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Pembrolizumab in Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) With or Without DNA Damage Repair Defects

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03248570
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 14, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 6, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:
This is a multicenter phase 2 open label study of pembrolizumab in patients with metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) with or without DNA damage repair defects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Castration Resistant Prostatic Cancer Metastatic Prostate Cancer Drug: Pembrolizumab Drug: Chemotherapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a multicenter phase 2 open label study of pembrolizumab in patients with metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) with or without DNA damage repair defects.

All subjects will receive pembrolizumab 200mg intravenously (IV) every 3 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint of the study is objective response rate (ORR) according to immune-mediated response criteria (irRC).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

After determination of DNA damage repair status, subjects will be assigned to one of two treatment groups:

  • Group 1 (DNA damage repair proficient group): Twenty-five subjects
  • Group 2 (DNA damage repair deficient group): Twenty-five subjects

All subjects will receive pembrolizumab 200mg IV every 3 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 2 Open Label Study of Pembrolizumab in Patients With Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) With or Without DNA Damage Repair Defects
Actual Study Start Date : March 19, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 31, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 31, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: DNA damage repair proficient group
Twenty-five subjects with mismatch repair (MMR) intact
Drug: Pembrolizumab
All subjects will receive pembrolizumab 200mg IV every 3 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other Names:
  • KEYTRUDA
  • MK-3475

Drug: Chemotherapy
At time of progression, all subjects will also have the option of receiving taxane-based chemotherapy followed by repeat pembrolizumab for those who have a clinical response to chemotherapy. Chemotherapy regimen will be at the discretion of the treating physician, and may consist of docetaxel or cabazitaxel with or without a platinum agent (e.g. carboplatin). A minimum of 4 cycles and a maximum of 8 cycles of chemotherapy will be given.

Experimental: DNA damage repair defective group
Twenty-five subjects with defective DNA repair
Drug: Pembrolizumab
All subjects will receive pembrolizumab 200mg IV every 3 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other Names:
  • KEYTRUDA
  • MK-3475

Drug: Chemotherapy
At time of progression, all subjects will also have the option of receiving taxane-based chemotherapy followed by repeat pembrolizumab for those who have a clinical response to chemotherapy. Chemotherapy regimen will be at the discretion of the treating physician, and may consist of docetaxel or cabazitaxel with or without a platinum agent (e.g. carboplatin). A minimum of 4 cycles and a maximum of 8 cycles of chemotherapy will be given.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS). [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Radiographic progression free survival (rPFS) is defined as the time from the first day of study treatment with pembrolizumab to the date of documented radiographic tumor progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Radiographic tumor progression is defined according to the Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Working Group 3 (PCWG3) guidelines. The point estimate of 6-month rPFS rate and its 95% confidence interval will be obtained for each group, and will be compared by two-sample binomial test. The median rPFS and its 95% confidence interval will be obtained for each study group by Kaplan Meier method. Log rank test will be used to compare rPFS between the two study groups


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Progression free survival is defined as the time from the first day of study treatment with pembrolizumab to the date of documented tumor progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first, as determined by irRC for irPFS and RECIST v1.1 for PFS. Subjects who did not progress or die will be censored on the date of their last evaluable tumor assessment. The point estimation and its 95% confidence interval of 20 weeks and 28 weeks irPFS rate and PFS rate will be obtained by study group and compared between the study groups by two-sample binomial test, separately. Kaplan-Meier method will be used to summarize PFS and irPFS; median irPFS and PFS will be estimated with 95% confidence interval in each study group. Log rank test will be used to compare the irPFS and PFS between the two groups, separately.

  2. Proportion of subjects achieving any prostate specific antigen (PSA) response [ Time Frame: From baseline until complete response, progression on repeat pembrolizumab, or date of death from any cause, whichever comes first, up to 24 months ]
    Compare the proportion of subjects achieving any PSA response from baseline in both study groups. The point estimate and its 95% confidence interval will be obtained for the proportion of PSA response separately for each study group. Two-sample binomial test will be used to compare the proportion of PSA response between the two study groups.

  3. Proportion of subjects achieving any PSA decline ≥ 50% [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Proportion of subjects achieving any PSA decline ≥ 50% from baseline in both study groups. The point estimate and its 95% confidence interval will be obtained for the proportion of PSA decline >= 50% separately for each study group. Two-sample binomial test will be used to compare the proportion of PSA response between the two study groups.

  4. Frequency of treatment-related adverse events for pembrolizumab [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    All subjects will be evaluated for toxicity from the time of the first treatment with pembrolizumab. Adverse events occurring from the start of treatment until 30 days after the end of treatment will be summarized by maximum toxicity grade for each study group and by strata. All treatment related adverse events will be graded using NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.0

  5. Time to progression after taxane-based chemotherapy [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    For subjects who undergo taxane-based chemotherapy after progression on pembrolizumab followed by repeat pembrolizumab after chemotherapy, time from the first chemotherapy treatment to disease progression will be estimated in both study groups. Disease progression will be defined by confirmed PSA progression on two consecutive measurements at least 2 weeks apart, or radiographic progression by irRC. The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate the median time to progression with 95% confidence interval by study group. Log rank test will be used to compare the time to progression between the two study groups



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Documented histology of adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
  2. Metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer with castrate-level testosterone (<50 ng/dL).

    a. Subjects must maintain a castrate-level testosterone during the study.

  3. Disease progression defined by one or more of the following three criteria:

    1. PSA > 2.0 ng/mL and rising PSA by at least 2 consecutive measurements a minimum of 1-week apart.
    2. Soft tissue progression as defined by RECIST v1.1 criteria.
    3. Bone disease progression as defined by Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Working Group 3 (PCWG3).
  4. Have received prior secondary hormonal therapy including abiraterone, enzalutamide and/or apalutamide.
  5. Be taking prednisone at a dose of ≤ 10mg/day, 7 days prior to starting treatment (Cycle 1, Day 1).
  6. Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial.
  7. Be >= 18 years of age on day of signing informed consent.
  8. Patients must agree to have a tumor tissue biopsy at baseline, and there must be a lesion that can be biopsied with acceptable clinical risk as judged by the investigator.

    1. Patients with inconclusive DNA damage repair status testing on this baseline biopsy must have one of the following (per the investigator's discretion): (i) Sufficient archival tissue, or (ii) An additional biopsy attempt.
    2. Patients with previously identified homozygous deletion or deleterious germline or somatic mutation(s) in DNA damage repair gene(s) (such as BRCA1, BRCA2, and ATM) identified in a CLIA-certified laboratory are allowed in Group 2. (i) Somatic mutation(s) in DNA damage repair gene(s) needs to be identified on the biopsy of a castration-resistant tumor site (ii) Archival FFPE tissue will be requested for determination of MSI (if not already assessed by gene sequencing) signature status.(iia) A formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor specimen in a paraffin block (preferred) or at least 10 slides containing unstained, freshly cut, serial sections must be available along with an associated pathology report before study enrollment. (iii) If archival FFPE tissue is unable to be obtained or is insufficient, patients will be required to undergo tumor tissue biopsy if feasible for determination of MSI signature status.
    3. Patients with germline mutation(s) in mismatch repair (MMR) gene(s) (i.e. Lynch syndrome), or have previously identified MSI-high tumor by PCR or MMR deficient tumor by IHC are also allowed in Group 2. (i) Archival FFPE tissue will be requested for determination of FA/BRCA signature status. (ia)A formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor specimen in a paraffin block (preferred) or at least 10 slides containing unstained, freshly cut, serial sections must be available along with an associated pathology report before study enrollment. (ii) If archival FFPE tissue is unable to be obtained or is insufficient, patients will be required to undergo tumor tissue biopsy if feasible for determination of FA/BRCA signature status.
  9. If group 1 is not filled, patients may proceed onto treatment without the completion of tests for DNA repair status. Once group 1 is filled, patients cannot be enrolled onto the study or start treatment until DNA damage repair status is successfully determined for study group placement.

    a. Patients will be replaced if they have tissues that are not evaluable for DNA repair mutations

  10. Patients must be willing to provide archival tissue from prior biopsy or surgery for prostate cancer, if available.

    a. A formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor specimen in a paraffin block (preferred) or at least 10 slides containing unstained, freshly cut, serial sections must be available along with an associated pathology report before study enrollment.

  11. Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the ECOG Performance Scale.
  12. Patients must discontinue antiandrogen therapy (i.e. bicalutamide, flutamide, nilutamide) at least 4-6 weeks prior to registration with no evidence of PSA decline after washout.

    1. Bicalutamide: Washout period at least 6 weeks
    2. Flutamide and nilutamide: Washout period at least 4 weeks
  13. Patients must discontinue therapies for mCRPC, with the exception of GnRH agent, for 14 days, with the exception of anti-androgens with which there may be a withdrawal PSA response.

    1. Prior chemotherapy is allowed if no progression of disease on chemotherapy.
    2. Prior treatment with sipuleucel-T, radium-223, or PARP inhibitor (e.g. olaparib) is allowed.
    3. Tissue biopsy may be performed during washout period.
  14. Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined as follows, all screening labs should be performed within 28 days of treatment initiation.

    1. Hematological: (i) Absolute neutrophil count (ANC): >= 1,500 /microliters (mcL) (ii) Platelets: >= 100,000 / mcL (iii) Hemoglobin: >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or erythropoietin (EPO) dependency (within 7 days of assessment)
    2. Renal: (i) Serum creatinine OR Measured or calculated a creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl): <=1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR >= 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN. Creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional standard
    3. Hepatic: (i) Serum total bilirubin: <= 1.5 X ULN (ii) Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) (SGOT) and Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) (SGPT): <= 2.5 X ULN OR <= 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases (iii) Albumin: >= 2.5 mg/dL
    4. Coagulation: (i) International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT): <= 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (ii) Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT): <= 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  15. Male subjects of childbearing potential must agree to use an adequate method of contraception, starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy. Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the subject.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Significant liver metastasis.
  2. Prior taxane-based chemotherapy with progressive disease on chemotherapy.

    1. Prior docetaxel for metastatic hormone sensitive prostate cancer is allowed, if no progression of disease on docetaxel as defined by RECIST v1.1 and PCWG3.
    2. Prior taxane-based chemotherapy (i.e. docetaxel or cabazitaxel with or without platinum agent) for mCRPC is allowed if no progression of disease on chemotherapy as defined by RECIST v1.1 and PCWG3.
  3. Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment.
  4. Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy >10mg/day or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment.
  5. Has a known history of active Bacillus Tuberculosis (TB).
  6. Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients.
  7. Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., <= Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
  8. Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., <= Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent.

    1. Note: Subjects with <= Grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study.
    2. Note: If subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy.
  9. Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer.
  10. Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment. This exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability.
  11. Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy <= 10 mg of prednisone/day for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
  12. Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.
  13. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  14. Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  15. Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
  16. Is expecting to father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
  17. Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent.
  18. Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).
  19. Has known active Hepatitis B (HBV) (i.e Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA [qualitative] is detected).
  20. Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy. Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03248570


Contacts
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Contact: Kaleas Johnson 877-827-3222 cancertrials@ucsf.edu

Locations
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United States, California
University of California, San Francisco Recruiting
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143
Contact: Kaleas Johnson    877-827-3222    cancertrials@ucsf.edu   
Principal Investigator: Lawrence Fong, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Lawrence Fong, MD University of California, San Francisco
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Responsible Party: University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03248570    
Other Study ID Numbers: 16557
NCI-2017-02408 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Clinical Trials Reporting Program (CTRP) )
First Posted: August 14, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 6, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents