorimotor control of core musculature [ Time Frame: 2 hours ]
    Propriocention and neuromuscular control of the lumbopelvic muscles using a qualitative assessment sheet

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Injury history [ Time Frame: 2 hours ]
    Previous lower extremity injuries, recorded using a questionnaire

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

- 1st year of physical education study (enrolled at the Artevelde graduate school or the Ghent graduate school

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Musculoskeletal injury at the time of study participation
  • Pre-existing lower back injury
  • Pre-existing lower extremity injury (less than 6 months prior to study participation)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03343379

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Vakgroep REVAKI (Ghent University - Ghent University hospital)
Ghent, Belgium, 9000
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Ghent
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Principal Investigator: Philip Roosen, PT, PhD University Ghent
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Responsible Party: University Ghent Identifier: NCT03343379    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014/0780
First Posted: November 17, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 17, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: No individual participant data will be shared after completion of the study
Keywords provided by University Ghent:
Abdominal muscles
Back muscles
Core stability
Field test
Muscle strength dynamometer
Lower extremity injury
Risk assessment
Prospective studies
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Wounds and Injuries
Leg Injuries