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Trial of Anti-PD-1 (Nivolumab) in Bladder Cancer Patients Recently Treated With Intravesical BCG Immunotherapy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03106610
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Slow Accrual)
First Posted : April 10, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 24, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn about the tolerability of nivolumab in patients who have bladder cancer, were previously treated with BCG immunotherapy, and who have a cystectomy (removal of all or part of the bladder) scheduled as part of their standard care.

This is an investigational study. Nivolumab is FDA approved and commercially available to treat metastatic (has spread) melanoma or non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after the disease has gotten worse while receiving platinum-based chemotherapy. The use of nivolumab in this study is considered investigational.

Up to 10 participants will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bladder Cancer Drug: Nivolumab Behavioral: Questionnaires Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Study Drug Administration:

Each study cycle is 14 days (2 weeks).

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will receive nivolumab by vein over about 60 minutes on Day 1 of Cycles 1-3.

Length of Study:

You may receive nivolumab for up to 3 cycles before your scheduled surgery. You will no longer be able to take the study drug if the disease gets worse, if intolerable side effects occur, or if you are unable to follow study directions.

Your participation on the study will be over after the follow-up visits (described below).

Study Visits

On Day 1 of Cycles 1-3 and at the visit before your surgery:

  • You will have a physical exam.
  • Blood (about 3-4 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests.
  • You will be asked to complete 2 quality-of-life questionnaires. These will take about 10 minutes to complete.
  • If you can become pregnant, urine or part of the above routine blood sample will be used for a pregnancy test.

Surgery (Cystectomy):

About 8 weeks after you join the study, you will have surgery for bladder cancer. You will sign a separate consent form that describes the surgery and its risks.

Follow Up:

About 4 weeks after surgery:

  • You will have a physical exam.
  • Blood (about 3-4 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests.
  • You will be asked to complete the 2 quality-of-life questionnaires.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Trial of Anti-PD-1 (Nivolumab) in Bladder Cancer Patients Recently Treated With Intravesical BCG Immunotherapy
Actual Study Start Date : July 7, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 16, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : May 16, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bladder Cancer
Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nivolumab

Participants receive Nivolumab by vein over about 60 minutes on Day 1 of Cycles 1-3 before scheduled surgery. Each study cycle is 14 days (2 weeks).

Questionnaires completed on Day 1 of Cycles 1-3, at the visit before surgery, and 4 weeks after surgery.

Drug: Nivolumab
3 mg/kg of body weight by vein over about 60 minutes on Day 1 of Cycles 1-3.
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • Opdivo

Behavioral: Questionnaires
2 quality-of-life questionnaires completed on Day 1 of Cycles 1-3, at the visit before surgery, and 4 weeks after surgery.
Other Name: Surveys




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety of Nivolumab in Subjects Previously Treated with Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Immunotherapy assessed per NCI CTCAE version 4 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Safety assessed per National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) version 4.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tolerability of Nivolumab in Subjects Previously Treated with Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Immunotherapy assessed using AUASS [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Tolerability assessed by measurement of local urinary symptoms using the American Urological Association Symptom Score (AUASS).

  2. Systemic Symptom Burden of Nivolumab in Subjects Previously Treated with Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Immunotherapy assessed using MDASI [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Systemic symptom burden assessed using the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients included in the study must be >/= 18 years old.
  2. Histological or cytological evidence of transitional cell carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of the urothelium involving the bladder or prostatic urethra following treatment with BCG with the recommendation to proceed for cystectomy. Minor histologic variants (< 50% overall) are acceptable. Diagnosis must be within 1 year of study entry.
  3. Patent must have BCG unresponsive non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer defined as: Persistent or recurrence of CIS within 12 months, or recurrence of CIS with Ta/T1 papillary disease within 12 months, or recurrence of high grade Ta or T1 papillary disease alone within 6 months of receiving at least two courses of intravesical BCG (at least five of six induction doses and at least two doses of either a maintenance course of BCG or a 2nd re-induction of BCG; or T1 high-grade disease at the first evaluation following induction of BCG alone (at least five of six induction doses).
  4. Subjects must have received intravesical treatment with at least two doses of BCG within six months of nivolumab treatment initiation.
  5. Evaluable tumor tissue (archived or new biopsy) must be available for pre-treatment biomarker analysis and baseline immune monitoring studies
  6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1.
  7. Screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria and must be obtained within 14 days prior to first dose: a) WBC >/= 2000/µL; b) Neutrophils >/= 1500/µL; c) Platelets >/= 100 x 10^3/mcl; d) Hemoglobin >/= 9.0 g/dL; e) AST and ALT </= 3 x ULN; f) Total Bilirubin </= 1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL)
  8. Inclusion 6) continued; g.Serum creatinine </=1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance (CrCl) >/=30 mL/min (using the Cockcroft-Gault formula): 1) Female CrCl = (140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 0.85 / 72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL; 2) Male CrCl = (140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 1.00 / 72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL
  9. Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  10. Females of childbearing potential who are sexually active with a non-sterilized male partner and non-sterilized males must use a highly effective method of contraception for 28 days prior to the first dose of investigational product, and must agree to continue using such precautions for 180 days after the final dose of investigational product; cessation of contraception after this point should be discussed with a responsible physician. Periodic abstinence, the rhythm method, and the withdrawal method are not acceptable methods of contraception. They must also refrain from egg cell donation for 180 days after the final dose of investigational product;
  11. Inclusion 9) continued; a) Females of childbearing potential are defined as those who are not surgically sterile (ie, bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or complete hysterectomy) or postmenopausal (defined as 12 months with no menses without an alternative medical cause)
  12. Inclusion 9) continued; b) A highly effective method of contraception is defined as one that results in a low failure rate (ie, less than 1% per year) when used consistently and correctly. The acceptable methods of contraception are: Barrier Method (e.g. male condom with spermicide, copper T intrauterine device, or levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system - Mirena®) or Hormonal Methods (e.g. implants, hormone shot or injection, combined pill, minipill, or patch).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with high risk muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma (hydronephrosis, palpable mass on examination under anesthesia,muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma with lymphovascular invasion on pathologic specimen, >T3 disease) or those with lymph node positive or metastatic disease are to be excluded.
  2. Any serious or uncontrolled medical disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, impair the ability of the subject to receive protocol therapy, or interfere with the interpretation of study results.
  3. Prior malignancy active within the previous 3 years except for locally curable cancers that have been apparently cured, such as basal or squamous cell skin cancer, prostate cancer without evidence of PSA progression or carcinoma in situ such as the following: gastric, prostate, cervix, colon, melanoma, or breast for example.
  4. Subjects with active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll.
  5. Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
  6. Prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (anti-CTLA-4) antibody, anti-CD137, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways.
  7. All toxicities attributed to prior anti-cancer therapy other than neuropathy, alopecia and fatigue must have resolved to Grade 1 (NCI CTCAE version 4) or baseline before administration of study drug. Subjects with toxicities attributed to prior anti-cancer therapy which are not expected to resolve and result in long lasting sequelae, such as neuropathy after platinum based therapy, are permitted to enroll. Neuropathy must have resolved to Grade 2 (NCI CTCAE version 4).
  8. Treatment with any chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biologics for cancer, or investigational therapy within 28 days of first administration of study treatment.
  9. Physical and Laboratory Test Findings; a) Positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (RNA) or hepatitis C antibody (HCV antibody) indicating acute or chronic infection; b) Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  10. Allergies and Adverse Drug Reaction; a) History of allergy to study drug components; b) History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody.
  11. Sex and Reproductive Status; a) Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) who are pregnant or breastfeeding; b) Women with a positive pregnancy test at enrollment or prior to administration of study medication
  12. Prisoners or subjects who are involuntarily incarcerated
  13. Subjects who are compulsorily detained for treatment of either a psychiatric or physical (eg, infectious disease) illness.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03106610


Locations
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United States, Texas
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Matthew Campbell, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03106610     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2016-0432
NCI-2017-00647 ( Registry Identifier: NCI CTRP )
First Posted: April 10, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 24, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Bladder cancer
Cancer of urothelium
Transitional cell carcinoma
Carcinoma in situ
Nivolumab
BMS-936558
Opdivo
Questionnaires
Surveys
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Nivolumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents