Testing the Addition of KRT-232 (AMG 232) to Usual Chemotherapy for Relapsed Multiple Myeloma
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03031730|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 26, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 4, 2023
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Plasmacytoma Recurrent Plasma Cell Myeloma Refractory Plasma Cell Myeloma||Drug: Carfilzomib Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Drug: Lenalidomide Drug: Navtemadlin||Phase 1|
I. Evaluate safety and tolerability of MDM2 Inhibitor KRT-232 (KRT-232 [AMG 232]) in combination with carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (KRd). (Part A) II. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of KRT-232 (AMG 232) in combination with carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (KRd). (Part A) III. Confirm the safety and tolerability of KRT-232 (AMG 232) in combination with carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (KRd) at MTD/tentative RP2D in a goal of 10 subjects with relapsed and/or refractory myeloma. (Part B)
I. Evaluate progressive disease (PD) effects of KRT-232 (AMG 232) through serum MIC-1 levels. (Part A) II. Assess KRT-232 (AMG 232) exposure-response relationships (PD, toxicity, and efficacy). (Part A) III. Evaluate the overall response rate of KRT-232 (AMG 232) in combination with carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (KRd) in relapsed/refractory myeloma by International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria. (Part B) IV. Evaluate PD effects of KRT-232 (AMG 232) through serum MIC-1 levels. (Part B) V. Assess KRT-232 (AMG 232) exposure-response relationships (PD, toxicity, and efficacy). (Part B)
I. To observe and record anti-tumor activity of KRT-232 (AMG 232) in combination with carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (KRd) in relapsed/refractory myeloma by International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria. (Part A) II. Evaluate ribonucleic acid (RNA) expression levels of relevant genes in the TP53 pathway that may predict response to therapy using pre- and post-treatment bone marrow biopsies. (Parts A and B)
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of MDM2 Inhibitor KRT-232.
Patients receive MDM2 Inhibitor KRT-232 orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-7, carfilzomib intravenously (IV) over 10-30 minutes on days 1-2, 8-9, and 15-16 of cycles 1-12 and on days 1-2 and 15-16 of cycles 13-18, lenalidomide PO on days 1-21, and dexamethasone PO or dexamethasone sodium phosphate IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||40 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase 1 Dose-Escalation and Exploratory Dose Expansion Study of KRT-232 (AMG 232) in Combination With Carfilzomib, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone in Relapsed and/or Refractory Myeloma|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 27, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 31, 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 31, 2023|
Experimental: Treatment (AMG 232, carfilzomib, lenalidomide, dexamethasone)
Patients receive MDM2 Inhibitor KRT-232 PO QD on days 1-7, carfilzomib IV over 10-30 minutes on days 1-2, 8-9, and 15-16 of cycles 1-12 and on days 1-2 and 15-16 of cycles 13-18, lenalidomide PO on days 1-21, and dexamethasone PO or dexamethasone sodium phosphate IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.
Drug: Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate
- Safety parameters [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]Assessed by National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0. Safety parameters will include severe adverse events, treatment-emergent adverse events, physical examination findings (including Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status), vital sign measurements, and standard clinical laboratory parameters (serum chemistry, hematology, urinalysis). In the Dose Escalation part, the incidence of dose limiting toxicities will also be evaluated.
- Incidence of treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]Assessed by NCI CTCAE version 5.0. TEAE is defined as an adverse event that emerges during the treatment period (from first dose date till 30 [+/- 5] days after the last dosing date), having been absent at pre-treatment; or reemerges during treatment, having been present at baseline but stopped prior to treatment; or worsens in severity after starting treatment relative to the pre-treatment state, when the adverse event is continuous. The number and percentage of subjects reporting TEAEs will be tabulated by the worst NCI-CTCAE grade, system organ class, and preferred term. Similarly, the number and percentage of subjects reporting treatment-emergent severe adverse event (SAE)s will be tabulated, as well as TEAEs/SAEs considered related to treatment.
- Change in laboratory test results (hematology and blood chemistry) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 30 days after last dose ]Abnormal laboratory results will be graded according to NCI-CTCAE, version 5.0, if applicable. A shift table, presenting the 2-way frequency tabulation for baseline and the worst post-treatment value according to the NCI-CTCAE grade, will be provided for selected clinical laboratory tests. Abnormal clinical laboratory test results that are deemed of clinical significance or of grade 3 or 4 will be listed.
- Change in vital sign [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 30 days after last dose ]Descriptive statistics will be provided for the vital signs measurements and changes from baseline by scheduled time of evaluation, including the end-of-treatment visit and the maximum and minimum post-treatment values.
- Pharmacokinetic profile of MDM2 inhibitor KRT-232 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]Assessed by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometric method. Descriptive statistics will be provided for selected pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics data by dose and time as appropriate. Descriptive statistics on continuous data will include means, medians, standard deviations, and ranges, while categorical data will be summarized using frequency counts and percentages. Graphical summaries of the data may be presented. For MDM2 inhibitor AMG-232, the individual pharmacokinetic parameters from a single dose will be estimated for concentration maximum (Cmax), area under the curve (AUC), T1/2, apparent Cl/F, and apparent V/F using non-compartmental or compartmental pharmacokinetic methods with the software WinNonlin.
- Serum MIC-1 levels [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]Each individual level will be normalized to the baseline level for that subject. changes in MIC-1 will be tabulated and descriptive statistics (e.g., geometric means and coefficients of variation) calculated for each dose level. MIC-1 changes will be compared across dose level using nonparametric statistical testing techniques.
- Stringent complete response [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]Assessed by immunohistochemistry or 2- to 4-color flow cytometry per Clinical Relapse of Multiple Myeloma or Plasma Cell Leukemia (IMWG) criteria. A two-sided 95% exact binominal confidence interval (CI) will be calculated.
- Complete response [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]Assessed by flow cytometry or deoxyribonucleic acid sequencing per IMWG criteria. A two-sided 95% exact binominal CI will be calculated.
- Very good partial response [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]Assessed by immunofixation and electrophoresis per IMWG criteria. A two-sided 95% exact binominal CI will be calculated.
- Partial response [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]Assessed per IMWG criteria. A two-sided 95% exact binominal CI will be calculated.
- Stable disease [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]Assessed per IMWG Uniform Response criteria. A two-sided 95% exact binominal CI will be calculated.
- Minor response [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]Assessed per Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation criteria. A two-sided 95% exact binominal CI will be calculated.
- Myeloma response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]The myeloma response rate (responses >= partial response) will also be tabulated by dose cohort and overall.
- Time to response [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]Time-to-event analyses will be done using Kaplan-Meier analyses.
- Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Time from the time of enrollment until documented disease progression, as determined by the Investigator using IMWG uniform response criteria, or death from any cause, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 30 days after last dose ]Time to response will be summarized by descriptive statistics by dose cohorts. Kaplan-Meier methods will be used to estimate PFS over time and the median duration of PFS. Subjects with no PFS event will be censored at the date of their last myeloma disease assessment.
- Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Time from the initial administration of MDM2 inhibitor KRT-232 + KRd to death form any cause, assessed up to 30 days after last dose ]Time to response will be summarized by descriptive statistics by dose cohorts. Kaplan-Meier methods will be used to estimate the OS function. Subjects who do not die will be censored at the date that the subject was last known to be alive.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Subjects must have histologically confirmed diagnosis of multiple myeloma
Subjects must have measurable disease, as defined by at least one of the following:
- Serum monoclonal protein M-protein level >= 0.5 g/dL
- Urinary M-protein excretion of >= 200 mg over a 24-hour period
- Involved free light chain level >= 10 mg/dL, along with an abnormal free light chain ratio
Subjects must have disease that has relapsed and/or refractory after their most recent therapy, with progressive disease (PD) being defined as an increase of 25% from the lowest response value in any one or more of the following:
- Serum M-component protein (the absolute increase must be >= 0.5 g/dL) and/or
- Urine M-component protein (the absolute increase must be >= 200 mg/24 hours) and/or
- Only in subjects without a measurable serum and urine M protein level: the difference between involved and uninvolved free light chain (FLC) levels (absolute increase) must be > 10 mg/dL
- Definite development of new bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas or definite increase in the size of existing bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas
- Development of hypercalcemia (corrected serum calcium > 11.5 mg/dL) that can be attributed solely to the plasma cell proliferative disorder
- Subjects with one to three lines of therapy for their disease with a line of therapy defined as one or more cycles of a planned treatment program; using this definition, treatment with induction therapy, followed by high dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation, and finally by maintenance therapy, would constitute one line, provided that multiple myeloma did not meet criteria for progression at any time during this period
Subjects must have completed their most recent drug therapy directed at multiple myeloma in the following timeframes:
- Antitumor therapy (chemotherapy, antibody therapy, molecular targeted therapy, retinoid therapy, hormonal therapy, or investigational agent) at least 21 days prior to cycle 1 day 1 (C1D1) KRT-232 (AMG 232) + KRd
- Corticosteroids at least 3 weeks prior to starting KRT-232 (AMG 232) + KRd, except for a dose equivalent to dexamethasone of =< 4 mg/day
- Autologous stem cell transplantation at least 12 weeks prior to starting KRT-232 (AMG 232) + KRd
- Allogeneic stem cell transplantation at least 24 weeks prior to starting KRT-232 (AMG 232) + KRd, and these subjects must also NOT have moderate to severe active acute or chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD)
- Subjects must be >= 18 years old. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of KRT-232 (AMG 232) in combination with KRd, subjects < 18 years of age are excluded from this study
- Subjects must have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mcL without growth factors within 2 week of initiation of treatment
- Platelets >= 50,000 cells/mm^3 if marrow plasmacytosis < 50% OR platelet count >= 30,000 cells/mm^3 if marrow plasmacytosis >= 50%
- Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL within 2 weeks of the initiation of treatment
- Total bilirubin < 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (< 2.0 x ULN for subjects with documented Gilbert's syndrome or < 3.0 x ULN for subjects for whom the indirect bilirubin level suggests an extrahepatic source of elevation)
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x ULN
- Alkaline phosphatase < 2.0 x ULN (if liver or bone disease are present, < 3.0 x ULN)
- Creatinine clearance (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR]) >= 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2
- Prothrombin time (PT) or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), OR international normalized ratio (INR) < 1.5
- Subjects who have received radiation therapy targeting > 10% of the bone marrow space must have completed this at least 2 weeks prior to starting therapy with KRT-232 (AMG 232) + KRd
- Subjects must be able and willing to provide bone marrow biopsies/aspirates and buccal swab as requested by the protocol
- Subjects must be willing to undergo myeloma genotyping for TP53 mutation, insertion, or deletion at screening
- Subjects must have an estimated life expectancy of at least 3 months
- The effects of KRT-232 (AMG 232) on the developing human fetus are unknown; for this reason and because lenalidomide is known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential must commit to either abstaining continuously from heterosexual sexual intercourse or agree to use 2 forms of adequate contraception or continuously abstain from the time of informed consent for the duration of study participation through 5 weeks (women) after receiving the last dose of KRT-232 (AMG 232), lenalidomide, or carfilzomib; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 3 months after completion of KRT-232 (AMG 232) administration; this includes one highly effective form of contraception (e.g. intrauterine device [IUD], hormonal [birth control pills, injections, hormonal patches, vaginal rings or implants] or partner's vasectomy) and one additional effective contraceptive method (e.g. male latex or synthetic condom, diaphragm, or cervical cap)
- Subjects must be able to swallow medication
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
- Subjects with myeloma that is relapsed and/or refractory to KRd when used in combination defined as progression of disease while on therapy or within 60 days of completing therapy
- Subjects must show evidence of wild-type (WT) p53 status on somatic tissue specimens as assessed by deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing; note that since patients with relapsed myeloma have a rapidly proliferating disease, patient can be enrolled and begin treatment prior to obtaining the results of this test; patients who are discovered to have a TP53 mutation will be removed from study after cycle one and can continue on carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (KRd); all enrolled patients will be followed for toxicity
- Subjects who have not recovered from toxicities from prior anti-tumor therapy, defined as not having resolved to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 grade 0 or 1, or to levels dictated in the eligibility criteria with the exception of alopecia (grade 2 or 3 toxicities from prior antitumor therapy that are considered irreversible [defined as having been present and stable for > 6 months], such as grade 2 chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, may be allowed if they are not otherwise described in the exclusion criteria AND there is agreement to allow by both the investigator and sponsor)
- Subjects who are receiving any other investigational agents
- Subjects who have undergone major surgery within 28 days of study day 1; vertebroplasty and/or kyphoplasty, which must have been performed at least 1 week prior to starting KRT-232 (AMG 232) + KRd
- Subjects with known central nervous system involvement of myeloma should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events
- Subjects with history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to KRT-232 (AMG 232) or carfilzomib, lenalidomide, or dexamethasone
- Subjects' medication list such as herbal medicines (e.g., St. John's wort), vitamins, and supplements will be reviewed before starting first dose of KRT-232 (AMG 232) and at each clinic visit; any potential drug interactions will be brought and discussed with the principal investigator; use of any known CYP3A4 substrates with narrow therapeutic window (such as alfentanil, astemizole, cisapride, dihydroergotamine, pimozide, quinidine, sirolimus, or terfanide) within the 14 days prior to receiving the first dose of KRT-232 (AMG 232) is not permitted; other medications (such as fentanyl and oxycodone) may be allowed per investigator's assessment/evaluation
- Treatment with medications known to cause QTc interval prolongation within 7 days of study day 1 is not permitted unless approved by the sponsor; use of ondansetron is permitted for treatment of nausea and vomiting
- Current use of warfarin, factor Xa inhibitors and direct thrombin inhibitors; Note: low molecular weight heparin and prophylactic low dose warfarin are permitted; PT/PTT must meet the inclusion criteria; subjects taking warfarin must have their INR followed closely
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
- Subjects with myocardial infarction within 6 months of study day 1, symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III and higher), unstable angina, or cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication are excluded
- Subjects with gastrointestinal (GI) tract disease causing the inability to take oral medication, malabsorption syndrome, requirement for intravenous alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, uncontrolled inflammatory GI disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis)
- Subjects with history of bleeding diathesis
- Subjects with active infection requiring IV antibiotics within 2 weeks of study enrollment (day 1) are excluded
- Positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HepBsAg) (indicative of chronic hepatitis B), positive hepatitis total core antibody with negative HBsAG (suggestive of occult hepatitis B), or detectable hepatitis C virus RNA by a polymerase-chain reaction (PCR) assay (indicative of active hepatitis C - screening is generally done by hepatitis C antibody [HepCAb], followed by hepatitis C virus RNA by PCR if HepCAb is positive); subjects with hepatitis B virus suppressed on therapy, and previously treated/eradicated hepatitis C virus are eligible for study
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive subjects positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are NOT excluded from this study, but HIV-positive subjects must have:
- A stable regimen of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART)
- No requirement for concurrent antibiotics or antifungal agents for the prevention of opportunistic infections
- CD4 count above 250 cells/mcL and an undetectable HIV viral load on standard PCR-based test
- Pregnant women are excluded from this study because KRT-232 (AMG 232) is an agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with KRT-232 (AMG 232), breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with KRT-232 (AMG 232); these potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study
- Women who are lactating/breast feeding or who plan to breastfeed while on study through 1 week after receiving the last dose of study drug
- Subjects with prior treatment with an MDM2 inhibitor
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03031730
|United States, California|
|University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center||Recruiting|
|Sacramento, California, United States, 95817|
|Contact: Site Public Contact 916-734-3089|
|Principal Investigator: Aaron Rosenberg|
|United States, Colorado|
|University of Colorado Hospital||Active, not recruiting|
|Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045|
|United States, Texas|
|University of Texas at Austin||Recruiting|
|Austin, Texas, United States, 78712|
|Contact: Site Public Contact 512-232-1543 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: William H. Matsui|
|M D Anderson Cancer Center||Recruiting|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Contact: Site Public Contact 877-632-6789 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Hans C. Lee|
|University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio||Recruiting|
|San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78229|
|Contact: Site Public Contact 210-450-3800 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Matthew J. Butler|
|United States, Utah|
|Huntsman Cancer Institute/University of Utah||Recruiting|
|Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112|
|Contact: Site Public Contact 888-424-2100 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Brian L. McClune|
|Principal Investigator:||Hans C Lee||University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center LAO|
|Responsible Party:||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
NCI-2017-00099 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
10076 ( Other Identifier: University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center LAO )
10076 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
UM1CA186688 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
|First Posted:||January 26, 2017 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||January 4, 2023|
|Last Verified:||January 2023|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Blood Protein Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists