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Radium-223 and Radiotherapy in Hormone-Naïve Men With Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer to Bone (RROPE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03304418
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 9, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 10, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Utah

Brief Summary:
This is a phase IIa, open label, single arm, and prospective study of hormone therapy-naïve men with oligometastatic prostate cancer to the bone. The study will test if treating the primary tumor sites and 5 or fewer sites of bone-only metastasis with external beam radiation with concomitant systemic Radium-223 will reduce the utilization of androgen deprivation therapy, improve QOL and improve OS over a the comparator cohort of SWOG intermittent ADT historic cohort.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Metastatic to Bone Drug: Radium Ra 223 Dichloride Radiation: Radiation Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This is a phase IIa, open label, single arm, prospective study
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Radium-223 and Radiotherapy in Hormone-Naïve Men With Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer to Bone
Actual Study Start Date : February 27, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Radium Ra 223 dichloride and radiation, all patients Drug: Radium Ra 223 Dichloride
Radium Ra 223 dichloride will be delivered intravenously at 55 kBq/kg (1.49 mCi)/kg (+/- 10% total dose) for a total of six cycles. 1 cycle= 28 days. The first cycle will commence at study enrollment, then cycles 2-6 will commence after the completion of radiotherapies at 4 week intervals
Other Name: Xofigo

Radiation: Radiation

All external beam radiations oligometastatic sites will commence after cycle 1 of Radium-223 but prior to cycle 2 of Radium-223. All subjects will receive Stereotactic body or hypofractionated radiation to sites of bone disease seen on imaging studies. Patients will have the primary tumor sites and 5 or fewer sites of bone-only metastasis treated with external beam radiation.

Any of the following regimens are considered ablative, acceptable and are biologically equivalent to 60Gy EQD2:

  • Single fraction: 16 Gy total at 16 Gy per fraction (SBRT)
  • Three fractions: 24 Gy total at 8 Gy per fraction (SBRT)
  • Five fractions: 30 Gy total at 6Gy per fraction (SBRT).When using five fractions, can reduce to 25 Gy total at 5 Gy per fraction (SBRT) or to a minimum of 20 Gy total at 4 Gy per fraction (SBRT), per treating investigator.
  • Six fractions: 32.4 Gy total at 5.4Gy per fraction (Hypofractionated)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) Use [ Time Frame: 15 months ]

    Determine if 20% of ADT naïve men treated with concurrent EBRT and Radium-223 will not require ADT for progression by 15 months.

    Endpoint: Determine the time from start of study therapy to start of ADT.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time from start of study therapy to start of ADT. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Determine the hormone-therapy free survival time for men treated with concurrent EBRT and Radium-223 and determine if it is a 30% risk reduction over the SWOG intermittent ADT historic cohort

  2. Evaluate health related quality of life (QOL) [ Time Frame: This questionnaire will be given every 3 months for 2 years ]
    Evaluate health related quality of life (QOL) as scored by the 50 item Expanded Prostate Inventory Composite (EPIC) EPIC urinary, bowel, sexual and hormonal domains.

  3. Evaluate changes in general function and well being [ Time Frame: This questionnaire will be given every 3 months for 2 years ]
    Evaluate health related quality of life (QOL)- the PROMIS 29 will be used to assess general function and well-being

  4. Evaluate time to first skeletal related event (SRE) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Documentation of complications associated with bone metastases and may include (but not limited to) fractures, spinal cord compression, bone pain, and hypercalcemia.

  5. Evaluate the PSA doubling time [ Time Frame: 2 years, assessed at every visit in that time period ]
    Time elapsed from baseline PSA to double in value.

  6. Evaluate Overall Surival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

    Evaluate overall survival at 2 years relative to the SWOG intermittent ADT historic cohort.

    Endpoint: Patients will be followed for survival for two years after study enrollment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Asymptomatic or symptomatic hormone naïve men with testosterone levels ≥100 ng/dL with previously treated localized prostate cancer who now have rising PSA's and five or fewer bone metastases.
  • Subjects who have been previously treated with definitive and/or adjuvant/salvage radiotherapy to the primary site and/or regional lymph nodes with concurrent ADT are allowed if the last hormone therapy delivered > 6 months prior. Subjects who have had more than 30 days and fewer than 45 days of bicalutamide monotherapy for any reason within the 6 months prior to enrollment are eligible for the study, providing they have been off of the drug for at least 30 days prior to enrollment. Subjects who have had fewer than 30 days of bicalutamide are eligible for the study, as long as they discontinue the drug at least 5 days prior to the first study treatment.
  • Histologic confirmation of Prostate Adenocarcinoma diagnosis.
  • Age ≥ 18 years.
  • Life expectancy of at least 2 years.
  • Acceptable hematology and serum biochemistry screening values:

    • White Blood Cell Count (WBC) ≥ 3,000/mm3
    • Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/mm3
    • Platelet (PLT) count ≥ 100,000/mm3
    • Hemoglobin (HGB) ≥ 10 g/dl
    • Total bilirubin level ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x ULN
    • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • Albumin > 2.5 mg/dL
  • Willing and able to comply with the protocol, including follow-up visits and examinations.
  • Karnofsky Performance Score >60 or ECOG equivalent.
  • Radiographic confirmation of oligometastatic diagnosis via Bone Scan validated by either CT scan or MRI or PET/CT with Fluciclovine within the past 90 days.
  • Subjects who have not had surgical removal of their prostate and have a partner of child bearing potential must agree to use condoms beginning at the signing of the ICF until at least 6 months after the last dose of study drug. Because of the potential side effect on spermatogenesis associated with radiation, female partners of childbearing potential must agree to use a highly effective contraceptive method during and for 6 months after completing treatment
  • Able to provide informed consent and willing to sign an approved consent form that conforms to federal and institutional guidelines.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Men with known brain or visceral metastases (except regional lymph nodes as defined by section 5.2.5) defined by CT or MRI Imaging of the abdomen or pelvis.
  • Men who have had LHRH agonist or antagonist hormone therapy in the prior six months.
  • Men with >5 bony metastases.
  • Men with baseline serum Testosterone <100 ng/dL.
  • Men with new or progressing lymphadenopathy clearly consistent with prostate metastasis on imaging or proven by pathologic biopsy at any time three months or later following their initial definitive therapy.
  • Prior or concurrent invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) or lymphomatous/hematogenous malignancy unless continually disease free for a minimum of 3 years. All patients with in situ carcinoma are eligible for this study (for example, carcinoma in situ of the oral cavity is eligible) except patients with carcinoma of the bladder (including in situ bladder cancer or superficial bladder cancer).
  • Use of finasteride within 30 days prior to therapy PSA should not be obtained prior to 30 days after stopping finasteride.
  • Use of dutasteride within 90 days prior to therapy. PSA should not be obtained prior to 90 days after stopping dutasteride.
  • Previous or concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy for prostate cancer.
  • Received systemic therapy with radionuclides (e.g., strontium-89, samarium-153, rhenium-186, or rhenium-188, or Radium Ra 223 dichloride) for the treatment of bony metastases.
  • Men who will receive radical prostatectomy to the primary site.
  • Imminent spinal cord compression based on clinical findings and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Spinal Cord compression will be defined as 360 degree circumferential obliteration of T2 cerebrospinal fluid signal around the spinal cord. Treatment should be completed for spinal cord compression.
  • Severe, active co-morbidity, defined as follows:

    • Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the last 6 months
    • Transmural myocardial infarction within the last 6 months
    • Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of registration
    • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy at the time of registration
    • Hepatic insufficiency resulting in clinical jaundice and/or coagulation defects; note, however, that laboratory tests for liver function and coagulation parameters are not required for entry into this protocol. (Patients on Coumadin or other blood thinning agents are eligible for this study.)
    • Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) based upon current CDC definition; note, however, that HIV testing is not required for entry into this protocol. The need to exclude patients with AIDS from this protocol is necessary because the treatments involved in this protocol may be significantly immunosuppressive.
  • Cardiac failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) III or IV Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis.
  • Bone marrow dysplasia.
  • Fecal incontinence.
  • Any condition which, in the investigator's opinion, makes the subject unsuitable for trial participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03304418

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United States, Utah
Huntsman Cancer Institute
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Utah
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Responsible Party: University of Utah
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03304418    
Other Study ID Numbers: HCI102312
First Posted: October 9, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 10, 2022
Last Verified: October 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Prostatic Diseases
Radium Ra 223 dichloride
Antineoplastic Agents