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Brainwave Changes and Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03298308
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 2, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 2, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This pilot study explored relationships between cranial electric stimulation and brainwave changes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Psychiatric Disorder Device: Cranial Electric Stimulation Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This pilot study will collect data from properly consented and subsequently enrolled subjects in the Psychiatric Continuity Service (PCS). All PCS programs provide both group and individual therapy designed to address various chronic mental health disorders such as major depressive disorder, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Group therapy and education focus on how chronic mental health disorders develop, the recovery process and psychosocial stressors that may contribute to both improvement in functioning and declines. Every patient is different with regard to how his or her program is tailored, but everyone receives weekly individual counseling from behavioral health providers (psychiatrists, psychologists and clinical social workers). PCS works in tandem with other treatment providers, case managers and chains of command. PCS is also equipped to transfer patients in need to higher levels of care in cases of emergency.

All prospective subjects will be active duty service members who are enrolled in PCS. Subjects will be recruited by the Associate Investigator (AI) or Principal Investigator (PI). The primary outcome measure is the exploration of changes in specific brain wave activity in response to a Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) intervention.

Subjects who agree to participate in the study will complete a consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) form and baseline questionnaires. In addition, since the fetal effects of the CES device is not known;, female subjects will have to present a negative pregnancy test within one week of the research intervention. Those female subjects to which pregnancy is unlikely (i.e. hysterectomy), will be excluded from a pregnancy test if this information can be verified medically. will self-report regarding as it applies menstrual cycle length and birth control method used within the last two weeks.

The intervention will take place during clinic hours. This will be a one-time intervention that will last approximately 1 to 1 ½ hours. The AI will prepare the CES device, briefly explain the function, and place the CES ear clips on the subject. The CES device will not be turned on at this point. This is similar to clinic practice, however in clinical practice any PCS staff trained in the use of the CES device may prepare and administer the CES device to the patient.

Next the AI will prepare the MindSet EEG device, ensure that it is functioning properly, and obtain signal acquisition. The AI will then explain the brainwave headset (MindSet) to the subject and properly place the headset on their head. Next a series of computer led activities to reduce extraneous artifacts (such as eye blink and muscle movement) will be completed by the subject. Following this, a baseline test measuring brainwave frequencies will be completed by the subject. This will last 30 seconds. Once this is completed, the CES device can be turned on and activated for 20 minutes. The CES micro amperage will be set by the subject based on therapeutic dose and locked in place on the CES device. Immediately following the completion of the 20 minute CES session, an EEG brainwave measure will be completed. Additional brainwave measure will be taken 5 minutes and 10 minutes post the CES session. Each of these brainwave measures will last 30 seconds.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Effects of Cranial Electric Stimulation on Brain Wave Activity: A Pilot Study
Actual Study Start Date : May 27, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 10, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : May 10, 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Brainwave
Brainwave analysis after cranial electric stimulation
Device: Cranial Electric Stimulation
Micro amperage TCDS

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Quantitative EEG Analysis [ Time Frame: Quantitative EEG collected at baseline (immediately before stimulation), immediately after 20 minutes of stimulation and then 5 and 10 minutes post stimualtion. Each of these four measures will record 30 seconds of brainwave activity ]
    The investigators used a commercially available EEG headset (Neurosky MindSet) in combination with EEG software (SmartMind) to obtain and analyze the Quantitative EEG from the subjects. The combination of the EEG headset with the software identified the five brainwave frequencies that are clinically relevant in studying EEG activity: Alpha, Beta, Delta, Gamma, and Theta. The combination of the headset and software reported changes in brainwave amplitude in microvolts for each brainwave frequency. Alpha waves increase with relaxation and drowsiness; and Beta waves, increase with wakefulness and concentration. Delta and Theta waves increase during meditative states and Gamma may suggest brain synchronicity.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Inclusion Criteria All prospective subjects will be active duty service members who are enrolled in PCS

Exclusion Criteria:

  • • Subjects will be excluded who have a seizure disorder, a cardiac pacemaker, or active untreated vertigo.

    • Subjects will be excluded if they have used CES the day of the study. However, they may participate in the study the following day.
    • Female subjects who are or who suspect they may be pregnant.
    • Subjects will also be excluded who are clinically judged by the investigators to be actively suicidal or have another psychiatric condition that would require inpatient hospitalization
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Walter Reed National Military Medical Center Identifier: NCT03298308    
Other Study ID Numbers: 418467-1
First Posted: October 2, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 2, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Mental Disorders
Problem Behavior
Behavioral Symptoms