Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

To Study Clinical Effectiveness and Safety of Olaparib Monotherapy in Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03286842
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 19, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 25, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AstraZeneca

Brief Summary:
This open-label, multi-centre phase IIIb study will assess the effectiveness, benefits and potential harms in the use of olaparib monotherapy treatment for patients with HER2-ve metastatic breast cancer associated with germline or somatic breast cancer susceptibility gene (gBRCA1/2 or sBRCA1/2) mutations.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HER2-ve Metastatic Breast Cancer Germline BRCA1/2 Mutations Somatic BRCA1/2 Mutations Drug: Olaparib Phase 3

Detailed Description:
The study is a phase IIIb, multicenter, single-arm, open-label study designed to evaluate the clinical effectiveness in a real-world setting of olaparib monotherapy in patients with confirmed germline or somatic breast cancer susceptibility gene (gBRCA1/2 or sBRCA1/2) mutations. This study will generate additional data to support other olaparib studies, which may help inform and guide clinical practice. Physician defined the progression-free survival (PFS) for gBRCAm patients is the primary outcome measure. Based on the prevalence of gBRCA1/2 mutations, it is estimated that up to 1400 patients may require screening in order to identify 250 gBRCA mutated patients and 20 sBRCA mutated patients. Patients will be administered two olaparib 150mg tablets in morning and evening of every day after a light meal. Dose reductions may be required for olaparib treatment related toxicities. Patients should continue to receive study treatment until documented physician-defined disease progression as assessed by the investigator (gBRCA mutated patients), RECIST1.1 disease progression (sBRCA mutated patients) or unacceptable toxicity, or for as long as they do not meet any other discontinuation criteria. A positive benefit/risk profile is expected and no ethical issues are identified from exposing patients to olaparib within the planned clinical study.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 256 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IIIb, Single-arm, Open-label Multicentre Study of Olaparib Monotherapy in the Treatment of HER2-ve Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients With Germline or Somatic BRCA1/2 Mutations.
Actual Study Start Date : January 17, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer
Drug Information available for: Olaparib

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Olaparib
Olaparib 150mg tablets administered orally twice daily continuously
Drug: Olaparib
Patients will be administered olaparib orally, twice daily at 300 mg. Two (2) 150 mg olaparib tablets should be taken at the same time each morning and evening of every day, approximately 12 hours apart.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) in real-world setting in germline BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until the earliest of disease progression, death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    PFS is defined as the time from the first dose of olaparib to physician-defined progression or death from any cause (in the absence of progression). Physician-defined progression can be RECIST progression, symptomatic progression, or clear progression of non measurable disease, as long as there is some manner of documenting all of them.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) in germline BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit and until death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    OS is defined as the time from first dose of olaparib to the date of death from any cause.

  2. Time to first subsequent treatment or death (TFST) in germline BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until start of first subsequent anticancer treatment or death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    TFST is defined as the time from first dose of olaparib to first subsequent treatment commencement or death if this occurs before commencement of first subsequent treatment.

  3. Time to second subsequent treatment or death (TSST) in germline BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until start of second subsequent anticancer treatment or death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    TSST is defined as the time from first dose of olaparib to second subsequent treatment commencement or death if this occurs before commencement of second subsequent treatment.

  4. Time to study treatment discontinuation or death (TDT) in germline BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit and until discontinuation of study treatment or death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    TDT is defined as the time from first dose of olaparib to study treatment discontinuation or death if this occurs before discontinuation of study treatment.

  5. Time to second progression or death (PFS2) in germline BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until second progression or death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    PFS2 is defined as the time from first dose of olaparib to the earliest progression event subsequent to that used for the primary variable PFS or death from any cause.

  6. Clinical response rate (CRR) in germline BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until disease progression or death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    CRR is defined as the proportion of patients assessed by the Investigator as responding (physician-defined response, radiological [e.g. RECIST] or symptomatic).

  7. Duration of clinical response (DoCR) in germline BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until disease progression or death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    DoCR is defined as the time from the date the Investigator first assessed the patient as responding to the date the Investigator assessed the patient as progressing or the date of death from any cause (in the absence of progression).

  8. Safety and tolerability of olaparib by assessment of adverse events [ Time Frame: At every visit until 30 days post last dose of study treatment. ]
    Assessment of adverse events (AEs), graded by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Event (CTCAE).

  9. Laboratory assessment of haematology [ Time Frame: At every visit up to and including 30 days post last dose of study medication. ]
    To assess the hematology (haemoglobin, leukocyte count, absolute neutrophil count, absolute lymphocyte count, platelet count, and mean cell volume as a criteria of safety and tolerability of olaparib.

  10. Laboratory assessment of clinical chemistry [ Time Frame: At screening, visit 2, as clinically indicated while on treatment, at treatment discontinuation and at 30 days post last dose of study medication. ]
    To assess the clinical chemistry (creatinine, total bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, albumin, calcium, potassium, sodium, blood urea nitrogen, and total protein) as a criteria of safety and tolerability of olaparib.

  11. Laboratory assessment of urinalysis [ Time Frame: At screening ]
    To assess urinalysis (hemoglobin/erythrocytes/blood, protein/albumin, and glucose) as a criteria of safety and tolerability of olaparib.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. PFS in somatic BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until the earliest of disease progression, death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    PFS is defined as the time from the first dose of olaparib to progression per RECIST1.1 or death from any cause (in the absence of progression).

  2. OS in somatic BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    OS is defined as the time from first dose of olaparib to the date of death from any cause.

  3. TFST in somatic BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until start of first subsequent anticancer treatment or death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    TFST is defined as the time from first dose of olaparib to first subsequent treatment commencement or death if this occurs before commencement of first subsequent treatment.

  4. TSST in somatic BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until start of second subsequent anticancer treatment or death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    TSST is defined as the time from first dose of olaparib to second subsequent treatment commencement or death if this occurs before commencement of second subsequent treatment.

  5. TDT in somatic BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until discontinuation of study treatment or death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    TDT is defined as the time from first dose of olaparib to study treatment discontinuation or death if this occurs before discontinuation of study treatment.

  6. PFS2 in somatic BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until second progression or death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    PFS2 is defined as the time from first dose of olaparib to the earliest progression event subsequent to that used for the primary variable PFS or death from any cause.

  7. CRR in somatic BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until disease progression or death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    CRR is defined as the proportion of patients assessed by the Investigator as responding (physician-defined response, radiological [e.g. RECIST] or symptomatic).

  8. DoCR in somatic BRCA mutated patients [ Time Frame: At every visit until disease progression or death or end of study for up to 3 years. ]
    DoCR is defined as the time from the date the Investigator first assessed the patient as responding to the date the Investigator assessed the patient as progressing or the date of death from any cause (in the absence of progression).

  9. Disease control rate in the subset of germline or somatic BRCA mutated patients with brain metastases at baseline [ Time Frame: At week 24 ]
    Disease control rate is defined as no evidence of progression at or prior to week 24 as assessed by an MRI or CT scan among the subset of patients with brain metastases at baseline.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 130 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Provision of informed consent prior to any study specific procedures. For patients aged <20 years and screened in Japan, a written informed consent should be obtained from the patient and his or her legally acceptable representative.
  2. Patients must be ≥18 years of age.
  3. Histologically or cytologically confirmed HER2-ve breast cancer with evidence of metastatic disease. Patients can have either TNBC (defined as oestrogen receptor and progesterone receptor negative [immunohistochemistry nuclear staining <1%] and HER2-ve [immunohistochemistry 0, 1+ or 2+ and/or in situ hybridization nonamplified with ratio less than 2.0]) or oestrogen receptor / progesterone receptor positive breast cancer as long as they are HER2-ve.
  4. Documented BRCA1/2 status

    • To be regarded as BRCA1/2 (+ve), the patient must have a mutation that is predicted to be deleterious or suspected deleterious (known or predicted to be detrimental / lead to loss of function). Mutations that are not clearly pathogenic may be assessed by a committee of genetic specialists to adjudicate if the patient is eligible.
    • Patients with tBRCA mutations: must be confirmed by a validated method (e.g. results from a CLIA-certified laboratory or CE-IVD device)
  5. Prior treatment with a taxane or an anthracycline in either an adjuvant (may include neoadjuvant) or metastatic breast cancer treatment setting.
  6. Patients should have received no more than two prior cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens in the metastatic setting. If a patient has oestrogen receptor and/or progesterone receptor positive HER2 negative metastatic breast cancer and has completed a prior line of hormonal treatment, then if the current or currently planned choice of treatment for the patient does not include a hormonal treatment then they would be a suitable patient to enter the study. Previous endocrine therapy could be in either an adjuvant or a metastatic setting and include endocrine therapy in combination with a targeted agent such as a CDK4/6 or mTOR inhibitor.
  7. Be considered suitable, by the Investigator, for further treatment with single-agent chemotherapy for the metastatic disease
  8. Patients must have normal organ and bone marrow function measured within 14 days prior to administration of study treatment as defined below:

    • Haemoglobin ≥ 10.0 g/dL with no blood transfusion in the past 28 days
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 109/L
    • Platelet count ≥ 100 x 109/L
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) unless the patient has documented Gilbert's Syndrome
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)) / alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT)) ≤ 2.5 x institutional ULN unless liver metastases are present in which case they must be ≤ 5x ULN
    • Patients must have creatinine clearance (CrCl) estimated using the Cockcroft- Gault equation of ≥ 51 mL/min or 24 hour urine test may be done if standard of care:

    Estimated CrCl = (140-age [years]) x weight (kg) (x F)a serum creatinine (mg/dL) x 72

    a- where F=0.85 for females and F=1 for males

  9. Patients must have a life expectancy ≥ 16 weeks
  10. Postmenopausal or evidence of non-childbearing status for women of childbearing potential: negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 28 days of study treatment and confirmed prior to treatment on Day 1

    Postmenopausal is defined as (at least one criterion met):

    • amenorrhoeic for 1 year or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments
    • luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone levels in the postmenopausal range for women under 50
    • radiation-induced oophorectomy with last menses >1 year ago
    • chemotherapy-induced menopause with >1 year interval since last menses
    • surgical sterilisation (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy).
  11. Women of childbearing potential and their partners, who are sexually active, must agree to the use of two highly effective forms of contraception in combination from the signing of the informed consent, throughout the period of taking study treatment and for at least 1 month after last dose of study drug, or they must totally/truly abstain from any form of sexual intercourse.
  12. Male patients must use a condom during treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of olaparib when having sexual intercourse with a pregnant woman or with a woman of childbearing potential. Female partners of male patients should also use a highly effective form of contraception if they are of childbearing potential.
  13. Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations for greater than 6 months.

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to both AstraZeneca staff and/or staff at the study site)
  2. Previous enrolment in the present study
  3. Exposure to an investigational product (IP) during the last 1 month or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to enrolment
  4. Patients receiving any systemic chemotherapy or radiotherapy (except for palliative reasons) within 3 weeks prior to study treatment
  5. Any previous treatment with a PARP inhibitor, including olaparib
  6. Other malignancy unless curatively treated with no evidence of disease for ≥5 years except: adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, curatively treated in situ cancer of the cervix, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), Stage 1, grade 1 endometrial carcinoma.
  7. Resting ECG indicating uncontrolled, potentially reversible cardiac conditions, as judged by the investigator (e.g., unstable ischemia, uncontrolled symptomatic arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, QTcF prolongation >500 ms, electrolyte disturbances, etc.), or patients with congenital long QT syndrome.
  8. Concomitant use of known strong CYP3A inhibitors (e.g., itraconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin, protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir or cobicistat, indinavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, boceprevir, telaprevir) or moderate CYP3A inhibitors (e.g., ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, diltiazem, fluconazole, verapamil). The required washout period prior to starting olaparib is 2 weeks.
  9. Concomitant use of known strong (e.g., phenobarbital, enzalutamide, phenytoin, rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine, carbamazepine, nevirapine and St John's Wort) or moderate CYP3A inducers (e.g., bosentan, efavirenz, modafinil). The required washout period prior to starting olaparib is 5 weeks for enzalutamide or phenobarbital and 3 weeks for other agents.
  10. Persistent toxicities (>Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Event (CTCAE) grade 2) caused by previous cancer therapy, excluding alopecia.
  11. Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) or with features suggestive of MDS/AML
  12. Patients with symptomatic uncontrolled brain metastases.

    - Exception: Patients with adequately treated brain metastases documented by baseline CT or MRI scan that has not progressed since previous scans and that does not require corticosteroids (except ≤10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent for at least 14 continuous days prior to dosing) for management of CNS symptoms are eligible, provided that a repeat CT or MRI following the identification of CNS metastases (obtained at least 2 weeks after definitive therapy) must document adequately treated brain metastases.

  13. Major surgery within 2 weeks of starting study treatment and patients must have recovered from any effects of any major surgery.
  14. Patients considered a poor medical risk due to a serious, uncontrolled medical disorder, non-malignant systemic disease or active, uncontrolled infection.

    Examples include, but are not limited to, uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia, recent (within 3 months) myocardial infarction, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, unstable spinal cord compression, superior vena cava syndrome, extensive interstitial bilateral lung disease on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan or any psychiatric disorder that prohibits obtaining informed consent.

  15. Patients unable to swallow orally administered medication and patients with gastrointestinal disorders likely to interfere with absorption of the study medication
  16. Breastfeeding women
  17. Immunocompromised patients, e.g., patients who are known to be serologically positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  18. Patients with a known hypersensitivity to olaparib or any of the excipients of the product
  19. Patients with known active hepatitis (i.e., hepatitis B or C)
  20. Whole blood transfusions in the last 28 days prior to entry to the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03286842


  Show 117 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
AstraZeneca
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Karen Gelmon, MD, FRCPC BritishColumbiaCancerAgency, 600W.10th Ave,Vancouver,Canada.

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: AstraZeneca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03286842     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D0816C00018
First Posted: September 19, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 25, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by AstraZeneca:
HER2-ve metastatic breast cancer
Germline BRCA1/2 mutations
Somatic BRCA1/2 mutations
BRCA1
BRCA2
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Olaparib
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents