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Kindergarten-based Intervention for Childhood Obesity in Guangzhou(KICOG) (KICOG)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03022474
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 16, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 28, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Xiu Qiu, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center

Brief Summary:
Early life interventions for childhood obesity may provide substantial benefits. Most existing studies aimed at school children have reported limited effectiveness, however few have targeted preschool children. This study aimed to pilot procedures for a multifaceted, culturally appropriate intervention for preschool children and to provide a preliminary assessment of effectiveness of the intervention.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Childhood Obesity Behavioral: Healthy Lifestyles Intervention Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The intervention protocol was developed by an expert group from the National Children Obesity Intervention Team, comprising pediatricians, children healthcare doctors, preschool teachers, and nutritionists, and included three integrated components:

Component 1 - training of kindergarten staff: Before the start of the program, two members of the intervention team (a dietitian and a physician) delivered eight 40-min sessions (twice a week for a month) on dietary management in children and daily food purchasing for school doctors and kitchen staff. During the trial, two health education doctors gave lectures every two months on general knowledge in nutrition to all preschool staff, focusing on the promotion of healthy food and restriction of unhealthy food. To assess the effectiveness of these lectures, we administered a questionnaire on the material covered. We also trained the kitchen staff to use the dietary software to plan menu with balanced nutrition for preschool children.

Component 2 - a curriculum promoting healthy diet and lifestyle: We designed a health education curriculum and associated picture books for the children. Children in the intervention group received a 20-minute health education lesson every week, where they had learning activities and games covering healthy food choice, appropriate portion sizes and eating pace, and reduction of sedentary behaviours. Learning aids such as colourful picture books or cards, food models, nursery rhymes and stories were used. Two elements were introduce to increase children's activity such as lunchtime activity and daily dance at less than 10 minutes during break.

Component 3 - collaboration between families and kindergartens: We organized lectures designed for parents every two months during the intervention period. Topics covered included the cause and harms of childhood obesity, advice on healthy diet (increasing consumption of vegetables and fruits, reducing consumption of meat, snacks, fast foods, and eating out, and avoiding sugary drinks), body mass index (BMI) reference for preschool-age children, and how to use growth curves. We produced a handbook for communication between families and schools, to be handed out to every family weekly, in which children's health behaviours were documented and reviewed by teachers and parents. Finally, parents were notified of their children's anthropometric measurements every three months, so that they could plot and interpret their children's growth curves.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 984 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Kindergarten-based Intervention for Childhood Obesity in Guangzhou(KICOG)
Study Start Date : January 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention group Behavioral: Healthy Lifestyles Intervention
The program included three major components. The first component consists of live lectures to kindergarten staff about basic nutrition and food concepts that attempted to correct false beliefs. The second component was a health curriculum for children that focused on promoting healthy nutrition habits and a healthy living style. Preschools were required to ensure that children received a health education lesson every two weeks. The third component was aimed at educating parents and consisted of lectures every two months, preschool-home communication every week and child growth monitoring every three months.

No Intervention: Control group

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Body mass index (BMI) change [ Time Frame: BMI was measured at baseline and one year after intervention ]
  2. BMI Z-score change [ Time Frame: BMI Z-score was measured and calculated at baseline and one year after intervention ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility and acceptability of the intervention [ Time Frame: During intervention ]
    Qualitatively describe

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 6 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

(i) run by the government (public kindergarten); (ii) located in the central area of the district; (iii) had no less than 100 students; (iv)had no less than two school doctors.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • None

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03022474

Sponsors and Collaborators
Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center
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Study Director: Xiu Qiu, Doctor Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, China

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Responsible Party: Xiu Qiu, Healthcare Department Director, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center Identifier: NCT03022474     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20121A011070
First Posted: January 16, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 28, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Xiu Qiu, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center:
Childhood obesity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pediatric Obesity
Nutrition Disorders
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms