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Lutetium-177 (Lu177) Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSMA)-Directed EndoRadiotherapy (RESIST-PC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03042312
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Recruitment was stopped before the target sample size was achieved.)
First Posted : February 3, 2017
Results First Posted : March 24, 2021
Last Update Posted : March 24, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Endocyte

Brief Summary:
This was an open-label, multicenter, prospective trial to assess safety and efficacy of 177Lu-PSMA-617 in patients with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer Drug: 177Lu-PSMA-617 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Upon inclusion patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio into two treatment doses. Radioligand therapy (RLT) were performed by repeated intravenous (i.v.) injection of 6.0 gigabecquerel (GBq) (+/- 10%) or 7.4 GBq (+/- 10%) 177Lu-PSMA-617 every 8+/- 1 weeks until reaching four cycles or threshold maximum dose to the kidneys of 23 Gray (Gy). All doses after labeling were presented in buffered solution for i.v. injection.

In the initial plan for the study design a total of 200 patients with histologically proven prostate cancer and metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) were to be enrolled, however due to early stopping of enrollment only 71 patients were enrolled at time of data base lock. Each patient underwent a screening visit within 14 days prior to receiving study drug. Treatment was continued until either of the following conditions applied:

  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)/radiographic progression at >= 12 weeks
  • Completion of four RLT cycles
  • 23 Gy kidney dose would be exceeded by the next cycle as estimated by dosimetry
  • Patient withdrawal (e.g. appearance of intolerable adverse events).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 71 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: PSMA-directed endoRadiothErapy of Castration-reSISTant Prostate Cancer (RESIST-PC). A Phase II Clinical Trial
Actual Study Start Date : July 12, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 15, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : January 15, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 177Lu-PSMA-617 (6.0 GBq)
Repeated i.v. application of 6.0 GBq (gigabequerel)(+/- 10%, arm 1) every 8+/- 1 weeks; RLT until reaching four cycles or threshold maximum dose to the kidneys of 23 Gy as determined by dosimetry
Drug: 177Lu-PSMA-617
Lutetium (177Lu) -DOTA (1,4,7,10-tetra-azacyclododecane-N,N',N'',N'''-tetraacetic acid )-PSMA has three components: PSMA is the targeting vector , DOTA (1, 4, 7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraacetic acid) is a radiometal chelator and a linking group, and 177Lu is the beta emitter that upon internalization delivers radiation to the nucleus of tumor cells to cause DNA damage. The targeting vector utilizes glu-urea-lys sequence which is an inhibitor capable of binding to the domain of PSMA. These components have been previously used in human subjects and in medical research.
Other Name: Lu177 RLT

Experimental: 177Lu-PSMA-617 (7.4 GBq)
Repeated i.v. application of 7.4 GBq (gigabequerel)(+/- 10%, arm 2) of drug every 8+/- 1 weeks; RLT until reaching four cycles or threshold maximum dose to the kidneys of 23 Gy as determined by dosimetry
Drug: 177Lu-PSMA-617
Lutetium (177Lu) -DOTA (1,4,7,10-tetra-azacyclododecane-N,N',N'',N'''-tetraacetic acid )-PSMA has three components: PSMA is the targeting vector , DOTA (1, 4, 7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane-1, 4, 7, 10-tetraacetic acid) is a radiometal chelator and a linking group, and 177Lu is the beta emitter that upon internalization delivers radiation to the nucleus of tumor cells to cause DNA damage. The targeting vector utilizes glu-urea-lys sequence which is an inhibitor capable of binding to the domain of PSMA. These components have been previously used in human subjects and in medical research.
Other Name: Lu177 RLT




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From first dosing (Day 0) up to last follow-up visit or until the event has resolved to baseline grade or better or the event was assessed stable by the investigator or the patient was lost to follow-up or withdrew consent, up to 24 months ]
    Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were collected from first dosing up to last follow-up visit or until the event has resolved to baseline grade or better or the event was assessed stable by the investigator or the patient was lost to follow-up or withdrew consent. The distribution of adverse events was done via the analysis of frequencies for treatment emergent Adverse Event (TEAEs), Serious Adverse Event (TESAEs) and Deaths due to AEs, through the monitoring of relevant clinical and laboratory safety parameters. Only descriptive analysis performed.

  2. Number of Participants Achieving PSA Response at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    PSA response was defined as the proportion of patients who had a >= 50% decrease in PSA from Baseline at Week 12.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent Change in PSA From Baseline to Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    Percent change in PSA from Baseline to Week 12 was reported for participants who had a baseline and a week 12 valid assessments.

  2. Maximum Percent Change in PSA Response [ Time Frame: Every 6 weeks during the treatment and every 3 (+/- 1) months after last treatment until reaching endpoint or 24 months after the first treatment ]
    Maximal baseline to follow-up PSA decline, at any time during or after therapy was evaluated in both treatment groups.

  3. PSA Progression and Death Events [ Time Frame: Date of randomization to the date of first documented PSA progression or death, whichever occurs first, reported between day of first patient randomized up to 24 months after the first treatment ]

    PSA progression was defined as:

    1. For patients with PSA decline: PSA progression was defined as the date that a >= 25% increase in PSA and an absolute increase of 2 ng/mL or more from the nadir was documented and confirmed by a second consecutive value obtained 3 or more weeks later. Rises in PSA within the first 12 weeks were ignored (PCWG3 Guidance),
    2. For patients without PSA decline: PSA progression was defined as a >= 25% increase from the baseline value along with an increase in absolute value of 2 ng/mL or more after 12 weeks of treatment.

