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Efficacy of a Positive Psychology Intervention Through a Mobile App

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03072680
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 7, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 23, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of Twente
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rosa María Baños Rivera, University of Valencia

Brief Summary:

The aim of this study is to analyze the efficacy of several variations of an already validated Positive Psychology Intervention (PPI) called Best Possible Self in not flourishing population. This will be done through a mobile app specially designed for this aim.

Concretely, the design will permit to compare the classic intervention (BPS Future), a new variation (BPS Past), and a combination of both components (BPS Past+Future).

Participants will be randomly assigned to one of 3 conditions, in which they will practice the intervention for two weeks:

  • BPS-PAST + BPS FUT condition: Participants will practice BPS Past for one week, and then they will switch to BPS future for another week.
  • BPS-FUT condition: Participants will practice BPS Future for two weeks.
  • CONTROL condition: Participants will practice DAILY ACTIVITIES for two weeks.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Not Flourishing Population Behavioral: BPS PAST Behavioral: BPS FUT Behavioral: DAILY ACTIVITIES Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The design will permit two comparisons:

After the first week of the intervention, participants will answer the assessment. It will permit to compare BPS PAST, BPS FUTURE and CONTROL conditions (pre-post).

After the second week, participants will answer the assessment and then it will be possible to compare BPS PAST + BPS FUTURE combination, BPS FUTURE, and CONTROL conditions.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 361 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of a Positive Psychology Intervention Through a Mobile App: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : April 23, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 27, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : July 27, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: BPS PAST + BPS FUT
Participants practice BPS PAST the first week, then they switch fot BPS FUT.
Behavioral: BPS PAST

Participants think about themselves in a past when they displayed their best self. Then, they visualize this with the help of audio instructions.

They will practice within a mobile app.


Behavioral: BPS FUT

Participants think about themselves in the future after everything has gone as well as it possibly could. Then, they visualize this with the help of audio instructions.

They will practice within a mobile app.


Experimental: BPS FUT
Participants practice BPS FUT during the two weeks.
Behavioral: BPS FUT

Participants think about themselves in the future after everything has gone as well as it possibly could. Then, they visualize this with the help of audio instructions.

They will practice within a mobile app.


Active Comparator: CONTROL
Participants practice DAILY ACTIVITIES for the two weeks.
Behavioral: DAILY ACTIVITIES

Participants think about the activities they did during the last 24 hours. Then, they visualize this with the help of audio instructions.

They will practice within a mobile app.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change of Positive and Negative Affect from baseline to post-intervention [ Time Frame: Change from pre-intervention to post-intervention (2 weeks) ]
    Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS; Watson, Clark & Tellegen, 1988)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Wellbeing [ Time Frame: Change from pre-intervention to post-intervention (2 weeks) ]
    The Mental Health Continuum Short Form (MHC-SF; Keyes, 2009)

  2. Optimism [ Time Frame: Change from pre-intervention to post-intervention (2 weeks) ]
    Life Orientation Test (LOT-R; Scheier, Carver & Bridges, 1994).

  3. Satisfaction with life [ Time Frame: Change from pre-intervention to post-intervention (2 weeks) ]
    Temporal Satisfaction with Life Scale (TSWLS; Pavot, Diener & Suh, 1998).

  4. Self-efficacy [ Time Frame: Change from pre-intervention to post-intervention (2 weeks) ]
    New General Self-efficacy Scale (NGSES; Chen, Gully & Eden, 2001).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must be 18 years old or older.
  • Participants must be willing to participate in the study.
  • Participants must have a smartphone (Android or Ios).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • To suffer from moderate depression or anxiety (scores of 11 or higher) measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS; Zigmond & Snaith, 1983).
  • To have "Flourishing mental health" measured by the Mental Health Continuum Short Form (MHC-SF; Keyes, 2009)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03072680


Locations
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Netherlands
University of Twente
Enschede, Overijssel, Netherlands, 7522
Spain
University of Valencia
Valencia, Spain, 46010
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Valencia
University of Twente
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Rosa Baños, PhD University of Valencia

Publications:
King L. The Health Benefits of Writing About Life Goals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 27(7): 798-807, 2001.
Sheldon KM, Lyubomirsky S. How to increase and sustain positive emotion: The effects of expressing gratitude and visualizing best possible selves. The Journal of Positive Psychology 1(2): 73-82, 2006.
Peters ML, Flink IK, Boersma K, Linton SJ. Manipulating optimism: Can imagining a best possible self be used to increase positive future expectancies? The Journal of Positive Psychology 5(3): 204-211, 2010.

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Responsible Party: Rosa María Baños Rivera, Full Professor, University of Valencia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03072680    
Other Study ID Numbers: 16337
First Posted: March 7, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 23, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No