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REduCing Immunogenicity to PegloticasE (RECIPE) Study (RECIPE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03303989
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 6, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 1, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of Michigan
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kenneth Saag, MD, MSc, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Brief Summary:
Pegloticase treatment for chronic refractory gout is limited by immunogenicity. The investigators propose the REduCing Immunogenicity to PegloticasE (RECIPE) trial to begin to investigate the question of whether a short course of immune modulating therapy with myclophenolate moefitil can significantly and safely attenuate immunogenicity to pegloticase and ensure patients afflicted with chronic refractory gout have better treatment outcomes and improved quality of life.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gout Chronic Drug: Pegloticase 8 MG/ML [Krystexxa] Drug: MMF Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Pegloticase is highly efficacious therapy for chronic refractory gout patients (n = > 400K in the US alone). It decreases serum urate (sUA) levels to often undetectable levels and reduces tophi burden. However, its long-term real world effectiveness is severely limited due to its immunogenicity caused by anti-pegloticase antibody formation. REducing Immunogenicity to PEgloticase (RECIPE) is a Phase II, double-blind, placebo controlled, proof-of-concept trial in 32 subjects initiating pegloticase for treatment of chronic refractory gout. RECIPE will investigate the preliminary efficacy and safety of using immune modulating therapy with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) to prevent immunogenicity conferred by pegloticase. Subjects will be randomized 3:1 to receive MMF vs. placebo in addition to everyone receiving pegloticase. The co-primary aims of the RECIPE trial are to 1) determine if a 12 week course of immune modulating therapy with daily MMF can safely and significantly attenuate immunogenicity to pegloticase as determined by the proportion of participants achieving and maintaining an sUA less than or equal to 6 mg/dL through 12 weeks, compared to concurrent controls, and 2) to assess the incidence and types of adverse events and infusion reaction. After 12 weeks of co-administration, all participants will continue on pegloticase for an additional 12 weeks without combination MMF immune modulating therapy to evaluate the longer term benefits (durability) and safety of this approach. The secondary aims are to: 1) Determine the 6 month durability of immune modulation after discontinuation of the short course of MMF by: a) assessing the absolute change in sUA from baseline to Week 24, and Week 12 to Week 24 and b) determining the proportion of participants with sUA ≤ 6 mg/dL through 24 weeks, and Week 12 to Week 24; 2) Identify and characterize the pegloticase immune response by immunoglobulin isotypes (IgG and IgM), specificities, and antibody titer; and 3) Examine patient reported outcomes (PROs) using the NIH supported Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) and Gout Impact Scale (GIS) instruments. The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and the University of Michigan (UM), two large academic gout and immunology research centers, which in aggregate see nearly 10,000 gout patients annually, will serve as the two lead study sites and are very well-positioned to address the clinical and immunologic questions posed.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Phase II, double blind, placebo controlled multisite proof-of-concept trial in subjects initiating pegloticase for treatment of chronic gout
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Masking Description: Double blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: REduCing Immunogenicity to PegloticasE (RECIPE) Study
Actual Study Start Date : May 24, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 31, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 31, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Genetics Home Reference related topics: Gout
MedlinePlus related topics: Gout
Drug Information available for: Pegloticase

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: pegloticase + MMF
Participants randomized to this arm will receive pegloticase + mycophenolate mofetil.
Drug: Pegloticase 8 MG/ML [Krystexxa]
Participants randomized to the pegloticase + MMF arm will start two week run-in on 1) mycophenolate mofetil at 500 mg/BID or the first week, titrating dose up to 1000mg/BID for the second week of run-in prior to the first infusion; and 2) Pegloticase 8 mg IV every two weeks following 2 week run-in period, Mycophenolate mofetil therapy will continue for 12 weeks at the highest tolerated dose. After the 12-week combination mycophenolate mofetil and pegloticase study period, participants will continue open label pegloticase therapy for an additional three months.
Other Name: Krystexxa

Drug: MMF
Participants randomized to the pegloticase + MMF arm will start two week run-in on 1) mycophenolate mofetil at 500 mg/BID or the first week, titrating dose up to 1000mg/BID for the second week of run-in prior to the first infusion; and 2) Pegloticase 8 mg IV every two weeks following 2 week run-in period, Mycophenolate mofetil therapy will continue for 12 weeks at the highest tolerated dose. After the 12-week combination mycophenolate mofetil and pegloticase study period, participants will continue open label pegloticase therapy for an additional three months.
Other Name: Cell Cept

Placebo Comparator: pegloticase + placebo
Participants randomized to this arm will receive pegloticase + placebo
Drug: Placebo
Participants randomized to the pegloticase + placebo arm will start two week run-in on 1) placebo at 500 mg/BID or the first week, titrating dose up to 1000mg/BID for the second week of run-in prior to the first infusion; and 2) Pegloticase 8 mg IV every two weeks following 2 week run-in period. After the 12-week combination placebo and pegloticase study period, participants will continue open label pegloticase therapy for an additional three months.

Drug: Pegloticase 8 MG/ML [Krystexxa]
Participants randomized to the pegloticase + placebo arm will start two week run-in on 1) placebo at 500 mg/BID or the first week, titrating dose up to 1000mg/BID for the second week of run-in prior to the first infusion; and 2) Pegloticase 8 mg IV every two weeks following 2 week run-in period. After the 12-week combination placebo and pegloticase study period, participants will continue open label pegloticase therapy for an additional three months.
Other Name: Krystexxa




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of daily mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) to attenuate immunogenicity to pegloticase. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    To determine if a short course of daily MMF can safely and significantly attenuate immunogenicity to pegloticase. Efficacy will be determined by the proportion of participants achieving and maintaining an sUA ≤ to 6 mg/dL through 12 weeks, compared to concurrent controls.

  2. Incidence and types of adverse events/infusion reactions associated with MMF [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Assess the incidence and types of adverse events/infusion reactions potentially associated with MMF



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men and women > 18 years of age
  • Diagnosed with chronic refractory gout*

    • Defined as: Persons whose signs and symptoms are inadequately controlled with urate lowering therapy (e.g. xanthine oxidase inhibitors or uricosuric agents) at a medically appropriate dose or for whom these drugs are contraindicated.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any serious acute bacterial infection (2 weeks prior to Visit 1), unless treated and completely resolved with antibiotics
  • Severe chronic or recurrent bacterial infections (such as recurrent pneumonia, chronic bronchiectasis)
  • Current immunocompromised condition, including current or chronic treatment with immunosuppressive agents
  • Subjects at risk for tuberculosis. Specifically, subjects with: i) current clinical, radiographic or laboratory evidence of active or latent TB; ii) a history of active TB within the last 3 years even if it was treated; iii) a history of active TB greater than 3 years ago unless there is documentation that the prior anti-TB treatment was appropriate in duration and type
  • Known Hepatitis B surface antigen-positive or Hepatitis B DNA positive subjects
  • Known Hepatitis C RNA-positive subjects
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection
  • G6PD deficiency (tested at Screening Visit 1)
  • Severe chronic renal impairment (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] <25 mL/min/1.73 m2) or currently on dialysis
  • Subjects having any transplant surgery requiring maintenance immunosuppressive therapy
  • Non-compensated congestive heart failure, uncontrolled arrhythmia, treatment for acute coronary syndrome (myocardial infarction or unstable angina), or hospitalization for congestive heart failure within 3 months of screening or uncontrolled blood pressure (>160/100 mm Hg) at baseline (Screening Visit 1 and Week 0/Baseline visits)
  • Participants who are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, breastfeeding, or not on an effective form of birth control (defined in Study Protocol section 7.1)
  • Prior treatment with pegloticase, another recombinant uricase, or concomitant therapy with a polyethylene glycol (PEG)-conjugated drug
  • Known allergy to pegylated products or history of anaphylactic reaction to a recombinant protein or porcine product
  • Subjects in whom MMF treatment is contraindicated or considered inappropriate
  • Recipient of an investigational drug within 4 weeks prior to study drug administration or plans to take an investigational agent during the study
  • Current liver disease as determined by alanine transaminase ALT or aspartate transaminase (AST) levels >3 times upper limit of normal
  • Currently receiving treatment for ongoing cancer, excluding non-melanoma skin cancer
  • History of malignancy within 5 years other than skin cancer or in situ carcinoma of cervix
  • Uncontrolled hyperglycemia with a plasma glucose value >240 mg/dL at screening
  • Diagnosed osteomyelitis
  • Individuals with hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl-transferase (HGPRT) deficiency such as Lesch-Nyhan and Kelley-Seegmiller syndrome
  • Not good candidate for the study based on opinion of the Investigator (e.g., cognitive impairment) that might create undue risk to the participant or interfere with the participant's ability to comply with the protocol requirements, or to complete the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03303989


Contacts
Contact: Jeff Foster, MPH 2059966086 pjfoster@uabmc.edu

Locations
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham Recruiting
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
Contact: Jeff Foster, MPH    205-996-6086    pjfoster@uabmc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Kenneth G Saag, MD, MsC         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alabama at Birmingham
University of Michigan
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Kenneth G Saag, MD Professor

Responsible Party: Kenneth Saag, MD, MSc, Professor of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03303989     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 300000591
First Posted: October 6, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 1, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Mycophenolic Acid
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action