  4. RECIST 1.1 Overall Response by Follow-up Assessment Visit [ Time Frame: Before 3rd radioligand therapy (RLT) cycle, and then every 3 (+/- 1) months after last treatment dose until disease progression or 24 months after the first treatment dose. ]

    For each follow-up imaging assessment by the investigator per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST v1.1) for target, non-target, and new lesions assessed by CT or MRI: the number of participants with an overall response of Complete Response (CR), Partial Response (PR), Stable Disease (SD), or Progressive Disease (PD).

    The timing of follow-up imaging assessments varied depending on how many RLT cycles a participant received. Therefore, regardless of when the imaging assessments occurred, each participant's first follow-up imaging was combined as Follow-up 1, each participant's second follow-up imaging was combined as Follow-up 2, each participant's third follow-up imaging was combined as Follow-up 3, and each participant's fourth follow-up imaging was combined as Follow-up 4.


  5. RECIST 1.1 Disease Control Rate by Follow-up Assessment Visit [ Time Frame: Before 3rd radioligand therapy (RLT) cycle, and then every 3 (+/- 1) months after last treatment dose until disease progression or 24 months after the first treatment dose. ]

    The proportion of participants with an overall response of Complete Response (CR), Partial Response (PR) and Stable Disease (SD) was reported using investigator assessments per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST v1.1) for target, non-target, and new lesions assessed by CT or MRI.

    The timing of follow-up imaging assessments varied depending on how many RLT cycles a participant received. Therefore, regardless of when the imaging assessments occurred, each participant's first follow-up imaging was combined as Follow-up 1, each participant's second follow-up imaging was combined as Follow-up 2, each participant's third follow-up imaging was combined as Follow-up 3, and each participant's fourth follow-up imaging was combined as Follow-up 4.


  6. Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 (PCWG3) Bone Scan Clinical Impression by Visit [ Time Frame: Screening, Week 8, Week 10, Week 16, Week 18, Week 22, Week 24, Follow-up Week 4, Follow-up Week 6, Follow-up Week 8 ]
    Investigator's assessed bone metastases using the Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 (PCWG3) criteria; new lesions had to be confirmed on a second scan (2+2 rule). The investigator documented their clinical impression of each PCWG3 assessment as Improved, Stable or Progression. The number of participants with a clinical impression of Improved, Stable or Progression according to PCWG3 using investigators assessments was reported by visit.

  7. Change From Baseline in Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite Short Form (EPIC-26) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 3, Month 6, Follow-up Month 3 ]
    The Expanded Prostate Cancer Index-Composite (EPIC) is a well-established patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaire developed to monitor health-related quality of life outcomes among prostate cancer. The 26-item version of EPIC, also known as EPIC Short Form or EPIC-26, contains 26 items and 5 domains: Urinary Incontinence (Items 1-4), Urinary Irritative/Obstructive (Items 5-8), Bowel (Items 10-15), Sexual (Items 16-21), and Hormonal (Items 22-26). Response options for each EPIC item form a Likert scale, and multi-item scale scores are transformed linearly to a 0 to 100 scale for each domain, with higher scores representing better health-related quality of life.

  8. Change From Baseline in Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status [ Time Frame: Baseline, Treatment Visit 1, Treatment Visit 2, Treatment Visit 3, Treatment Visit 4, Follow-up Month 3, Follow-up Month 12, Follow-up Month 15 ]
    The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) score classifies participants according to their functional impairment, with scores ranging from 0 (fully active) to 5 (dead). ECOG PS: 0 = fully active, able to carry on all pre-disease performance without restriction; 1 = restricted in physically strenuous activity but ambulatory and able to carry out work of a light or sedentary nature, e.g., light housework, office work; 2 = ambulatory and capable of all self-care but unable to carry out any work activities, up and about more than 50% of waking hours; 3 = capable of only limited self-care, confined to bed or chair more than 50% of waking hours; 4 = completely disabled, cannot carry on any self-care, totally confined to bed or chair; 5 = dead.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Prostate cancer proven by histopathology
  2. Unresectable metastases
  3. Progressive disease, both docetaxel naive and docetaxel treated.
  4. Castration resistant disease with confirmed testosterone level ≤50 ng/ml under prior androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)
  5. Positive 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT (positron emission computed tomography ) or diagnostic 177Lu-PSMA-617 scintigraphy
  6. ECOG 0-2
  7. Sufficient bone marrow capacity as defined by WBC (white blood cell ) ≥2.500/μl, PLT (platelet) count ≥100.000/μl, Hb≥9.9 g/dl and ANC≥1500 mm3 for the first cycle and WBC≥2.000/ μl,PLT count ≥75.000/μl, Hb≥8.9 g/dl and ANC≥1000 mm3 for the subsequent cycles
  8. Signing of the Informed Consent Form
  9. Patients enrolling in this trail should have received either Enzalutamide or Abiraterone

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Less than 6 weeks since last myelosuppressive therapy (including Docetaxel, Cabazitaxel, 223Ra, 153Sm) or other radionuclide therapy.
  2. Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) <40 ml/min
  3. Serum creatinine > 1.5 ULN
  4. AST and ALT>5xULN
  5. Urinary tract obstruction or marked hydronephrosis
  6. Diffuse bone marrow involvement confirmed by super-scans

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03042312


Locations
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United States, California
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
United States, Texas
Excel Diagnostics and Nuclear Oncology Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77042
Sponsors and Collaborators
Endocyte
Investigators
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Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Endocyte:
Study Protocol  [PDF] June 1, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 15, 2020

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Responsible Party: Endocyte
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03042312    
Other Study ID Numbers: PSMA-617-02
133661 ( Other Identifier: Original sponsor )
First Posted: February 3, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 24, 2021
Last Update Posted: March 24, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Prostatic Diseases